Messianic Prophecies
Lectures

Franz Delitzsch
Translated from the Manuscript
by Samuel Ives Curtiss
(1880)

 

(Hebrew Scripture taken from Jewish Publication Society, 1917 edition and
Apostolic Scripture from King James Version

 

CONTENTS.

Author's Preface
Translator's Preface

INTRODUCTION.

1. The names Messiah and Christ
2. Messianic and Christological Elements
3. Historical Sketch

FIRST PART.
FOUNDATION.

CHAPTER I.
DEFINITION AND NAME OF THE BIBLICAL PROPHETS.

1. Intercourse of Man with God
2. Man as Priest and Prophet
3. The Priestly People of Revelation
4. The Mediatorial Character of the Prophet
5. The Patriarchs as Priests
6. Special Calling of the Prophet

CHAPTER II.
SPHERE AND POSITION OF THE PROPHETS.

7. Difference between the Prophetic and Priestly Office
8. The Prophets as Guardians of the Spirit of the Law
9. The Prophets as the Conscience of the State
10. The Ethical Aim of Prophecy
11. The Prophets as retrospective Seers
12. Close connection of Historiography and Prophecy

CHAPTER III.
THE DIVINE AND HUMAN SIDE OF PROPHECY.

13. The Prophet as a Holy Man
14. Character of the Prophet's Intercourse with God
15. Prophecy as belonging to the Realm of Grace
16. Spontaneous and Transcendental Elements in Prophecy
17. No Magic Element in Prophecy

CHAPTER IV.
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE PROPHECY OF REDEMPTIVE HISTORY
AND HEATHEN MANTIC.

18. The opposition between Prophecy and Mantic [Divination]
19. Resemblance and Difference between Mantic [Divination] and Prophecy
20. The forced self-excitement of the Mantic [Diviner]
21. The Mantic [Divination] as Necromancy

CHAPTER V.
GOD'S MODE OF COMMUNICATION WITH THE PROPHETS.

22. Revelations through Dreams
23. The Prophetic Dream
24. The Prophetic and the Mantic Ecstasy
25. Prophetical Inspiration
26. The unique Prophetic Character of Moses

SECOND PART.
HISTORY.

CHAPTER VI.
THE DIVINE WORDS RESPECTING THE FUTURE SALVATION
BEFORE THE TIME OF THE PROPHETS.

1. The tree concentric Circles of the Revelation in Word and Deed
2. The firsts Revelation by Theophanies
3. The Primitive Promise
4. Enosh and Enoch
5. The Words of Lamech at Noah's Birth
6. The Blessing of the Nations in Abraham's Seed

CHAPTER VII.
THE PROPHETIC BENEDICTIONS OF THE DYING PATRIARCHS.

7. Prophetic Blessings of the Patriarchs
8. Prophetic Blessing of Isaac
9. Jacob's Prophetic Blessing on Judah
10. Retrospect and Transition

CHAPTER VIII.
PROPHECY IN THE TIME OF MOSES.

11. Richness of the Prophetic Charisma
12. Prediction concerning the Prophet like Moses
13. Balaam's Prophecy concerning the Star and the Sceptre from Jacob
14. Blessing of Moses

CHAPTER IX.
PROPHECY IN THE TIME OF JOSHUA AND THE JUDGES.

15. Song of Deborah
16. Song of Hannah
17. Prophecy of the Fall of Eli's House

CHAPTER X.
PROPHECY IN THE FIRST ROYAL PERIOD.

18. Samuel as the Father of a new Age
19. David's View of himself as the Anointed One
20. Fusion of Typical and Prophetic Elements in David's Psalms
21. David and his Seed as Possessors of the Kingdom of Promise
22. David's View of the Messiah as distinct from himself
23. Last Words of David
24. Psalm of Solomon
25. Messianic Glimpses in the Chokma-Literature
26. Gad's Relation to Redemptive History

CHAPTER XI.
PROPHECY IN THE SECOND ROYAL PERIOD.

27. Prophets of the second Epoch after the Division of the Kingdom
28. Multitude of Prophets in the Northern Kingdom
29. Rudimentary Character of Obadiah's Prophecy
30. Organism of Joel
31. The Missionary Book of Jonah
32. The comforting Conclusion of Amos
33. Progress of Messianic Prophecy in Hosea
34. Typical Prophecies of Hosea
35. Pre-Assyrian Period of Isaiah
36. The decisive Moment under Ahaz
37. The Son of the Virgin
38. Birth of the Royal Child
39. The Shoot from the Stem of Jesse
40. The King in Zion as the Son of God
41. Messianic Element in Isaiah's Book on the Nations
42. Finale of Isaiah's Book on the Nations
43. Isaiah's Prophecy concerning the Precious Corner Stone
44. Progress of Messianic Prophecy in Micah
45. Connection of the Messianic Hope with Bethlehem
46. Habakkuk's Theodicy
47. Zephaniah's Compendium of Isaianic Prophecy
48. Vocation and first Address of Jeremiah
49. Jeremiah's Prediction concerning the Righteous Sprout
50. Consolatory Promises of Jeremiah in 30, 31

CHAPTER XII. MESSIANIC PROPHECY JUST BEFORE THE CATASTROPHE
AND DURING THE EXILE.

51. Parallels between Jeremiah and Ezekiel
52. The Messiah in the Book of Ezekiel
53. Idea of the Servant of Jehovah in its Genesis
54. Threefold Nature of the Idea of Jehovah's Servant
55. Completeness of this Idea
56. Important Results from it
57. The Prince of Ezekiel's Republic
58. Ezekiel's unfulfilled Prophecy
59. Tendency and Signification of Ezekiel's Tora
60. Daniel
61. The Messianic people in Daniel's Vision
62. Mystery of the Seventy Weeks

CHAPTER XIII.
MESSIANIC PREDICTIONS OF THE POST-EXILIC PROPHETS.

63. The Restoration
64. Haggai's Prophecy concerning the Glory of the Second Temple
65. Zerubbabel as the Continuation of the Messianic Line
66. The two Parts of Zechariah
67. Zechariah's Prediction concerning the Future Zemach
68. The two Crowns
69. Climax of the Promise in Zechariah 8
70. The two Burdens in Zechariah 9-11, 12-14
71. The suffering King
72. The good Shepherd with the two Staves
73. The foolish Shepherd
74. Conversion of unbelieving Judah
75. The Pierced One
76. The Shepherd's Death and the scattering of the Flock
77. Recapitulation of the Christological Predictions in Zechariah 2
78. Completion of the Theocracy
79. Universal Holiness
80. Malachi's Prediction concerning the Heathen
81. The Angel of the Covenant
82. The final Restoration
83. The future Elijah
84. Wisdom as an Objective Existence
85. Agur's Enigma
86. Wisdom in the Sophia of Solomon
87. Philo's Logos
88. The Machabean Insurrection and the Messianic Hope
89. The popular Literature and the Messianic Hope
90. The Recession of the Messianic Hope
91. Conclusion

 

AUTHOR'S PREFACE.

When, at the earnest solicitation of my friend Professor Curtiss, I consented that he should translate my lectures on the Messianic Prophecies, held in the Winter of 1879-1880, as a basis for his instruction, I was compelled to refer him to the notes of one of my students, since the course received its present form in the process of delivery. Hence I beg those, into whose hands these pages may fall, to remember that much bears the accidental impress of the moment and that the whole is only made public at the urgent request of a friend.

Leipzig, July 10, 1880.

FRANZ DELITZSCH.

 

TRANSLATOR'S PREFACE.

This translation has arisen from a desire to furnish my students with a good hand-book for the study of the Messianic Prophecies. During the few weeks, at command for translation and printing, my attention was directed rather to a careful reproduction of the thought than to rhetorical finish. While the last sheet was being prepared for the press it was suggested that it might be well to give this work a wider circulation than was at first contemplated, I trust therefore that critics will generously forgive any infelicities of style or inaccuracies of expression. It is hoped that students of the Bible may derive great profit from these lectures, which Professor Delitzsch, after much persuasion, has so kindly surrendered for the use of his many friends.

Leipzig, July 10, 1880.

SAMUEL IVES CURTISS.

 

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