Table of Contents

Notes on Revelation

Angels


The following is taken mainly from The Legends of the Jews by Louis Ginzberg. (There are conflicting reports but I am including them all.) Verses from Revelation have been added where it seems appropriate.

(600-700 feet = one stadia. 30 stadia = 1 parasang.)

There are angels of the water, rivers, mountains, hills, abysses, deserts, sun, moon, Pleiades, Orion, herbs, Paradise, Gehenna, trees, reptiles, wild beasts, domestic animals, fishes, locusts, birds, chief angel of angels, of each heaven (there are 7 heavens), chief angel of each division of the heavenly hosts, chief angel of holy Hayyot, chief angel of the cherubim, chief angel of ofanim, angel of the Sabbath, angels of the 4 kingdoms (Babylon, Media, Greece, Edom), seraphim, of mercy, love, grace, fear, dread, day, night, Angel of the Face, truth, justice, peace, one who has charge over embryos to give them form and shape, angels of trembling, angels of quaking, angels of horror.

Angels are said to never assume the form of a woman. When a dog whines, the angel of death is near. Food of the angels = manna. "...angels are so humble and meek, that when they assemble to praise God, each angel calls to the other and asks him to precede him, saying among themselves: 'Be thou the first, thou art worthier than I.'"

In 2nd heaven there are angels over clouds, winds, rains (who return speedily as soon as they have executed the will of the Creator). This is where some of the fallen angels are imprisoned.

In 3rd heaven Moses sees angel so tall it would take a human 500 years to climb its height. He had 70 heads, with 70 mouths, tongues. Has 70,000 myriads of angels made of white fire with him. These are called Erelim and are appointed over grass, trees, fruits, grain. Paradise of Eden is here. There is a "terrible place prepared for the sinners in the northern regions of the third heaven...there [are] all sorts of tortures, and impenetrable gloom, and there is no light there, but a gloomy fire is always burning.. And all that place has fire on all sides, and on all sides cold and ice, thus it burns and freezes. And the angels, terrible and without pity, carry savage weapons, and their torture is unmerciful." Three hundred angels keep the Paradise of Eden.

In 4th heaven are "fifteen myriads of angels who go out with the sun, and attend him during the day, and the thousand angels who attend him by night. Each angel has six wings, and they go before the chariot of the sun, while one hundred angels keep the sun warm, and light it up" (see also "sun" angels). "In the middle of the fourth heaven...an armed host, serving the Lord with cymbals and organs and unceasing voices." This is where the Celestial Jerusalem is and where Michael ministers as high priest and offers the souls of the pious as sacrifices.

In 5th heaven..."many hosts of angels called Grigori. Their appearance [is] like men, and their size [is] greater than the size of the giants, their countenances [are] withered, and their lips silent." Their prince is called Salamiel and they all rejected the Lord until Enoch talked to them and they repented.

In 6th heaven millions and myriads of angels praise God. They are called 'Irin "Watchers" and Kadishim "Holy Ones." Their chief is made of hail and is so tall it would take 500 years to walk a distance equal to his height. Here there are seraphim with 6 wings; 2 cover their face, 2 cover their calf's feet, 3rd pair used to fly while exclaiming "Holy, holy, holy is the Lord of hosts; the whole earth is full of His glory." Their wings are so large it would take man 500 years to transverse length and breadth, as from one end of the earth to the other.

In 7th heaven ('Arabot) there are two angels, each 500 parasangs in height who are forged out of chains of black fire and red fire. Their names are Af ("Anger") and Hemah ("Wrath"). Another angel in 7th heaven is frightful, from the crown of his head to soles of his feet he is studded with glaring eyes. He is called Sammael and he takes the soul away from man. He's huge (takes 500 years to walk around, etc.) and when the beholder sees him they fall prostrate with awe. Holy Hayyot support throne of God. Angel Zagzagel is the prince of Torah and wisdom and he teaches Torah in 70 languages to the souls of men. He has horns of glory and was the one who taught Moses the "ten mysteries." There are 7 bands of archangels here "who arrange and study the revolutions of the stars and the changes of the moon and the revolution of the sun, and superintend the good or evil conditions of the world. And they arrange teachings and instructions and sweet speaking and singing and all kinds of glorious praise. They hold in subjection all living things, both in heaven and on earth. In the midst of them are seven phoenixes, and seven cherubim, and seven six-winged creatures, singing with one voice." The seraphim, ofanim, holy Hayyot and the ministering angels surround the Divine Throne.

"When God appeared upon Sinai, He was surrounded by twenty-two thousand angels, all in full array and divided into groups, each of which had its own standard. Looking upon these angel hosts, Israel wished like them to be divided into groups with standards, and God fulfilled their wish."

"Angels have six wings, one for each day of the week with which they chant their song; but they remain silent on the Sabbath, for it is Israel (Sabbath?)who then chants a hymn to God."

"The angels have no joints; they are formed of one piece."

In the first heaven Moses saw a division of angels reading in the Torah the section concerning the first day of creation. Having finished reading, they chanted the praise of the Torah. In the second heaven he saw a division of angels reading in the Torah the section concerning the second day of creation. Having finished reading, they chanted the praise of Israel. In the third heaven he saw the angels reading in the Torah the section concerning the third day of creation. Having finished reading, they chanted the glory of Jerusalem. The Er'elim (the fourth rank of angels) in the fourth heaven read in the Torah the section concerning the fourth day of creation. Having finished reading, they chanted the glory of the Messiah. In the fifth heaven Moses saw the angels reading in the Torah the section concerning the fifth day of creation. Having finished reading, they announced the torture of the wicked in Gehenna. The angels in the sixth heaven read in the Torah the section concerning the sixth day of creation. Having finished reading, they announced the joy of the righteous in paradise. On entering the seventh heaven, Moses was greatly terrified at the sight of the Seraphim, Ofanim, angels of mercy, angels of love, angels of grace, angels of fear, and angels of dread. In his terror of the numerous awe-inspiring angels he caught hold of God's throne for protection. He then heard the angels surrounding the throne read in the Torah from the section concerning the Sabbath, the seventh day of creation. Having finished reading, they proclaimed the great power of repentance. He then knew that repentance reaches God's throne.

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Abagtha, one of the 7 Angels of Confusion, one of two pressers of the winepress ("for God had resolved to crush the court of Ahasuerus as one presses the juice from grapes in a press").

And I looked, and behold a white cloud, and upon the cloud one sat like unto the Son of man, having on his head a golden crown, and in his hand a sharp sickle. And another angel came out of the temple, crying with a loud voice to him that sat on the cloud, Thrust in thy sickle, and reap: for the time is come for thee to reap; for the harvest of the earth is ripe. And he that sat on the cloud thrust in his sickle on the earth; and the earth was reaped. And another angel came out of the temple which is in heaven, he also having a sharp sickle. And another angel came out from the altar, which had power over fire; and cried with a loud cry to him that had the sharp sickle, saying, Thrust in thy sharp sickle, and gather the clusters of the vine of the earth; for her grapes are fully ripe. And the angel thrust in his sickle into the earth, and gathered the vine of the earth, and cast it into the great winepress of the wrath of God. And the winepress was trodden without the city, and blood came out of the winepress, even unto the horse bridles, by the space of a thousand and six hundred furlongs.--Revelation 14:14-20

Af ("Anger"), one of the Angels of Destruction resides in 7th heaven. This angel with Hemah ("Wrath") are each 500 parasangs in height and are forged out of chains of black fire and red fire. One source says he is one of the 6 Angels of Death, appointed over men (except for children, young persons and kings).

Akraziel, celestial herald.

And I beheld, and heard an angel flying through the midst of heaven, saying with a loud voice, Woe, woe, woe, to the inhabiters of the earth by reason of the other voices of the trumpet of the three angels, which are yet to sound!--Revelation 8:13

And I saw another angel fly in the midst of heaven, having the everlasting gospel to preach unto them that dwell on the earth, and to every nation, and kindred, and tongue, and people, Saying with a loud voice, Fear God, and give glory to him; for the hour of his judgment is come: and worship him that made heaven, and earth, and the sea, and the fountains of waters.--Revelation 14:6,7

Seven Angels of Confusion: 1. Mehuman, confusion; 2. Biztha, destruction of the house; 3. Harbonah, annihilation; 4. Bigtha and 5. Abagtha, pressers of the winepress ("for God had resolved to crush the court of Ahasuerus as one presses the juice from grapes in a press"); 6. Zethar, observer of immorality; 7. Carcas, knocker.

Angel of Death (see also Sammael) at one time showed his two heads, one with the face of a serpent and the other the head of a sword. Sometimes named Sammael. Lives in 7th heaven. Jewish sources say prince of darkness is the angel of death = Satan. Some sources say leviathan, Rahab, angel of death are identical. One source states there are 6 angels of death: Gabriel is in charge of taking away the lives of young persons; Kazfiel appointed over kings; Meshabber over animals; Mashhit over children; Af over other kinds of men; Hemah over domestic animals.

Angels of Destruction (see Angel of the Night), Kezef, Af, Hemah, Mashhit, Haron. They are assigned a place at the far end of the heavens from which they may never stir. They supervise the 7 divisions of hell and number 90,000. They guard the souls of the wicked in the 7 earths. "...in rabbinic sources the angels of destruction are not identified with the fallen angels, as in the Books of Enoch, and elsewhere in pseudepigraphic literature, but are the angels whose task it is to inflict punishment upon the wicked."

Angel of Edom

...in days to come...all the nations will rise up against the kingdom of Edom, and take away one city after another from him, one realm after another, until they reach Bet-Gubrin, and then the Messiah will appear and assume his kingship. The angel of Edom will flee for refuge to Bozrah, but God will appear there, and slay him, for though Bozrah is one of the cities of refuge, yet will the Lord exercise the right of the avenger therein. He will seize the angel by his hair, and Elijah will slaughter him, letting the blood spatter the garments of God.

Angel of the Face was ordered to destroy the world. "The angel opened his eyes wide, and scorching fires and thick clouds rolled forth from them..." God was pacified by prayer and the order was withdrawn.

Angels of Mercy encircle the Throne of God.

Angel of the Night = Lailah

The Soul of Man
The care which God exercised in fashioning every detail of the body of man is as naught in comparison with His solicitude for the human soul. The soul of man was created on the first day, for it is the spirit of God moving upon the face of the waters. Thus, instead of being the last, man is really the first work of creation.

This spirit, or, to call it by its usual name, the soul of man, possesses five different powers. By means of one of them she escapes from the body every night, rises up to heaven, and fetches new life thence for man.

With the soul of Adam the souls of all the generations of men were created. They are stored up in a promptuary, in the seventh of the heavens, whence they are drawn as they are needed for human body after human body.

The soul and body of man are united in this way: When a woman has conceived, the Angel of the Night, Lailah, carries the sperm before God, and God decrees what manner of human being shall become of it--whether it shall be male or female, strong or weak, rich or poor, beautiful or ugly, long or short, fat or thin, and what all its other qualities shall be. Piety and wickedness alone are left to the determination of man himself. Then God makes a sign to the angel appointed over the souls, saying, "Bring Me the soul so-and-so, which is hidden in Paradise, whose name is so-and-so, and whose form is so-and-so." The angel brings the designated soul, and she bows down when she appears in the presence of God, and prostrates herself before Him. At that moment, God issues the command, "Enter this sperm." The soul opens her mouth, and pleads: "O Lord of the world! I am well pleased with the world in which I have been living since the day on which Thou didst call me into being. Why dost Thou now desire to have me enter this impure sperm, I who am holy and pure, and a part of Thy glory?" God consoles her: "The world which I shall cause thee to enter is better than the world in which thou hast lived hitherto, and when I created thee, it was only for this purpose." The soul is then forced to enter the sperm against her will, and the angel carries her back to the womb of the mother. Two angels are detailed to watch that she shall not leave it, nor drop out of it, and a light is set above her, whereby the soul can see from one end of the world to the other. In the morning an angel carries her to Paradise, and shows her the righteous, who sit there in their glory, with crowns upon their heads. The angel then says to the soul, "Dost thou know who these are?" She replies in the negative, and the angel goes on: "These whom thou beholdest here were formed, like unto thee, in the womb of their mother. When they came into the world, they observed God's Torah and His commandments. Therefore they became the partakers of this bliss which thou seest them enjoy. Know, also thou wilt one day depart from the world below, and if thou wilt observe God's Torah, then wilt thou be found worthy of sitting with these pious ones. But if not, thou wilt be doomed to the other place."

In the evening, the angel takes the soul to hell, and there points out the sinners whom the Angels of Destruction are smiting with fiery scourges, the sinners all the while crying out Woe! Woe! but no mercy is shown unto them. The angel then questions the soul as before, "Dost thou know who these are?" and as before the reply is negative. The angel continues: "These who are consumed with fire were created like unto thee. When they were put into the world, they did not observe God's Torah and His commandments. Therefore have they come to this disgrace which thou seest them suffer. Know, thy destiny is also to depart from the world. Be just, therefore, and not wicked, that thou mayest gain the future world."

Between morning and evening the angel carries the soul around, and shows her where she will live and where she will die, and the place where she will buried, and he takes her through the whole world, and points out the just and the sinners and all things. In the evening, he replaces her in the womb of the mother, and there she remains for nine months.

When the time arrives for her to emerge from the womb into the open world, the same angel addresses the soul, "The time has come for thee to go abroad into the open world." The soul demurs, "Why dost thou want to make me go forth into the open world?" The angel replies: "Know that as thou wert formed against thy will, so now thou wilt be born against thy will, and against thy will thou shalt die, and against thy will thou shalt give account of thyself before the King of kings, the Holy One, blessed be He." But the soul is reluctant to leave her place. Then the angel fillips the babe on the nose, extinguishes the light at his head, and brings him forth into the world against his will. Immediately the child forgets all his soul has seen and learnt, and he comes into the world crying, for he loses a place of shelter and security and rest.

When the time arrives for man to quit this world, the same angel appears and asks him, "Dost thou recognize me?" And man replies, "Yes; but why dost thou come to me to-day, and thou didst come on no other day?" The angel says, "To take thee away from the world, for the time of thy departure has arrived." Then man falls to weeping, and his voice penetrates to all ends of the world, yet no creature hears his voice, except the cock alone. Man remonstrates with the angel, "From two worlds thou didst take me, and into this world thou didst bring me." But the angel reminds him: "Did I not tell thee that thou wert formed against thy will, and thou wouldst be born against thy will, and against thy will thou wouldst die? And against thy will thou wilt have to give account and reckoning of thyself before the Holy One, blessed be He."

Angel of the Sabbath

Angels of Terror, surround the Throne of Glory, are strongest and mightiest among angels.

Aniel, angel of the planet Venus.

'Anpiel, guiding angel when Enoch was carried from earth to heaven.

Arakiel, fallen angel, taught men the signs of the earth.

Archangels: Michael/Metatron, Gabriel, Uriel, Raphael (used to be named Labbiel).

Ariuk, one of the two guardians (with Mariuk) of Enoch's books. (See Raguil.)

Armaros, fallen angel, taught men how to raise spells.

Artakifa

Azazel, fallen angel, "taught men how to make slaughtering knives, arms, shields, and coats of mail. He showed them metals and how to work them, and armlets and all sorts of trinkets, and the use of rouge for the eyes, and how to beautify the eyelids, and how to ornament themselves with the rarest and most precious jewels and all sorts of paints." "Raphael was told to put the fallen angel Azazel into chains, cast him into a pit of sharp and pointed stones in the desert Dudael, and cover him with darkness, and so was he to remain until the great day of judgment, when he would be thrown into the fiery pit of hell, and the earth would be healed of the corruption he had contrived upon it."

Azza, fallen angel.

Azzael, angel of magical arts (with Uzza).

Barakel, fallen angel, taught men divination from the stars.

Bardiel, angel of hail.

The first angel sounded, and there followed hail and fire mingled with blood, and they were cast upon the earth: and the third part of trees was burnt up, and all green grass was burnt up.--Revelation 8:7

Barkiel, angel of lightning.

Batarrel/Matarel "angel of rain."

Ben Nez, the Winged, keeps the south wind back with his pinions, otherwise the world would be consumed.

And after these things I saw four angels standing on the four corners of the earth, holding the four winds of the earth, that the wind should not blow on the earth, nor on the sea, nor on any tree.--Revelation 7:1

Bigtha, one of the 7 Angels of Confusion, one of two pressers of the winepress ("for God had resolved to crush the court of Ahasuerus as one presses the juice from grapes in a press").

And I looked, and behold a white cloud, and upon the cloud one sat like unto the Son of man, having on his head a golden crown, and in his hand a sharp sickle. And another angel came out of the temple, crying with a loud voice to him that sat on the cloud, Thrust in thy sickle, and reap: for the time is come for thee to reap; for the harvest of the earth is ripe. And he that sat on the cloud thrust in his sickle on the earth; and the earth was reaped. And another angel came out of the temple which is in heaven, he also having a sharp sickle. And another angel came out from the altar, which had power over fire; and cried with a loud cry to him that had the sharp sickle, saying, Thrust in thy sharp sickle, and gather the clusters of the vine of the earth; for her grapes are fully ripe. And the angel thrust in his sickle into the earth, and gathered the vine of the earth, and cast it into the great winepress of the wrath of God. And the winepress was trodden without the city, and blood came out of the winepress, even unto the horse bridles, by the space of a thousand and six hundred furlongs.-- Revelation 14:14-20

Biztha (destruction of the house), one of the 7 Angels of Confusion.

Carcas (knocker), one of the 7 Angels of Confusion.

Ceruihel, angel appointed over strength.

Cherubim, guard the entrance to Paradise, also called the ever-turning sword of flames, because angels can turn themselves from one shape into another whenever needed. Are entrusted with many books relating to the souls of men.

On the Ark were the Cherubim with their faces of boys and their wings. Their number was two, corresponding to the two tables, and to the two sacred names of God, Adonai and Elohim, which characterized Him as benevolent and as powerful. The face of each Cherub measured one span, and the wings extended each ten spans, making twenty-two spans in all, corresponding to the twenty-two letters of the Hebrew alphabet. It was "from between the two Cherubim" that God communed with Moses, for the Shekinah never wholly descended to earth any more than any mortal ever quite mounted into the heaven, even Moses and Elijah stood a slight distance from heaven; for, "The heaven, even the heavens, are the Lord's: but the earth hath He given to the children of men." Therefore God chose the Cherubim that were ten spans above the earth as the place where the Shekinah betook itself to commune with Moses. The heads of the Cherubim were slightly turned back, like that of a scholar bidding his master farewell; but as a token of God's delight in His people Israel, the faces of the Cherubim, by a miracle, "looked one to another" whenever Israel were devoted to their Lord, yea, even clasped one another like a loving couple. During the festivals of the pilgrimage the priest used to raise the curtain from the Holy of Holies to show the pilgrims how much their God loved them as they could see in the embrace of the two Cherubim.

A tow-fold miracle came to pass when the Cherubim were brought into the Temple by Solomon: the two staves that were attached to the Ark extended until they touched the curtain, so that two protuberances like a woman's breasts became visible at the back of it, and the wings of the Cherubim furthermore extended until they reached the ceiling of the Holy of Holies.

And I saw the dead, small and great, stand before God; and the books were opened: and another book was opened, which is the book of life: and the dead were judged out of those things which were written in the books, according to their works.--Revelation 20:12

Dothan, observes the law of God.

Dumah resides in "Court of the Dead" and guards souls of deceased.

Elijah (See also Sandalfon)

In heaven he [Elijah] goes on living for all time. There he sits recording the deeds of men and the chronicles of the world. He has another office besides. He is the Psycho-pomp, whose duty is to stand at the cross-ways in Paradise and guide the pious to their appointed places; who brings the souls of sinners up from Gehenna at the approach of the Sabbath, and leads them back again to their merited punishment when the day of rest is about to depart; and who conducts these same souls, after they have atoned for their sins, to the place of everlasting bliss.

Elijah's miraculous deeds will be better understood if we remember that he had been an angel from the very first, even before the end of his earthly career. When God was about to create man, Elijah said to Him: "Master of the world! If it be pleasing in Thine eyes, I will descend to earth, and make myself serviceable to the sons of men." Then God changed his angel name, and later, under Ahab, He permitted him to abide among men on earth, that he might convert the world to the belief that "the Lord is God." His mission fulfilled, God took him again into heaven, and said to him: "Be thou the guardian spirit of My children forever, and spread the belief in Me about in the whole world."

His angel name is Sandalphon, one of the greatest and mightiest of the fiery angel host. As such it is his duty to wreathe garlands for God out of the prayers sent aloft by Israel. Besides, he must offer up sacrifices in the invisible sanctuary, for the Temple was destroyed only apparently; in reality, it went on existing, hidden from the sight of ordinary mortals.

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With four strokes of his wings Elijah can traverse the world. Hence no spot on earth is too far removed for his help. As an angel he enjoys the power of assuming the most various appearances to accomplish his purposes. Sometimes he looks like an ordinary man, sometimes he takes the appearance of an Arab, sometimes of a horseman, now he is a Roman court-official, now he is a harlot.

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The frequent meetings between Elijah and the teachers of the law of the Talmudic time were invested with personal interest only. Upon the development of the Torah they had no influence whatsoever. His relation to the mystic science was of quite other character. It is safe to say that what Moses was to the Torah, Elijah was to the Kabbalah.

His earliest relation to it was established through Rabbi Simon ben Yohai and his son Rabbi Eliezer. For thirteen years he visited them twice daily in their subterranean hiding-place, and imparted the secrets of the Torah to them. A thousand years later, Elijah again gave the impetus to the development of the Kabbalah, for it was he that revealed mysteries, first to the Nazarite Rabbi Jacob, then to his disciple Abraham ben Isaac Ab Bet Din, and, finally, to the disciple of the latter, Abraham Ben David. The mysteries in the books "Peliah" and "Kanah," the author Elkanah owed wholly to Elijah. He had appeared to him in the form of a venerable old man, and had imparted to him the secret lore taught in the heavenly academy. Besides, he led him to a fiery rock whereon mysterious characters were engraved, which were deciphered by Elkanah.

After his disciple had thus become thoroughly impregnated with mystical teachings, Elijah took him to the tomb of the Patriarchs, and thence to the heavenly academy. But the angels, little pleased by the intrusion of one "born of woman," inspired him with such terror that he besought Elijah to carry him back to earth. His mentor allayed his fears, and long continued to instruct him in the mystical science, according to the system his disciple has recorded in his two works.

The Kabbalists in general were possessed of the power to cite Elijah, to conjure him up by means of certain formulas. One of them, Rabbi Joseph della Reyna, once called upon Elijah in this way, but it proved his own undoing. He was a saintly scholar, and he had conceived no less a purpose than to bring about the redemption of man by the conquest of the angel Samael, the Prince of Evil. After many prayers and vigils and long indulgence in fasting, and other ascetic practices, Rabbi Joseph united himself with his five disciples for the purpose of conjuring up Elijah. When the prophet, obeying the summons, suddenly stood before him, Rabbi Joseph spoke as follows: "Peace be with thee, our master! True prophet, bearer of salvation, be not displeased with me that I have troubled thee to come hither. God knows, I have not done it for myself, and not for mine own honor. I am zealous for the name and the honor of God, and I know thy desire is the same as mine, for it is thy vocation to make the glory of God to prevail on earth. I pray thee, therefore, to grant my petition, tell me with what means I can conquer Satan." Elijah at first endeavored to dissuade the Rabbi from his enterprise. He described the great power of Satan, ever growing as it feeds upon the sins of mankind. But Rabbi Joseph could not be made to desist. Elijah then enumerated what measures and tactics he would have to observe in his combat with the fallen angel. He enumerated the pious, saintly deeds that would win the interest of the archangel Sandalphon in his undertaking, and from this angel he would learn the method of warfare to be pursued. The Rabbi followed out Elijah's directions carefully, and succeeded in summoning Sandalphon to his assistance. If he had continued to obey instructions implicitly, and had carried out all Sandalphon advised, the Rabbi would have triumphed over Satan and hastened the redemption of the world. Unfortunately, at one point the Rabbi committed an indiscretion, and he lost the great advantages he had gained over Satan, who used his restored power to bring ruin upon him and his disciples.

Erelim, reside in 3rd heaven, are appointed over grass, trees, fruits, grain.

Ezekeel, fallen angel, taught men augury from the clouds.

Fallen angels

The Fall of the Angels
The depravity of mankind, which began to show itself in the time of Enosh, had increased monstrously in the time of his grandson Jared, by reason of the fallen angels. When the angels saw the beautiful, attractive daughters of men, they lusted after them, and spoke: "We will choose wives for ourselves only from among the daughters of men, and beget children with them." Their chief Shemhazai said, "I fear me, ye will not put this plan of yours into execution, and I alone shall have to suffer the consequences of a great sin." Then they answered him, and said: "We will all swear an oath, and we will bind ourselves, separately and together, not to abandon the plan, but to carry it through to the end."

Two hundred angels descended to the summit of Mount Hermon, which owes its name to this very occurrence, because they bound themselves there to fulfil their purpose, on the penalty of Herem, anathema. Under the leadership of twenty captains they defiled themselves with the daughters of men, unto whom they taught charms, conjuring formulas, how to cut roots, and the efficacy of plants. The issue from these mixed marriages was a race of giants, three thousand ells tall, who consumed the possessions of men. When all had vanished, and they could obtain nothing more from them, the giants turned against men and devoured many of them, and the remnant of men began to trespass against the birds, beasts, reptiles, and fishes, eating their flesh and drinking their blood.

Then the earth complained about the impious evil-doers. But the fallen angels continued to corrupt mankind. Azazel taught men how to make slaughtering knives, arms, shields, and coats of mail. He showed them metals and how to work them, and armlets and all sorts of trinkets, and the use of rouge for the eyes, and how to beautify the eyelids, and how to ornament themselves with the rarest and most precious jewels and all sorts of paints. The chief of the fallen angels, Shemhazai, instructed them in exorcisms and how to cut roots; Armaros taught them how to raise spells; Barakel, divination from the stars; Kawkabel, astrology; Ezekeel, augury from the clouds; Arakiel, the signs of the earth; Samsaweel, the signs of the sun; and Seriel, the signs of the moon.

While all these abominations defiled the earth, the pious Enoch lived in a secret place. None among men knew his abode, or what had become of him, for he was sojourning with the angel watchers and holy ones. Once he heard the call addressed to him: "Enoch, thou scribe of justice, go unto the watchers of the heavens, who have left the high heavens, the eternal place of holiness, defiling themselves with women, doing as men do, taking wives unto themselves, and casting themselves into the arms of destruction upon earth. Go and proclaim unto them that they shall find neither peace nor pardon. For every time they take joy in their offspring, they shall see the violent death of their sons, and sigh over the ruin of their children. They will pray and supplicate evermore, but never shall they attain to mercy or peace."

Enoch repaired to Azazel and the other fallen angels, to announce the doom uttered against them. They all were filled with fear. Trembling seized upon them, and they implored Enoch to set up a petition for them and read it to the Lord of heaven, for they could not speak with God as aforetime, nor even raise their eyes heavenward, for shame on account of their sins. Enoch granted their request, and in a vision he was vouchsafed the answer which he was to carry back to the angels. It appeared to Enoch that he was wafted into heaven upon clouds, and was set down before the throne of God. God spake: "Go forth and say to the watchers of heaven who have sent thee hither to intercede for them: Verily, it is you who ought to plead in behalf of men, not men in behalf of you I Why did ye forsake the high, holy, and eternal heavens, to pollute yourselves with the daughters of men, taking wives unto yourselves, doing like the races of the earth, and begetting giant sons? Giants begotten by flesh and spirits will be called evil spirits on earth, and on the earth will be their dwelling-place. Evil spirits proceed from their bodies, because they are created from above, and from the holy watchers is their beginning and primal origin; they will be evil spirits on earth, and evil spirits they will be named. And the spirits of heaven have their dwelling in heaven, but the spirits of the earth, which were born upon the earth, have their dwelling on the earth. And the spirits of the giants will devour, oppress, destroy, attack, do battle, and cause destruction on the earth, and work affliction. They will take no kind of food, nor will they thirst, and they will be invisible. And these spirits will rise up against the children of men and against the women, because they have proceeded from them. Since the days of murder and destruction and the death of the giants, when the spirits went forth from the soul of their flesh, in order to destroy without incurring judgment--thus will they destroy until the day when the great consummation of the great world be consummated. And now as to the watchers who have sent thee to intercede for them, who had been aforetime in heaven, say to them: You have been in heaven, and though the hidden things had not yet been revealed to you, you know worthless mysteries, and in the hardness of your hearts you have recounted these to the women, and through these mysteries women and men work much evil on earth. Say to them therefore: You have no peace!"

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...in rabbinic sources the angels of destruction are not identified with the fallen angels, as in the Books of Enoch, and elsewhere in pseudepigraphic literature, but are the angels whose task it is to inflict punishment upon the wicked.

Gabriel, archangel, guardian of Israel. One source says he is one of the 6 Angels of Death and is in charge of taking away the lives of young persons. Angel of fire. "...was charged to proceed against the bastards and the reprobates, the sons of the angels begotten with the daughters of men, and plunge them into deadly conflicts with one another." Dealt destruction to Sodom and Gomorrah, was the angel with Daniel and his companions in the fire. Angel of the moon.

And another angel came out from the altar, which had power over fire; and cried with a loud cry to him that had the sharp sickle, saying, Thrust in thy sharp sickle, and gather the clusters of the vine of the earth; for her grapes are fully ripe.--Revelation 14:18

And the fourth angel poured out his vial upon the sun; and power was given unto him to scorch men with fire.--Revelation 16:8

Gadriel is a fallen angel who seduced Eve.

Galgalim.

Galgiel, angel of the solar system.

And the fourth angel sounded, and the third part of the sun was smitten, and the third part of the moon, and the third part of the stars; so as the third part of them was darkened, and the day shone not for a third part of it, and the night likewise.--Revelation 8:12

"Garden of Eden" angels, 300 angels keep the garden and with "never-ceasing voices and blessed singing they serve the Lord every day." Paradise of Eden is in the third heaven.

Gethel/Ingethel, angel "who is set over the hidden things and worketh unseen."

Grigori, reside in 5th heaven. "Their appearance [is] like men, and their size [is] greater than the size of the giants, their countenances [are] withered, and their lips silent." Their prince is called Salamiel and they all rejected the Lord until Enoch talked to them and they repented.

Guardian Angels, each individual has two. "God's wrath is first visited upon the guardian angels before the nations entrusted to their care are punished."

...the goodness of God manifests itself in the preservation of His people Israel. It could not have survived the enmity of the Gentiles, if God had not appointed protectors for it, the archangels Michael and Gabriel. Whenever Israel disobeys God, and is accused of misdemeanors by the angels of the other nations, he is defended by his designated guardians, with such good result that the other angels conceive fear of them. Once the angels of the other nations are terrified, the nations themselves venture not to carry out their wicked designs against Israel.

Hadarniel, 60 myriads of parasangs taller than his fellows, and at every word that passes out of his mouth issues 12,000 fiery lightning flashes.

And there were voices, and thunders, and lightnings; and there was a great earthquake, such as was not since men were upon the earth, so mighty an earthquake, and so great.--Revelation 16:18

Hadriel, sixth division of hell is under his guidance.

Harbonah (annihilation), one of the 7 Angels of Confusion.

Haron, one of the Angels of Destruction, sometimes called "Peor."

God now stood by Moses, so that he was able to conquer this angel [Haron], and he thrust him down deep into the earth in a spot that is possession of the tribe of Gad, and there held him captive.

So long as Moses lived this angel was held in check by him, and if he tried, even when Israel sinned, to rise out of the depths, open wide his mouth, and destroy Israel with his panting, all Moses had to do was to utter the name of God, and Haron, or as he is sometimes called, Peor, was drawn once more into the depths of the earth. At Moses' death, God buried him opposite the spot where Peor is bound. For should Peor, if Israel sinned, reach the upper world and open his mouth to destroy Israel with his panting, he would, upon seeing Moses' grave, be so terror-stricken, that he would fall back into the depths once more.

Hashmalim (See Sandalfon).

Hemah ("Wrath"), one of the Angels of Destruction, resides in 7th heaven. This angel with Af ("Anger") are each 500 parasangs in height and are forged out of chains of black fire and red fire. One source says that he is one of the 6 Angels of Death, appointed over domestic animals.

Hesed (grace). "There is an angel on whom a label is attached bearing the inscription Hesed ('Grace'). During the day the label is attached to the angel's front, and by night to his back. By means of this the angels know to distinguish between night and day."

Holy Hayyot support throne of God. "Originally the name Hayyot was used to designate the creatures with animal forms mentioned in Ezekiel 1:5, as surrounding God's throne. These were considered as a distinguished class of angels." Sometimes identified with four archangels: Michael, Gabriel, Raphael and Uriel.

And before the throne there was a sea of glass like unto crystal: and in the midst of the throne, and round about the throne, were four beasts full of eyes before and behind. And the first beast was like a lion, and the second beast like a calf, and the third beast had a face as a man, and the fourth beast was like a flying eagle. And the four beasts had each of them six wings about him; and they were full of eyes within: and they rest not day and night, saying, Holy, holy, holy, Lord God Almighty, which was, and is, and is to come.--Revelation 4:6-8

'Irin ("Watchers"), in 6th heaven there are millions and myriads of these angels praising God. Their chief is made of hail and is so tall it would take 500 years to walk a distance equal to his height.

Ishim are angels with nether parts of snow and upper parts of fire. They have nothing to do since the day of their creation but praise and extol the Lord.

Israel, has the name Israel engraved on his forehead. "The function of this angel is to call the hosts of angels to chant God's praise. He addresses them with these words: 'Bless ye the Lord who is to be blessed.' Whereupon they praise God, saying: 'Blessed is the Lord who is to be blessed for ever and ever.'"

Jaoel, archangel, holds Leviathans (both male and female monsters) in check, chief of seraphim.

Kadishim ("Holy Ones"). In 6th heaven there are millions and myriads of these angels praising God. Their chief is made of hail and is so tall it would take 500 years to walk a distance equal to his height.

Kafziel, angel of the planet Saturn.

Kasbiel/Kaspiel, derived from the word for "sorcery"; name of "the chief of the oath."

Kawkabel, fallen angel, taught men astrology.

Kazfiel, one source says he is one of the 6 Angels of Death, appointed over kings.

Kemuel, the porter, the angel who is in charge of 12,000 angels of destruction, who are posted at the portals of the firmament.

Kezef, one of the Angels of Destruction.

Kokabiel, angel of the stars.

And the third angel sounded, and there fell a great star from heaven, burning as it were a lamp, and it fell upon the third part of the rivers, and upon the fountains of waters; And the name of the star is called Wormwood: and the third part of the waters became wormwood; and many men died of the waters, because they were made bitter.--Revelation 8:10,11

And the fifth angel sounded, and I saw a star fall from heaven unto the earth: and to him was given the key of the bottomless pit.--Revelation 9:1

Labbiel, archangel, name changed to Raphael (the Rescuer) because his host of angels had been rescued by his sage advice.

Lahash, great angel.

Leliel, angel of the night.

Mariuk, one of the two guardians (with Ariuk) of Enoch's books. (See Raguil.)

Mashhit, one source says he is one of the 6 Angels of Death, appointed over children. One of the Angels of Destruction.

Mastemah = Satan.

Matriel/Matarel/Batarrel, angel of the rain.

Mehuman (confusion), one of the 7 Angels of Confusion.

Meshabber, one source says he is one of 6 Angels of Death, appointed over animals.

Metatron, archangel, used to be Enoch, sometimes called Prince of the Face.

Before Enoch could be admitted to service near the Divine throne, the gates of wisdom were opened unto him, and the gates of understanding, and of discernment, of life, peace, and the Shekinah, of strength and power, of might, loveliness, and grace, of humility and fear of sin. Equipped by God with extraordinary wisdom, sagacity, judgment, knowledge, learning, compassionateness, love, kindness, grace, humility, strength, power, might, splendor, beauty, shapeliness, and all other excellent qualities, beyond the endowment of any of the celestial beings, Enoch received, besides, many thousand blessings from God, and his height and his breadth became equal to the height and the breadth of the world, and thirty-six wings were attached to his body, to the right and to the left, each as large as the world, and three hundred and sixty-five thousand eyes were bestowed upon him, each brilliant as the sun. A magnificent throne was erected for him beside the gates of the seventh celestial palace, and a herald proclaimed throughout the heavens concerning him, who was henceforth to be called Metatron in the celestial regions: "I have appointed My servant Metatron as prince and chief over all the princes in My realm, with the exception only of the eight august and exalted princes that bear My name. Whatever angel has a request to prefer to Me, shall appear before Metatron, and what he will command at My bidding, ye must observe and do, for the prince of wisdom and the prince of understanding are at his service, and they will reveal unto him the sciences of the celestials and the terrestrials, the knowledge of the present order of the world and the knowledge of the future order of the world. Furthermore, I have made him the guardian of the treasures of the palaces in the heaven 'Arabot, and of the treasures of life that are in the highest heaven."

Out of the love He bore Enoch, God arrayed him in a magnificent garment, to which every kind of luminary in existence was attached, and a crown gleaming with forty-nine jewels, the splendor of which pierced to all parts of the seven heavens and to the four corners of the earth. In the presence of the heavenly family, He set this crown upon the head of Enoch, and called him "the little Lord." It bears also the letters by means of which heaven and earth were created, and seas and rivers, mountains and valleys, planets and constellations, lightning and thunder, snow and hail, storm and whirlwind--these and also all things needed in the world, and the mysteries of creation. Even the princes of the heavens, when they see Metatron, tremble before him, and prostrate themselves; his magnificence and majesty, the splendor and beauty radiating from him overwhelm them...

When Enoch was transformed into Metatron, his body was turned into celestial fire--his flesh became flame, his veins fire, his bones glimmering coals, the light of his eyes heavenly brightness, his eyeballs torches of fire, his hair a flaring blaze, all his limbs and organs burning sparks, and his frame a consuming fire. To right of him sparkled flames of fire, to left of him burnt torches of fire, and on all sides he was engirdled by storm and whirlwind, hurricane and thundering.

And I saw another mighty angel come down from heaven, clothed with a cloud: and a rainbow was upon his head, and his face was as it were the sun, and his feet as pillars of fire: And he had in his hand a little book open: and he set his right foot upon the sea, and his left foot on the earth, And cried with a loud voice, as when a lion roareth: and when he had cried, seven thunders uttered their voices. And when the seven thunders had uttered their voices, I was about to write: and I heard a voice from heaven saying unto me, Seal up those things which the seven thunders uttered, and write them not. And the angel which I saw stand upon the sea and upon the earth lifted up his hand to heaven, And sware by him that liveth for ever and ever, who created heaven, and the things that therein are, and the earth, and the things that therein are, and the sea, and the things which are therein, that there should be time no longer: But in the days of the voice of the seventh angel, when he shall begin to sound, the mystery of God should be finished, as he hath declared to his servants the prophet.--Revelation 10:1-7

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Only after the Tabernacle on earth had been erected did God command the angels to build one like it in heaven, and it is this Tabernacle in which Metatron offers the souls of the pious before God as an expiation for Israel, at the time of the exile when His earthly sanctuary is destroyed.

Michael, archangel, God's chief captain, guardian of Israel, ministers as high priest in the celestial Jerusalem offering the souls of the pious as sacrifices. Has a trumpet. "Shemhazai's ilk were handed over to Michael, who first caused them to witness the death of their children in their bloody combat with each other, and then he bound them and pinned them under the hills of the earth, where they will remain for seventy generations, until the day of judgment, to be carried thence to the fiery pit of hell." "This angel[Michael] bears another name besides, Palit, the escaped, because when God threw Samael and his host from their holy place in heaven, the rebellious leader held on to Michael and tried to drag him along downward, and Michael escaped falling from heaven only through the help of God." Brought glad tidings to Sarah that she would bear a son. Was the one who told Abraham not to sacrifice Isaac. Was the angel that Jacob wrestled with. Angel of the planet Mercury. Made himself a "wall of fire" between the Israelites and Egyptians.

Ministering angels/angels of praise.

The third creation of the second day was the angel hosts, both the ministering angels and the angels of praise. The reason they had not been called into being on the first day was, lest men believe that the angels assisted God in the creation of the heavens and the earth. The angels that are fashioned from fire have forms of fire, but only so long as they remain in heaven. When they descend to earth, to do the bidding of God here below, either they are changed into wind, or they assume the guise of men. There are ten ranks or degrees among the angels.

The most exalted in rank are those surrounding the Divine Throne on all sides, to the right, to the left, in front, and behind, under the leadership of the archangels Michael, Gabriel, Uriel, and Raphael.

All the celestial beings praise God with the words, "Holy, holy, holy, is the Lord of hosts," but men take precedence of the angels herein. They may not begin their song of praise until the earthly beings have brought their homage to God. Especially Israel is preferred to the angels. When they encircle the Divine Throne in the form of fiery mountains and flaming hills, and attempt to raise their voices in adoration of the Creator, God silences them with the words, "Keep quiet until I have heard the songs, praises, prayers, and sweet melodies of Israel." Accordingly, the ministering angels and all the other celestial hosts wait until the last tones of Israel's doxologies rising aloft from earth have died away, and then they proclaim in a loud voice, "Holy, holy, holy, is the Lord of hosts." When the hour for the glorification of God by the angels draws nigh, the august Divine herald, the angel Sham'iel, steps to the windows of the lowest heaven to hearken to the songs, prayers, and praises that ascend from the synagogues and the houses of learning, and when they are finished, he announces the end to the angels in all the heavens. The ministering angels, those who come in contact with the sublunary world, now repair to their chambers to take their purification bath. They dive into a stream of fire and flame seven times, and three hundred and sixty-five times they examine themselves carefully, to make sure that no taint clings to their bodies. Only then they feel privileged to mount the fiery ladder and join the angels of the seventh heaven, and surround the throne of God with Hashmal and all the holy Hayyot. Adorned with millions of fiery crowns, arrayed in fiery garments, all the angels in unison, in the same words, and with the same melody, intone songs of praise to God.

Nasargiel, Angel of Hell.

And I saw an angel come down from heaven, having the key of the bottomless pit and a great chain in his hand. And he laid hold on the dragon, that old serpent, which is the Devil, and Satan, and bound him a thousand years, And cast him into the bottomless pit, and shut him up, and set a seal upon him, that he should deceive the nations no more, till the thousand years should be fulfilled: and after that he must be loosed a little season.--Revelation 20:1-3

Nathaniel, lord over the fire.

Nuriel, 300 parasangs high; has a retinue of 50 myriads of angels all fashioned out of water and fire and all keep their faces turned toward the Shekinah while singing God's praises. These angels are "set over the clouds, the winds, and the rains, who return speedily, as soon as they have executed the will of their Creator, to their station in the second of the heavens, there to proclaim the praise of God."

Ofaniel, angel of the wheel of the moon.

Palit (the escaped). "This angel[Michael] bears another name besides, Palit, the escaped, because when God threw Samael and his host from their holy place in heaven, the rebellious leader held on to Michael and tried to drag him along downward, and Michael escaped falling from heaven only through the help of God."

Peneme.

Raguil, one of the two angels (with Samuil) who brought Enoch to heaven where he was instructed and wrote 366 books to pass on. Enoch wrote about "all the things about heaven and earth, angels and men, and all that is suitable to be instructed in. He also wrote down all about the souls of men, those of them which are not born, and the places prepared for them forever...After he had received all the instructions from [an] archangel, God revealed unto him great secrets, which even the angels do not know. He told him how, out of the lowest darkness, the visible and the invisible were created, how He formed heaven, light, water, and earth, and also the fall of Satan and the creation and sin of Adam He narrated to him, and further revealed to him that the duration of the world will be seven thousand years..."

After this I looked, and, behold, a door was opened in heaven: and the first voice which I heard was as it were of a trumpet talking with me; which said, Come up hither, and I will shew thee things which must be hereafter.--Revelation 4:1

Rahab, the Angel of the Sea, rebelled at the creation of the world. "God had commanded Rahab to take in the water. But he refused, saying, 'I have enough.' The punishment for his disobedience was death. His body rests in the depths of the sea, the water dispelling the foul odor that emanates from it."

Rahtiel, angel of the constellations.

Ramiel, angel of thunder.

Raphael, archangel, "he was appointed the Angel of Healing, who has in his safe-keeping all the celestial remedies, the types of the medical remedies used on earth." "Now, when God resolved upon bringing the flood on the earth, He sent the archangel Raphael to Noah as the bearer of the following message: 'I give thee herewith the holy book, that all the secrets and mysteries written therein may be made manifest unto thee, and that thou mayest know how to fulfil its injunction in holiness, purity, modesty, and humbleness. Thou wilt learn from it how to build an ark of the wood of the gopher tree, wherein thou, and thy sons, and thy wife shall find protection.'" Angel of the sun.

And the fourth angel poured out his vial upon the sun; and power was given unto him to scorch men with fire.--Revelation 16:8

Ra'shiel, angel of the whirlwind.

Raziel, also called Gallizur, gives Adam a book that contains all that will happen to him until the day he dies. "It is the book out of which all things worth knowing can be learnt, and all mysteries, and it teaches also how to call upon the angels and make them appear before men, and answer all their questions. But not all alike can use the book, only he who is wise and God-fearing, and resorts to it in holiness." "He it is who reveals the teachings of his Maker, and makes known in the world what is decreed by God. For he stands behind the curtains that are drawn before the Throne of God, and sees and hears everything. Elijah on Horeb hears that which Raziel calls down into the world, and passes his knowledge on. This angel performs other functions in heaven. He stands before the Throne with outspread wings, and in this way arrests the breath of the Hayyot, the heat of which would otherwise scorch all the angels. He furthermore puts the coals of Rigyon into a glowing brazier, which he holds up to kings, lords, and princes, and from which their faces receive a radiance that makes men fear them."

Ruhiel, angel of the wind.

And after these things I saw four angels standing on the four corners of the earth, holding the four winds of the earth, that the wind should not blow on the earth, nor on the sea, nor on any tree.--Revelation 7:1

Sabbath, God's favorite "whom all the other angels adore and to whom they chant a song."

Salamiel, prince of the Grigori. (See Grigori.)

Samael/Sammael (see also Angel of Death). Sammael is the angel of Esau and has the form of a goat; Sammael as the angel of death, assumes the form of a ram. Resides in 7th heaven and is frightful: from the crown of his head to soles of his feet he is studded with glaring eyes. He takes the soul away from man. He's huge (takes 500 years to walk around, etc.) and when the beholder sees him they fall prostrate with awe. Is the greatest angel. "The etymology of Sammael as the 'blind one' who does not see the pious, is found" in different sources. "The Prince of Rome." Angel of the planet Mars. Sammael=Amalek.

Samsaweel, fallen angel, taught men the signs of the sun.

Samuil, one of the two angels (with Raguil) who brought Enoch to heaven where he was instructed and wrote 366 books to pass on. Enoch wrote about "all the things about heaven and earth, angels and men, and all that is suitable to be instructed in. He also wrote down all about the souls of men, those of them which are not born, and the places prepared for them forever...After he had received all the instructions from [an] archangel, God revealed unto him great secrets, which even the angels do not know. He told him how, out of the lowest darkness, the visible and the invisible were created, how He formed heaven, light, water, and earth, and also the fall of Satan and the creation and sin of Adam He narrated to him, and further revealed to him that the duration of the world will be seven thousand years..."

Sandalfon/Sandalphon (See Elijah)

This angel towers above his fellows by so great a height, that it would take five hundred years to cross over it. He stands behind the Divine Throne and binds garlands for his Lord. Sandalfon does not know the abiding spot of the Lord either, so that he might set the crown on His head, but he charms the crown, so that it rises of its own accord until it reposes on the head of the Lord. As soon as Sandalfon bids the crown rise, the hosts on high tremble and shake, the holy animals burst into peans, the holy Seraphim roar like lions and say: "Holy, holy, holy, is the Lord of hosts, the whole earth is full of His glory." When the crown has reached the Throne of Glory, the wheels of the throne are instantly set in motion, the foundations of its footstool tremble, and all the heavens are seized with trembling and horror. As soon as the crown now passes the Throne of Glory, to settle upon its place, all the heavenly hosts open their mouths, saying: "Praised be the glory of the Eternal from His place." And when the crown has reached its destination, all the holy animals, the Seraphim, the wheels of the Throne, and the hosts on high, the Cherubim and the Hashmalim speak with one accord: "The Eternal is King, the Eternal was King, the Eternal will be King in all eternity.

Sargiel, fills hell with souls of the wicked.

Satan, greatest of the angels in heaven, with twelve wings, instead of six like all the others. When Adam was an hour old (before Eve was born), all the animals and angels were paraded before him so that he could name them. Satan thought he could name them also, but made a mistake and then wouldn't bow down and do homage to Adam. "At once God flung Satan and his host out of heaven, down to the earth, and from that moment dates the enmity between Satan and man." "...always appears at a feast in which no poor people participate, and keeps aloof from those to which poor guests are invited..."

Satanel = Satan.

Satarel "angel of hidden things" (secrets of nature).

Seraphim, reside in 6th or 7th heaven, angels of fire. They have 6 wings; 2 cover their face, 2 cover their calf's feet, 3rd pair used to fly while exclaiming "Holy, holy, holy is the Lord of hosts; the whole earth is full of His glory." Their wings are so large it would take man 500 years to transverse length and breadth, as from one end of the earth to the other.

Seriel, fallen angel, taught men the signs of the moon.

Shalgiel, angel of the snow.

Shamdon, fallen angel. Had a son with Naamah, sister of Tubal-cain, and from their union "sprang the devil Asmodeus."

Sham'iel, Divine herald.

And there followed another angel, saying, Babylon is fallen, is fallen, that great city, because she made all nations drink of the wine of the wrath of her fornication.--Revelation 14:8

Shamshiel, angel of the day, prince of Paradise.

Shemhazai, chief of the fallen angels, instructed men in exorcisms and how to cut roots. "Shemhazai's ilk were handed over to Michael, who first caused them to witness the death of their children in their bloody combat with each other, and then he bound them and pinned them under the hills of the earth, where they will remain for seventy generations, until the day of judgment, to be carried thence to the fiery pit of hell." Had two sons named Hiwwa and Hiyya.

Sui'el, angel of the earthquake.

And the angel took the censer, and filled it with fire of the altar, and cast it into the earth: and there were voices, and thunderings, and lightnings, and an earthquake.--Revelation 8:5

"Sun" angels, have 12 wings.

The sun runs his course like a bridegroom. He sits upon a throne with a garland on his head. Ninety-six angels accompany him on his daily journey, in relays of eight every hour, two to the left of him, and two to the right, two before him, and two behind. Strong as he is, he could complete his course from south to north in a single instant, but three hundred and sixty-five angels restrain him by means of as many grappling-irons. Every day one looses his hold, and the sun must thus spend three hundred and sixty-five days on his course. The progress of the sun in his circuit is an uninterrupted song of praise to God. And this song alone makes his motion possible. Therefore, when Joshua wanted to bid the sun stand still, he had to command him to be silent. His song of praise hushed, the sun stood still.

And I saw an angel standing in the sun; and he cried with a loud voice, saying to all the fowls that fly in the midst of heaven, Come and gather yourselves together unto the supper of the great God.--Revelation 19:17

Suriel sometimes named as angel of death.

Tamiel "angel of the deep."

Uriel, archangel, sent to tell Noah of flood and teach him how to save his life.

Uzza, angel of magical arts with Azzael, Angel of the Egyptians.

Uzzi, fallen angel.

Venus.

Yefefiyah, prince of the Torah.

Yikon, ring-leader of rebellious angels.

Yorkami/Yurkami, angel of hail.

Zadkiel, angel of the planet Jupiter.

Za'fiel, angel of showers.

Zagzagel is the prince of Torah and wisdom and he teaches Torah in 70 languages to the souls of men. He has horns of glory and was the one who taught Moses the "ten mysteries." Scribe of the angels.

Zakiel/Zakkiel, angel of storms.

Zakun, great angel.

Za'miel, angel of the hurricane.

Zeruel, angel who "is set over strength."

Zethar (observer of immorality), one of the 7 Angels of Confusion.


See also The Life and Times of Jesus the Messiah, Alfred Edersheim
Appendix 13. Jewish Angelology and Demonology. The Fall of the Angels


Moza

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