"Around the Mediterranean lie the continents far and wide, pouring an endless flow of goods to you. There is brought from every land and sea whatever is brought forth by the seasons and is produced by all countries, rivers, lakes, and the skills of the Greeks and foreigners. So that anyone who wants to behold all these products must either journey through the whole world to see them or else come to this city. For whatever is raised or manufactured by each people is assuredly always here to overflowing. So many merchantmen arrive here with cargoes from all over, at every season, and with each return of the harvest, that the city seems like a common warehouse of the world. One can see so many cargoes from India, or, if you wish, from Arabia Felix, that one may surmise that the trees there have been left permanently bare, and that those people must come here to beg for their own goods whenever they need anything. Clothing from Babylonia and the luxuries from the barbarian lands beyond arrive in much greater volume and more easily than if one had to sail from Naxos or Cythnos to Athens, transporting any of their products. Egypt, Sicily, and the civilized part of Africa are your farms. The arrival and departure of ships never ceases, so that it is astounding that the sea - not to mention the harbor - suffices for the merchantmen...And all things converge here, trade, seafaring, agriculture, metallurgy, all the skills which exist and have existed, anything that is begotten and grows. Whatever cannot be seen here belongs completely to the category of nonexistent things."
(Roman Civilization Sourcebook II: The Empire)
There is no doubt that by Babylon is figured Rome. There is no commentator of note, ancient or modern, Romanist or Protestant, who does not acknowledge so much.
Babylon, in the Apocalypse, is the symbolic name by which Rome is denoted. The power of Rome was regarded by the later Jews as that of Babylon by their forefathers.
(Dr. William Smith's Dictionary of the Bible, 1872)
Research the word Vatican in many Latin / English - English / Latin dictionaries, or most encyclopedias and you will likely find that Vatican City and St. Peter's Basilica of the Roman Catholic Church were built upon what was called in Latin vaticanus mons or vaticanus collis. You will also find in the dictionaries that the words vatic / vates / vatis all mean prophecy or prophetic.
vatic = prophecy
anus = of
mons / collis = hill / mountain
So vaticanus collis means hill of prophecy.
On coins minted in Vatican City there is the inscription "Citta del Vaticano," which means Vatican City or City of Prophecy. There is a woman standing on the word "fides" which means faith. In her right hand she holds a cup with a wafer or "host" in it.
In regards to the word "mother": "The holy fathers, as well in general councils as in their writings and doings, have called the Holy Roman Church the universal mother..."
This is a quote from John Paul II from a Vatican Information Service press release dated 17 September, 1997: "Thanks to greater attention to the mystery of the Church and Mary's relationship with her, the Virgin has begun to be invoked more frequently as 'Mother of the Church.'"
The word "mystery" is also a term used to refer to the Mass, specifically when speaking of changing the wafer/wine into the body/blood of Christ.
The word "Catholic" means universal.
The Pontiff of the Roman Catholic Church historically claims authority over all secular rulers, and has exercised that assumed authority by deposing kings or queens who did not acknowledge the Pope's superior secular and ecclesiastical authority.
On a coin "minted by Pope Leo XII during the jubilee year of 1825 the church is portrayed as a woman seated on the globe with a cup in her hand. The inscription on the reverse reads SEDET SUPER UNIVERSUM which translated means 'The world is her seat,' declaring her universal or world wide authority."
The Vatican is not only a city, but since the Lateran Treaty of 1929 signed with Mussolini it is again also a country, with diplomatic relations with nearly every other nation on earth, and the Pope is the head of state." They have their own state flag, post office, bank, radio station, etc. They are a little country within a larger country.
The pope has a tiara which "declares him to be king of heaven, earth, and hell."
See also "The Two Babylons" or "The Papal Worship Proved to be the Worship of Nimrod and His Wife" by Alexander Hislop.
VATICAN TO LIGHT HANUKKIYAH:
The Vatican will light a Hanukkah menorah next week for the first time in history during a ceremony in the Vatican Gardens, Yediot Aharonot reported. According to Catholic leaders, they will light the menorah in honor of Israel's 50th anniversary.
(F.Y.I. - Israel in the News, Week Ending: December 20, 1997/21 Kislev 5758)
"It is a cloudless September summer night, and the moon casts its shining image on the banks of the gentle Euphrates River. Thousands of guests and dignitaries walk by torch light to Babylon's Procession Street and enter the city from the north. Instructed to line the streets along the massive walls, the guests obediently follow orders. When the audience is in place, the dark-eyed man in charge nods, and the procession begins.
"Rows and rows of soldiers parade in, dressed in Babylonian tunics and carrying swords, spears, and shields. Interspersed among the ranks of soldiers are groups of musicians playing harps, horns, and drums. Clusters of children carry palm branches, and runners bear bowls of incense. Then come soldiers and still more soldiers in a seemingly endless line of men and weapons. After the procession, the guests attend a ceremony paying tribute to Ishtar, the mother goddess of Babylon.
"Have I just described a scene of pagan worship from the time of Daniel? Perhaps, but it is also exactly what I witnessed when I returned to Babylon in 1988 for the second International Babylon Festival held under the patronage of Saddam Hussein."
"As recently as fifteen years ago, all that existed on the site of ancient Babylon were dusty ruins, or ruins of ruins...But as of February 1990, over sixty million bricks had been laid in the reconstruction of Nebuchadnezzar's fabled city. Saddam Hussein has ignored the objections of archaeologists who consider it a crime to build over ancient ruins...On the exact site of ancient Babylon, he has reconstructed the Southern Palace of Nebuchadnezzar, including the Procession Street, a Greek theater, many temples, what was once Nebuchadnezzar's throne room, and a half-scale model of the Ishtar Gate." [The Ishtar Gate was decorated with blue-enameled reliefs of bulls and dragons.]
Hussein wants to "reestablish Iraq as the cradle of civilization and the Iraqi people as heirs to the great culture of Babylon, Nineveh, and Ur..." He has given a blank check to the project of reconstructing Babylon.
Whenever a new ruler arose, he would rebuild all the great cities and Saddam thinks he is the successor of Nebuchadnezzar. "The festival's official seal featured the two men's portraits side by side, stressing their physical similarities. The festival's official theme was 'From Nabukhadnezzar to Saddam Hussein, Babylon undergoes a renaissance.'" All this talk of Nebuchadnezzar makes the Arab world antsy, though, because Nebuchadnezzar's kingdom included Syria, Jordan, Israel, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia and Kuwait as well. Something else to keep in mind is that one of the high points of Nebuchadnezzar's reign was that he conquered Jerusalem and one of the murals on the walls of the Museum in the rebuilt Babylon shows a picture of Saddam leading his army against a "walled city in a mountainous region surrounded by a prominent valley--clearly Jerusalem."
Material in quotes from:
The Rise of Babylon
Charles H. Dyer, 1991
1997-2007 Notes on Revelation
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