August 11, 1999 Eclipse Path
|Sanandaj||1m15s||11:53:39.7||*Was the center of Aramaic-speaking Jewry in Persia, but little is known about it before the 17th century. It is listed as a Jewish community in the Judeo-Persian chronicles of Babai ibn Lutf and Babai ibn Farhad. The community dwindled considerably as a result of immigration to Israel.|
|Nahavand||1m54s||11:57:14.3||The town is mentioned in the Talmud together with Hulvan (Halah) and Hamadan as belonging to the "cities of Media" to which the Israelites were exiled in the time of the Assyrian kings (Kid. 72a). Continuing to exist throughout the centuries, the Jewish community is mentioned among those which were searched for hidden magic Hebrew books during the persecutions of Abbas I.|
|Esfahan (Isfahan)||1m33s||12:03:28.6||*IThe origin of the Jewish settlement in Isfahan, one of the oldest in Persia, has been ascribed by Pehlevi, Armenian, and Muslim sources to various early historical periods. Though not mentioned in the Talmud, the city's Jewish community is first recorded in the time of the Sassanid ruler Firuz (472 C.E.) who, according to Hamza al-I\fahani, put to death half the Jewish population in Isfahan on a charge of killing two Magian priests. When the Arabs conquered Persia (641), they found a strong Jewish community in Isfahan. The Arab chronicler Abu Nuaym reported that at that time the Jews were celebrating, dancing, and playing music in expectation of a "Jewish king." Under the caliphate, the Jewish quarter in Isfahan, known as Jayy, had grown to such a degree in number and size that Arab and Persian geographers called it al-Yahudiyya, "the city of the Jews." When the Safavid dynasty made Isfahan its capital (1598), the Jews prospered economically and were engaged as craftsmen, artisans, and merchants in drugs, spices, antiquities, jewelry, and textiles. They suffered greatly when the persecution and forced conversion, initiated under Shah Abbas I and renewed under Shah Abbas II, swept throughout the Jewish communities of Persia in the 17th century. With the advent of the Qajar dynasty (1794-1925) and the transfer of the capital to Teheran, Isfahan and its Jewish population lost much of its cultural and political prominence. Jewish cultural life in Isfahan was threatened by the activities of the Bahai movement and the Christian missionary societies, who, exploiting the plight of the Jews, began to work in the Jewish ghettos and established a missionary school in Isfahan in 1889. These inroads were counteracted in 1901 by the establishment of a Jewish school in Isfahan. Isfahan is the seat of some revered "holy places," especially the alleged tomb of Serah bat Asher b. Jacob (granddaughter of the patriarch mentioned in Num. 26:46), situated in the vicinity of Pir Bakram, a popular place of pilgrimage for all Persian Jews, with an inscription dated 1133 C.E.
According to the census of 1956, Isfahan was the third-largest Jewish community in Iran, after Teheran and Shiraz.
*Antiochus IV Epiphanes died here.
|Hab Nadi Chowki||1m09s||12:26:16.3|
|Karachi||1m13s||12:26:32.9||*Largest city and former capital of Pakistan, on the Arabian Sea near the Indus River delta. The capital of Sind prov., it is Pakistan's chief seaport and industrial center, a transportation, commercial, and financial hub, and a military headquarters. Karachi airport, one of the busiest in Asia, is a major link in international air routes. An old settlement, Karachi was developed as a port and trading center by Hindu merchants in the early 18th cent. In 1843 it passed to the British, who made it the seat of the Sind government. Steady improvements in harbor facilities made Karachi a leading Indian port by the late 19th cent., while agricultural development of the hinterland gave it a large export trade. Karachi served as Pakistan's capital from 1947, when the country gained independence, until 1959, when Rawalpindi became the interim capital pending completion of Islamabad. It was bombed during the 1971 war with India that led to the independence of Bangladesh.
*Karachi has a university and several other educational institutions; the national museum, with a fine archaeological collection; and the tomb of Muhammad Ali Jinnah, founder of Pakistan. The political base of the Bhutto family and Bhutto, Benazir, Karachi is troubled by political violence between local Sindhis and the descendants of muhajirs, the Muslim immigrants who fled to Pakistan following partition in 1947.
*More impressive is the remarkable white-marbled Defence Housing Society Mosque. The single dome, claimed to be the largest of its kind in the world, Above the mosque is Honeymoon Lodge, birthplace of the Aga Khan. Other sights include the Holy Trinity Cathedral and St Andrew's Church, the city's zoo, and the Zoroastrian Towers of Silence, hills where the dead are traditionally exposed to vultures. (http://www.lonelyplanet.com/dest/ind/pak.htm)
1997-2006 Notes on Revelation
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