(Prophecy Knowledge Handbook, John Walvoord)
"Laodicea was an extremely wealthy banking center...It had a medical school which was noted for a healing eye ointment.
"The city was very pleasure-conscious, with a huge race track and three lavish theaters, one of which was half again as large as a football field."
(There's A New World Coming, Hal Lindsey)
"Laodicea...was planted in the lower Lycus glen, Colossae being situated in the upper. The Lycus glen was the most frequented path of trade from the interior of the country to the west, and the great road passesd right through Laodicea. The city was nearly square, and strongly fortified, but dependent for its water supply on an acqueduct 6 miles long. It played a comparatively small part in the dissemination of Greek culture. Its prosperity advanced greatly under the Romans. It was an important manufacturing centre, for instance, for a soft glossy black wool, which was made into garments of various kinds (cf. Rev 3:18). In connexion with the temple of the Phrygian god Men Karou (13 miles west of Laodicea), there grew up a celebrated school of medicine. Its most famous medicines were an ointment made from spice nard, which strengthened the ears, and Phrygian powder, obtained by crushing Phrygian stone, which was used for eyes (Rev 3:18). There were many Jewish inhabitants of Laodicea, and the population as a whole was of very mixed race. There is a want of individuality about the life of this city, which has been called 'the city of compromise.'"
(Hasting's Dictionary of the Bible)
"In the district of Hierapolis were hot mineral springs, whose water was transported to Laodicea in conduits. By the time it reached the city, it was no longer hot. Cold water was piped to Laodicea from Colossae, and it, too, would be lukewarm by the time it arrived."
(Escape the Coming Night)
See "The Two Babylons" with regards to references throughout to the "Father of the gods," the "all-seeing Janus," and in particular "Shing Moo and Ma Tsoopo of China" regarding "goddess of the eye."
See the book The Letters to the Seven Churches of Asia by W. M. Ramsay.
See also Seven Churches.
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