Comparison of Pentateuch:
Jewish Publication Society 1917
Targums Onkelos,
Jonathan Ben Uzziel/Palestinian,
Jerusalem Fragments

 

Deuteronomy
Chapter 1

[1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10]
[11] [12] [13] [14] [15] [16] [17] [18] [19] [20]
[21] [22] [23] [24] [25] [26] [27] [28] [29] [30]
[31] [32] [33] [34] [35] [36] [37] [38] [39] [40]
[41] [42] [43] [44] [45] [46]

 

 

Numbers 36 JPS TOC Comparison TOC Targums TOC Deuteronomy 2
Deuteronomy 1:1
JPS 1:1 These are the words which Moses spoke unto all Israel beyond the Jordan; in the wilderness, in the Arabah, over against Suph, between Paran and Tophel, and Laban, and Hazeroth, and Di-zahab.
ONK 1:1 These are the words which Mosheh spake with all Israel beyond the Jordan, reproving them because they had sinned in the wilderness, and had provoked (the Lord) to anger on the plains over against the Sea of Suph, in Pharan, where they scorned the manna; and in Hazeroth, where they provoked to anger on account of flesh, and because they had made the golden calf.
PAL 1:1 These are the words of admonition(1) which Mosheh spake with all Israel. He gathered them together to him while they were beyond the Jordan, and answered and said to them:

Was it not in the wilderness at the mountain of Sinai that the law was given to you? and in the plains of Moab you were made to understand how many miracles and signs the Holy One, blessed be He, had wrought for you, from the time that you passed over the border of the Weedy Sea, where He made for you a way for every one of your tribes. But you declined from His word, and wrought provocation before Him, in Pharan, on account of the words of the spies, and put together lying words against Him, and murmured about the manna which He had made to come down for you, white from the heavens; in Hazeroth you demanded flesh, and made yourselves deserving to perish from the midst of the world, but for the memory, on your behalf, of the merit of your righteous fathers, the tabernacle of ordinance, and the ark of the covenant, and the holy vessels which you had covered with pure gold, and made atonement for you on account of the sin of the golden calf.

JER 1:1 These are the words which Mosheh spake with all Israel, reproving them, while as yet they were situate beyond the Jordan. Mosheh answering said to them: Was it not in the wilderness at Mount Sinai, that the law was given to you? and on the plains of Moab was shown you what miracles and mighty acts the Word of the Lord had wrought on your behalf. When you stood by the Weedy Sea, the sea was divided before you, and there were made twelve ways(2) of one way, (a path) for each tribe. Yet you provoked Him at the sea, and rebelled at the Sea of Suph. On account of the matter of the spies who had been sent from the wilderness of Pharan, the decree (came forth) against you, that you should not enter into the land of Israel; and for that of the manna, of which you said, Our soul is afflicted with this bread, whose eating is too light, the serpents were let loose upon you; and in Hazeroth, where your carcasses fell on account of the flesh, and concerning the calf that you had made, He would have spoken in His Word to destroy you, had He not been mindful of the covenant which He sware to your fathers, Abraham, Izhak, and Jakob, and of the tabernacle of ordinance which you had made unto His name, and the ark of the covenant of the Lord, and of your burnt sacrifices in the midst (of the tabernacle and the ark) which you covered with purified gold.
 
Deuteronomy 1:2
JPS 1:2 It is eleven days journey from Horeb unto Kadesh-barnea by the way of mount Seir.
ONK 1:2 It is a journey of eleven days from Horeb by the way of Mount Seir unto Rekem Giah.
PAL 1:2 It is a journey of eleven days (only) from Horeb by the way of Mount Gebal unto Rekem Giah; but because you declined and provoked the Lord to displeasure, you have been retarded forty years.
JER 1:2 A journey of eleven days is it from Mount Horeb by way of Mount Gebal unto Rekem Giah; yet, because you sinned and provoked anger before Him, you have been delayed, and have been journeying for forty years.
 
Deuteronomy 1:3
JPS 1:3 And it came to pass in the fortieth year, in the eleventh month, on the first day of the month, that Moses spoke unto the children of Israel, according unto all that the LORD had given him in commandment unto them;
ONK 1:3 And it came to pass in the fortieth year, in the eleventh month, in the first day of the month, Mosheh spake with the sons of Israel according to all that the Lord had commanded him for them.
PAL 1:3 And it was at the end of forty years, in the eleventh month, the month of Shebat, on the first of the month, that Mosheh spake with the sons of Israel according to all that the Lord had given him commandment for them.
JER 1:3 And it was at the end of forty years.
 
Deuteronomy 1:4
JPS 1:4 after he had smitten Sihon the king of the Amorites, who dwelt in Heshbon, and Og the king of Bashan, who dwelt in Ashtaroth, at Edrei;
ONK 1:4 After he had slain Sihon, king of the Amorites, who dwelt in Heshbon, and Og, king of Mathnan, who dwelt at Ashtaroth in Edrehi;
PAL 1:4 After He had smitten Sihon king of the Amorites, who dwelt in Heshbon, and Og the king of Mathnan, who dwelt at Astarvata in Edrehath,
 
 
Deuteronomy 1:5
JPS 1:5 beyond the Jordan, in the land of Moab, took Moses upon him to expound this law, saying:
ONK 1:5 on this side Jordan in the land of Moab began Mosheh to explain the doctrine of this law, saying:
PAL 1:5 beyond Jordan, in the land of Moab, began Mosheh to speak the words of this law, saying: The Lord our God spake with us (and not I, of my own mind) in Horeb, saying:
 
 
Deuteronomy 1:6
JPS 1:6 The LORD our God spoke unto us in Horeb, saying: 'Ye have dwelt long enough in this mountain;
ONK 1:6 The Lord our God spake with us at Horeb, saying: It is sufficient for you to have dwelt at this mountain:
PAL 1:6 It is enough for you, and hath been profitable for you until this time (during) which you have received the law, and have made the tabernacle and its vessels, and appointed your princes over you; but now it would be evil for you to tarry longer at this mount.
 
 
Deuteronomy 1:7
JPS 1:7 turn you, and take your journey, and go to the hill-country of the Amorites and unto all the places nigh thereunto, in the Arabah, in the hill-country, and in the Lowland, and in the South, and by the sea-shore; the land of the Canaanites, and Lebanon, as far as the great river, the river Euphrates.
ONK 1:7 turn, and proceed, and go unto the mountain of the Amoraah, and to all its habitable places in the plains, the mountain, the valleys, and in the south, and by the side of the sea; the land of the Kenaanah and Lebanon, unto the river, the great river Phrat;
PAL 1:7 Turn you, and journey to Arad and Hormah, and go up to the mountain of the Amorites; and to the dwelling-places of Ammon, Moab, and Gebala, in the plains of the forests, in mountain and valley, and by the south on the shore of the sea, Ashkelon and Kiserin, the land of the Kenaanite unto Kaldohi, and Lebanon, the place of the mountain of the sanctuary, to the great river, the River Phrat.
 
 
Deuteronomy 1:8
JPS 1:8 Behold, I have set the land before you: go in and possess the land which the LORD swore unto your fathers, to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, to give unto them and to their seed after them.'
ONK 1:8 behold, I have set the land before you; go in and possess the land which the Lord covenanted to your fathers, to Abraham, to Izhak, and to Jakob, to give it to them, and to your children after them.
PAL 1:8 See, I have given up the inhabitants of the land before you; nor shall it be needful to carry arms; go in and possess the land, and appoint the allotters, and divide it, even as the Lord sware to your fathers, to Abraham, Izhak, and Jakob, that He would give it unto them and their sons after them.
 
 
Deuteronomy 1:9
JPS 1:9 And I spoke unto you at that time, saying: 'I am not able to bear you myself alone;
ONK 1:9 And I spake to you at that time, saying: I am not able to bear you myself alone.
PAL 1:9 And I spake to you at that time, saying: We will not leave you with but one judge, for I am not able to bear you alone.
 
 
Deuteronomy 1:10
JPS 1:10 the LORD your God hath multiplied you, and, behold, ye are this day as the stars of heaven for multitude.
ONK 1:10 The Lord your God hath multiplied you; and, behold, you are this day as the stars of the heavens for multitude.
PAL 1:10 The Word of the Lord our God hath multiplied you; and, behold, you are today as the stars of heaven for multitude.
 
 
Deuteronomy 1:11
JPS 1:11 The LORD, the God of your fathers, make you a thousand times so many more as ye are, and bless you, as He hath promised you!
ONK 1:11 The Lord God of your fathers make you a thousand times more than you are, and bless you, as He hath said to you!
PAL 1:11 The Lord God of your fathers increase you a thousand fold on account of this my benediction, and bless you beyond numbering, as He hath said unto you.
 
 
Deuteronomy 1:12
JPS 1:12 How can I myself alone bear your cumbrance, and your burden, and your strife?
ONK 1:12 How can I bear alone your labour, your business, and your adjudgments?
PAL 1:12 But how can I alone sustain the labour, your sensuality, your evil thoughts, your words of strife, your offering one shekel for two?
 
 
Deuteronomy 1:13
JPS 1:13 Get you, from each one of your tribes, wise men, and understanding, and full of knowledge, and I will make them heads over you.'
ONK 1:13 Provide (then) for yourselves prudent and sagacious men of your tribes, and I will appoint them to be chiefs over you.
PAL 1:13 Present, then, from among you wise men, prudent in their thinking, men of wisdom, by your tribes, and I will appoint them to be chiefs over you.
 
 
Deuteronomy 1:14
JPS 1:14 And ye answered me, and said: 'The thing which thou hast spoken is good for us to do.'
ONK 1:14 And you answered me, and said: The thing that thou hast spoken it is right that we should do.
PAL 1:14 And you answered me and said: The thing that thou hast spoken it is right for us to do.
 
 
Deuteronomy 1:15
JPS 1:15 So I took the heads of your tribes, wise men, and full of knowledge, and made them heads over you, captains of thousands, and captains of hundreds, and captains of fifties, and captains of tens, and officers, tribe by tribe.
ONK 1:15 And I took the heads of your tribes, wise men and masters of knowledge, and appointed them chiefs over you, captains of thousands, of hundreds, of fifties, and of tens, and officers(1) of your tribes.
PAL 1:15 So I took the chiefs of your tribes, and moved them kindly with words; wise men, masters of knowledge, but prudent in their thoughts, I found not;(3) and I appointed them chiefs over you, rabbans of thousands, of hundreds, of fifties; twelve thousand rabbans of tens, six myriads, officers of your tribes.
 
 
Deuteronomy 1:16
JPS 1:16 And I charged your judges at that time, saying: 'Hear the causes between your brethren, and judge righteously between a man and his brother, and the stranger that is with him.
ONK 1:16 And I charged your judges at that time, saying: Hear between your brethren, and judge rightly(2) between a man and his brother, or the sojourner.
PAL 1:16 And I charged your judges at that time with the orders of judgments, saying: So hear your brethren that one may not (be permitted to) speak all his words, while another is compelled to cut his words short; and so hearken to their words, as that it may be impossible for you not to judge them, and deliver judgment in truth, and to resolve (a matter) completely between a man and his brother, and between him who hireth words of litigation.
 
 
Deuteronomy 1:17
JPS 1:17 Ye shall not respect persons in judgment; ye shall hear the small and the great alike; ye shall not be afraid of the face of any man; for the judgment is God's; and the cause that is too hard for you ye shall bring unto me, and I will hear it.'
ONK 1:17 You shall not have respect to persons in the judgment; you shall hear little words (matters) as well as great; nor be afraid of the face of man, for the judgment is of the Lord; and the matter that is too hard for you bring to me, and I will hear it;
PAL 1:17 You shall not have respect to persons in a judgment; you shall hear little words as well as great ones, nor be afraid before the rich man and the ruler; for a judgment is from before the Lord, and He seeth every secret. But the thing that is too hard for you bring to me, and I will hear it.
 
 
Deuteronomy 1:18
JPS 1:18 And I commanded you at that time all the things which ye should do.
ONK 1:18 and I commanded you at that time all the things that you should do.
PAL 1:18 And at that time I taught you all the Ten Words which you are to practise about judgments of money, and judgments of life.
 
 
Deuteronomy 1:19
JPS 1:19 And we journeyed from Horeb, and went through all that great and dreadful wilderness which ye saw, by the way to the hill-country of the Amorites, as the LORD our God commanded us; and we came to Kadesh-barnea.
ONK 1:19 And we departed from Horeb, and went through all that great and fearful desert which you saw by the way of the mountain of the Amoraah, as the Lord our God commanded us, and we came unto Rekem Giah.
PAL 1:19 And we journeyed from Horeb, and came through all that great and fearful desert, where you saw serpents like boughs, and loathsome scorpions darting at you like arrows, on the way of the mountain of the Amoraah, as the Lord our God had commanded us, and came to Rekem Giah.
 
 
Deuteronomy 1:20
JPS 1:20 And I said unto you: 'Ye are come unto the hill-country of the Amorites, which the LORD our God giveth unto us.
ONK 1:20 And I said: You are come to the mountain of the Amoraah, which the Lord our God will give to us.
PAL 1:20 And I said to you, Ye are come to the mountain of the Amoraah, which the Lord our God will give to us.
 
 
Deuteronomy 1:21
JPS 1:21 Behold, the LORD thy God hath set the land before thee; go up, take possession, as the LORD, the God of thy fathers, hath spoken unto thee; fear not, neither be dismayed.'
ONK 1:21 See, the Lord thy God hath set the land before thee: arise, possess (it), as the Lord the God of thy fathers hath bid thee; fear not, nor be broken.
PAL 1:21 Behold, the Lord our God hath given you the land; arise and possess it, as the Lord your God hath told you; fear not, nor be dismayed (broken).
 
 
Deuteronomy 1:22
JPS 1:22 And ye came near unto me every one of you, and said: 'Let us send men before us, that they may search the land for us, and bring us back word of the way by which we must go up, and the cities unto which we shall come.'
ONK 1:22 And all of you came to me and said: We will send men before us, to explore the land for us, and bring us word about the way to go up to it, and to what cities we shall come.
PAL 1:22 And all of you came to me in a body, and said, We will send men before us to examine the land for us, and bring us back word by what way we shall go up to it, and the cities we should enter.
 
 
Deuteronomy 1:23
JPS 1:23 And the thing pleased me well; and I took twelve men of you, one man for every tribe;
ONK 1:23 And the thing was good in my eyes, and I took from you twelve men, one man for a tribe.
PAL 1:23 And the thing was proper in my eyes; and I took from you twelve chosen men, one man for a tribe,
 
 
Deuteronomy 1:24
JPS 1:24 and they turned and went up into the mountains, and came unto the valley of Eshcol, and spied it out.
ONK 1:24 And they turned and went up to the mountain, and came to the brook of Ethkela, and explored it.
PAL 1:24 and they turned and went up into the mountain, and came to the stream of Ethkela, and explored it.
JER 1:24 And they prepared and went up into the mountain, and came to the stream of the Grapes, and surveyed it.
 
Deuteronomy 1:25
JPS 1:25 And they took of the fruit of the land in their hands, and brought it down unto us, and brought us back word, and said: 'Good is the land which the LORD our God giveth unto us.'
ONK 1:25 And they took in their hands some of the produce of the land and brought to us, and returned us word, saying: The land which the Lord will give us is good.
PAL 1:25 And they took in their hands of the produce of the land and brought to us. And they returned us word; and Kaleb and Jehoshua said, The land which the Lord our God hath given us is good.
 
 
Deuteronomy 1:26
JPS 1:26 Yet ye would not go up, but rebelled against the commandment of the LORD your God;
ONK 1:26 But you were not willing to go up, but were rebellious against the Word of the Lord your God,
PAL 1:26 But you were not willing to go up, but believed the words of the ten wicked ones, and rebelled against the Word of the Lord your God.
 
 
Deuteronomy 1:27
JPS 1:27 and ye murmured in your tents, and said: 'Because the LORD hated us, He hath brought us forth out of the land of Egypt, to deliver us into the hand of the Amorites, to destroy us.
ONK 1:27 and murmured in your tents, and said: Because the Lord hath hated us, He hath brought us from the land of Mizraim to deliver us into the hand of the Amoraah to destroy us.
PAL 1:27 And you cried in your tents, taking your sons and your daughters to your breasts, saying, Woe to you, ye stricken ones! tomorrow ye wili be slain. Why hath the Lord hated us, to have brought us out of the land of Mizraim, to deliver us into the hand of the Amorites to destroy us?
 
 
Deuteronomy 1:28
JPS 1:28 Whither are we going up? our brethren have made our heart to melt, saying: The people is greater and taller than we; the cities are great and fortified up to heaven; and moreover we have seen the sons of the Anakim there.'
ONK 1:28 To what shall we go up? Our brethren have broken(3) our heart, saying: The people are greater and stronger than we; vast are the cities, and walled to the height of heaven, and we saw there also the sons of the giants.
PAL 1:28 How shall we go up? Our brethren have dissolved our hearts, saying, The people are greater and mightier than we; their cities are vast, and walled to the height of heaven, and we saw there also the sons of Ephron the giant.
 
 
Deuteronomy 1:29
JPS 1:29 Then I said unto you: 'Dread not, neither be afraid of them.
ONK 1:29 But I said to you: Be not broken (hearted), fear them not;
PAL 1:29 And I said to you, Be not broken down, nor be afraid of them:
 
 
Deuteronomy 1:30
JPS 1:30 The LORD your God who goeth before you, He shall fight for you, according to all that He did for you in Egypt before your eyes;
ONK 1:30 the Word of the Lord, who leadeth on before you, will fight for you, according to all that He did for you in Mizraim in your sight;
PAL 1:30 the Word of the Lord your God who goeth before you will Himself fight for you, according to all that He did for you in Mizraim before your eyes.
 
 
Deuteronomy 1:31
JPS 1:31 and in the wilderness, where thou hast seen how that the LORD thy God bore thee, as a man doth bear his son, in all the way that ye went, until ye came unto this place.
ONK 1:31 and in the wilderness, where thou hast seen that the Lord thy God carrieth thee, as a man carrieth his child, in all the way you have journeyed until your coming to this place.
PAL 1:31 And in the desert, where thou sawest burning serpents full of deadly venom, the Lord thy God bare thee with the glorious clouds of His Shekinah, as a man carrieth his child, all the way that you went, until you have come to this place.
 
 
Deuteronomy 1:32
JPS 1:32 Yet in this thing ye do not believe the LORD your God,
ONK 1:32 But in this thing you did not believe in the Word of the Lord your God,
PAL 1:32 But in this thing you believed not in the Word of the Lord your God,
 
 
Deuteronomy 1:33
JPS 1:33 Who went before you in the way, to seek you out a place to pitch your tents in: in fire by night, to show you by what way ye should go, and in the cloud by day.'
ONK 1:33 who led on before you in the way to prepare for you (each) place of encampment for your sojournings, in the pillar of fire by night to show you in which way to go, and in the pillar of the cloud by day.
PAL 1:33 who led before you in the way(4) to prepare for you the place of your encampments, in the pillar of fire by night to light you in the way you should go, and in the pillar of the cloud by day.
 
 
Deuteronomy 1:34
JPS 1:34 And the LORD heard the voice of your words, and was wroth, and swore, saying:
ONK 1:34 But the voice of your words was heard before the Lord, and He was angry, and made oath, saying:
PAL 1:34 And the voice of your words was heard before the Lord, and He was displeased, and did make oath, saying,
 
 
Deuteronomy 1:35
JPS 1:35 'Surely there shall not one of these men, even this evil generation, see the good land, which I swore to give unto your fathers,
ONK 1:35 If a man of the men of this evil generation shall see the good land which I sware to your fathers,
PAL 1:35 If any one of the men of this evil generation shall seethe good land which I covenanted to give unto their fathers,
 
 
Deuteronomy 1:36
JPS 1:36 save Caleb the son of Jephunneh, he shall see it; and to him will I give the land that he hath trodden upon, and to his children; because he hath wholly followed the LORD.'
ONK 1:36 save Kaleb bar Jephunneh. He shall see it, and I will give to him the land on which he hath trodden, and unto his children, because he hath been upright in the fear of the Lord.
PAL 1:36 except Kaleb bar Jephunneh, who shall see it, and to whom I will give the good land, the land of Hebron through which he walked, and to his children, because he hath followed with integrity the fear of the Lord.
 
 
Deuteronomy 1:37
JPS 1:37 Also the LORD was angry with me for your sakes, saying: Thou also shalt not go in thither;
ONK 1:37 Also against me was there displeasure before the Lord on your account, (He) saying: Thou too art not to go in thither;
PAL 1:37 Against me also was there displeasure before the Lord on your account, saying, Thou too art not to go in thither;
 
 
Deuteronomy 1:38
JPS 1:38 Joshua the son of Nun, who standeth before thee, he shall go in thither; encourage thou him, for he shall cause Israel to inherit it.
ONK 1:38 Jehoshua bar Nun, who standeth before thee, he shall go in thither; strengthen him, for he is to make Israel to inherit;
PAL 1:38 Jehoshua bar Nun, who ministereth in thy house of instruction, he is to go in thither: strengthen him, for he is to make Israel possess it.
 
 
Deuteronomy 1:39
JPS 1:39 Moreover your little ones, that ye said should be a prey, and your children, that this day have no knowledge of good or evil, they shall go in thither, and unto them will I give it, and they shall possess it.
ONK 1:39 but your little ones, who you said would be for prey, your children, who today know not good and evil, they shall enter therein, to them will I give it, and they shall possess it;
PAL 1:39 But your little ones, of whom you said, They will be for prey, and your children, who as yet know not between good and evil, they shall go in thither: I will give it to them, and they shall possess it for an inheritance.
 
 
Deuteronomy 1:40
JPS 1:40 But as for you, turn you, and take your journey into the wilderness by the way to the Red Sea.'
ONK 1:40 but you, turn you, and go into the wilderness by the Weedy Sea.
PAL 1:40 As for you, turn, and go (back) into the wilderness by the way of the Weedy Sea.
 
 
Deuteronomy 1:41
JPS 1:41 Then ye answered and said unto me: 'We have sinned against the LORD, we will go up and fight, according to all that the LORD our God commanded us.' And ye girded on every man his weapons of war, and deemed it a light thing to go up into the hill-country.
ONK 1:41 Then you answered, and said: We have sinned before the Lord; we will go up and wage war according to all that the Lord our God commanded; and you girded on every man his weapons of war, and began to go up to the mountain.
PAL 1:41 Then answered you, and said to me, We have sinned before the Lord; we will go up and fight, according to all that the Lord our God commanded us. And you girded on every man his arms, and began to ascend the mountain.
 
 
Deuteronomy 1:42
JPS 1:42 And the LORD said unto me: 'Say unto them: Go not up, neither fight; for I am not among you; lest ye be smitten before your enemies.'
ONK 1:42 But the Lord said to me: Tell them, You shall not go up, neither wage war; for My Shekinah is not among you, lest you be crushed before your enemies.
PAL 1:42 But the Lord said to me, Say to them, Go not up, nor prepare for battle, for My Shekinah goeth not among you; that you be not crushed before your enemies.
 
 
Deuteronomy 1:43
JPS 1:43 So I spoke unto you, and ye hearkened not; but ye rebelled against the commandment of the LORD, and were presumptuous, and went up into the hill-country.
ONK 1:43 And I told you, but you hearkened not, but rebelled against the Word of the Lord, and dared, and went up to the mountain;
PAL 1:43 And I spake with you, but you would not obey, but were rebellious against the Word of the Lord, and did wickedly, and went up to the mountain.
 
 
Deuteronomy 1:44
JPS 1:44 And the Amorites, that dwell in that hill-country, came out against you, and chased you, as bees do, and beat you down in Seir, even unto Hormah.
ONK 1:44 but the Amoraah who dwelt in that mountain came out against you, and pursued you as bees are dispersed, and smote you in Seir unto Hormah.
PAL 1:44 And the Amoraah who dwelt in that mountain came out to meet you, and pursued you, as they drive away and destroy hornets, and smote you from Gebal unto Hormah.
JER 1:44 And they chased you as bees are chased, and slew you in Gebal unto destruction.
 
Deuteronomy 1:45
JPS 1:45 And ye returned and wept before the LORD; but the LORD hearkened not to your voice, nor gave ear unto you.
ONK 1:45 And you returned, and wept before the Lord; but the Lord would not receive your prayer, nor hearken to your words;
PAL 1:45 And you returned, and wept before the Lord: but the Lord would not receive your prayers, nor hearken to your words.
 
 
Deuteronomy 1:46
JPS 1:46 So ye abode in Kadesh many days, according unto the days that ye abode there.
ONK 1:46 and you dwelt in Rekem many days, according to the days that you abode.
PAL 1:46 So you abode in Rekem many days, according to the days that you abode.
 
 
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