Comparison of Pentateuch:
Jewish Publication Society 1917
Targums Onkelos,
Jonathan Ben Uzziel/Palestinian,
Jerusalem Fragments

 

Deuteronomy
Chapter 20

[1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10]
[11] [12] [13] [14] [15] [16] [17] [18] [19] [20]

 

 

Deuteronomy 19 JPS TOC Comparison TOC Targums TOC Deuteronomy 21
Deuteronomy 20:1
JPS 20:1 When thou goest forth to battle against thine enemies, and seest horses, and chariots, and a people more than thou, thou shalt not be afraid of them; for the LORD thy God is with thee, who brought thee up out of the land of Egypt.
ONK 20:1 When thou goest out to war with thy adversaries, and seest horses, and chariots, and more people than thou, be not afraid of them; for thy helper is the Word of the Lord thy God, who brought thee up from the land of Mizraim.
PAL 20:1 When you go forth to battle against your enemies, and see horses and chariots, and peoples proud, overbearing, and stronger than you, fear them not; for all of them are accounted as a single horse and a single chariot before the Lord your God, whose Word will be your Helper; for He brought you free out of the land of Mizraim.
     
 
Deuteronomy 20:2
JPS 20:2 And it shall be, when ye draw nigh unto the battle, that the priest shall approach and speak unto the people,
ONK 20:2 And it shall be when you draw nigh to battle, that the priest shall approach, and speak with the people,
PAL 20:2 And at the time that you draw nigh to do battle, the priest shall approach and speak with the people,
 
 
Deuteronomy 20:3
JPS 20:3 and shall say unto them: 'Hear, O Israel, ye draw nigh this day unto battle against your enemies; let not your heart faint; fear not, nor be alarmed, neither be ye affrighted at them;
ONK 20:3 and say to them, Hear, Israel: you come this day to do battle with your enemies: let not your heart waver, neither be afraid, or confounded, or broken before them;
PAL 20:3 and say to them, Hear, Israel, you draw near this day to fight against your adversaries; let not your heart be moved, be not afraid, tremble not, nor be broken down before them:
 
 
Deuteronomy 20:4
JPS 20:4 for the LORD your God is He that goeth with you, to fight for you against your enemies, to save you.'
ONK 20:4 for the Lord your God (is He) who goeth before you to fight for you against your enemies, to save you.
PAL 20:4 for the Shekinah of the Lord your God goeth before you to fight for you against your enemies, and to save you.
 
 
Deuteronomy 20:5
JPS 20:5 And the officers shall speak unto the people, saying: 'What man is there that hath built a new house, and hath not dedicated it? let him go and return to his house, lest he die in the battle, and another man dedicate it.
ONK 20:5 And the officers shall speak before the people, saying: What man is there who hath built a new house, and hath not dedicated it? let him go and return to his house, lest he be slain in the battle, and another man dedicate it.
PAL 20:5 And the officers shall speak with the people, saying: Who is the man who hath builded a new house, and hath not set fast its doorposts to complete it?
 
 
Deuteronomy 20:6
JPS 20:6 And what man is there that hath planted a vineyard, and hath not used the fruit thereof? let him go and return unto his house, lest he die in the battle, and another man use the fruit thereof.
ONK 20:6 And what man who hath planted a vineyard, but hath not made it common (for use)? let him go and return to his house, lest he be slain in the battle, and another man make it common, (or partake of it).
PAL 20:6 let him go and return to his house, lest through sin he be slain in the battle, and another man complete it. Or, what man hath planted a vineyard, and hath not redeemed it from the priest to make it common? let him go and return to his house, lest sin be the occasion of his not redeeming it, but he be slain in the battle, and another make it common.
JER 20:6 And hath not redeemed it
 
Deuteronomy 20:7
JPS 20:7 And what man is there that hath betrothed a wife, and hath not taken her? let him go and return unto his house, lest he die in the battle, and another man take her.'
ONK 20:7 And what man hath betrothed a wife, and not taken her? let him go and return to his house, lest he be slain in the battle, and another man take her.
PAL 20:7 And what man hath betrothed a wife, but not taken her? let him go and return to his house, lest sin prevent him from rejoicing with his wife, and he be slain in the battle, and another take her.
 
 
Deuteronomy 20:8
JPS 20:8 And the officers shall speak further unto the people, and they shall say: 'What man is there that is fearful and faint-hearted? let him go and return unto his house, lest his brethren's heart melt as his heart.'
ONK 20:8 And the officers shall yet speak to the people, and say: What man is there who is afraid and brokenhearted? Let him return to his house, and not make the heart of his brethren to be broken as his heart.
PAL 20:8 Yet more shall the officers speak to the people, and say, Who is the man who is afraid on account of his sin, and whose heart is broken? let him go and return to his house, that his brethren be not implicated in his sins, and their heart be broken like his.
 
 
Deuteronomy 20:9
JPS 20:9 And it shall be, when the officers have made an end of speaking unto the people, that captains of hosts shall be appointed at the head of the people.
ONK 20:9 And it shall be, when the officers have finished to speak with the people, they shall appoint captains of the host at the head of the people.
PAL 20:9 And when the officers shall have finished to speak with the people, they shall appoint the captains of the host at the head of the people.
 
 
Deuteronomy 20:10
JPS 20:10 When thou drawest nigh unto a city to fight against it, then proclaim peace unto it.
ONK 20:10 When thou drawest nigh to a city to make war against it, then proclaim to it words of peace.
PAL 20:10 When you come nigh to a city to make war against it, then you shall send to it certain to invite it to peace;
 
 
Deuteronomy 20:11
JPS 20:11 And it shall be, if it make thee answer of peace, and open unto thee, then it shall be, that all the people that are found therein shall become tributary unto thee, and shall serve thee.
ONK 20:11 And if it be that it make thee an answer of peace, and open to thee, then all the people who dwell in it shall be tributaries to thee and serve thee.
PAL 20:11 and if they answer you with words of peace, and open their gates to you, all the people whom you find therein shall be tributaries, and serve you.
JER 20:11 And if it answer thee with words of peace, and open the gates to you, all the people whom you find.
 
Deuteronomy 20:12
JPS 20:12 And if it will make no peace with thee, but will make war against thee, then thou shalt besiege it.
ONK 20:12 But if it will not make peace with thee, but will have war with thee, then thou shalt besiege it:
PAL 20:12 But if they will not make peace, but war, with you, then you shall beleaguer it.
 
 
Deuteronomy 20:13
JPS 20:13 And when the LORD thy God delivereth it into thy hand, thou shalt smite every male thereof with the edge of the sword;
ONK 20:13 and when the Lord thy God hath delivered it into thy hand, thou mayest smite all the males thereof by the sentence of the sword;
PAL 20:13 nd when the Lord your God will have delivered it into your hand, then may you smite every male thereof with the edge of the sword.
 
 
Deuteronomy 20:14
JPS 20:14 but the women, and the little ones, and the cattle, and all that is in the city, even all the spoil thereof, shalt thou take for a prey unto thyself; and thou shalt eat the spoil of thine enemies, which the LORD thy God hath given thee.
ONK 20:14 but the women, children, cattle, and all that is in the city, even all the spoil, thou shalt make booty for thyself; and thou shalt eat the spoil of thy enemies, which the Lord thy God will have given thee.
PAL 20:14 But the women, children, and cattle, and whatever is in the city, even all the spoil, you shall seize, and eat the spoil of your enemies which the Lord your God giveth you.
 
 
Deuteronomy 20:15
JPS 20:15 Thus shalt thou do unto all the cities which are very far off from thee, which are not of the cities of these nations.
ONK 20:15 Thus shalt thou do to all cities which are remote from thee, but are not of the cities of these nations;
PAL 20:15 Thus shall you do to all cities that are remote from you, which are not of the cities of these seven nations;
 
 
Deuteronomy 20:16
JPS 20:16 Howbeit of the cities of these peoples, that the LORD thy God giveth thee for an inheritance, thou shalt save alive nothing that breatheth,
ONK 20:16 for of the cities of these nations which the Lord thy God giveth thee, thou shalt not spare alive any breathing thing,
PAL 20:16 but of the cities of these peoples, which the Lord your God giveth you to inherit, ye shall not spare alive any breathing thing:
 
 
Deuteronomy 20:17
JPS 20:17 but thou shalt utterly destroy them: the Hittite, and the Amorite, the Canaanite, and the Perizzite, the Hivite, and the Jebusite; as the LORD thy God hath commanded thee;
ONK 20:17 but utterly destroy them, Hittites aud Amorites, Kenaanites and Pheresites, Hivites and Jebusites, as the Lord thy God hath commanded thee;
PAL 20:17 for destroying ye shall destroy them, Hittites, Amorites, Kenaanites, Pherizites, Hivites, and Jebusites, as the Lord your God hath commanded you;
 
 
Deuteronomy 20:18
JPS 20:18 that they teach you not to do after all their abominations, which they have done unto their gods, and so ye sin against the LORD your God.
ONK 20:18 that they may not teach you to do according to all their abominations which they have done to their idols, and you sin against the Lord your God.
PAL 20:18 that they may not teach you to do after their abominations with which they have served their idols, and you sin before the Lord your God.
 
 
Deuteronomy 20:19
JPS 20:19 When thou shalt besiege a city a long time, in making war against it to take it, thou shalt not destroy the trees thereof by wielding an axe against them; for thou mayest eat of them, but thou shalt not cut them down; for is the tree of the field man, that it should be besieged of thee?
ONK 20:19 When thou layest siege to a city many days in making war against it to subdue it, thou shalt not destroy the trees (that are about) it, nor lift up the iron against them: for of them thou mayest eat; thou shalt not cut them down, for the tree of the field is not like a man, to come against thee in the siege.
PAL 20:19 When you beleaguer a city all the seven days to war against it, to subdue it on the Sabbath, you shall not destroy the trees thereof by bringing against them (an instrument of) iron; that you may eat its fruit, cut it not down; for a tree on the face of the field is not as a man to be hidden (put out of sight) before you in the siege.
 
 
Deuteronomy 20:20
JPS 20:20 Only the trees of which thou knowest that they are not trees for food, them thou mayest destroy and cut down, that thou mayest build bulwarks against the city that maketh war with thee, until it fall.
ONK 20:20 Only a tree which thou knowest is not for food, thou mayest destroy and cut down; and thou shalt build bulwarks (palisades) against the city which maketh war with thee, until thou subdue it.
PAL 20:20 But the tree that you know to be a tree not making fruit to eat, that you may destroy and cut down. And you shall raise bulwarks against the city which maketh war with you, until you have subdued it.
 
 
Deuteronomy 19 JPS TOC Comparison TOC Targums TOC Deuteronomy 21

 

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