Comparison of Pentateuch:
Jewish Publication Society 1917
Targums Onkelos,
Jonathan Ben Uzziel/Palestinian,
Jerusalem Fragments

 

Deuteronomy
Chapter 31

[1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10]
[11] [12] [13] [14] [15] [16] [17] [18] [19] [20]
[21] [22] [23] [24] [25] [26] [27] [28] [29] [30]

 

 

Deuteronomy 30 JPS TOC Comparison TOC Targums TOC Deuteronomy 32
Deuteronomy 31:1
JPS 31:1 And Moses went and spoke these words unto all Israel.
ONK 31:1 And Mosheh went and spake these words with all Israel.
PAL 31:1 And Mosheh. went into the tabernacle of the house of instruction,(50) and spake these words unto all Israel,
     
 
Deuteronomy 31:2
JPS 31:2 And he said unto them: 'I am a hundred and twenty years old this day; I can no more go out and come in; and the LORD hath said unto me: Thou shalt not go over this Jordan.
ONK 31:2 And he said to them, I am the son of a hundred and twenty years this day. I am no more able to go out and to come in; and the Lord hath said to me, Thou shalt not pass over this Jordan.
PAL 31:2 and said to them: I am the son of a hundred and twenty years this day. I am no more able to go out and come in, and tbe Word of the Lord hath said to me: Thou shalt not go over this Jordan.
 
 
Deuteronomy 31:3
JPS 31:3 The LORD thy God, He will go over before thee; He will destroy these nations from before thee, and thou shalt dispossess them; and Joshua, he shall go over before thee, as the LORD hath spoken.
ONK 31:3 The Lord thy God, He goeth over before thee; He will destroy these nations from before thee, and thou shalt inherit them. Jehoshua, he goeth over before thee, as the Lord hath said.
PAL 31:3 The Lord your God, and His Shekinah, will go over before you. He will destroy those nations, and you shall possess them. Jehoshua also will go before you, as the Lord hath said.
 
 
Deuteronomy 31:4
JPS 31:4 And the LORD will do unto them as He did to Sihon and to Og, the kings of the Amorites, and unto their land; whom He destroyed.
ONK 31:4 And the Lord will do to them as He did to Sihon and to Og, kings of the Amorites, and to the lands of them whom He destroyed.
PAL 31:4 And the Lord will execute judgment on them, as He did on Sihon and Og kings of the Amoraee, and the people of their land, whom He destroyed.
 
 
Deuteronomy 31:5
JPS 31:5 And the LORD will deliver them up before you, and ye shall do unto them according unto all the commandment which I have commanded you.
ONK 31:5 The Lord will deliver them up, and you shall do to them according to all the commandments that I have commanded you.
PAL 31:5 And the Word of the Lord will deliver them up before you, and you shall do to them according to all the commandment that I have commanded you.
 
 
Deuteronomy 31:6
JPS 31:6 Be strong and of good courage, fear not, nor be affrighted at them; for the LORD thy God, He it is that doth go with thee; He will not fail thee, nor forsake thee.'
ONK 31:6 Be strong and of good courage, fear not, nor be broken before them; for the Word of the Lord thy God will be the leader before thee, He will not forsake thee, nor be far off from thee.
PAL 31:6 Be strong, then, and of good courage, fear not, nor be dismayed before them; for the Shekinah of the Lord your God will be the Leader of you, He will not forsake nor be far from you.
 
 
Deuteronomy 31:7
JPS 31:7 And Moses called unto Joshua, and said unto him in the sight of all Israel: 'Be strong and of good courage; for thou shalt go with this people into the land which the LORD hath sworn unto their fathers to give them; and thou shalt cause them to inherit it.
ONK 31:7 And Mosheh called Jehoshua, and said to him before the eyes of all Israel, Be strong and of good courage; for thou art to go in with this people to the land which the Lord hath sworn to their fathers to give it to them, and thou shalt cause them to inherit.
PAL 31:7 And Mosheh called Jehoshua from among the people, and said to him: Be thou strong, and of good courage; for thou art appointed to go with this people to the land which the Word of the Lord sware to your fathers to give them, and thou art to divide it among them.
 
 
Deuteronomy 31:8
JPS 31:8 And the LORD, He it is that doth go before thee; He will be with thee, He will not fail thee, neither forsake thee; fear not, neither be dismayed.'
ONK 31:8 But the Lord, He is the leader before thee; His Word shall be thy helper, for He will not forsake thee, nor be far from thee; fear not, nor be dismayed.
PAL 31:8 And the Shekinah of the Word of the Lord will go before thee, and His Word will be thy helper; He will not forsake nor be far from thee; fear not, nor be dismayed.
 
 
Deuteronomy 31:9
JPS 31:9 And Moses wrote this law, and delivered it unto the priests the sons of Levi, that bore the ark of the covenant of the LORD, and unto all the elders of Israel.
ONK 31:9 And Mosheh wrote this law, and gave it to the priests, the sons of Levi, who bare the Ark of the Covenant of the Lord, and to all the elders of Israel.
PAL 31:9 And Mosheh wrote this law, and delivered it to the priests the sons of Levi, who bare the ark of the Lord's covenant, and to all the sages of Israel.
 
 
Deuteronomy 31:10
JPS 31:10 And Moses commanded them, saying: 'At the end of every seven years, in the set time of the year of release, in the feast of tabernacles,
ONK 31:10 And Mosheh commanded them, saying: At the end of seven years, at the time of the year of release, at the Feast of Tabernacles,
PAL 31:10 And Mosheh commanded them, saying: At the end of seven years in the time of the year of remission, at the feast of Tabernacles,
 
 
Deuteronomy 31:11
JPS 31:11 when all Israel is come to appear before the LORD thy God in the place which He shall choose, thou shalt read this law before all Israel in their hearing.
ONK 31:11 when all Israel cometh to appear before the Lord thy God, in the place that He will choose, thou shalt read this law before all Israel, and make them hear.
PAL 31:11 when all Israel cometh to appear before the Lord your God, in the place that He will choose, you shall read this law before all Israel while they listen.
 
 
Deuteronomy 31:12
JPS 31:12 Assemble the people, the men and the women and the little ones, and thy stranger that is within thy gates, that they may hear, and that they may learn, and fear the LORD your God, and observe to do all the words of this law;
ONK 31:12 Gather the people together, the men, the women, and children, and thy sojourners who are in thy cities, that they may hear, and learn, and fear before the Lord your God, and observe and perform all the words of this law,
PAL 31:12 Assemble the people, the men, that they may learn, the women, that they may hear instruction, the children, that they may partake the benefit (reward) of those who bring them, and your sojourners who are in your cities, that they may behold the majesty of the law, and be reverent all of them before the Word of the Lord your God, and observe to do all the words of this law.
 
 
Deuteronomy 31:13
JPS 31:13 and that their children, who have not known, may hear, and learn to fear the LORD your God, as long as ye live in the land whither ye go over the Jordan to possess it.'
ONK 31:13 and that their children who have not known may hear and learn to fear before the Lord all the days that you abide upon the land to which you pass over the Jordan to possess it.
PAL 31:13 Let their children also, who know not, hear, and learn to fear the Lord your God all the days that you live in the land to inherit which you pass over Jordan.

Unto three of the just was it told that the time of their death was drawing nigh, and that they should not attain to the days of their fathers; and each of them had been appointed a prince in his days; Jakob our father, David the king, and Mosheh the prophet; for thus it is written:

 
 
Deuteronomy 31:14
JPS 31:14 And the LORD said unto Moses: 'Behold, thy days approach that thou must die; call Joshua, and present yourselves in the tent of meeting, that I may give him a charge.' And Moses and Joshua went, and presented themselves in the tent of meeting.
ONK 31:14 And the Lord said to Mosheh, Behold, the days are drawing near for thee to die: call Jehoshua, and let him stand in the tabernacle of ordinance, and I will give him commandment. And Mosheh and Jehoshua went and stood in the tabernacle of ordinance.
PAL 31:14 And the Lord said unto Mosheh, Behold, thy day approacheth when thou must die. Call Jehoshua, and stand both of you in the tabernacle of ordinance, that I may give him charge. And Mosheh and Jehoshua went, and stood in the tabernacle of ordinance.
 
 
Deuteronomy 31:15
JPS 31:15 And the LORD appeared in the Tent in a pillar of cloud; and the pillar of cloud stood over the door of the Tent.
ONK 31:15 And the Lord was revealed at the tabernacle in the pillar of the cloud, and the pillar of the cloud stood over the door of the tabernacle.
PAL 31:15 And the glorious Shekinah of the Lord revealed itself at the tabernacle in the pillar of the Cloud, and the pillar of the Cloud stood over the door of the tabernacle, and Mosheh and Jehoshua stood without.
 
 
Deuteronomy 31:16
JPS 31:16 And the LORD said unto Moses: 'Behold, thou art about to sleep with thy fathers; and this people will rise up, and go astray after the foreign gods of the land, whither they go to be among them, and will forsake Me, and break My covenant which I have made with them.
ONK 31:16 And the Lord said to Mosheh, Behold, thou art to sleep with thy fathers; and this people will rise up and go astray after the idols of the peoples of the land among whom they are going, and will forsake My fear, and remove (or change) from My covenant(45) which I have made with them.
PAL 31:16 And the Lord said to Mosheh, Behold, thou wilt lie down in the dust with thy fathers, and thy soul shall be treasured in the treasury of eternal life with thy fathers: but this wicked people will rise up and go astray after the idols of the nations among whom they come, and will forsake My worship, and change My covenant which I have made with them.
JER 31:16 They will forsake, and will profane the statutes I have confirmed with them.
 
Deuteronomy 31:17
JPS 31:17 Then My anger shall be kindled against them in that day, and I will forsake them, and I will hide My face from them, and they shall be devoured, and many evils and troubles shall come upon them; so that they will say in that day: Are not these evils come upon us because our God is not among us?
ONK 31:17 And my anger will be kindled against them at that time, and I will drive them afar off, and remove My Shekinah(46) from them to consume them,(47) and many evils and troubles shall befall them. And they will say in that day, Is it not because the Shekinah of my God is not among me, that these evils have befallen me?
PAL 31:17 Then My anger will be kindled against them in that day, and I shall abhor them, and remove My Shekinah from them, and they will become a prey, and many evils and troubles shall befall them. And they will say at that time, with adjuration, Is it not because the Shekinah of my God dwelleth not among me, that all these evils have befallen me?
 
 
Deuteronomy 31:18
JPS 31:18 And I will surely hide My face in that day for all the evil which they shall have wrought, in that they are turned unto other gods.
ONK 31:18 But I will remove My Shekinah from them at that time on account of the evils they had done; for they will have turned away after the idols of the nations.
PAL 31:18 But I will indeed remove My Shekinah from them at that time, until they have dwindled away, to receive the punishment of their sins for all the evil they have wrought, because they turned themselves after the idols of the nations.
 
 
Deuteronomy 31:19
JPS 31:19 Now therefore write ye this song for you, and teach thou it the children of Israel; put it in their mouths, that this song may be a witness for Me against the children of Israel.
ONK 31:19 And now, write for you this hymn, and teach it to the children of Israel; put it upon their lips, that this hymn may be a witness for Me against the children of Israel.
PAL 31:19 And now, write you this hymn, and teach the children of Israel; put it upon their lips, that this hymn may be before them, for a witness against the children of Israel.
 
 
Deuteronomy 31:20
JPS 31:20 For when I shall have brought them into the land which I swore unto their fathers, flowing with milk and honey; and they shall have eaten their fill, and waxen fat; and turned unto other gods, and served them, and despised Me, and broken My covenant;
ONK 31:20 For when they will have entered into the land which I promised to their fathers, (a land) producing milk and honey, and they have eaten and been satisfied, and have become luxurious, they will turn away after the idols of the nations, and serve them, and provoke to anger before Me, and change from My covenant.
PAL 31:20 For I will bring them into the land which I promised to their fathers, (a land) producing milk and honey, and they will eat and be satisfied: but (after that they have) waxen fat they will turn away to the idols of the Gentiles and worship them; so will they provoke Me to anger, and abolish My covenant.
 
 
Deuteronomy 31:21
JPS 31:21 then it shall come to pass, when many evils and troubles are come upon them, that this song shall testify before them as a witness; for it shall not be forgotten out of the mouths of their seed; for I know their imagination how they do even now, before I have brought them into the land which I swore.'
ONK 31:21 And when many evils and troubles have fallen on them, this song shall answer against them, for it will not be forgotten from the mouth of their children, because their imagination which they will do is manifest before Me this day, while (as yet) I have not brought them into the land which I have promised.
PAL 31:21 And when these many evils and troubles shall come upon them, then will this hymn bear witness to them for a testimony; for it is revealed before Me that it will not be forgotten on the lips of their children: for their evil disposition to which they are yielding today, even before I bring you into the promised land, is known to Me.
 
 
Deuteronomy 31:22
JPS 31:22 So Moses wrote this song the same day, and taught it the children of Israel.
ONK 31:22 And Mosheh wrote this hymn on that day, and taught it to the children of Israel.
PAL 31:22 And Mosheh wrote this hymn, and taught the children of Israel.
 
 
Deuteronomy 31:23
JPS 31:23 And he gave Joshua the son of Nun a charge, and said: 'Be strong and of good courage; for thou shalt bring the children of Israel into the land which I swore unto them; and I will be with thee.'
ONK 31:23 And he commanded Jehoshua bar Nun, and said, Be strong, and of good courage; for thou shalt bring the sons of Israel into the land which I have promised to them, and His Word shall be thy helper.
PAL 31:23 And He commanded Jehoshua bar Nun, saying: Be strong and of good courage; for thou art to bring the sons of Israel into the land I have promised to them, and My Word shall be thy Helper.
 
 
Deuteronomy 31:24
JPS 31:24 And it came to pass, when Moses had made an end of writing the words of this law in a book, until they were finished,
ONK 31:24 And it was, when Mosheh had finished to write the words of this law upon a book until they were completed,
PAL 31:24 And when Mosheh had finished to write the words of this law upon parchment(51) to complete them,
JER 31:24 When Mosheh had completed to write the glorious words of this law until they werefinished,
 
Deuteronomy 31:25
JPS 31:25 that Moses commanded the Levites, that bore the ark of the covenant of the LORD, saying:
ONK 31:25 that Mosheh commanded the Levites who bare the Ark of the Covenant of the Lord, saying,
PAL 31:25 he commanded the Levites who bare the ark of the Lord's covenant, saying:
 
 
Deuteronomy 31:26
JPS 31:26 'Take this book of the law, and put it by the side of the ark of the covenant of the LORD your God, that it may be there for a witness against thee.
ONK 31:26 Take this book of the law, and put it in the side of the Ark of the Covenant of the Lord, and it shall be there for a witness against thee.
PAL 31:26 Take the book of this law, and put it into a chest on the right side of the ark of the covenant of the Lord your God, that it may be for a testament to you.
 
 
Deuteronomy 31:27
JPS 31:27 For I know thy rebellion, and thy stiff neck; behold, while I am yet alive with you this day, ye have been rebellious against the LORD; and how much more after my death?
ONK 31:27 For I know thy rebelliousness, and the stiffness of thy neck: behold, while I am alive with you this day, you have rebelled against the Lord; but (how much) also after that I am dead?
PAL 31:27 For your rebellion is revealed before me, and the obduracy of your neck. Behold, while I am yet alive among you today ye are rebellious before the Lord; but how much more when I am dead!
JER 31:27 How much more when I am dead!
 
Deuteronomy 31:28
JPS 31:28 Assemble unto me all the elders of your tribes, and your officers, that I may speak these words in their ears, and call heaven and earth to witness against them.
ONK 31:28 Gather to me all the elders of your tribes, and your officers, and I will speak these words before you, and will call the heavens and earth to witness:
PAL 31:28 Gather together to me all the sages of your tribes and your officers, and I will speak all these words in their hearing, and will call heaven and earth to bear witness against them.
 
 
Deuteronomy 31:29
JPS 31:29 For I know that after my death ye will in any wise deal corruptly, and turn aside from the way which I have commanded you; and evil will befall you in the end of days; because ye will do that which is evil in the sight of the LORD, to provoke Him through the work of your hands.'
ONK 31:29 for I know that after I am dead you will corrupt yourselves, and decline from the way which I have commanded you, and that evil will befall you at the end of the days; for you will do evil before the Lord to provoke Him to anger by the works of your hands.
PAL 31:29 For I know that after my death corrupting you will corrupt your works, and go astray from the way I have commanded you, and that evil will befall you in the end, because you will do what is wrong before the Lord in provoking Him to anger.
 
 
Deuteronomy 31:30
JPS 31:30 And Moses spoke in the ears of all the assembly of Israel the words of this song, until they were finished:
ONK 31:30 And Mosheh spake before all the congregation of Israel the words of this hymn, until he had finished it.
PAL 31:30 And Mosheh spake in the hearing of all the congregation of Israel the words of this hymn until they were ended.
 
 
Deuteronomy 30 JPS TOC Comparison TOC Targums TOC Deuteronomy 32

 

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