Comparison of Pentateuch:
Jewish Publication Society 1917
Targums Onkelos,
Jonathan Ben Uzziel/Palestinian,
Jerusalem Fragments

 

Exodus
Chapter 3

[1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10]
[11] [12] [13] [14] [15] [16] [17] [18] [19] [20]
[21] [22]

 

 

Exodus 2 JPS TOC Comparison TOC Targums TOC Exodus 4
EXODUS 3:1
JPS 3:1 Now Moses was keeping the flock of Jethro his father-in-law, the priest of Midian; and he led the flock to the farthest end of the wilderness, and came to the mountain of God, unto Horeb.
ONK 3:1 And Mosheh tended the flock of Jethro his father-in-law, the rabba of Midian, and he led the flock to the place of the best pastures of the wilderness, and came to the mountain on which was revealed the glory of the Lord, unto Horeb.
PAL 3:1 But Mosheh was keeping the flock of Jethro his father-in-law, the rabba of Midian; and he had led the flock to a pleasant place of pasturage which is behind the desert, and had come to the mountain on which was revealed the glory of the Lord, even Horeb.
     
 
EXODUS 3:2
JPS 3:2 And the angel of the LORD appeared unto him in a flame of fire out of the midst of a bush; and he looked, and, behold, the bush burned with fire, and the bush was not consumed.
ONK 3:2 And the Angel of the Lord appeared to him in a flame of fire in the midst of a bush. And he gazed, and, behold, the bush burned with fire, but the bush was not consumed.
PAL 3:2 And Zagnugael, the angel of the Lord, appeared to him in a flame of fire in the midst of the bush. And he gazed, and, behold, the bush burned with fire, yet the bush was neither burned nor consumed with fire.
JER 3:2 And he looked, and, behold, the bush burned with fire, yet remained in freshness (or, was moist), neither was it consumed.
 
EXODUS 3:3
JPS 3:3 And Moses said: 'I will turn aside now, and see this great sight, why the bush is not burnt.'
ONK 3:3 And Mosheh said, I will now turn and see this great sight, why the bush is not burned up.
PAL 3:3 And Mosheh said, I will turn aside now and consider this great sight, why the bush is not burned.
JER 3:3 I will look at this great sight, wherefore the bush is refreshed and not burned.
 
EXODUS 3:4
JPS 3:4 And when the LORD saw that he turned aside to see, God called unto him out of the midst of the bush, and said: 'Moses, Moses.' And he said: 'Here am I.'
ONK 3:4 And the Lord saw that he turned to see, and the Lord called to him from the midst of the bush, and said, Mosheh, Mosheh! And he said, Behold me.
PAL 3:4 And when it was seen before the Lord that he turned to look, the Lord called to him from the midst of the bush and said, Mosheh, Mosheh! And he said, Behold me.
 
 
EXODUS 3:5
JPS 3:5 And He said: 'Draw not nigh hither; put off thy shoes from off thy feet, for the place whereon thou standest is holy ground.'
ONK 3:5 And He said, Approach not hither;(3) loose the sandal from thy foot, for the place where thou standest is holy.
PAL 3:5 And He said, Approach not hither, take the shoe from thy feet, for the place on which thou standest is a holy place; and upon it thou art to receive the Law, to teach it to the sons of Israel.
 
 
EXODUS 3:6
JPS 3:6 Moreover He said: 'I am the God of thy father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob.' And Moses hid his face; for he was afraid to look upon God.
ONK 3:6 And He said, I am the God of thy fathers; the God of Abraham, the God of Izhak, and the God of Jakob. And Mosheh bowed with his face; for he was afraid to look up to the glory of the Lord.
PAL 3:6 And He said, I am the God of thy father, the God of Abraham, the God of Izhak, and the God of Jakob. And Mosheh covered his face; for he was afraid to look upon the height of the glory of the Shekinah of the Lord.
 
 
EXODUS 3:7
JPS 3:7 And the LORD said: 'I have surely seen the affliction of My people that are in Egypt, and have heard their cry by reason of their taskmasters; for I know their pains;
ONK 3:7 And the Lord said, The bondage of My people who is in Mizraim is verily disclosed before Me, and before Me is heard their cry on account of their toils;(4) for their afflictions are disclosed before me;
PAL 3:7 And He said, The oppression of My people who are in Mizraim is verily manifest before Me, and heard before Me is their cry on account of them who hold them in bondage; for their affliction is known before Me.
 
 
EXODUS 3:8
JPS 3:8 and I am come down to deliver them out of the hand of the Egyptians, and to bring them up out of that land unto a good land and a large, unto a land flowing with milk and honey; unto the place of the Canaanite, and the Hittite, and the Amorite, and the Perizzite, and the Hivite, and the Jebusite.
ONK 3:8 and I have appeared to deliver them from the hand of the Mizraee, and to bring them up from that land, unto a land good and large, a land producing milk and honey, unto the place of the Kenaanaee, and the Hittaee, and the Amoraee, and the Perizaee, and the Hivaee, and Yevusaee.
PAL 3:8 And I have revealed Myself to thee this day, that by My Word they may be delivered from this hand of the Mizraee, to bring them up out of the unclean land, unto a good land, and large in its boundaries, a land yielding milk and honey; unto the place where dwell the Kenaanaee, and the Hittaee, and the Amoraee, and the Pherizaee, and the Hivaee, and the Jebusaee.
 
 
EXODUS 3:9
JPS 3:9 And now, behold, the cry of the children of Israel is come unto Me; moreover I have seen the oppression wherewith the Egyptians oppress them.
ONK 3:9 And now, behold, the cry of the sons of Israel ascendeth before Me, and the affliction is also revealed before Me wherewith the Mizraee afflict them.
PAL 3:9 And now, behold, the cry of the sons of Israel cometh up before Me, and the bruising of the Mizraee wherewith they bruise them is also revealed before Me.
 
 
EXODUS 3:10
JPS 3:10 Come now therefore, and I will send thee unto Pharaoh, that thou mayest bring forth My people the children of Israel out of Egypt.'
ONK 3:10 And now, come, I will send thee to Pharoh, and will bring forth the sons of Israel from Mizraim.
PAL 3:10 And now, come, and I will send thee unto Pharoh, and thou shalt bring forth My people, the sons of Israel, out of Mizraim.
 
 
EXODUS 3:11
JPS 3:11 And Moses said unto God: 'Who am I, that I should go unto Pharaoh, and that I should bring forth the children of Israel out of Egypt?'
ONK 3:11 And Mosheh said before the Lord, Who am I, that I should go unto Pharoh to bring forth the sons of Israel from Mizraim?
PAL 3:11 And Mosheh said before the Lord, Who am I, that I should go to Pharoh, and bring forth the sons of Israel out of Mizraim?
 
 
EXODUS 3:12
JPS 3:12 And He said: 'Certainly I will be with thee; and this shall be the token unto thee, that I have sent thee: when thou hast brought forth the people out of Egypt, ye shall serve God upon this mountain.'
ONK 3:12 And He said, Because My Word shall be thy helper: and this shall be the sign that I have sent thee: In thy leading forth of the people from Mizraim you shall do service before the Lord upon this mountain.
PAL 3:12 But He said, Therefore My Word shall be for thy help; and this shall be the sign to thee that I have sent thee: when thou hast brought the people forth from Mizraim, ye shall worship before the Lord, because ye shall have received the Law upon this mountain.
 
 
EXODUS 3:13
JPS 3:13 And Moses said unto God: 'Behold, when I come unto the children of Israel, and shall say unto them: The God of your fathers hath sent me unto you; and they shall say to me: What is His name? what shall I say unto them?'
ONK 3:13 And Mosheh said before the Lord, Behold, when I am come to the sons of Israel, and say to them, The God of your fathers hath sent me to you, and they say to me, What is His name? what shall I say to them?
PAL 3:13 And Mosheh said before, the Lord, Behold, I will go to the sons of Israel, and say to them, The Lord God of your fathers hath sent me to you: and they will say to me, What is His Name? What shall I say to them? And the Lord said unto Mosheh, He who spake, and the world was; who spake, and all things were.
JER 3:13 And the Word of the Lord said to Mosheh, He who spake to the world, Be, and it was; and who will speak to it, Be, and it will be.
 
EXODUS 3:14
JPS 3:14 And God said unto Moses: 'I AM THAT I AM'; and He said: 'Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel: I AM hath sent me unto you.'
ONK 3:14 And the Lord said unto Mosheh, EHEYEH ASHER EHEYEH. And he said, Thus shalt thou speak to the sons of Israel, EHEYEH hath sent me unto you.
PAL 3:14 And He said, This thou shalt say to the sons of Israel, I AM HE WHO IS, AND WHO WILL BE, hath sent me unto you.
JER 3:14 And He said, Thus shalt thou speak to the sons of Israel, EHEYEH(1) hath sent me unto you.
 
EXODUS 3:15
JPS 3:15 And God said moreover unto Moses: 'Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel: The LORD, the God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, hath sent me unto you; this is My name for ever, and this is My memorial unto all generations.
ONK 3:15 The Lord said moreover to Mosheh, Thus shalt thou speak to the sons of Israel, The Lord, the God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Izhak, and the God of Jakob, hath sent me unto you. This is My Name for ever, and this is My Memorial in every generation and generation.
PAL 3:15 And the Lord said again unto Mosheh, Thus shalt thou speak to the sons of Israel, The God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Izhak, and the God of Jakob, hath sent me unto you. This is His Name for ever, and this is His Memorial to every generation and generation.
 
 
EXODUS 3:16
JPS 3:16 Go, and gather the elders of Israel together, and say unto them: The LORD, the God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, of Isaac, and of Jacob, hath appeared unto me, saying: I have surely remembered you, and seen that which is done to you in Egypt.
ONK 3:16 Go and assemble the elders of Israel and say to them, The Lord, the God of your fathers, hath revealed Himself to me, the God of Abraham, Izhak, and Jakob, saying, Remembering I have remembered you, and that which hath been done to you in Mizraim;
PAL 3:16 Go, and assemble the elders of Israel, and say to them, The Lord God of your fathers hath appeared unto me, the God of Abraham, Izhak, and Jakob, saying, Remembering I have remembered you, and the injury that is done you in Mizraim;
 
 
EXODUS 3:17
JPS 3:17 And I have said: I will bring you up out of the affliction of Egypt unto the land of the Canaanite, and the Hittite, and the Amorite, and the Perizzite, and the Hivite, and the Jebusite, unto a land flowing with milk and honey.
ONK 3:17 and I have said that I would bring you up from the bondage of Mizraim to the land of the Kenaanaee, and Hittaee, and Emoraee, and the Pherizaee, and Hivaee, and Jebusaee,—to a land producing milk and honey.
PAL 3:17 and I have said in My Word, I will bring you up out from the oppression of the Mizraee into the land of the Kenaanaee, and Hittaee, and Amoraee, and Pherizaee, and Hivaee, and Jebusaee, to the land that yieldeth milk and honey.
 
 
EXODUS 3:18
JPS 3:18 And they shall hearken to thy voice. And thou shalt come, thou and the elders of Israel, unto the king of Egypt, and ye shall say unto him: The LORD, the God of the Hebrews, hath met with us. And now let us go, we pray thee, three days' journey into the wilderness, that we may sacrifice to the LORD our God.
ONK 3:18 And they will be obedient to thee(5) and thou shalt go, thou and the elders of Israel, to the king of Mizraim, and say to him, The Lord, the God of the Jehudaee, hath called us;(6) and now let us go, as (for) a journey of three days into the desert, that we may sacrifice before the Lord our God.
PAL 3:18 And they will hearken to thee: and thou and the elders of Israel shall go to the king of Mizraim and say to him, The Lord God of the Jehudaee hath called us; and now let us go a journey of three days into the wilderness, to sacrifice before the Lord our God.
 
 
EXODUS 3:19
JPS 3:19 And I know that the king of Egypt will not give you leave to go, except by a mighty hand.
ONK 3:19 But it is manifest before Me that the king of Mizraim will not release you, that you may go, not even on account of Him whose power is mighty.
PAL 3:19 But it is manifest before Me that the king of Mizraim will not let you go (no), not from fear of Him who is Mighty, until that by My Word he shall have been punished with evil plagues.
 
 
EXODUS 3:20
JPS 3:20 And I will put forth My hand, and smite Egypt with all My wonders which I will do in the midst thereof. And after that he will let you go.
ONK 3:20 But I will send forth the stroke of My power, and will smite the Mizraee with all My miracles which I will perform among them, and afterward they will send you away.
PAL 3:20 And ye will be hindered there until I have sent forth the stroke of My power, and have smitten the Mizraee with all My wonders, that I will do among them; and afterward he will release you.
 
 
EXODUS 3:21
JPS 3:21 And I will give this people favour in the sight of the Egyptians. And it shall come to pass, that, when ye go, ye shall not go empty;
ONK 3:21 And I will give this people to become favourites in the eyes of the Mizraee, and it shall be that when you go you shall not go empty.
PAL 3:21 And I will give this people grace in the eyes of the Mizraee; and it shall be that when ye go free from thence, ye shall not go empty.
 
 
EXODUS 3:22
JPS 3:22 but every woman shall ask of her neighbour, and of her that sojourneth in her house, jewels of silver, and jewels of gold, and raiment; and ye shall put them upon your sons, and upon your daughters; and ye shall spoil the Egyptians.'
ONK 3:22 But you shall demand, a woman of her neighbour and the inmates of her house, articles of silver and of gold and vestments, and put them upon your sons and upon your daughters, and shall make the Mizraee empty.(7)
PAL 3:22 But a woman shall ask of her neighbour, and from those next to the wall of her house, vessels of silver, and vessels of gold, and vestments; and you shall set them as crowns upon your sons and your daughters, and make the Mizraee empty.
JER 3:22 Fellow resident,
Exodus 2 JPS TOC Comparison TOC Targums TOC Exodus 4

 

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