Comparison of Pentateuch:
Jewish Publication Society 1917
Targums Onkelos,
Jonathan Ben Uzziel/Palestinian,
Jerusalem Fragments

 

Exodus
Chapter 8

[1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10]
[11] [12] [13] [14] [15] [16] [17] [18] [19] [20]
[21] [22] [23] [24] [25] [26] [27] [28]

 

 

Exodus 7 JPS TOC Comparison TOC Targums TOC Exodus 9
EXODUS 8:1
JPS 8:1 And the LORD said unto Moses: 'Say unto Aaron: Stretch forth thy hand with thy rod over the rivers, over the canals, and over the pools, and cause frogs to come up upon the land of Egypt.'
ONK 8:1 And the Lord said to Mosheh, Say to Aharon, Uplift thy hand with thy staff upon the streams, upon the rivulets, and upon the lakes; and the frogs shall come up on the land of Mizraim.
PAL 8:1 And the Lord said to Mosheh, Lift up thy hand with thy rod over the rivers, over the trenches, and over the canals, and I will bring up the frogs upon the land of Mizraim.
JER 8:1 Pools.
 
EXODUS 8:2
JPS 8:2 And Aaron stretched out his hand over the waters of Egypt; and the frogs came up, and covered the land of Egypt.
ONK 8:2 And Aharon lifted up his hand over the waters of the Mizraee, and the frogs came up and covered the land of Mizraim.
PAL 8:2 And Aharon uplifted his hand over the waters of Mizraim, and the plague of frogs came up and covered the land of Mizraim. But Mosheh (himself) did not smite the waters, either with the blood or with the frogs, because through them (the waters of the Nile) he had (found) safety at the time that his mother laid him in the river.
 
 
EXODUS 8:3
JPS 8:3 And the magicians did in like manner with their secret arts, and brought up frogs upon the land of Egypt.
ONK 8:3 And the magicians did so with their enchantments, and made frogs to come up on the land of Mizraim.
PAL 8:3 And the astrologers did likewise by their burnings, and brought up frogs upon the land of Mizraim.
 
 
EXODUS 8:4
JPS 8:4 Then Pharaoh called for Moses and Aaron, and said: 'Entreat the LORD, that He take away the frogs from me, and from my people; and I will let the people go, that they may sacrifice unto the LORD.'
ONK 8:4 And Pharoh called Mosheh and Aharon, and said, Pray before the Lord that the frogs may be removed from me and from my people; and I will release the people, that they may sacrifice before the Lord.
PAL 8:4 And Pharoh called to Mosheh and to Aharon, saying, Pray before the Lord, that He may remove the frogs from me and from my people; and I will release the people to offer the sacrifices of a feast before the Lord.
 
 
EXODUS 8:5
JPS 8:5 And Moses said unto Pharaoh: 'Have thou this glory over me; against what time shall I entreat for thee, and for thy servants, and for thy people, that the frogs be destroyed from thee and thy houses, and remain in the river only?'
ONK 8:5 And Mosheh said to Pharoh, Demand for thyself a miracle, and appoint me a time(14) when I shall pray for thee, and for thy servants and thy people, that the frogs may be finished from thee and from thy house, and remain only in the river.
PAL 8:5 And Mosheh said to Pharoh, Glorify thyself on account of me. At what time dost thou request that I should pray for thee, and for thy servants, and for thy people, that the frogs may be destroyed from thee and from thy house, and be left only in the river?
JER 8:5 Give a sign, and keep at a distance, till I shall have prayed for thee.
 
EXODUS 8:6
JPS 8:6 And he said: 'Against to-morrow.' And he said: 'Be it according to thy word; that thou mayest know that there is none like unto the LORD our God.
ONK 8:6 And he said, Tomorrow. And he said, According to thy word; that thou mayest know that there is none as the Lord our God.
PAL 8:6 And he said, Tomorrow. And he said, According to thy word: that thou mayest know that there is none like the Lord our God.
 
 
EXODUS 8:7
JPS 8:7 And the frogs shall depart from thee, and from thy houses, and from thy servants, and from thy people; they shall remain in the river only.'
ONK 8:7 And the frogs shall be removed from thee and from thy house and thy servants and thy people; in the river only shall they remain.
PAL 8:7 And the frogs shall depart from thee, and from thy house, and from thy servants, and from thy people; and those only that are in the river shall remain.
 
 
EXODUS 8:8
JPS 8:8 And Moses and Aaron went out from Pharaoh; and Moses cried unto the LORD concerning the frogs, which He had brought upon Pharaoh.
ONK 8:8 And Mosheh and Aharon went out from Pharoh; and Mosheh prayed before the Lord concerning the frogs which he had appointed unto Pharoh.
PAL 8:8 And Mosheh and Aharon went out from Pharoh, and Mosheh prayed before the Lord respecting the frogs, as he had proposed to Pharoh.
 
 
EXODUS 8:9
JPS 8:9 And the LORD did according to the word of Moses; and the frogs died out of the houses, out of the courts, and out of the fields.
ONK 8:9 And the Lord did according to the words of Mosheh; and the frogs died from the houses, and from the courts, and from the fields.
PAL 8:9 And the Lord did according to the word of Mosheh; and the frogs died from the houses and from the courts and from the field,
 
 
EXODUS 8:10
JPS 8:10 And they gathered them together in heaps; and the land stank.
ONK 8:10 And they gathered them in heaps (upon) heaps, and they corrupted upon the ground.
PAL 8:10 and they collected them in heaps and heaps, and the land was corrupted.
JER 8:10 Heaps, heaps
 
EXODUS 8:11
JPS 8:11 But when Pharaoh saw that there was respite, he hardened his heart, and hearkened not unto them; as the LORD had spoken.
ONK 8:11 And Pharoh saw that there was relief; and hardened his heart, and would not hearken to them, as the Lord had said.
PAL 8:11 And Pharoh saw that he was refreshed from his molestation, but hardened his heart, and would not hearken to them, as the Lord had said.
 
 
EXODUS 8:12
JPS 8:12 And the LORD said unto Moses: 'Say unto Aaron: Stretch out thy rod, and smite the dust of the earth, that it may become gnats throughout all the land of Egypt.'
ONK 8:12 And the Lord spake to Mosheh, Say unto Aharon, Lift up thy rod and smite the dust of the earth, and it shall become insects,(15) in all the land of Mizraim.
PAL 8:12 And the Lord said to Mosheh, Speak unto Aharon, Lift up thy rod and smite the dust of the earth, and it shall become venomous insects(8) in all the land of Mizraim. But it shall not be by thee that the ground shall be smitten, because therein for thee was (the means of) safety when thou hadst slain the Mizraite and it received him.
 
 
EXODUS 8:13
JPS 8:13 And they did so; and Aaron stretched out his hand with his rod, and smote the dust of the earth, and there were gnats upon man, and upon beast; all the dust of the earth became gnats throughout all the land of Egypt.
ONK 8:13 And they did so. And Aharon lifted up his hand with the rod and smote the dust of the earth, and it became insects on man and on cattle; all the dust of the earth became insects in all the land of Mizraim.
PAL 8:13 And they did so, and Aharon lifted up his hand with his rod, and smote the dust of the ground, and it became a plague of venomous insects upon the flesh of men and of cattle; all the dust of the earth was changed to become insects, in all the land of Mizraim.
 
 
EXODUS 8:14
JPS 8:14 And the magicians did so with their secret arts to bring forth gnats, but they could not; and there were gnats upon man, and upon beast.
ONK 8:14 And the magicians wrought so with their enchantments to produce the insects, but were not able; and there were insects on man and on beast.
PAL 8:14 And the astrologers wrought with their burnings to bring forth the insects, but were not able; and the plague of insects prevailed upon men and upon cattle.
 
 
EXODUS 8:15
JPS 8:15 Then the magicians said unto Pharaoh: 'This is the finger of God'; and Pharaoh's heart was hardened, and he hearkened not unto them; as the LORD had spoken.
ONK 8:15 And the magicians said to Pharoh, This is a plague from before the Lord. Yet Pharoh's heart was hardened, and he would not hearken to them, as the Lord had said.
PAL 8:15 And the astrologers said to Pharoh, This is not by the power or strength of Mosheh and Aharon; but this is a plague sent from before the Lord. Yet the design of Pharoh's heart was strengthened, and he would not hearken to them, as the Lord had said.
 
EXODUS 8:16
JPS 8:16 And the LORD said unto Moses: 'Rise up early in the morning, and stand before Pharaoh; lo, he cometh forth to the water; and say unto him: Thus saith the LORD: Let My people go, that they may serve Me.
ONK 8:16 And the Lord said to Mosheh, Arise in the morning and stand before Pharoh; behold, he goeth out to the waters; and say to him, Thus saith the Lord, Send My people away, that they may serve before Me.
PAL 8:16 16 And the Lord spake to Mosheh, Arise in the morning, and stand before Pharoh: behold, he goeth forth to observe divinations at the water, as a magician; and thou shalt say to him, Thus saith the Lord, Emancipate My people, that they may worship before Me;
 
 
EXODUS 8:17
JPS 8:17 Else, if thou wilt not let My people go, behold, I will send swarms of flies upon thee, and upon thy servants, and upon thy people, and into thy houses; and the houses of the Egyptians shall be full of swarms of flies, and also the ground whereon they are.
ONK 8:17 For if thou wilt not send My people away, behold, I will send on thee, and on thy servants, and on thy people, and upon thy houses, the aroba;(16) and they shall fill the houses of the Mizraee with the aroba; and also the ground on which they are.
PAL 8:17 but if thou wilt not set My people free, behold, I will stir up among thee, and thy servants, and thy people, and thy house, a mixed multitude of wild beasts, and the houses of the Mizraee shall be filled with a swarm of wild beasts, and they shall be upon the land also.
JER 8:17 A commixture,
 
EXODUS 8:18
JPS 8:18 And I will set apart in that day the land of Goshen, in which My people dwell, that no swarms of flies shall be there; to the end that thou mayest know that I am the LORD in the midst of the earth.
ONK 8:18 But I will make a distinction in that day with the land of Goshen where My people dwell, that the aroba shall not be there; so that thou mayest know that I the Lord do rule in the midst of the earth.
PAL 8:18 And I will do wonders that day in the land of Goshen where My people dwell, that there no swarms of wild beasts shall be;—that thou mayest know that I the Lord am the Ruler in the midst of the land.
 
 
EXODUS 8:19
JPS 8:19 And I will put a division between My people and thy peopleóby to-morrow shall this sign be.'
ONK 8:19 And I will ordain redemption to My people, but upon thy people shall be the plague. Tomorrow shall this sign be.
PAL 8:19 And I will appoint redemption for My people, and upon thy people will I lay the plague: tomorrow this sign shall be.
 
 
EXODUS 8:20
JPS 8:20 And the LORD did so; and there came grievous swarms of flies into the house of Pharaoh, and into his servants' houses; and in all the land of Egypt the land was ruined by reason of the swarms of flies.
ONK 8:20 And the Lord did so; and the aroba came with strength into the house of Pharoh, and into the house of his servants, and into all the land of Mizraim; and the land was destroyed before the aroba.
PAL 8:20 And the Lord did so; and sent the mixed multitude of wild beasts in strength to the house of Pharoh, and to the house of his servants; and in all the land of Mizraim the inhabitants of the land were devastated from the swarm of wild beasts.
 
 
EXODUS 8:21
JPS 8:21 And Pharaoh called for Moses and for Aaron, and said: 'Go ye, sacrifice to your God in the land.'
ONK 8:21 And Pharoh called for Mosheh and Aharon, and said, Go, sacrifice before your God in the land.
PAL 8:21 And Pharoh called to Mosheh and to Aharon, saying, Go, worship with festival sacrifices before the Lord your God in this land.
 
 
EXODUS 8:22
JPS 8:22 And Moses said: 'It is not meet so to do; for we shall sacrifice the abomination of the Egyptians to the LORD our God; lo, if we sacrifice the abomination of the Egyptians before their eyes, will they not stone us?
ONK 8:22 But Mosheh said, It will not be fitting to do so; because the animals which the Mizraee worship we shall take to sacrifice before the Lord our God. Behold, should we immolate the animal which the Mizraee worship, would they not stone us when they saw it?
PAL 8:22 But Mosheh said, It will not be right to do so; because we shall take sheep, which are the abomination of the Mizraee, and offer them before the Lord our God. Behold, if we offer the abomination of the Mizraee before them, they would stone us with stones as an act of justice.
 
 
EXODUS 8:23
JPS 8:23 We will go three days' journey into the wilderness, and sacrifice to the LORD our God, as He shall command us.'
ONK 8:23 A journey of three days will we go into the desert, and sacrifice before the Lord our God, as He hath told us.
PAL 8:23 We will go three days' journey into the wilderness to offer the festival sacrifices before our God, as He hath bidden us.
 
 
EXODUS 8:24
JPS 8:24 And Pharaoh said: 'I will let you go, that ye may sacrifice to the LORD your God in the wilderness; only ye shall not go very far away; entreat for me.'
ONK 8:24 And Pharoh said, I will send you away, that you may sacrifice before the Lord your God in the desert; only you shall not go farther and farther: pray also for me.
PAL 8:24 And Pharoh said, I will release you to sacrifice before the Lord your God in the wilderness, only you shall not go to a greater distance. Pray (too), for me.
 
 
EXODUS 8:25
JPS 8:25 And Moses said: 'Behold, I go out from thee, and I will entreat the LORD that the swarms of flies may depart from Pharaoh, from his servants, and from his people, tomorrow; only let not Pharaoh deal deceitfully any more in not letting the people go to sacrifice to the LORD.'
ONK 8:25 And Mosheh said, Behold, I will go out from being with thee, and will pray before the Lord, and He will remove the aroba from Pharoh, and from his servants, and his people, tomorrow; only let Pharoh no more be false(17) in not sending away the people to sacrifice unto the Lord.
PAL 8:25 And Mosheh said, I will go forth from thee, and pray before the Lord to remove the swarm of wild beasts from Pharoh, and from his servants, and from his people, tomorrow; only let not Pharoh add to deceive, in not releasing the people to offer the festal sacrifices before the Lord.
 
 
EXODUS 8:26
JPS 8:26 And Moses went out from Pharaoh, and entreated the LORD.
ONK 8:26 And Mosheh went out from before Pharoh, and prayed before the Lord.
PAL 8:26 And Mosheh went out from Pharoh, and prayed before the Lord;
 
 
EXODUS 8:27
JPS 8:27 And the LORD did according to the word of Moses; and He removed the swarms of flies from Pharaoh, from his servants, and from his people; there remained not one.
ONK 8:27 And the Lord did according to the word of Mosheh, and removed the aroba from Pharoh and his servants, and his people; not one remained.
PAL 8:27 and the Lord did according to the word of the prayer of Mosheh, and removed the swarm of wild beasts from Pharoh, and from his servants, and from his people; not one was left.
 
 
EXODUS 8:28
JPS 8:28 And Pharaoh hardened his heart this time also, and he did not let the people go.
ONK 8:28 But Pharoh hardened his heart this time also, and would not dismiss the people.
PAL 8:28 Yet did Pharoh strengthen the design of his heart this time also, and released not the people.
 
 
Exodus 7 JPS TOC Comparison TOC Targums TOC Exodus 9

 

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