Exodus 20 JPS TOC Comparison TOC Targums TOC Exodus 22
EXODUS 21:1 JPS 21:1 Now these are the ordinances which thou shalt set before them ONK 21:1 And these are the judgments which thou shalt set in order before them. PAL 21:1 And these are the orders of judgments which thou shalt order before them EXODUS 21:2 JPS 21:2 If thou buy a Hebrew servant, six years he shall serve; and in the seventh he shall go out free for nothing. ONK 21:2 When thou dost purchase a servant, a son of Israel, six years he shall serve, and in the seventh go forth free, for nothing. PAL 21:2 If thou shalt have bought a son of Israel, on account of his theft, six years he shall serve, and at the incoming of the seventh he shall go out free without price. EXODUS 21:3 JPS 21:3 If he come in by himself, he shall go out by himself; if he be married, then his wife shall go out with him. ONK 21:3 If he came in alone, he shall go out alone; if the husband of a wife, his wife shall go out with him. PAL 21:3 If he came in alone, he shall go out alone: but if (he be) the husband of a wife, a daughter of Israel, his wife shall go out with him. EXODUS 21:4 JPS 21:4 If his master give him a wife, and she bear him sons or daughters; the wife and her children shall be her master's, and he shall go out by himself. ONK 21:4 If his master have given him a wife, and she have borne him sons or daughters, the wife and the children are the master's, and he shall go out alone. PAL 21:4 If his master give him a wife, an handmaid, and she bear him sons or daughters, the wife and her children shall belong to his master, and he may go out alone. EXODUS 21:5 JPS 21:5 But if the servant shall plainly say: I love my master, my wife, and my children; I will not go out free; ONK 21:5 But if the servant saying shall say, I love my master, my wife and my children, I will not go out free; PAL 21:5 But if the servant shall affirm and say, I love my master, my wife, and my children, (and) I will not go out free, EXODUS 21:6 JPS 21:6 then his master shall bring him unto God, and shall bring him to the door, or unto the door-post; and his master shall bore his ear through with an awl; and he shall serve him for ever. ONK 21:6 his master shall bring him before the judges, and shall take him to the door, even to the post, and his master shall bore his ear with an awl; and he shall be to him a working servant for ever. PAL 21:6 then his master shall bring him before the judges, and shall receive from them the power, and bring him to the door that hath posts; and his master shall pierce his right ear with an awl; and he shall be a servant to serve him until the jubela. EXODUS 21:7 JPS 21:7 And if a man sell his daughter to be a maid-servant, she shall not go out as the men-servants do. ONK 21:7 And when a man selleth his daughter to be a handmaid, she shall not go out as at the outgoing of the men servants. PAL 21:7 And if a man of Israel sell his daughter, a little handmaid, she shall not go forth according to the going forth of the servants of the Kenaanaee, who are set at liberty on account of the tooth or the eye; but in the years of remission, and with tokens, and at the jubela, and on the death of her master, and by redemption with money. EXODUS 21:8 JPS 21:8 If she please not her master, who hath espoused her to himself, then shall he let her be redeemed; to sell her unto a foreign people he shall have no power, seeing he hath dealt deceitfully with her. ONK 21:8 If she be evil in the eyes of the master who had covenanted with her to be his, then shall he make her free; to another man he shall not have ability to sell her to domineer over her. PAL 21:8 If she hath not found favour before her master who bought her, then her father may redeem her; but to a foreigner he shall not have power to sell her; for as a vessel of her Lord he hath power over her. EXODUS 21:9 JPS 21:9 And if he espouse her unto his son, he shall deal with her after the manner of daughters. ONK 21:9 And if he hath covenanted her to his son, after the custom of the daughters of Israel shall he act towards her. PAL 21:9 And if he had intended her for the side of his son, he shall do by her after the manner of the daughters of Israel. EXODUS 21:10 JPS 21:10 If he take him another wife, her food, her raiment, and her conjugal rights, shall he not diminish. ONK 21:10 And if he take another to him, her food, her raiment, and her marriage due he shall not restrain. PAL 21:10 If he take another daughter of Israel to him beside her, her food, her adorning, and her conjugal rights, he shall not withhold from her. JER 21:10 And if he take another wife beside her, of her food, her adorning, and her going in and coming out with him, he shall not deprive her. EXODUS 21:11 JPS 21:11 And if he do not these three unto her, then shall she go out for nothing, without money. ONK 21:11 And if these three he doth not perform to her, he shall release her freely without money. PAL 21:11 And if these three things he doth not for her, to covenant her to himself, or to his son, or to release her into the hand of her father, she shall go free without payment, and a writing of release he shall give her. EXODUS 21:12 JPS 21:12 He that smiteth a man, so that he dieth, shall surely be put to death. ONK 21:12 Whosoever striketh a man and killeth him, being killed he shall be killed. PAL 21:12 Whosoever smiteth a son or a daughter of Israel, so as to cause death, shall be put to death with the sword. EXODUS 21:13 JPS 21:13 And if a man lie not in wait, but God cause it to come to hand; then I will appoint thee a place whither he may flee. ONK 21:13 But if it was not (done) covertly to him, but he was delivered into his hand from before the Lord, then I will appoint thee a place whither he may flee. PAL 21:13 But he who did not attack him, but mischance from before the Lord befell him at his hand, I will appoint thee a place where he may flee. EXODUS 21:14 JPS 21:14 And if a man come presumptuously upon his neighbour, to slay him with guile; thou shalt take him from Mine altar, that he may die. ONK 21:14 But when a wicked man acts toward his neighbour with deceitfulness to kill him, even from Mine altar thou shalt bring him away to put him to death. PAL 21:14 But if a man come maliciously upon his neighbour to kill him with craf,though the priests are ministering at My altar, thence thou shalt take him, and slay him with the sword. JER 21:14 But if a man deviseth against his neighbour to kill him by guile,though the high priest were standing to minister before Me, from thence thou shalt bring him, and put him to death. EXODUS 21:15 JPS 21:15 And he that smiteth his father, or his mother, shall be surely put to death. ONK 21:15 Whosoever striketh his father or his mother shall be surely put to death. PAL 21:15 And he who woundeth his father or his mother shall die by strangling.(27) 27. Lit., "by suffocation with the towel." EXODUS 21:16 JPS 21:16 And he that stealeth a man, and selleth him, or if he be found in his hand, he shall surely be put to death. ONK 21:16 And whosoever stealeth a soul of the house of Israel and selleth him, or if he be found in his hand, shall be surely put to death. PAL 21:16 And he who stealeth a soul of the children of Israel, and selleth him, or if he be found in his possession, shall die by strangling. EXODUS 21:17 JPS 21:17 And he that curseth his father or his mother, shall surely be put to death. ONK 21:17 And he who curseth his father or his mother shall surely be put to death. PAL 21:17 And he who curseth his father or his mother by the Great Name,(28) 28. Or, "by the Name of Manifestation"; the Shem Hamephorash. dying he shall die by being stoned with stones. EXODUS 21:18 JPS 21:18 And if men contend, and one smite the other with a stone, or with his fist, and he die not, but keep his bed; ONK 21:18 And when men contend, and a man smiteth his neighbour with a stone or with his fist, and he die not, but fall upon his bed; PAL 21:18 And when men strive together, and one smite his neighbour with a stone, or with his fist, so that he die not, but fall ill, EXODUS 21:19 JPS 21:19 if he rise again, and walk abroad upon his staff, then shall he that smote him be quit; only he shall pay for the loss of his time, and shall cause him to be thoroughly healed. ONK 21:19 if he rise (again) and walk about upon his staff, he who smote him shall be acquitted; only he shall make good his loss of labour, and defray the charge of the physician. PAL 21:19 if he rise again from his illness, and walk in the street upon his staff, he who smote him shall be acquitted from the penalty of death; only for his cessation from labour, his affliction, his injury, his disgrace, and the hire of the physician, he shall make good until he be cured. EXODUS 21:20 JPS 21:20 And if a man smite his bondman, or his bondwoman, with a rod, and he die under his hand, he shall surely be punished. ONK 21:20 And when a man smiteth his servant or his handmaid with a staff, and he die under his hand, condemned he shall be condemned. PAL 21:20 And when a man hath smitten his Kenaanite man-servant or maid-servant with a staff, and he die the same day under his hand, he shall be judged with the judgment of death by the sword. EXODUS 21:21 JPS 21:21 Notwithstanding if he continue a day or two, he shall not be punished; for he is his money. ONK 21:21 But if he survive one day, or two, he shall not be condemned, because he was his money. PAL 21:21 But if the wounded person continue one or two days from time to time, he shall not be (so) judged; because with money he had bought him. EXODUS 21:22 JPS 21:22 And if men strive together, and hurt a woman with child, so that her fruit depart, and yet no harm follow, he shall be surely fined, according as the woman's husband shall lay upon him; and he shall pay as the judges determine. ONK 21:22 If men contending strike a woman with child and she miscarry, but die not, fined he shall be fined, as the husband of the woman may set upon him, and he shall give according to the sentence of judgment. PAL 21:22 If men when striving strike a woman with child, and cause her to miscarry, but not to lose her life, the fine on account of the infant which the husband of the woman shall lay upon him, he shall pay according to the sentence of the judges. EXODUS 21:23 JPS 21:23 But if any harm follow, then thou shalt give life for life, ONK 21:23 But if death take place, thou shalt give life for life, PAL 21:23 But if death befall her, then thou shalt judge the life of the killer for the life of the woman. EXODUS 21:24 JPS 21:24 eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot, ONK 21:24 eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot, PAL 21:24 The value of an eye for an eye, the value of a tooth for a tooth, the value of a hand for a hand, the value of a foot for a foot, EXODUS 21:25 JPS 21:25 burning for burning, wound for wound, stripe for stripe. ONK 21:25 burning for burning, wound for wound, bruise for bruise. PAL 21:25 an equivalent of the pain of burning for burning, and of wounding for wounding, and of blow for blow. EXODUS 21:26 JPS 21:26 And if a man smite the eye of his bondman, or the eye of his bondwoman, and destroy it, he shall let him go free for his eye's sake. ONK 21:26 And if a man smite the eye of his servant or his handmaid and destroy it, he shall let him go free, for the sake of his eye. PAL 21:26 And when a man strikes the eye of his Kenaanite servant or handmaid, and causeth blindness, he shall let him go free, on account of the eye. EXODUS 21:27 JPS 21:27 And if he smite out his bondman's tooth, or his bondwoman's tooth, he shall let him go free for his tooth's sake. ONK 21:27 Or if he beat out (cause to fall) a tooth of his servant or a tooth of his handmaid, he shall let him go free for the sake of his tooth. PAL 21:27 And if he strike out the tooth of his Kenaanite man or maid-servant, he shall make the servant free on account of the tooth. EXODUS 21:28 JPS 21:28 And if an ox gore a man or a woman, that they die, the ox shall be surely stoned, and its flesh shall not be eaten; but the owner of the ox shall be quit. ONK 21:28 If an ox gore a man or woman unto death, the ox being stoned shall be stoned, and his flesh must not be eaten; but the master of the ox shall be acquitted. PAL 21:28 And if an ox goreth a man or woman to cause death, the ox must be stoned, but shall not be killed that his flesh may be eaten; and the owner of the ox shall be exempt from the condemnation of death, and also from the price of the servant or handmaid. EXODUS 21:29 JPS 21:29 But if the ox was wont to gore in time past, and warning hath been given to its owner, and he hath not kept it in, but it hath killed a man or a woman; the ox shall be stoned, and its owner also shall be put to death. ONK 21:29 But if the ox had gored in time before (yesterday and the day before), and it had been attested to his master, and he not keeping him he hath killed man or woman, the ox shall be stoned and the owner be put to death. PAL 21:29 But if the ox (had been wont) to gore yesterday and before, and it had been attested before his owner three times, and he (had neglected) to restrain him, the ox, when he killeth man or woman, shall be stoned, and his master also shall die with a death sent upon him from heaven. EXODUS 21:30 JPS 21:30 If there be laid on him a ransom, then he shall give for the redemption of his life whatsoever is laid upon him. ONK 21:30 If a fine of money(48) 48. Samaritan Version, "If a price of expiation." (if mammon) be laid upon him, he may give redemption for his life according to all that is laid upon him. PAL 21:30 Yet if a fine of money be laid upon him, he may give a ransom for his life, according to what shall be imposed on him by the sanhedrin of Israel. EXODUS 21:31 JPS 21:31 Whether it have gored a son, or have gored a daughter, according to this judgment shall it be done unto him. ONK 21:31 If the ox gore a son or daughter of Israel, after this judgment shall it be done to him. PAL 21:31 Whether the ox hath gored a son or a daughter of Israel, according to that judgment it shall be done to him. EXODUS 21:32 JPS 21:32 If the ox gore a bondman or a bondwoman, he shall give unto their master thirty shekels of silver, and the ox shall be stoned. ONK 21:32 If an ox gore a man-servant or a maidservant, (the owner) shall give to his master thirty sileen of silver, and the ox shall be stoned. PAL 21:32 If an ox goreth a Kenaanite man-servant or handmaid, the master of the man or woman-servant shall give thirty sileen(29) 29. Shekels. of silver, and the ox shall be stoned. EXODUS 21:33 JPS 21:33 And if a man shall open a pit, or if a man shall dig a pit and not cover it, and an ox or an ass fall therein, ONK 21:33 And if a man open a pit, or dig a pit, and doth not cover it, and an ox or an ass fall therein, PAL 21:33 And if a man openeth a pit in the street, and doth not cover it, and an ox or an ass fall therein; EXODUS 21:34 JPS 21:34 the owner of the pit shall make it good; he shall give money unto the owner of them, and the dead beast shall be his. ONK 21:34 the master of the pit shall pay: he shall give silver to his owner, and the carcass shall be his own. PAL 21:34 the master of the pit shall deliver silver to give to its owner the price of the ox or the ass, and the dead body shall be his. EXODUS 21:35 JPS 21:35 And if one man's ox hurt another's, so that it dieth; then they shall sell the live ox, and divide the price of it; and the dead also they shall divide. ONK 21:35 And if the ox of one man hurt a neighbour's ox that it die, they shall sell the living ox and divide the money; and that which is dead they shall also divide. PAL 21:35 And when an ox woundeth his neighbour's ox, and he die, they shall sell the living ox, and divide the price, and the price of the dead one shall they also divide. EXODUS 21:36 JPS 21:36 Or if it be known that the ox was wont to gore in time past, and its owner hath not kept it in; he shall surely pay ox for ox, and the dead beast shall be his own. ONK 21:36 But if it be known that the ox gored in time past and his owner did not keep him in, paying he shall pay ox for ox, and the dead one shall be his. PAL 21:36 But if it hath been known that the ox was wont to gore in time past, and his master did not restrain him, he shall surely deliver ox for ox; but the carcase and the skin shall be his. EXODUS 21:37 JPS 21:37 If a man steal an ox, or a sheep, and kill it, or sell it, he shall pay five oxen for an ox, and four sheep for a sheep. ONK 21:37 If a man steal an ox or a lamb, and kill or sell it, he shall repay five oxen for the ox, and four sheep for the lamb. PAL 21:37 When a man stealeth an ox or a sheep, and killeth or selleth it, five oxen shall he make good for one ox, because he hath hindered him from his ploughing; and four sheep for one, because he hath impoverished him by his theft, and not done service by it.
Exodus 20 JPS TOC Comparison TOC Targums TOC Exodus 22