Comparison of Pentateuch:
Jewish Publication Society 1917
Targums Onkelos,
Jonathan Ben Uzziel/Palestinian,
Jerusalem Fragments

 

Genesis
Chapter 1

[1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10]
[11] [12] [13] [14] [15] [16] [17] [18] [19] [20]
[21] [22] [23] [24] [25] [26] [27] [28] [29] [30]
[31]

 

 

  JPS TOC Comparison TOC Targums TOC Genesis 2
GENESIS 1:1
JPS 1:1 In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.
ONK 1:1 In the first times(1) the Lord created the heavens and the earth.
PAL 1:1 At the beginning (min avella) the Lord created the heavens and the earth.
JER 1:1 In wisdom (be-hukema) the Lord created.
 
GENESIS 1:2
JPS 1:2 Now the earth was unformed and void, and darkness was upon the face of the deep; and the spirit of God hovered over the face of the waters.
ONK 1:2 And the earth was waste and empty, and darkness was upon(2) the face of the abyss; and a wind from before the Lord blew upon the face of the waters.
PAL 1:2 And the earth was vacancy and desolation, solitary of the sons of men, and void of every animal; and darkness was upon the face of the abyss, and the Spirit of mercies from before the Lord breathed upon the face of the waters.
JER 1:2 And the earth was vacancy and desolation, and solitary of the sons of men, and void of every animal; and the Spirit of mercies from before the Lord breathed upon the face of the waters.
 
GENESIS 1:3
JPS 1:3 And God said: 'Let there be light.' And there was light.
ONK 1:3 And the Lord said, Let there be light; and there was light.
PAL 1:3 And the Lord said, Let there be light to enlighten above; and at once there was light.
 
 
GENESIS 1:4
JPS 1:4 And God saw the light, that it was good; and God divided the light from the darkness.
ONK 1:4 And the Lord saw the light that it was good. And the Lord distinguished between the light and between the darkness.
PAL 1:4 And the Lord beheld the light, that it was good; and the Lord divided between the light and the darkness.
 
 
GENESIS 1:5
JPS 1:5 And God called the light Day, and the darkness He called Night. And there was evening and there was morning, one day.
ONK 1:5 And the Lord called the light the Day, and the darkness He called the Night. And there was evening, and there was morning, Day the First.
PAL 1:5 And the Lord called the light Day; and He made it that the inhabiters of the world might labour by it: and the darkness called He Night; and He made it that in it the creatures might have rest. And it was evening, and it was morning, the First Day.
JER 1:5 And it was evening, and it was morning, in the order of the work of the creation (or of the beginning), the First Day.
 
GENESIS 1:6
JPS 1:6 And God said: 'Let there be a firmament in the midst of the waters, and let it divide the waters from the waters.'
ONK 1:6 And the Lord said, Let there be an expanse in the midst of the waters, and let it distinguish between waters and waters.
PAL 1:6 And the Lord said, Let there be an expanse in the midst of the waters, and let it separate between the waters above and the waters beneath.
JER 1:6 And let there be a separation between the waters above and the waters below.(1)
 
GENESIS 1:7
JPS 1:7 And God made the firmament, and divided the waters which were under the firmament from the waters which were above the firmament; and it was so.
ONK 1:7 And the Lord made the expanse, and distinguished between the waters which were under the expanse, and between the waters which were above the expanse: and it was so.
PAL 1:7 And the Lord made the expanse, upbearing it with three fingers, between the confines of the heavens and the waters of the ocean, and separated between the waters which were below the expanse, and the waters which were above, in the collection (or covering) of the expanse; and it was so.
 
GENESIS 1:8
JPS 1:8 And God called the firmament Heaven. And there was evening and there was morning, a second day.
ONK 1:8 And the Lord called the expanse the Heavens. And it was evening, and it was morning, the Second Day.
PAL 1:8 And the Lord called the expanse the Heavens. And it was evening, and it was morning, the Second Day.
 
GENESIS 1:9
JPS 1:9 And God said: 'Let the waters under the heaven be gathered together unto one place, and let the dry land appear.' And it was so.
ONK 1:9 And the Lord said, The waters shall be collected under the heavens into one region, and the dry land shall appear. And it was so.
PAL 1:9 And the Lord said, Let the lower waters which remain under the heavens be gathered together into one place, and the earth be dried, that the land may be visible. And it was so.
 
GENESIS 1:10
JPS 1:10 And God called the dry land Earth, and the gathering together of the waters called He Seas; and God saw that it was good.
ONK 1:10 And the Lord called the dry land Earth, and the place of the collection of waters He called Sea. And the Lord saw that it was good.
PAL 1:10 And the Lord called the dry (land) the Earth, and the place of the assemblage of waters called He the Seas; and the Lord saw that it was good.
 
GENESIS 1:11
JPS 1:11 And God said: 'Let the earth put forth grass, herb yielding seed, and fruit-tree bearing fruit after its kind, wherein is the seed thereof, upon the earth.' And it was so.
ONK 1:11 And the Lord said, The earth shall bring forth grass; the plant whose germ-seed(3) is to be sown; the fruit-tree making fruit according to its kind, whose germ-seed(4) is in it upon the earth;—and it was so.
PAL 1:11 And the Lord said, Let the earth increase the grassy herb whose seed seedeth, and the fruit-tree making fruit after its kind, whose seed is in itself upon the earth. And it was so.
 
GENESIS 1:12
JPS 1:12 And the earth brought forth grass, herb yielding seed after its kind, and tree bearing fruit, wherein is the seed thereof, after its kind; and God saw that it was good.
ONK 1:12 And the earth put forth grass; the herb, whose germ-seed is sown after its kind; and the tree making fruit, whose seed is in it after its kind. And the Lord saw that it was good.
PAL 1:12 And the earth produced grasses (and) herbage whose seed seedeth, and the tree making fruit after its kind. And the Lord saw that it was good.
 
GENESIS 1:13
JPS 1:13 And there was evening and there was morning, a third day.
ONK 1:13 And it was evening, and it was morning, Day the Third.
PAL 1:13 And it was evening, and it was morning, the Third Day.
 
GENESIS 1:14
JPS 1:14 And God said: 'Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days and years;
ONK 1:14 And the Lord said, There shall be Lights in the expanse of heaven, to distinguish between the day and the night; and they shall be for signs and for times, for the numbering of days and years.
PAL 1:14 And the Lord said, Let there be lights in the expanse of the heavens, to distinguish between the day and the night; and let them be for signs and for festival times, and for the numbering by them the account of days, and for the sanctifying of the beginning of months, and the beginning of years, the passing away of months, and the passing away of years, the revolutions of the sun, the birth of the moon, and the revolvings (of seasons).(2)
JER 1:14 And let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for the sanctifying by them of the beginning of months and years.
 
GENESIS 1:15
JPS 1:15 and let them be for lights in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth.' And it was so.
ONK 1:15 And they shall be for luminaries in the expanse of heaven to shine upon the earth;—and it was so.
PAL 1:15 And let them be for luminaries in the expanse of the heavens to give light upon the earth. And it was so.
 
GENESIS 1:16
JPS 1:16 And God made the two great lights: the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night; and the stars.
ONK 1:16 And the Lord made the two great luminaries: the greater luminary to rule in the day;(5) and the smaller luminary to rule in the night, and the stars.
PAL 1:16 And the Lord made two great luminaries; and they were equal in glory twenty and one years, less six hundred and two and seventy parts of an hour. And afterwards the moon recited against the sun a false report;(3) and she was diminished, and the sun was appointed to be the greater light to rule the day; and the moon to be the inferior light to rule in the night, and the stars.
 
GENESIS 1:17
JPS 1:17 And God set them in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth,
ONK 1:17 And the Lord set them in the expanse of heaven to shine upon the earth,
PAL 1:17 And the Lord ordained them unto their offices, in the expanse of the heavens, to give forth light upon the earth,
 
GENESIS 1:18
JPS 1:18 and to rule over the day and over the night, and to divide the light from the darkness; and God saw that it was good.
ONK 1:18 and to rule in the day and in the night, and to distinguish between light and darkness. And the Lord saw that it was good.
PAL 1:18 and to minister by day and by night, to distinguish between the light of the day and the darkness of the night. And the Lord beheld that it was good.
 
GENESIS 1:19
JPS 1:19 And there was evening and there was morning, a fourth day.
ONK 1:19 And there was evening, and there was morning, Day the Fourth.
PAL 1:19 And it was evening, and it was morning, Day the Fourth.
 
GENESIS 1:20
JPS 1:20 And God said: 'Let the waters swarm with swarms of living creatures, and let fowl fly above the earth in the open firmament of heaven.'
ONK 1:20 And the Lord said, Let the waters generate(6) the moving creature (having) life; and the fowl which flieth over the earth on the face of the expanse of heaven.
PAL 1:20 And the Lord said, Let the lakes of the waters swarm forth the reptile, the living animal, and the fowl which flieth, whose nest is upon the earth; and let the way of the bird be upon the air of the expanse of the heavens.
 
GENESIS 1:21
JPS 1:21 And God created the great sea-monsters, and every living creature that creepeth, wherewith the waters swarmed, after its kind, and every winged fowl after its kind; and God saw that it was good.
ONK 1:21 And the Lord created the great taninia and every living animal which moveth, which the waters generated according to their kind, and every fowl which flieth according to his kind; and the Lord saw that it was good.
PAL 1:21 And the Lord created the great tanins,(4) the lev-ya-than and his yoke-fellow which are prepared for the day of consolation, and every living animal which creepeth, and which the clear waters had swarmed forth after their kind; the kinds which are clean, and the kinds which are not clean; and every fowl which flieth with wings after their kinds, the clean and the unclean. And the Lord beheld that it was good.
 
GENESIS 1:22
JPS 1:22 And God blessed them, saying: 'Be fruitful, and multiply, and fill the waters in the seas, and let fowl multiply in the earth.'
ONK 1:22 And the Lord blessed them, saying, Spread abroad and become many, and fill the waters of the seas; and let the fowl become many on the earth.
PAL 1:22 And He blessed them, saying, Increase and multiply, and fill the waters of the seas, and let the fowl multiply upon the earth.
 
GENESIS 1:23
JPS 1:23 And there was evening and there was morning, a fifth day.
ONK 1:23 And it was evening, and it was morning, Day the Fifth.
PAL 1:23 And it was evening, and it was morning, Day the Fifth.
 
GENESIS 1:24
JPS 1:24 And God said: 'Let the earth bring forth the living creature after its kind, cattle, and creeping thing, and beast of the earth after its kind.' And it was so.
ONK 1:24 And the Lord said, Let the earth produce the living animal after its kind, cattle, and reptile, and beast of the earth, according to its kind;—and it was so.
PAL 1:24 And the Lord said, Let the soil of the earth bring forth the living creature according to his kind; the kind that is clean and the kind that is unclean; cattle, and creeping thing, and the creature of the earth, according to his kind. And it was so.
 
GENESIS 1:25
JPS 1:25 And God made the beast of the earth after its kind, and the cattle after their kind, and every thing that creepeth upon the ground after its kind; and God saw that it was good.
ONK 1:25 And the Lord made the beast of the earth after its kind, and cattle after their kind, and every reptile of the earth after its kind; and the Lord saw that it was good.
PAL 1:25 And the Lord made the beast of the earth after his kind, the clean and the unclean, and cattle after their kind, and every reptile of the earth after its kind, the clean and the unclean. And the Lord saw that it was good.
 
GENESIS 1:26
JPS 1:26 And God said: 'Let us make man in our image, after our likeness; and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth.'
ONK 1:26 And the Lord said, Let us make Man in Our image, as Our likeness; and they shall have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the heavens, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every reptile which moveth upon the earth.
PAL 1:26 And the Lord said to the angels who ministered before Him, who had been created in the second day of the creation of the world, Let us make man in Our image, in Our likeness; and let them rule over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl which are in the atmosphere of heaven, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every reptile creeping upon the earth.
 
GENESIS 1:27
JPS 1:27 And God created man in His own image, in the image of God created He him; male and female created He them.
ONK 1:27 And the Lord created(7) the Adam in His image, in the image of the Lord(8) He created him; male and female He created them.
PAL 1:27 And the Lord created man in His likeness: In the image of the Lord He created him, with two hundred and forty and eight members, with three hundred and sixty and five nerves, and over-laid them with skin, and filled it with flesh and blood. Male and female in their bodies He created them.
JER 1:27 And the Word of the Lord created man in His likeness, in the likeness of the presence of the Lord He created him, the male and his yoke-fellow He created them.
 
GENESIS 1:28
JPS 1:28 And God blessed them; and God said unto them: 'Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it; and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that creepeth upon the earth.'
ONK 1:28 And the Lord blessed them, and said to them, Spread abroad, and become many, and fill the earth, and be strong upon it; and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the heavens, and over every living thing that moveth upon the earth.
PAL 1:28 And He blessed them, and the Lord said to them, Increase and multiply, and fill the earth with sons and daughters, and prevail over it, in its possessions; and have dominion over the fish of the sea and over the fowl of the heavens, and over every creeping animal that creepeth upon the earth.
 
GENESIS 1:29
JPS 1:29 And God said: 'Behold, I have given you every herb yielding seed, which is upon the face of all the earth, and every tree, in which is the fruit of a tree yielding seed—to you it shall be for food;
ONK 1:29 And the Lord said, Behold, I have given to you every plant which seedeth germ-seed which is upon all the earth; and every tree in which is the fruit of the tree which seedeth germ-seed; unto you it shall be for food,
PAL 1:29 And the Lord said, Behold, I have given you every herb whose seed seedeth upon the face of all the earth, and every unfruitful tree for the need of building and for burning; and the tree in which is fruit seeding after its kind, to you it shall be for food.
 
GENESIS 1:30
JPS 1:30 and to every beast of the earth, and to every fowl of the air, and to every thing that creepeth upon the earth, wherein there is a living soul, [I have given] every green herb for food.' And it was so.
ONK 1:30 and unto every beast of the earth, and to every fowl of the heavens, and to every reptile upon the earth in which is the breath of life, every green herb to eat; and it was so.
PAL 1:30 But to every beast of the earth, and to every fowl of the heavens, and to every reptile upon the earth in which is the living soul, (I have given) all green herbs. And it was so.
 
GENESIS 1:31
JPS 1:31 And God saw every thing that He had made, and, behold, it was very good. And there was evening and there was morning, the sixth day.
ONK 1:31 And the Lord saw all that He had made, and, behold, it was very steadfast. And it was evening, and it was morning, Day the Sixth.
PAL 1:31 And the Lord beheld every thing He had made, and it was very good. And it was evening, and it was morning, the Sixth Day.
 
  JPS TOC Comparison TOC Targums TOC Genesis 2

 

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