Comparison of Pentateuch:
Jewish Publication Society 1917
Targums Onkelos,
Jonathan Ben Uzziel/Palestinian,
Jerusalem Fragments

 

Genesis
Chapter 4

[1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10]
[11] [12] [13] [14] [15] [16] [17] [18] [19] [20]
[21] [22] [23] [24] [25] [26]

 

 

Genesis 3 JPS TOC Comparison TOC Targums TOC Genesis 5
GENESIS 4:1
JPS 4:1 And the man knew Eve his wife; and she conceived and bore Cain, and said: 'I have gotten a man with the help of the LORD.'
ONK 4:1 And Adam knew Hava his wife, and she conceived, and gave birth to Kain; and she said, I have acquired the man from before the Lord.
PAL 4:1 And Adam knew Hava his wife, who had desired the Angel; and she conceived, and bare Kain; and she said, I have acquired a man, the Angel of the Lord.
 
GENESIS 4:2
JPS 4:2 And again she bore his brother Abel. And Abel was a keeper of sheep, but Cain was a tiller of the ground.
ONK 4:2 And she added to give birth to his brother, Habel. And Habel was a shepherd of the flock, and Kain a man working on the ground.
PAL 4:2 And she added to bear from her husband Adam his twin, even Habel. And Habel was a shepherd of the flock, but Kain was a man working in the earth.
 
GENESIS 4:3
JPS 4:3 And in process of time it came to pass, that Cain brought of the fruit of the ground an offering unto the LORD.
ONK 4:3 And it was at the end (or complement) of days, that Kain brought of the product of the earth an oblation before the Lord;
PAL 4:3 And it was at the end of days, on the fourteenth of Nisan, that Kain brought of the produce of the earth, the seed of cotton (or line), an oblation of first things before the Lord;
 
GENESIS 4:4
JPS 4:4 And Abel, he also brought of the firstlings of his flock and of the fat thereof. And the LORD had respect unto Abel and to his offering;
ONK 4:4 and Habel he brought also of the first-born of his sheep and of their fatlings. And there was acceptableness before the Lord in Habel and in his oblation;
PAL 4:4 and Habel brought of the firstlings of the flock, and of their fat; and it was pleasing before the Lord, and He gave (His) countenance to Habel and to his oblation;
 
GENESIS 4:5
JPS 4:5 but unto Cain and to his offering He had not respect. And Cain was very wroth, and his countenance fell.
ONK 4:5 but in Kain and his oblation there was not acceptableness. And it was greatly displeasing to Kain, and his countenance was downcast.
PAL 4:5 but to Kain and to his oblation He gave no countenance. And Kain was angered greatly, and the features of his face were downcast.
 
GENESIS 4:6
JPS 4:6 And the LORD said unto Cain: 'Why art thou wroth? and why is thy countenance fallen?
ONK 4:6 And the Lord said to Kain, Why art thou displeased, and why is thy countenance downcast?
PAL 4:6 And the Lord said to Kain, Why hast thou anger, and why are the features of thy face downcast?
 
GENESIS 4:7
JPS 4:7 If thou doest well, shall it not be lifted up? and if thou doest not well, sin coucheth at the door; and unto thee is its desire, but thou mayest rule over it.'
ONK 4:7 If thou doest thy work well, is it not remitted to thee? and if thou doest not thy work well, thy sin unto the day of judgment is reserved, when it will be exacted of thee, if thou convert not: but if thou convert, it is remitted to thee.
PAL 4:7 If thou doest thy work well, will not thy guilt be forgiven thee? But if thou doest not thy work well in this world, thy sin is retained unto the day of the great judgment, and at the doors of thy heart lieth thy sin. And into thy hand have I delivered the power over evil passion, and unto thee shall be the inclination thereof, that thou mayest have authority over it to become righteous, or to sin.
JER 4:7 If thou makest thy work good in this world, will it not be forgiven and remitted thee in the world to come? But if thou dost not make thy work good in this world, thy sin is retained unto the day of the great judgment; and at the door of thy heart it lieth. Yet into thy hand have I delivered power over evil passion, and to thee may be dominion over it, to become righteous or to sin
 
GENESIS 4:8
JPS 4:8 And Cain spoke unto Abel his brother. And it came to pass, when they were in the field, that Cain rose up against Abel his brother, and slew him.
ONK 4:8 And Kain spake with Habel his brother; and it was in their being in the field that Kain arose against Habel his brother, and killed him.
PAL 4:8 And Kain said to Habel his brother, Come, and let us two go forth into the field. And it was that when they two had gone forth into the field, Kain answered and said to Habel, I perceive that the world was created in goodness, but it is not governed (or conducted) according to the fruit of good works, for there is respect to persons in judgment; therefore it is that thy offering was accepted, and mine not accepted with good will.

Habel answered and said to Kain, In goodness was the world created, and according to the fruit of good works is it governed; and there is no respect of persons in judgment; but because the fruits of my works were better than thine, my oblation, before thine, hath been accepted with good will.

Kain answered and said to Habel, There is neither judgment nor Judge, nor another world; nor will good reward be given to the righteous, nor vengeance be taken of the wicked.

And Habel answered and said to Kain, There is a judgment, and there is a Judge; and there is another world, and a good reward given to the righteous, and vengeance taken of the wicked.

And because of these words they had contention upon the face of the field; and Kain arose against Habel his brother, and drave a stone into his forehead, and killed him.

JER 4:8 And Kain said to Habel his brother, Come, and let us go forth upon the face of the field. And it was when they had gone out upon the face of the field, Kain answered and said to Habel his brother, There is neither judgment nor Judge, nor another world; neither is a good reward given to the righteous, nor will vengeance be taken of the wicked. Nor was the world created in goodness, nor in goodness is it conducted. Therefore it is that thy oblation was accepted with good will, and mine not accepted with good will. Habel answered and said to Kain, There is a judgment, and there is a Judge: there is another world, and a good reward is given to the righteous, and vengeance taken of the wicked. And in goodness was the world created, and in goodness is it conducted. But according to the fruit of good works is it conducted. Because my works were better ordered than thine, my offering was accepted with good will, and thine was not accepted with good will. And as they two disputed on the face of the field, Kain arose against Habel his brother, and killed him.
 
GENESIS 4:9
JPS 4:9 And the LORD said unto Cain: 'Where is Abel thy brother?' And he said: 'I know not; am I my brother's keeper?'
ONK 4:9 And the Lord said to Kain, Where is Habel thy brother? And he said, I know not; am I the keeper of my brother?
PAL 4:9 And the Lord said to Kain, Where is Habel thy brother? And he said, I know not; am I the keeper of my brother?
 
GENESIS 4:10
JPS 4:10 And He said: 'What hast thou done? the voice of thy brother's blood crieth unto Me from the ground.
ONK 4:10 And He said, What hast thou done? The voice of the blood of generations which were to come from thy brother complaineth before Me from the earth!
PAL 4:10 And He said, What hast thou done? The voice of the bloods of the murder of thy brother which are swallowed up in the sod, crieth before Me from the earth.
JER 4:10 The voice of the blood of the multitude of the righteous who were to arise from Habel thy brother.
 
GENESIS 4:11
JPS 4:11 And now cursed art thou from the ground, which hath opened her mouth to receive thy brother's blood from thy hand.
ONK 4:11 And now, accursed art thou from the earth, which hath opened her mouth and received the blood of thy brother from thy hand.
PAL 4:11 And now because thou hast killed him, thou art cursed from the earth, which hath opened the mouth, and received the bloods of thy brother from thy hand.
 
GENESIS 4:12
JPS 4:12 When thou tillest the ground, it shall not henceforth yield unto thee her strength; a fugitive and a wanderer shalt thou be in the earth.'
ONK 4:12 When thou tillest the earth, it shall not add to give its virtue to thee; a castaway and a wanderer shalt thou be in the earth.
PAL 4:12 When thou tillest the earth, it shall not add to give strength to its fruits for thee. A wanderer and an exile shalt thou be in the earth.
 
GENESIS 4:13
JPS 4:13 And Cain said unto the LORD: 'My punishment is greater than I can bear.
ONK 4:13 And Kain said before the Lord, Greater is my guilt than may be forgiven.
PAL 4:13 And Kain said before the Lord, More heavy is my rebellion than can be borne (away). Yet is there power before Thee to forgive it.
JER 4:13 And Kain said before the Lord, My sins are greater than can be borne. Nevertheless there is power before Thee to absolve and forgive me.
 
GENESIS 4:14
JPS 4:14 Behold, Thou hast driven me out this day from the face of the land; and from Thy face shall I be hid; and I shall be a fugitive and a wanderer in the earth; and it will come to pass, that whosoever findeth me will slay me.'
ONK 4:14 Behold, Thou hast rejected me this day from the face of the earth, and from Thy presence it is not possible to hide; and I shall be a castaway and a wanderer in the earth, and any one who findeth me will slay me.
PAL 4:14 Behold, Thou hast cast me forth to-day from the face of the earth, and from before Thee is it possible to be hidden? And because I am a wanderer and an exile in the earth, any just one who findeth me will kill me.
 
GENESIS 4:15
JPS 4:15 And the LORD said unto him: 'Therefore whosoever slayeth Cain, vengeance shall be taken on him sevenfold.' And the LORD set a sign for Cain, lest any finding him should smite him.
ONK 4:15 And the Lord said to him, Therefore any one who killeth Kain,—unto seven generations it shall be exacted of him. And the Lord set unto Kain a sign, lest any one who found him should kill him.
PAL 4:15 And the Lord said to him, Behold now, any one who killeth Kain, unto seven generations vengeance shall be taken of him. And the Lord sealed upon the face of Kain the mark of the Name great and honourable, that any one who might find him should not kill him when he saw it upon him.
 
GENESIS 4:16
JPS 4:16 And Cain went out from the presence of the LORD, and dwelt in the land of Nod, on the east of Eden.
ONK 4:16 And Kain went out from before the Lord, and dwelt in the land of the wanderer and outcast,(24) which was made for him in the beginnings in the garden of Eden.
PAL 4:16 And Kain went out from before the Lord, and dwelt in the land of the wandering of his exile, which had been made for him from before, as the garden of Eden.
JER 4:16 And Kain went out from before the Lord, and dwelt in the land of exile and wandering, eastward of the garden of Eden. And it had been before Kain slew Habel his brother that the earth multiplied fruits, as the fruits of the garden of Eden; (but) from (the time that) he sinned and killed his brother, it changed, to produce thorns and thistles.
 
GENESIS 4:17
JPS 4:17 And Cain knew his wife; and she conceived, and bore Enoch; and he builded a city, and called the name of the city after the name of his son Enoch.
ONK 4:17 And Kain knew his wife, and she conceived and bare Hanoch, and he became the builder of a city, and called the name of the city after the name of his son Hanoch.
PAL 4:17 And Kain knew his wife, and she conceived and bare Hanok; and he builded a city, and called the name of the city after the name of his son, Hanok.
 
GENESIS 4:18
JPS 4:18 And unto Enoch was born Irad; and Irad begot Mehujael; and Mehujael begot Methushael; and Methushael begot Lamech.
ONK 4:18 And there was born to Hanoch Irad, and Irad begat Mahujael;(25) and Mahujael begat Methusael, and Methusael begat Lemek.
PAL 4:18 And there was born unto Hanok Irad, and Irad begat Mechujael, and Mechujael begat Methushael, and Methushael begat Lemek.
 
GENESIS 4:19
JPS 4:19 And Lamech took unto him two wives; the name of one was Adah, and the name of the other Zillah.
ONK 4:19 And Lemek took unto him two wives, the name of the one Ada, and the name of the second Zillah.
PAL 4:19 And Lemek took to him two wives; the name of the first, Ada, and the name of the second, Zillah.
 
GENESIS 4:20
JPS 4:20 And Adah bore Jabal; he was the father of such as dwell in tents and have cattle.
ONK 4:20 And Ada bare Javal; he was the master (rab) of all dwellers in tents and lords of cattle.
PAL 4:20 And Ada bare Javal; he was the chief (rab) of all those who dwell in tents, and are masters of cattle.
 
GENESIS 4:21
JPS 4:21 And his brother's name was Jubal; he was the father of all such as handle the harp and pipe.
ONK 4:21 And the name of his brother was Juval. He was the master(26) of all who play upon the mouth of the pipe, who know the song of the harp and of the organ.
PAL 4:21 And the name of his brother (was) Javal: he was chief (rab) of all those who take part in song with the lyre and the pipe.
 
GENESIS 4:22
JPS 4:22 And Zillah, she also bore Tubal-cain, the forger of every cutting instrument of brass and iron; and the sister of Tubal-cain was Naamah.
ONK 4:22 And Zillah also, she bare Tuval-kain, the master of all them who understand the working of brass and iron.(27) And the sister of Tuval-kain was Naamah.(28)
PAL 4:22 And Zillah bare also Tuvalkain, the chief (rab) of all artificers who know the workmanship of brass and iron. And the sister of Tuvalkain was Naama; she was mistress of elegies and songs.
 
GENESIS 4:23
JPS 4:23 And Lamech said unto his wives: Adah and Zillah, hear my voice; Ye wives of Lamech, hearken unto my speech; For I have slain a man for wounding me, And a young man for bruising me;
ONK 4:23 And Lemek said to his wives Ada and Zillah, Hear my voice, wives of Lemek, attend to my words: I have not slain a man, that on his account I should bear the condemnation of death; or destroyed a young man, that on his account my posterity should be consumed.
PAL 4:23 And Lemek said to his wives Ada and Zillah, Hear my voice, wives of Lemek, hearken to my words: for I have not killed a man, that I should be slain for him; neither have I destroyed a young man, on whose account my children should perish.
 
GENESIS 4:24
JPS 4:24 If Cain shall be avenged sevenfold, Truly Lamech seventy and sevenfold.
ONK 4:24 If seven generations are suspended unto Kain, will there not be to Lemek his son seventy and seven?
PAL 4:24 For Kain who sinned and was converted by repentance (had protection) unto seven generations extended to him: and to Lemek, the son of his son, who hath not sinned, it is just that it shall be extended unto seventy and seven.
 
GENESIS 4:25
JPS 4:25 And Adam knew his wife again; and she bore a son, and called his name Seth: 'for God hath appointed me another seed instead of Abel; for Cain slew him.'
ONK 4:25 And Adam knew yet his wife, and she bare a son, and called his name Sheth; Because, said she, the Lord hath given me another son instead of Habel, whom Kain slew.
PAL 4:25 And Adam knew his wife again, at the end of a hundred and thirty years after Habel had been slain; and she bare a son, and called his name Sheth; for she said, The Lord hath given me another son instead of Habel whom Kain slew.
 
GENESIS 4:26
JPS 4:26 And to Seth, to him also there was born a son; and he called his name Enosh; then began men to call upon the name of the LORD.
ONK 4:26 And to Sheth also was born a son, and he called his name Enosh. Then in his days the sons of men desisted (or forbore) from praying in the name of the Lord.
PAL 4:26 And to Sheth also was born a son, and he called his name Enosh. That was the generation in whose days they began to err, and to make themselves idols, and surnamed their idols by the name of the Word of the Lord.
 
Genesis 3 JPS TOC Comparison TOC Targums TOC Genesis 5

 

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