Comparison of Pentateuch:
Jewish Publication Society 1917
Targums Onkelos,
Jonathan Ben Uzziel/Palestinian,
Jerusalem Fragments

 

Genesis
Chapter 18

[1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10]
[11] [12] [13] [14] [15] [16] [17] [18] [19] [20]
[21] [22] [23] [24] [25] [26] [27] [28] [29] [30]
[31] [32] [33]

 

 

Genesis 17 JPS TOC Comparison TOC Targums TOC Genesis 19
GENESIS 18:1
JPS 18:1 And the LORD appeared unto him by the terebinths of Mamre, as he sat in the tent door in the heat of the day;
ONK 18:1 And the Lord was revealed to him in the Vale of Mamre; and he sat in the door of the tent while the day was hot.
PAL 18:1 And the glory of the Lord was revealed to him in the valley of Mamre; and he, being ill from the pain of circumcision, sat at the door of the tabernacle in the fervour (or strength) of the day.
 
GENESIS 18:2
JPS 18:2 and he lifted up his eyes and looked, and, lo, three men stood over against him; and when he saw them, he ran to meet them from the tent door, and bowed down to the earth
ONK 18:2 And he lifted up his eyes and looked, and, behold, three men stood towards him; and he saw, and ran from the door of the tent to meet them, and worshipped upon the earth.
PAL 18:2 And he lifted up his eyes and looked, and, behold, three angels in the resemblance of men were standing before him; (angels) who had been sent from the necessity of three things;—because it is not possible for a ministering angel to be sent for more than one purpose at a time;—one, then, had come to make known to him that Sarah should bear a man-child; one had come to deliver Lot; and one to overthrow Sedom and Amorah. And when he saw them, he ran to meet them from the door of the tent, and bowed himself on the earth.
JER 18:2 Three angels were sent to our father Abraham; and the three were sent for three things;—because it is not possible that one of the high angels should be sent for more things than one. The first angel was sent to announce to our father Abraham, that, behold, Sarah would bear Izhak; the second angel was sent to deliver Lot from the midst of the overthrow; the third angel was sent to overthrow Sedom and Amorah, Admah and Zeboim. Therefore was there a word of prophecy from before the Lord unto Abraham the Just, and the Word of the Lord was revealed to him in the valley of vision; and he sat in the door of the tabernacle, comforting himself from his circumcision in the fervour (or strength) of the day.
 
GENESIS 18:3
JPS 18:3 and said: 'My lord, if now I have found favour in thy sight, pass not away, I pray thee, from thy servant.
ONK 18:3 And he said, Lord, if now I have found favour in Thine eyes, pass not, I pray, from Thy servant.
PAL 18:3 And he said, I beseech, by the mercies (that are) before Thee, Lord, if now I have found favour before Thee, that the glory of Thy shekina may not now ascend from Thy servant,
 
GENESIS 18:4
JPS 18:4 Let now a little water be fetched, and wash your feet, and recline yourselves under the tree.
ONK 18:4 Accept now a little water, and wash your feet, and recline under the tree,
PAL 18:4 until I have set forth provisions under the tree.
 
GENESIS 18:5
JPS 18:5 And I will fetch a morsel of bread, and stay ye your heart; after that ye shall pass on; forasmuch as ye are come to your servant.' And they said: 'So do, as thou hast said.'
ONK 18:5 and take a mouthful of bread, and strengthen your hearts, afterward you shall pass on; because for this you have come over unto your servant. And He said, So do as thou hast spoken.
PAL 18:5 And I will bring food of bread, that you may strengthen your hearts, and give thanks in the Name of the Word of the Lord, and afterwards pass on. For therefore at the time of repast are you come, and have turned aside to your servant to take food. And they said, Thou hast spoken well; do according to thy word.
 
GENESIS 18:6
JPS 18:6 And Abraham hastened into the tent unto Sarah, and said: 'Make ready quickly three measures of fine meal, knead it, and make cakes.'
ONK 18:6 And Abraham hastened to the tent to Sarah, and said, Make haste with three seyin of the flour of meal, mix and make cakes.
PAL 18:6 And Abraham hastened into the tent unto Sarah, and said to her, Hasten three measures of flour-meal, mix and make cakes.
 
GENESIS 18:7
JPS 18:7 And Abraham ran unto the herd, and fetched a calf tender and good, and gave it unto the servant; and he hastened to dress it.
ONK 18:7 And to the herd ran Abraham, and took a calf, tender and good, and gave to a young man, and he hastened to dress him.
PAL 18:7 And unto the flock ran Abraham, and took a calf, tender and fat, and gave to a young man, and hastened to make prepared meats;
 
GENESIS 18:8
JPS 18:8 And he took curd, and milk, and the calf which he had dressed, and set it before them; and he stood by them under the tree, and they did eat.
ONK 18:8 And he took butter and milk, and the calf which he had prepared, and set before them, and he waited upon them under the tree, and they ate.
PAL 18:8 and he took rich cream and milk and the calf which the young man had made into prepared meats, and set them before them, according to the way and conduct (hilkath) of the creatures of the world; and he served before them, and they sat under the tree; and he quieted himself (to see) whether they would eat.
 
GENESIS 18:9
JPS 18:9 And they said unto him: 'Where is Sarah thy wife?' And he said: 'Behold, in the tent.'
ONK 18:9 And He said to him, Where is Sarah thy wife? And he said, Behold, in the tent.
PAL 18:9 And they said to him, Where is Sarah thy wife? And he said, Behold, she is in the tent.
 
GENESIS 18:10
JPS 18:10 And He said: 'I will certainly return unto thee when the season cometh round; and, lo, Sarah thy wife shall have a son.' And Sarah heard in the tent door, which was behind him.
ONK 18:10 And He said, Returning I will return to thee, according to the time that you shall revive, and, behold, Sarah thy wife shall have a son. And Sarah heard in the door of the tent, and it was behind Him.
PAL 18:10 And One of them said, Returning I will return to thee in the coming year; and you shall be revived, and, behold, Sarah thy wife shall have a son. And Sarah was hearkening at the door of the tent, and Ishmael stood behind her, and marked what the Angel said.
JER 18:10 And He said, Returning I will return to thee at that time, to revive you, and, behold, Sarah thy wife shall have a male child. And Sarah was hearkening at the door of the tent, and Ishmael stood behind her.
 
GENESIS 18:11
JPS 18:11 Now Abraham and Sarah were old, and well stricken in age; it had ceased to be with Sarah after the manner of women.
ONK 18:11 And Abraham and Sarah were old and advanced in days, and with Sarah had ceased to be the way of women.
PAL 18:11 But Abraham and Sarah were old, they had mounted (alu) in days, and with Sarah the way of women had ceased.
 
GENESIS 18:12
JPS 18:12 And Sarah laughed within herself, saying: 'After I am waxed old shall I have pleasure, my lord being old also?'
ONK 18:12 And Sarah laughed within herself, saying, After that I am old shall I have a child, and my lord (being also) old?
PAL 18:12 And Sarah wondered in her heart, saying, After that I am old shall I have conceptions, and my lord Abraham is old?
JER 18:12 And Sarah derided in her heart, saying, After that I am old, is it possible to return to the days of my youth, for me to have conception, and Abraham old?
 
GENESIS 18:13
JPS 18:13 And the LORD said unto Abraham: 'Wherefore did Sarah laugh, saying: Shall I of a surety bear a child, who am old?
ONK 18:13 And the Lord said to Abraham, Wherefore laughed Sarah, saying, Can it be in truth that I shall bring forth, and I being old?
PAL 18:13 And the Lord said to Abraham, Why hath Sarah so laughed, saying, Can it be in truth that I shall bear, being old?
 
GENESIS 18:14
JPS 18:14 Is any thing too hard for the LORD. At the set time I will return unto thee, when the season cometh round, and Sarah shall have a son.'
ONK 18:14 What word is hidden from before the Lord? At the time I will return to thee, according to the time that you shall revive, and Sarah shall have a son.
PAL 18:14 Is it possible to hide anything from before the Lord? At the gracious time I will return to thee, in the time when you shall be revived, and Sarah shall have a son.
 
GENESIS 18:15
JPS 18:15 Then Sarah denied, saying: 'I laughed not'; for she was afraid. And He said: 'Nay; but thou didst laugh.'
ONK 18:15 And Sarah denied, saying, I laughed not: for she was afraid. And He said, No, but thou didst laugh...
PAL 18:15 And Sarah denied and said, I wondered not; for she was afraid. And the Angel said, Fear not: yet in truth thou didst laugh.
 
GENESIS 18:16
JPS 18:16 And the men rose up from thence, and looked out toward Sodom; and Abraham went with them to bring them on the way.
ONK 18:16 And the men arose thence, and looked towards the face of Sedom; and Abraham went with them to accompany them.
PAL 18:16 And the angels, who had the likeness of men, arose from thence, and the one who had made known the tidings to Sarah ascended to the high heavens; and two of them looked toward Sedom; and Abraham went with them.
JER 18:16 And they looked towards.
 
GENESIS 18:17
JPS 18:17 And the LORD said: 'Shall I hide from Abraham that which I am doing;
ONK 18:17 And the Lord said, Shall I conceal from Abraham what I am doing?
PAL 18:17 And the Lord said, with His Word, I cannot hide from Abraham that which I am about to do; and it is right that before I do it, I should make it known to him. For Abraham is to be a great and mighty people, and through him shall all the peoples of the earth be blessed.
JER 18:17 And the Lord with His Word said, Shall I hide from Abraham, My friend, that which I am about to do? Forasmuch as the town of Sedom is among the gifts that I have given to him, it is just that I should not overthrow it, till I have made it known to him.
 
GENESIS 18:18
JPS 18:18 seeing that Abraham shall surely become a great and mighty nation, and all the nations of the earth shall be blessed in him?
ONK 18:18 And Abraham shall be indeed a people many and strong, and in him shall all the peoples of the earth be blessed;
PAL 18:18
 
GENESIS 18:19
JPS 18:19 For I have known him, to the end that he may command his children and his household after him, that they may keep the way of the LORD, to do righteousness and justice; to the end that the LORD may bring upon Abraham that which He hath spoken of him.'
ONK 18:19 because it is manifest before me that he will instruct his children, and the men of his house after him, to keep the ways which are right before the Lord, to do righteousness and judgment; that the Lord may bring upon Abraham that which He hath spoken concerning him.
PAL 18:19 Because his holiness (piety, chasidutha) is manifest before Me, (and) that he will instruct his sons, and the men of his house after him, to keep the ways that are right before the Lord, to do justice and judgment, that the Lord may bring upon Abraham that which He hath spoken concerning him.
 
GENESIS 18:20
JPS 18:20 And the LORD said: 'Verily, the cry of Sodom and Gomorrah is great, and, verily, their sin is exceeding grievous.
ONK 18:20 And the Lord said, The cry(80) of Sedom and Amorah [is heard before Me] because it is great, and the guilt of them is very mighty:
PAL 18:20 And the Lord said to the ministering angels, The cry of Sedom and Amorah, because they oppress the poor, and decree that whosoever giveth a morsel to the needy shall be burned with fire, is therefore great, and their guilt exceedingly weighty.
 
GENESIS 18:21
JPS 18:21 I will go down now, and see whether they have done altogether according to the cry of it, which is come unto Me; and if not, I will know.'
ONK 18:21 I will now see, and will judge, whether they do according to the report of them which hath ascended before me. I will deal with them thoroughly unless they convert; but if they convert, I will not punish.
PAL 18:21 I will now appear, and see whether, as the cry of a damsel torn away, which ascendeth before Me, they have made completion of their sins (or, whether they have made an end of their sins); and if they have wrought repentance, shall they not be as (if) innocent before Me? and as if not knowing, I will not punish.
JER 18:21 Now will I appear and see, according as the cry of the people of Sedom and Amorah hath ascended before Me, whether they have made a complete end. It may be, that some among these sinners do not know that their works of evil are manifest before Me. And if they seek to work repentance, behold, they shall be considered before Me as if those works had not been known.
 
GENESIS 18:22
JPS 18:22 And the men turned from thence, and went toward Sodom; but Abraham stood yet before the LORD.
ONK 18:22 And the men turned away from thence, and went toward Sedom. And Abraham yet ministered in prayer before the Lord.
PAL 18:22 And the angels who had the likeness of men, turned thence and went towards Sedom. And Abraham now supplicated mercy for Lot, and ministered in prayer before the Lord.
 
GENESIS 18:23
JPS 18:23 And Abraham drew near, and said: 'Wilt Thou indeed sweep away the righteous with the wicked?
ONK 18:23 And Abraham approached, and said, Wilt Thou, in anger, destroy the righteous with the guilty?
PAL 18:23 And Abraham prayed and said, Wilt Thou destroy in Thy displeasure the innocent with the guilty?
 
GENESIS 18:24
JPS 18:24 Peradventure there are fifty righteous within the city; wilt Thou indeed sweep away and not forgive the place for the fifty righteous that are therein?
ONK 18:24 If perhaps there be fifty righteous within the city, wilt Thou in anger destroy and not forgive the place for the fifty righteous who are within it?
PAL 18:24 Perhaps there are fifty innocent persons within the city, who pray before Thee,—ten for every city, of all the five cities of Sedom, Amorah, Admah, Zeboim, and Zoar. Wilt Thou in Thy displeasure destroy and not forgive the country, on account of the fifty innocent ones who are in it?
 
GENESIS 18:25
JPS 18:25 That be far from Thee to do after this manner, to slay the righteous with the wicked, that so the righteous should be as the wicked; that be far from Thee; shall not the judge of all the earth do justly?'
ONK 18:25 More true are Thy judgments than that Thou shouldst do a thing like that, to destroy the just with the guilty, and that the just should be as the guilty! Thy judgments are true! Can the Judge of all the earth but do justice?
PAL 18:25 Unholy would it be before Thee to do according to this word, to slay the innocent with the guilty, and to make the innocent to be as the guilty! That be unholy with Thee. It cannot be that One who is the Judge of all the earth should not do justice.
 
GENESIS 18:26
JPS 18:26 And the LORD said: 'If I find in Sodom fifty righteous within the city, then I will forgive all the place for their sake.'
ONK 18:26 And the Lord said, If I find in Sedom fifty righteous in the midst of the city, I will spare all the place for their sake.(81)
PAL 18:26 And the Lord said, If I find in Sedom fifty innocent in the midst of the city who pray before Me, I will forgive all the land on their account.
 
GENESIS 18:27
JPS 18:27 And Abraham answered and said: 'Behold now, I have taken upon me to speak unto the Lord, who am but dust and ashes.
ONK 18:27 And Abraham answered and said, Behold, I have done a great thing, to speak before the Lord, and I dust and ashes!
PAL 18:27 And Abraham responded, and said, I pray for mercy. Behold, now, I have begun to speak before the Lord; I, who am as dust and ashes.
 
GENESIS 18:28
JPS 18:28 Peradventure there shall lack five of the fifty righteous; wilt Thou destroy all the city for lack of five?' And He said: 'I will not destroy it, if I find there forty and five.'
ONK 18:28 Perhaps of the fifty righteous there may be wanting five: shall all the city perish through five? And He said, I will not destroy, if I find there forty and five.
PAL 18:28 Perhaps of the fifty innocent persons, five may be wanting. On account of the five who may be wanting to Zoar, wilt Thou destroy the whole city? And He said, I will not destroy it, if I find there forty and five.
 
GENESIS 18:29
JPS 18:29 And he spoke unto Him yet again, and said: 'Peradventure there shall be forty found there.' And He said: 'I will not do it for the forty's sake.'
ONK 18:29 And he added yet to speak before Him, and said, Perhaps forty may be found there. And He said, I will not make the end on account of the forty.
PAL 18:29 And he added yet to speak before Him, and said, Perhaps there may be forty found there; ten for each city of the four cities, and Zoar, whose guilt is lighter, forgive thou for Thy mercy's sake. And he said, I will not make an end for the sake of the forty innocent ones.
 
GENESIS 18:30
JPS 18:30 And he said: 'Oh, let not the Lord be angry, and I will speak. Peradventure there shall thirty be found there.' And He said: 'I will not do it, if I find thirty there.'
ONK 18:30 And he said, Let not the anger of the Lord now kindle, and I will speak. Perhaps thirty shall be found there. And He said, I will not make the end if I find there thirty.
PAL 18:30 And he said, Let not the displeasure of the Lord, the Lord of all the world, wax strong against me, and I will speak. Perhaps thirty who pray may be found there, ten for each of the three cities, and Zeboim and Zoar forgive them for Thy mercy's sake. And He said, I will not make an end if I find thirty there.
 
GENESIS 18:31
JPS 18:31 And he said: 'Behold now, I have taken upon me to speak unto the Lord. Peradventure there shall be twenty found there.' And He said: 'I will not destroy it for the twenty's sake.'
ONK 18:31 And he said, Behold, I have done a great thing to speak before the Lord: perhaps twenty shall be found there. And He said, I will not destroy for the sake of twenty.
PAL 18:31 And he said, Imploring mercy, I have now begun to speak before the Lord, the Lord of all the world. Perhaps twenty who pray may be found; ten in each of the two cities, and the three forgive Thou for Thy mercy's sake! And He said, I will not destroy for the sake of the twenty innocent.
 
GENESIS 18:32
JPS 18:32 And he said: 'Oh, let not the Lord be angry, and I will speak yet but this once. Peradventure ten shall be found there.' And He said: 'I will not destroy it for the ten's sake.'
ONK 18:32 And he said, Let not now the anger of the Lord kindle, and I will speak only this time: perhaps ten may be found there. And He said, I will not destroy for the sake of the ten!
PAL 18:32 And he said, I implore mercy before Thee! Let not the anger of the Lord, the Lord of all the world, grow strong, and I will speak only this time. Perhaps ten may be found there; and I and they will pray for mercy upon all the land, and Thou wilt forgive them. And He said, I will not destroy for the sake of the ten who may be innocent.
 
GENESIS 18:33
JPS 18:33 And the LORD went His way, as soon as He had left off speaking to Abraham; and Abraham returned unto his place.
ONK 18:33 And the Glory of the Lord ascended when He had ceased to speak with Abraham, and Abraham returned to his place.
PAL 18:33 And the majesty of the Lord went up when He had ceased to speak with Abraham; and Abraham returned to his place.
 
Genesis 17 JPS TOC Comparison TOC Targums TOC Genesis 19

 

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