Table of Contents

Notes on Revelation

Babylon 3
New York City, September 11, 2001

7 Tishri 5762
September 24, 2001

Revelation 18

9 And the kings of the earth, who have committed fornication and lived deliciously with her, shall bewail her, and lament for her, when they shall see the smoke of her burning, 10 Standing afar off for the fear of her torment, saying, Alas, alas, that great city Babylon, that mighty city! for in one hour is thy judgment come. 11 And the merchants of the earth shall weep and mourn over her; for no man buyeth their merchandise any more: 12 The merchandise of gold (5557),

5557 crusoV chrusos khroo-sos'

perhaps from the base of 5530 (through the idea of the utility of the metal), gold;

AV-gold 13; 13

1) precious things made of gold, golden ornaments
         1a) an image made of gold
         1b) stamped gold, gold coin


5530 craomai chraomai khrah'-om-ahee

middle voice of a primary verb (perhaps rather from 5495, to handle);

AV-use 10, entreat 1; 11

1) to receive a loan
2) borrow
3) to take for one's use, to use
         3a) to make use of a thing

and silver (696),

696 arguroV arguros ar'-goo-ros

from argos (shining);

AV-silver 5; 5

1) silver
          1a) #1Co 3:12 refers to the silver with which the columns of noble buildings
                    were covered and the rafters adorned
          1b) things made of silver
                    1b1) vessels
                    1b2) images of gods


1 Corinthians 3:12 Now if any man build upon this foundation gold, silver, precious stones, wood, hay, stubble; 13 Every man's work shall be made manifest: for the day shall declare it, because it shall be revealed by fire; and the fire shall try every man's work of what sort it is. 14 If any man's work abide which he hath built thereupon, he shall receive a reward. 15 If any man's work shall be burned, he shall suffer loss: but he himself shall be saved; yet so as by fire.

and precious (5093)

5093 timioV timios tim'-ee-os including the comparative timiwteroV timioteros tim-ee-o'-ter-os and the superlative timiwtatoV timiotatos tim-ee-o'-tat-os

from 5092;

AV-precious 8, most precious 2, more precious 1, dear 1, honourable 1, had in reputation 1; 14

1) as of great price, precious
2) held in honour, esteemed, especially dear


5092 timh time tee-may'

from 5099;

AV-honour 35, price 8, sum 1, precious 1; 43

1) a valuing by which the price is fixed
          1a) of the price itself
          1b) of the price paid or received for a person or thing bought or sold
2) honour which belongs or is shown to one
          2a) of the honour which one has by reason of rank and state of office
          which he holds
          2b) deference, reverence


5099 tinw tino tee'-no strengthened for a primary tiw tio tee'-o (which is only used as an alternate in certain tenses)

AV-be punished+1349 1; 1

1) to pay, to recompense
2) to pay penalty, suffer punishment

stones (3037),

3037 liqoV lithos lee'-thos

apparently a primary word;

AV-stone 49, one stone 4, another 4, stumbling stone+4348 2, mill stone+3457 1; 60

1) a stone
          1a) of small stones
          1b) of building stones
          1c) metaph. of Christ

and of pearls, and fine linen, and purple, and silk, and scarlet, and all thyine wood, and all manner vessels of ivory, and all manner vessels of most precious wood, and of brass, and iron, and marble, 13 And cinnamon, and odours, and ointments, and frankincense, and wine, and oil, and fine flour, and wheat, and beasts, and sheep, and horses, and chariots (4480),

4480 reda rheda hred'-ah

of Latin origin;

AV-chariot 1; 1

1) a chariot, a type of vehicle having four wheels

and slaves (4983),

4983 swma soma so'-mah

from 4982;

AV-body 144, bodily 1, slave 1; 146

1) the body both of men or animals
          1a) a dead body or corpse
          1b) the living body
                    1b1) of animals
2) the bodies of planets and of stars (heavenly bodies)
3) is used of a (large or small) number of men closely united into one society, or family as it were; a social, ethical, mystical body
          3a) so in the NT of the church
4) that which casts a shadow as distinguished from the shadow itself


4982 swzw sozo sode'-zo

from a primary sos (contraction for obsolete saos, "safe");

AV-save 93, make whole 9, heal 3, be whole 2, misc 3; 110

1) to save, keep safe and sound, to rescue from danger or destruction
          1a) one (from injury or peril)
                    1a1) to save a suffering one (from perishing), i.e. one suffering
                    from disease, to make well, heal, restore to health
                    1b1) to preserve one who is in danger of destruction, to save or rescue
          1b) to save in the technical biblical sense
                    1b1) negatively
                              1b1a) to deliver from the penalties of the Messianic judgment
                              1b1b) to save from the evils which obstruct the reception of the
                              Messianic deliverance

and souls of men. 14 And the fruits (3703)

3703 opwra opora op-o'-rah

apparently from the base of 3796 and 5610;

AV-fruit 1; 1

1) the season which succeeds summer, from the rising of Sirius to that of Arcturus, i.e. from late summer, early autumn, our dog days
2) ripe fruits (of trees)

that thy soul lusted after are departed from thee, and all things which were dainty (3045)

3045 liparoV liparos lip-ar-os'

from lipos (grease);

AV-dainty 1; 1

1) things which pertain to a sumptuous and delicate style of living

and goodly (2986)

2986 lamproV lampros lam-pros'

from the same as 2985;

AV-bright 2, goodly 2, white 2, gorgeous 1, gay 1, clear 1; 9

1) shining
          1a) brilliant
          1b) clear, transparent
2) splendid, magnificent
          2a) splendid things i.e. luxuries or elegancies in dress or style

are departed from thee, and thou shalt find them no more at all. 15 The merchants (1713)

1713 emporoV emporos em'-por-os

from 1722 and the base of 4198;

AV-merchant 5; 5

1) one on a journey, whether by sea or by land, esp. for trade
2) a merchant as opposed to a retailer or petty tradesman

of these things, which were made rich by her, shall stand afar off for the fear (5401)

5401 foboV phobos fob'-os

from a primary phebomai (to be put in fear);

AV-fear 41, terror 3, misc 3; 47

1) fear, dread, terror
          1a) that which strikes terror
2) reverence for one's husband

of her torment, weeping and wailing, 16 And saying, Alas, alas, that great city, that was clothed in fine linen, and purple, and scarlet, and decked with gold, and precious stones, and pearls! 17 For in one hour so great riches is come to nought. And every shipmaster, and all the company in ships, and sailors, and as many as trade by sea, stood afar off, 18 And cried when they saw the smoke of her burning, saying, What city is like unto this great city!

The World Trade Center, also known as the "Twin Towers," was built as a result of a massive urban renewal project sponsored by the Port Authority of New York. Begun in 1966 and completed in 1970, the 16-acre site is the center of international trade and commerce. At least 50,000 people work at the World Trade Center and another 70,000 visit each day.

The Center consists of two 110-story (1350 feet each) office towers (One and Two World Trade Center), a 47-story office building (Seven World Trade Center), two nine-story office buildings (Four and Five World Trade Center), an eight-story U.S. Customhouse (Six World Trade Center), and the 22-story New York Marriott World Trade Center Hotel (Three World Trade Center).

The buildings are located around the 5-acre Austin J. Tobin Plaza. The World Trade Center Mall, located immediately below the plaza, hosts a wide range of shops and restaurants.

Following are the businesses that had offices in the two 110-story towers of the World Trade Center that collapsed after terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001.

Abad, Castilla and Mallonga, Attorneys 
Adecco SA, Employment Agencies 
AFXpress, Publishing  
Agricor Commodities Corp. - CF, Investments   
A I G Aviation Brokerage, Inc., Insurance Agencies 
Airport Access Program -CF, Banks/Financial Institutions 
Alan Anthony - CF, Business Consultants 
Alliance Consulting, Business Consultants   
Allstate Insurance Company, Insurance Agencies 
American Bureau of Shipping, Engineers 
American Lota International - CF, Transportation/Utilities 
American TCC Int'l Group, Inc., Investments 
Amerson Group Co., Inc. , Organizations 
Ann Taylor Loft  
Anne Pope, Law Offices of, Attorneys 
Antal International, Inc., Employment Agencies 
AON Corporation, Insurance Agencies   
Aramark, Concessions  
Asahi Bank, Ltd., Banks/Financial Institutions 
ASTDC, Inc., Organizations 
AT&T Corporation, Telecommunication 
Atlantic Bank of New York, Banks/Financial Institutions 
Auto Imperial Co., Wholesalers 
Avenir, Inc., Computer Services 
Avesta Computer Services, Ltd., Data Processing 
Baltic Oil Corporation,    
Banco LatinoAmericano de Exportaciones, Banks/Financial Institutions 
Bank of America, Banks/Financial Institutions   
Bank of Taiwan, Banks/Financial Institutions 
Barcley Dwyer  
The Beast.Comm, Computer Services 
Law Office of Joseph Bellard, Attorneys  
Berel & Mullen, Attorneys 
Big A Travel Agency, Travel Agencies/Tours 
Blue Sky Technologies, Inc., Computer Services 
Bramax Manufacturing (USA) Corp., Wholesalers 
Bright China Capital, Ltd., Investments 
C & P Press, Business Services 
California Bank & Trust, Banks/Financial Institutions 
Can-Achieve, Business Consultants 
Candia Shipping, Wholesalers   
Cantor Fitzgerald Securities, Investments 
Career Engine, Research 
Carr Futures  
Caserta & Company  
Cedar Capital Management Associates, Inc.  
Cedel Bank, Investments 
Chang HWA Commercial Bank, Banks/Financial Institutions 
Channel 2 (WCBS), Cable/Television 
Channel 4 (NBC), Cable/Television 
Channel 5 (WNYW), Cable/Television 
Channel 11 (WPIX), Cable/Television 
Channel 31 (WBIS), Cable/Television 
Channel 47 (WNJU), Cable/Television 
Charna Chemicals, Inc., Manufacturing 
Charoen Pokphand USA, Inc., Transportation/Utilities 
Chen, Lin, Li, & Jiang, LLP, Investments 
Cheng Cheng Enterprises Holding Inc, Retailers 
Cheng Xiang Trading USA Inc., Computer Services 
Chicago Options Exchange Corp., Investments 
China Chamber of Commerce, Inc., Organizations 
China Construction America, Inc., Construction 
China Daily Distribution Corp., Business Services 
China Patent & Trademark USA, Attorneys   
China Resource Products USA Ltd.    
The Chugoku Bank, Ltd., Banks/Financial Institutions 
CIIC Group (USA), Ltd., Investments   
Colortek Kodak Imaging Center, Business Services 
Commerzbank Capital Markets, Investments   
Commodity Futures Trading Commission, Investments 
The Company Store, Retailers 
Consolidated Steelex Corp., Manufacturing 
Continental Insurance Company  
Continental Logistics, Inc., Business Services 
Corporation Service Company  
The Cultural Institutions Retirement Systems, Trusts 
Daehan Intertional, Investments 
Dahao USA Corp, Wholesalers 
Dai-Ichi Kangyo Trust Co., Trusts   
Data Transmission Network Corp.  
David Peterson, Attorneys 
Dayrd & Van Thunen Co., Insurance Agencies 
December First Productions, LLC  
Delta Airlines, Transportation/Utilities   
Dempsey, Myers & Company, CPA firm
Dongwon Securities Co. Ltd., Investments 
Dow Jones & Company, Inc., Printers/Publishers
Drinker Biddle & Reath, Attorneys 
Dun & Bradstreet, Inc., Research 
Dunavant Commodity Corp, Investments 
eMeritus Communications, Telecommunication 
Empire Health Choice, Insurance Agencies   
Employee Merit, Employment Agencies 
EuroBrokers, Inc., Investments 
Fertitta Enterprises  
Fiduciary Trust Company International, Banks/Financial Institutions   
Fireman's Fund Insurance Company, Insurance Agencies 
First Commercial Bank, Banks/Financial Institutions 
First Liberty Investment Group, Investments 
Fred Alger Magement, Inc., Investments 
Frenkel & Company, Inc., Insurance Agencies   
Friends Ivory & Sime, Inc., Investments 
Friends Villas Fischer Trust, Investments 
Fuji Bank, Banks/Financial Institutions   
Garban Intercapital  
Garban-Intercapital, Investments   
Gayer Shyu & Wiesel, Investments 
Gayer, Shyu & Wiesel, Accountants 
G.C. Services, Collection Agencies 
Geiger & Geiger, Attorneys 
General Telecommunications  
Gibbs & Hill, Engineers 
Global Crossings Holdings Ltd., Computer Services 
Globe Tour & Travel, Travel Agencies/Tours 
Golden King (USA) Limited, Transportation/Utilities 
Gold Sky Inc., Manufacturing 
Government of Thailand  
Greatest Bar on Earth  
Guy Carpenter, Insurance Agencies 
G. Z. Stephens, Inc., Employment Agencies 
Hal Roth Agency, Inc., Insurance Agencies 
Harris Beach LLP, Attorneys 
Hartford Steam Boiler, Insurance Agencies 
Hill Betts & sh, LLP, Attorneys 
Howly (US) Corporation,  
Hua Nan Commercial Bank Ltd., Banks/Financial Institutions 
Hu Tong International (USA) Co., Ltd., Wholesalers 
Hyundai Securities Co., Ltd., Investments 
Instinet, Inc., Investments   
Intera Group Inc., Employment Agencies 
International Office Centers Corporation, Business Services 
International Trade Center, Inc., Public Relations Agencies 
Intrust Investment Realty, Inc.,  
J & X Tans International, Transportation/Utilities 
Johnston & Murphy,  
Julien J. Studley, Inc., Real Estate 
Jun He Law Office, LLC, Attorneys 
Kaiser Overseas Inc., Manufacturing 
Kanebo Information Systems Corp., U, Computer Services 
Karoon Capital Magement, Investments 
M.A. Katz, CPA, Accountants 
Keefe, Bruyette & Woods, Investments   
Keenan Powers & Andrews, Attorneys 
Kemper Insurance Companies, Insurance Agencies 
Kidder Peabody & Co.  
KITC, Investments 
Korea Local Authorities Foundation for Intertional, Government/Schools 
Koudis International Inc., Transportation/Utilities 
Landmark Education Corporation, Government/Schools 
Lava Trading, LLC    
Leeds & Morrelli, Attorneys 
Lehman Brothers    
LG Insurance Company
LG Securities America, Inc., Investments 
Lief International USA, Manufacturing 
LoCurto & Funk, Inc., Investments 
John W. Loofbourrow Associates, Inc, Investments 
MAA Trading Group, Inc., Investments 
Mancini Duffy, Architects   
Marsh USA, Inc., Insurance Agencies   
Martin Progressive LLC, Computer Services 
May Davis Group, Investments 
John J. McMullen Associates, Inc., Engineers 
Mechanical Floor  
Meganet Management Consultants, Inc, Computer Services 
Meridian Ventures Holding, Inc.,  
Metropolitan Life Insurance Co., Insurance Agencies 
MIS Service Co.  
MLU Investment  
Morgan Stanley, Investments   
Mutual International Forwarding, Transportation/Utilities 
National Development & Research Institute, Research 
Natural Nydegger Transport Corp., Transportation/Utilities 
Network Plus, Telecommunication 
New Continental Enterprises, Transportation/Utilities 
New-ey International Corp., Business Services 
New York Stock Exchange, Inc.    
NFA/GGG, Inc.,  
Nichols Foundation, Inc., Government/Schools 
Nikko Securities, Banks/Financial Institutions 
The Nishi-Nippon Bank, Ltd., Banks/Financial Institutions 
Noga Commodities Overseas, Inc., Investments 
NY Coffee Station  
N.Y. Institute of Finance Business Consultants 
NY Metro Transportation Council, Government/Schools 
N.Y. Shipping Association, Transportation/Utilities 
N.Y. Society of Security Analysts, Government/Schools 
NY State Department of Taxation & Finance, Government/Schools 
Okasan International (American) Inc., Investments 
Okato Shoji Company, Ltd., Computer Services 
Olympia Airport Express    
Oppenheimer Funds, Inc., Investments   
Orient International  
Overseas Union Bank, Ltd., Banks/Financial Institutions 
Pace University, Government/Schools 
Pacific American Co., Wholesalers 
Pacrim Trading & Shipping, Inc., Transportation/Utilities 
Paging Network of New York, Telecommunication 
Patinka International (USA) Inc., Business Services 
PASS Consulting Group  
Pines Investment, Inc.  
Porcella Vicini & Co., Transportation/Utilities 
Port Authority of New York & New Jersey, Government/Schools 
Primarch Decision Economics, Business Consultants 
Professiol Assistance & Consulting, Business Consultants 
Prospect International, Inc.  
Pure Energy Corp., Wholesalers   
P. Wolfe Consultants, Business Consultants 
Quint Amasis, L.L.C., Business Services 
R.H. Wrightson & Associates, Inc., Investments 
Rachel & Associates, Inc., Manufacturing 
James T. Ratner, Law Office of, Attorneys 
Reginaol Alliance Small Contractors, Construction 
Regus Business Centres, Employment Agencies 
RGL Gallagher PC, Accountants 
RLI Insurance Company, Insurance Agencies 
Rohde & Liesenfeld, Inc., Transportation/Utilities 
Law Offices of Roman V. Popik, Attorneys 
Royal Thai Embassy Office, Government/Schools 
Sandler O'Neill & Partners, Investments 
San-In Godo Bank Ltd., Banks/Financial Institutions 
Sassoons Inc.  
SCOR U.S. Corporation, Insurance Agencies   
The SCPIE Companies  
Seabury & Smith, Insurance Agencies 
Securant Technologies, Computer Services 
Security Traders Association, Inc., Organizations 
Serko & Simon, Attorneys 
Shizuoka Bank Ltd., Banks/Financial Institutions 
Showtime Pictures, Business Services   
Sidley Austin, Brown & Wood, L.L.P., Attorneys 
Sinochem American Holdings, Inc., Investments 
Sinolion (USA)  
Sinopec USA, Inc., Wholesalers 
Sitailong International USA, Inc.  
SMW Trading Corp., Investments 
Strategic Communications, Inc., Telecommunication 
Strawberry, Retailers 
Streamline Capital, LLC  
Suggested Open Systems, Inc., Computer Services 
Sun Microsystems, Inc., Computer Services   
Suntendy America, Inc., Wholesalers 
T&T Enterprises International Inc, Miscellaneous 
Tai Fook Securities, Investments 
Taipei Bank, Banks/Financial Institutions 
TD Waterhouse Group, Inc., Investments 
Thacher, Proffitt & Wood, Attorneys 
Temenos USA, Inc., Wholesalers   
Tes USA, Inc., Investments 
Thai Farmers Bank, Banks/Financial Institutions 
Thermo Electron  
ThinkPath, Employment Agencies 
Dr. Tadasu Tokumaru, M.D., Doctors 
Tower Computer Service, Retailers 
Traders Access Center, Investments 
Trading Technologies, Inc., Software
Turner Construction Company, Construction 
Unicom Capital Advisors LLP, Investments   
Union Bank of California International, Banks/Financial Institutions 
Unistrat Corporation of America, Business Consultants 
United Hercules Inc., Travel Agencies/Tours 
United Seamen's Service AMMLA, Social Services 
Verizon Communications, Telecommunication 
Wai Gao Qiao USA, Inc., Business Consultants 
Wall Street Planning Association  
The Washington Group  
Washington Mutual, Inc.  
Waterfront Commission of New York Harbor, Government/Schools 
Weatherly Securities Corp., Investments 
Weiland International, Investments 
The Williams Capital Group  
Windows on the World, Retailers 
W.J. Export-Import, Inc., Wholesalers 
World Trade Centers Association, Organizations 
World Trade Club  
World Trade Institute  
World Travel, Travel Agencies/Tours 
Xcel Federal Credit Union, Banks/Financial Institutions 
Xerox Document Company, Manufacturing 
Yong Ren America, Inc.  
Zim-American Israeli Shipping Co., Transportation/Utilities 
Richard A. Zimmerman, Esq. Attorneys

Prayers, Hope Fill Yankee Stadium

Copyright 2001 by The Associated Press
Mon, 24 Sep 2001

NEW YORK (AP) -- Americans turned to their churches, synagogues, mosques, temples and even one of the city's baseball fields in hope that religion would offer a roadmap out of horror.

Sunday's special focus was on the interfaith ``A Prayer for America'' service at New York's Yankee Stadium. The nationally televised event was held especially for the families of victims and the rescue workers who've become heroes to a weary city and nation.

The event -- part sacred and part secular, both a patriotic rally and prayer meeting -- was led by several celebrities but was essentially a community affair, unlike the inter-religious service Sept. 14 at Washington's National Cathedral.


The carefully balanced religious roster also included leaders of local Hindu and Sikh temples, black and white Protestant pastors, Armenian and Greek Orthodox archbishops, and male and female Jewish rabbis.

The master of ceremonies was television's Oprah Winfrey, who added a New Age touch, saying ``when you lose a loved one you gain an angel whose name you know.'' On Sept. 11, she said, ``6,000 angels were added to the spiritual roster.''


New York (city)

New York, the largest city in the United States...Manhattan, the most densely populated borough and the city's economic and cultural center, is often considered to be synonymous with New York City....New York is the location of the headquarters for many leading U.S. business firms, as well as the U.S. television and radio broadcasting industry, and it is the home of the United Nations. Most banks and brokerage firms and the exchanges--the New York and American stock exchanges, the commodity exchanges, and the maritime exchange--are found in the Wall Street area, a world financial center. The city is also the largest wholesale trade center in the United States; cereals, furs, produce, paper, meat, and leather are the main commodities. Retail trade in New York is centered in midtown Manhattan...In the manufacturing sector, the garment and publishing industries are the two largest and best-known industries in New York, and petrochemicals, processed foods, metal goods, electrical machinery, paper products, and leather goods are also produced...A hub of U.S. and world transportation, New York has one of the world's finest natural harbors. It is ice-free year-round and deep enough to enable large ships to reach its piers regardless of the tide. The port has 931 km (578 mi) of direct water frontage, with an additional 411 km (255 mi) in the adjacent New Jersey bays...The city operates the nation's largest public education system, with nearly 1,000 schools administered by a 7-member board of education and 32 local boards. The City University of New York comprises 19 senior and junior colleges, among them Brooklyn, Hunter, Queens, and City. Among the private universities are Columbis, Fordham, New York, Yeshiva, branches of some Long Island universities, and Barnard College. Numerous hospitals and several major medical-research centers, including Rockefeller University and the Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, are located in New York City...One of New York's most famous streets, Broadway begins in lower Manhattan at Battery Park and traverses the island for its entire length. Downtown, Broadway passes through the Wall Street and City Hall areas. At Broadway and 34th Street, Macy's, one of the world's largest department stores, marks the heart of the garment district. Seventh Avenue intersects Broadway immediately north of 42d Street at Times Square...Farther north on Broadway, between 62d and 66th Streets, is Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts. In the Columbia University area, to the east of Broadway north of 110th Street, is the Cathedral of Saint John the Divine, the largest Gothic-style cathedral in the world...Fifth Avenue is known for its department stores and elegant residences. It is also the site of several world-famous art museums...contains a wide variety of other museums...Lower Fifth Avenue ends in Washington Square Park, a focal point of the area known as Greenwich Village, long associated with the city's artistic community. South of Greenwich Village lies SoHo, also an artists' and writers' neighborhood. Lower Manhattan is the location of the Woolworth Building, the World Trade Center (its twin towers are the tallest buildings in the city), and Fraunces Tavern (1719). The United Nations Headquarters, on the East River at 42d Street, occupies a 7-ha (18-acre) plot. The complex includes parks, sculptures, and a riverfront promenade...sports [are] one of the major businesses in the city...Following the American Revolution, from 1785 to 1790, New York served as the capital of the United States. There Washington was inaugurated president in 1789. New York was also the capital of New York State until 1796, when the seat of government was moved to Albany.

Grolier Electronic Publishing, Inc., 1995

New York City has been called "The Promised Land"...Busy little tugs dart here and there; lazy, loaded scows pull out to sea; heavy freighters carry the corn or the meat of the Middle West across the seas or bring to port coffee and tea and luxuries for our table; queenly liners, tourist-laden, are bound for European ports or for the Orient...Landing on Manhattan, [you] will quickly be in the midst of man's greatest achievements in the fields of science and engineering; for here are some of the finest examples of modern bridge building, numerous tunnels cut through the solid rock on which the city is built, and the tallest structures in the world...The shores of Manhattan Island are lined with docks and wharves of the largest steamship lines in the world...

The Wonderland of Knowledge Encyclopedia, 1965


Lance J. Sussman, Department of History,
Binghamton University
State University of New York, Binghamton, NY

New York State is the location of both the oldest and largest Jewish community in North America. With nearly 2 million Jews, New York City alone accounts for over one-third of all Jews in the United States. At present, New York City remains the principal port of entry and site of settlement for new Jewish immigrants to the United States including Iranian, Israeli and Russian Jews. New York City is widely viewed as both the organizational and cultural "capital" of the American Jewish community with the majority of major American Jewish organizations maintaining their offices in Manhattan. Indeed, New York City has played such an outstanding role in American Jewish history that it is often difficult to separate local New York Jewish history from the larger national picture.


Rabbi to American Jews: Time to Come Home!

Rabbi Shmuel Eliyahu, Chief Rabbi of the Galilee city of Tsfat, made the following remarks on Arutz-7 two days after the catastrophic attacks in the United States:

“The perpetrators of these attacks are, amazingly, people who just love death. As the verse says, "Those who hate Me [G-d] love death." We, on the other hand, love life, we constantly pray for life, and especially during these High Holy days we say, Remember us for Life, Inscribe us in the Book of Life, etc. G-d, too, loves life. His Temple is totally dedicated to life, we are not permitted to bring corpses into it, even one who touched a dead body, or one who touched one who touched a dead body, etc., is not permitted to enter the Holy Temple. Even stones cut by tools that could be used for war are not permitted to be used for the Temple. On the other hand, many monasteries have skeletons and crypts, and the Arabs bury their dead in their holiest sites, such as Feisal Husseini recently. These people simply love to see death.

"We know that Eretz Yisrael is the place on which, as the Torah says, G-d’s eyes are directed "from the beginning of the year until the end of the year." It is simply the place of Divine Providence, and we know that this is true, as we have seen so many miracles here over the past year. The Jews in America have helped us greatly over the years, and now it is our turn to help them. We have absorbed so many new immigrants over the past years, and we can do so again with American Jewry. It is time for us to tell our brothers in America, “You have nothing to do there - come home!”

New York's attractions are almost innumerable--enough to draw over 17 million visitors per year--but they include 150 museums, 400 art galleries, 38 Broadway theaters, and scores of concert halls, clubs, and dance halls. In addition there are 780 landmark buildings, 50 landmark interiors, and 51 historic districts...The city leads the nation in the arts, fashion, advertising, banking and financial services, publishing, broadcasting, and certain of the service industries; it is the home of the UN General Assembly; and there are 87 colleges and universities...Manufactured products comprise apparel, chemicals, metal products, and printing.

The Universal Almanac, 1992


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