King Hussein of Jordan
The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan
National Holiday - May 25, Independence Day
"Hashemite" derived from Hashem, the name of the prophet Muhammed's grandfather and means "descended from Muhammed"--a descent claimed by Jordan's ruling family
[The Jews use the word "Hashem" ("the Name") when speaking of God.]
The Temple Mount Today
The 35 acre site is under the control of the The Supreme Moslem Council - the Waqf, under the Hussein family of Jordan. Even though Israel took all of Jerusalem in 1967, this concession was made by Moshe dyan to keep peace.
(Prophecy Central, www.bible-prophecy.com/templenotes.htm)
An initial excitement stirred when the Jordanian forces took the walled city in 1948 as evidenced by the Coptic bishop's crowning King Abdallah as "King of Jerusalem" in November of that year.
(Jerusalem Temple Mount, www.templemount.org)
Old City fight highlights tension between Jordan-PA
by BILL HUTMAN
JERUSALEM (September 22) -- Jordanian-Palestinian Authority tensions over control of Al-Aksa Mosque and the Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem were ignited again on Friday, when pro-PA youths damaged two plaques at the site praising Jordan's King Hussein, and exchanged blows with Wakf guards.
Seven persons were injured in the fight at the end of noon prayers on Friday, the largest prayer session of the week, according to a police spokeswoman. Two of the Palestinian youths who allegedly damaged the plaques were detained yesterday by police, the spokeswoman said.
The plaques, which praised King Hussein for renovating the Dome of the Rock and proclaimed Jordanian control over the site, were destroyed for the first time only several months ago by Palestinian youths who reject the king's claim, and want PA control there.
According to Palestinian sources, new plaques were put up again about a month ago, near the entrance to the Dome of the Rock, by order of the Jordanian Ministry of the Wakf, which officially oversees the site.
A Wakf guard watches over the plaques virtually at all times the site is open to the public, according to the sources. On Friday, a gang of youths pushed aside the guard and began destroying the plaques, and then exchanged blows with other guards who rushed to the scene.
Israel until now has largely stayed out of the tug-of-war between Jordan and the PA over the mosques, located on the Temple Mount. Government officials, however, are closely watching recent development, concerned they could flare up to even larger disputes than occurred Friday.
(Jerusalem Post, 1996)
JORDAN TO REASSERT IT'S AUTHORITY OVER TEMPLE MOUNT:
(ZINC, Radio Jordan) 2/16/97
Prime Minister Abd-al-Karim al-Kabariti has pledged that his government will fully carry out an order by his majesty the king for Jordan's custody of Jerusalem's al-Aqsa Mosque, Islam's third holiest shrine.
In a cable to his majesty the king, Mr. al-Kabariti said the government would oversee implementation of the Hashemite initiative to take custody of the mosque's yards, corridors, and annexes.
He said: The offer would cover assigning guards, illuminating a prayer hall, and refurbishing the holy shrine's audio system.
The prime minister said his pledge, marking laylat al-Qadr, the 27th night of the holy fasting month of Ramadan, aims to keep al-Aqsa Mosque an Islamic landmark as a reasserting of Muslim and Arab rights in Jerusalem.
The Temple Mount in Jerusalem is a site with a long history of ritual importance, commencing with the Iron Age (10th cent. BCE) when King Solomon built a temple on this site. Throughout the following periods, the mount was used, almost continually, as the site of three Jewish temples (Solomon, Neherm'ah, Herod), a pagan temple (Roman Period), as the site of Islamic mosques and holy place (from 8th cent. CE onwards), and for a short period as a Christian site (during the Crusader period). For centuries, the site has been of utmost religious importance, in particular to the Jews and Moslems, and to a lesser extent to the Christians. Both the Temple Mount itself and its immediate surroundings contain numerous finds of great archaeological and historical importance.
Since the Roman period (2nd CE), Jews did not have access to the Temple Mount. In light of this, the Western Wall, the closest spot to which they could approach the original position of the destroyed Jewish temples, became one of the most important places of worship for the Jews. The Western Wall is but one of the four monumental enclosure walls surrounding the Temple Mount, which were originally built in the 1st BCE - 1st CE by Herod the Great, King of Judea. At that time, Herod extensively expanded the Temple Mount, turning it into one of the most majestic religious sites in the Roman East. Though the Temple Mount underwent numerous destructions and rebuildings since the Herodian period, the course of the four enclosure walls (including the Western-Wall) has basically gone unchanged.
(The Western-Wall Tunnels: An Archaeological Appraisal
Aren M. Maeir, Archaeologist
Israel Antiquities Authority
For comprehension history of Jordan see information from: Country Studies/Area Handbook Program of the Federal Research Division of the Library of Congress (121k). Data as of 1989.
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