Prophecy and History
in Relation to the Messiah

The Warburton Lectures for 1880-1884

Alfred Edersheim





Lecture 1: On the Origin of Christianity in the Old Testament.
Method of InvestigationChristianity Appealed to Existing HopeEvidence of the Messianic HopeHope Intensified in SufferingBefore the Close of the CanonIn what Sense Christ was of His TimeOrigin of the Messianic IdeaThe Messianic Hope DavidicPost-Exilian HopesThe Priest-CodexRabbinism and the Messianic IdeaThe Idea of the Kingdom

Lecture 2: On the Kingdom of God as the Leading Idea of the Old Testament, and on Certain Recent Criticism Concerning the Arrangement and Date of the Canon
The Meaning of the Old TestamentThe Law and the ProphetsThe First PromiseThe Future and the PresentProphecy not Predicted HistoryProphetic TeachingThe Heathen DevelopmentThe Jewish DevelopmentIdeal Destiny of IsraelChrist and the Old TestamentUncertainties of Negative CriticismLiterary Difficulties of the TheoryCritical Difficulties of the Theory

Lecture 3: The Faith and Rites of the Primitive Church are Confirmed by Indubitable Christian, and by Important Non-Christian Evidence
Primitive Belief of the ChurchStatement of the ArgumentThe Primitive ChurchThe Two PeriodsTrustworthiness of Canonical WritersPauline References to the GospelsEvidence of the Gospel NarrativesTalmudic EvidenceTalmudic Notices of the ChurchRabbis and Early ChristiansJewish and Christian ControversyRabbis and Early Christians (Part 2)Christianity and the SynagogueMeetings for Religious DiscussionThe Testimony of JosephusThe Epistle of PlinyThe Testimony of PlinyThe Church of the New Testament

Lecture 4: On Some Fundamental Principles Regarding the Study of Prophecy and its Fulfillment, Together with Remarks on Certain Special Prophecies
The Question of the EunuchThe Fifty-Third Chapter of IsaiahReason of Fundamental DifferencesThe Fulfilment of ProphecyCharacter of ProphecyThe Interpretation of ProphecyThe Fulfilment of Prophecy (Part 2)Quotations in the New TestamentRevelation and ProphecyHebrew Terms for 'Prophet'Prophets and 'Sons of the Prophets'Prophet and SeerCharacter of Prophecy (Part 2)Prophecy to All GenerationsProphecies in the New TestamentThe Messianic Goal

Lecture 5: On Prophetism and Heathen Divination, the Moral Element in Old Testament Prophecy, and the Biblical Canons for Distinguishing the True from the False Prophet
Object of the Old TestamentHeathen DivinationProphecy and DivinationHeathenism and RevelationTest of the True ProphetThe Proclamation of GodTest of a False ProphetConditionalness of ProphecyUnderlying Spiritual RealitiesProphecy Points Beyond ItselfThe Terrible Contrast

Lecture 6: On the Spiritual Element in Prophecy: the Old Testament Pointed to a Spiritual Fulfillment in the Kingdom of God
Progression in ProphecyApostolic View of ProphecyStatement of ObjectionsProposed InterpretationSpirituality of Legal OrdinancesSacrificesThe 'Latter Days'The Present and the FutureThe Teaching of the PsalmsThe Prophetic FutureThe Dogmatic View of ProphecyDevelopment of Religious IdeasThe Great ContrastStages of HistoryIn the Days of Cæsar Augustus

Lecture 7: On the History of the Recent Criticism of the Pentateuch, and on Some Difficulties Connected with its Results
The System of AstrucThe Theory of EichhornThree Groups of CriticismThe 'Document-Hypothesis'The Theory of WellhausenHistoric Grounds of the TheoryThe Theory of Wellhausen (Part 2)Composition of the PentateuchGeneral ObjectionsSequences of the TheoryGeneral Objections (Part 2)Weight of the ArgumentFurther Sequences of the TheoryErroneous AnalogiesOriginal Institutions of IsraelSuggestions of Negative CriticismCritical Conclusions

Lecture 8: Some Further Considerations Regarding the Composition and Date of the Pentateuch
Composition of the PentateuchGeneral StatementThe State of IsraelSacrificial WorshipIn the Wilderness and in CanaanThe Settlement in CanaanHindrances to Mosaic InstitutionsRemnants of Theocratic InstitutionsReligious Institutions in CanaanReligious Observances in CanaanReligious Observances in IsraelPrimitive Legislation ProbableQuestions RaisedThe Linguistic ArgumentTwo Branches of the ArgumentPriests and Prophets—Prophetic References to the LawEzekiel and the 'Priest-Code'Evidence of Mosaic LegislationPrimitive LawsLater Rabbinic ModificationsLater Elements

Lecture 9: The Messianic Idea in the Later Stages of Israel's History: the Apocrypha and Their Relation to the Past and the Future
Post Exilian LiteratureThe Septuagint and ApocryphaEarliest ApocryphaThe Formative PeriodResults of the ExileJudaism and HellenismApocrypha and the Old TestamentCharacter and Date of ApocryphaDogmatics of the ApocryphaCritical and Literary QuestionsThe 'Time-Spirit' in the ApocryphaThe Messianic Hope

Lecture 10: On the Different Movements of National Life in Palestine in their Bearing on the Messianic Idea; on the Nationalist Movement in its Connection with Pseudepigraphic Literature: the Pseudepigrapha, and their Character
The Messianic HopeChanges in the Messianic IdeaThe Period of the ExileAfter the Exile—The Nationalist MovementChrist and All Other TeachersNationalist VisionsThe Nationalists and the ChurchCharacter of the PseudepigraphaPseudepigrapha and the Church

Lecture 11: Analysis and Contents of the Pseudepigraphic Writings; Their Teaching Concerning the Messiah and Messianic Times
The PseudepigraphaInterest of this LiteratureIts Messianic TeachingMessianic TimesThe Signs of MessiahThe Teaching of Christ

Lecture 12: The Last Stage in Messianic Prophecy: John the Baptist; His Character and Preaching. The Fulfillment in Christ
The Character of the BaptistThe Testimony of JohnThe Preaching of the BaptistJohn not a FanaticThe Preaching of JohnOld Testament ReferencesThe Great Fulfilment

1. Eichhorn's Arrangement of Genesis
2. Analysis of the Pentateuch and of its Criticism
Orthodox ViewModern ReconstructionModern HypothesisWellhausen's QPRabbinic Modifications


This book has been edited.
Copyright 2006-2021 JCR