Comparison of Pentateuch:
Jewish Publication Society 1917
Targum Jonathan Ben Uziel:
The Chaldee Paraphrase on
The Prophet Isaiah
C. W. H. Pauli (1871)


Chapter 28

[1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10]
[11] [12] [13] [14] [15] [16] [17] [18] [19] [20]
[21] [22] [23] [24] [25] [26] [27] [28] [29]



Isaiah 27 JPS TOC Comparison TOC Targum TOC Isaiah 29
Isaiah 28:1
JPS 28:1 Woe to the crown of pride of the drunkards of Ephraim, And to the fading flower of his glorious beauty, Which is on the head of the fat valley of them that are smitten down with wine!
TJBU 28:1 Woe that He gave a crown to the proud and foolish prince of Israel, and that He gave a diadem to the wicked of the house of the sanctuary of His praise; they who are at the head of the valley of fatness are smitten with wine.
Isaiah 28:2
JPS 28:2 Behold, the Lord hath a mighty and strong one, As a storm of hail, a tempest of destruction, As a storm of mighty waters overflowing, That casteth down to the earth with violence.
TJBU 28:2 Behold, plagues, strong and mighty, are coming from the Lord: like a storm of hail, like a whirlwind, like a storm of mighty waters, over flowing, thus the nations shall come upon them, and shall lead them into captivity to another land on account of the sins which are in their hands.
Isaiah 28:3
JPS 28:3 The crown of pride of the drunkards of Ephraim Shall be trodden under foot;
TJBU 28:3 The crown of the pride of the foolish prince of Israel shall be trodden down with feet.
Isaiah 28:4
JPS 28:4 And the fading flower of his glorious beauty, Which is on the head of the fat valley, Shall be as the first-ripe fig before the summer, Which when one looketh upon it, While it is yet in his hand he eateth it up.
TJBU 28:4 And the diadem, which He gave to the wicked of the house of the sanctuary of His praise, which is on the head of the valley of fatness, shall be as the first ripe fig before the summer, which, when one sees it, no sooner is it in the hand, than one devours it.
Isaiah 28:5
JPS 28:5 In that day shall the LORD of hosts be For a crown of glory, and for a diadem of beauty, Unto the residue of His people;
TJBU 28:5 At that time, the Messiah of the Lord of hosts shall be for a crown of rejoicing, and for a crown of praise to the remnant of His people:
Isaiah 28:6
JPS 28:6 And for a spirit of judgment to him that sitteth in judgment, And for strength to them that turn back the battle at the gate.
TJBU 28:6 For a word of true judgment to them that sit in the house of justice, in order that they should judge according to truth; and to give victory to them that are going forth into battle, to bring them back in peace to their homes.
Isaiah 28:7
JPS 28:7 But these also reel through wine, And stagger through strong drink; The priest and the prophet reel through strong drink, They are confused because of wine, They stagger because of strong drink; They reel in vision, they totter in judgment.
TJBU 28:7 But verily these are drunk with wine, they are swallowed up of old wine: the priest and the scribe are drunk, in old wine they are swallowed up: on account of wine they have erred; they are turned after sweet food; their judges have erred.
Isaiah 28:8
JPS 28:8 For all tables are full of filthy vomit, And no place is clean.
TJBU 28:8 Because all their tables are full of polluted and loathsome food: they have not a spot free from rapine.
Isaiah 28:9
JPS 28:9 Whom shall one teach knowledge? And whom shall one make to understand the message? Them that are weaned from the milk, Them that are drawn from the breasts?
TJBU 28:9 To whom was the law given? and to whom was the command given to understand wisdom? Was it not to the house of Israel, who were beloved above all nations, and beloved above all the kingdoms?
Isaiah 28:10
JPS 28:10 For it is precept by precept, precept by precept, Line by line, line by line; Here a little, there a little.
TJBU 28:10 Surely, they were commanded to do the law; but what they were commanded, they were not willing to do. The prophets prophesied unto them, that if they would repent, it should be for given them; but they did not obey the words of the prophets: they walked after the desire of their soul, neither did they desire to do my law. They hoped to have idolatrous worship established among them, and they did not consider the worship of the house of my sanctuary: to worship in the house of my sanctuary was as a little thing in their eyes, my Shekinah was as a little thing in their eyes.
Isaiah 28:11
JPS 28:11 For with stammering lips and with a strange tongue Shall it be spoken to this people;
TJBU 28:11 Because with feigned speech, and with mocking language, this people mocked the prophets, who prophesies unto them.
Isaiah 28:12
JPS 28:12 To whom it was said: 'This is the rest, Give ye rest to the weary; And this is the refreshing'; Yet they would not hear.
TJBU 28:12 The prophets said unto them, This is the house of the sanctuary, worship ye in it: and this is the possession in which there is rest; but they would not accept instructions.
Isaiah 28:13
JPS 28:13 And so the word of the LORD is unto them Precept by precept, precept by precept, Line by line, line by line; Here a little, there a little; That they may go, and fall backward, and be broken, And snared, and taken.
TJBU 28:13 This shall be the cup of their punishment, because they have transgressed the word of the Lord, and because they were commanded to do my law, but would not do what they were commanded. Therefore they shall be delivered unto the nations, who do not know the law; be cause they walked after the desire of their soul, and had no delight to do my will. Therefore they shall hope for help at the time that I shall bring distress upon them; but they shall have no help or support. Because the house of my sanctuary was too little in their eyes to wor ship there, therefore they shall be left as a little thing in the eyes of the nations, among whom they shall go in captivity, in order that they may walk, and stumble backward, and be broken, and snared, and taken.
Isaiah 28:14
JPS 28:14 Wherefore hear the word of the LORD, ye scoffers, The ballad-mongers of this people which is in Jerusalem:
TJBU 28:14 Therefore, hear ye the word of the Lord, O wicked men, rulers of this people that are in Jerusalem:
Isaiah 28:15
JPS 28:15 Because ye have said: 'We have made a covenant with death, And with the nether-world are we at agreement; When the scouring scourge shall pass through, It shall not come unto us; For we have made lies our refuge, And in falsehood have we hid ourselves';
TJBU 28:15 Because ye say, "We have made a covenant with death, and have made peace with the de stroyer": ye say, when the blow of the enemy shall come upon you like an overwhelming river, "It shall not come upon us, because we have placed our confidence in a lie, and have hidden ourselves under falsehood."
Isaiah 28:16
JPS 28:16 Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD: Behold, I lay in Zion for a foundation a stone, A tried stone, a costly corner-stone of sure foundation; He that believeth shall not make haste.
TJBU 28:16 Therefore, thus saith the Lord God, Behold, I appoint a King in Zion; a King mighty, powerful, and terrible: I will make Him powerful, and I will strengthen Him, saith the prophet. But the righteous, who believe these things shall not be moved, when distress shall come.
Isaiah 28:17
JPS 28:17 And I will make justice the line, And righteousness the plummet; And the hail shall sweep away the refuge of lies, And the waters shall overflow the hiding-place.
TJBU 28:17 And I will make judgment straight as a line of a building, and justice as a plummet, because ye would hide yourselves. And my justice shall bum against the confidence of your lie; and be cause ye would hide yourselves from the coming distress, the nations shall lead you into capti vity.
Isaiah 28:18
JPS 28:18 And your covenant with death shall be disannulled And your agreement with the nether-world shall not stand; When the scouring scourge shall pass through, Then ye shall be trodden down by it,
TJBU 28:18 And your covenant with death shall be de stroyed, and your peace with the destroyer shall not stand. When the stroke of the enemy shall come upon you, it shall be like an overwhelming river, and ye shall be unto them for a treading under foot.
Isaiah 28:19
JPS 28:19 As often as it passeth through, it shall take you; For morning by morning shall it pass through, By day and by night; And it shall be sheer terror to understand the message.
TJBU 28:19 At the time of its passing by, it shall lead you captive, because each moming it shall pass by, by day and by night: and it shall come to pass before the time of the curse shall have come, that ye shall consider the words of the prophets.
Isaiah 28:20
JPS 28:20 For the bed is too short for a man to stretch himself; And the covering too narrow when he gathereth himself up.
TJBU 28:20 For their strength shall be diminished by reason of mighty slavery; and the government of the oppressor shall increase their subjection.
Isaiah 28:21
JPS 28:21 For the LORD will rise up as in mount Perazim, He will be wroth as in the valley of Gibeon; That He may do His work, strange is His work, And bring to pass His act, strange is His act.
TJBU 28:21 For as the mountains trembled when the glory of the Lord was revealed in the days of king Uzziah, and in the wonders which He performed for Joshua in the valley of Gibeon, taking vengeance on the wicked, who had trans gressed against His Word: so shall He be re vealed to take vengeance on them, who work works, strange works, and on those who worship with idolatrous worship.
Isaiah 28:22
JPS 28:22 Now therefore be ye not scoffers, Lest your bands be made strong; For an extermination wholly determined have I heard from the Lord, the GOD of hosts, Upon the whole land.
TJBU 28:22 But now deal not wickedly, lest your bands be made strong: for I have heard from the Lord, the God of hosts, a consummation, and an end, upon all the inhabitants of the land.
Isaiah 28:23
JPS 28:23 Give ye ear, and hear my voice; Attend, and hear my speech.
TJBU 28:23 The prophet said, Listen to, and hear my voice, turn and hear my word.
Isaiah 28:24
JPS 28:24 Is the plowman never done with plowing to sow, With the opening and harrowing of his ground?
TJBU 28:24 The prohets prophesied at all times in order to teach, if peradventure the ears of sinners might be opened, and receive instruction.
Isaiah 28:25
JPS 28:25 When he hath made plain the face thereof, Doth he not cast abroad the black cummin, and scatter the cummin, And put in the wheat in rows and the barley in the appointed place And the spelt in the border thereof?
TJBU 28:25 Is it not so? If the house of Israel would set their faces to do the law, and repent, then behold. He would gather them from among the nations, amongst whom they were dispersed, like fitches and cumin that are scattered: and, behold, he would bring their offspring together accord ing to their tribes, as seed of wheat in the uncultivated field, and barley in the appointed place, and spelt in the borders.
Isaiah 28:26
JPS 28:26 For He doth instruct him aright; His God doth teach him.
TJBU 28:26 All these things are instruction of judg ment, that they may know, that our God shows them the right path, in which they ought to walk.
Isaiah 28:27
JPS 28:27 For the black cummin is not threshed with a threshing-sledge, Neither is a cart-wheel turned about upon the cummin; But the black cummin is beaten out with a staff, And the cummin with a rod.
TJBU 28:27 For they do not tread out the fitches with an iron threshing instrument, nor do they turn the wheels of a cart upon the cumin; but they beat out the fitches with a staff, and the cumin with a rod.
Isaiah 28:28
JPS 28:28 Is bread corn crushed? Nay, he will not ever be threshing it; And though the roller of his wagon and its sharp edges move noisily, He doth not crush it.
TJBU 28:28 Corn they tread out, yet they will not continue to tread it out for ever; but he will throw it into confusion with the wheel of his wain, and would separate the corn, and blow away the chaff.
Isaiah 28:29
JPS 28:29 This also cometh forth from the LORD of hosts: Wonderful is His counsel, and great His wisdom.
TJBU 28:29 This also cometh forth from the Lord of hosts, who in the vast knowledge of His mind hath established the world; He hath multi plied His works in the beginning by His great wisdom.
Isaiah 27 JPS TOC Comparison TOC Targum TOC Isaiah 29


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