Comparison of Pentateuch:
Jewish Publication Society 1917
Targums Onkelos,
Jonathan Ben Uzziel/Palestinian,
Jerusalem Fragments

 

Exodus
Chapter 5

[1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10]
[11] [12] [13] [14] [15] [16] [17] [18] [19] [20]
[21] [22] [23]

 

 

Exodus 4 JPS TOC Comparison TOC Targums TOC Exodus 6
EXODUS 5:1
JPS 5:1 And afterward Moses and Aaron came, and said unto Pharaoh: 'Thus saith the LORD, the God of Israel: Let My people go, that they may hold a feast unto Me in the wilderness.'
ONK 5:1 And afterward Mosheh and Aharon went in, and said to Pharoh: Thus saith the Lord, the God of Israel, Let My people go, to solemnize a feast (yechagun) before Me in the desert.
PAL 5:1 And after this Mosheh and Aharon went in unto Pharoh, and said, Thus saith the Lord, the God of Israel: Release My people, that they may make unto Me a festival in the wilderness.
     
 
EXODUS 5:2
JPS 5:2 And Pharaoh said: 'Who is the LORD, that I should hearken unto His voice to let Israel go? I know not the LORD, and moreover I will not let Israel go.'
ONK 5:2 And Pharoh said, The name of the Lord is not known to me, that I should hearken to His word to send Israel away. The name of the Lord is not revealed to me, and Israel I shall not release.
PAL 5:2 And Pharoh said, The name of the Lord is not made known to me, that I should receive His word to release Israel. I have not found written in the Book of the Angels the name of the Lord. Of Him I am not afraid, neither will I release Israel.
 
 
EXODUS 5:3
JPS 5:3 And they said: 'The God of the Hebrews hath met with us. Let us go, we pray thee, three days' journey into the wilderness, and sacrifice unto the LORD our God; lest He fall upon us with pestilence, or with the sword.'
ONK 5:3 And they said, The God of the Jehudaee hath revealed Himself to us; let us now go three days' journey into the desert to sacrifice before the Lord our God, lest He come upon us with death or with slaughter.
PAL 5:3 And they said, The Name of the God of the Jehudaee is invoked by (or upon) us. We will go, then, to proceed three days into the desert, and offer the sacrifices of a festival before the Lord God, that death and slaughter befall us not.
 
 
EXODUS 5:4
JPS 5:4 And the king of Egypt said unto them: 'Wherefore do ye, Moses and Aaron, cause the people to break loose from their work? get you unto your burdens.'
ONK 5:4 And the king of Mizraim said to them, Why, Mosheh and Aharon, do you hinder the people from their works? Go to your employment.
PAL 5:4 And the king of Mizraim said to Mosheh and Aharon, Why do you make the people cease from their labours? Go to your work.
 
 
EXODUS 5:5
JPS 5:5 And Pharaoh said: 'Behold, the people of the land are now many, and will ye make them rest from their burdens?'
ONK 5:5 And Pharoh said, Behold now, the people of the land are many, and you make them relax from their employment.
PAL 5:5 And Pharoh said, Behold, this people of the land are many, whom you would stop from their service.
 
 
EXODUS 5:6
JPS 5:6 And the same day Pharaoh commanded the taskmasters of the people, and their officers, saying:
ONK 5:6 And Pharoh that day commanded the masters(9) of the people and the overseers,(10) saying,
PAL 5:6 And Pharoh that day commanded the officers of the people and their exactors, saying,
 
 
EXODUS 5:7
JPS 5:7 'Ye shall no more give the people straw to make brick, as heretofore. Let them go and gather straw for themselves.
ONK 5:7 You shall not continue (add) to give straw to the people to cast bricks, as heretofore; let them go and collect straw for themselves;
PAL 5:7 You shall no more give straw to the people to cast bricks as heretofore; let them go and collect straw for themselves
 
 
EXODUS 5:8
JPS 5:8 And the tale of the bricks, which they did make heretofore, ye shall lay upon them; ye shall not diminish aught thereof; for they are idle; therefore they cry, saying: Let us go and sacrifice to our God.
ONK 5:8 yet the number(11) of bricks which they have made heretofore you shall still lay upon them and not diminish; for they are idle, and therefore cry, saying, We will go and sacrifice before our God.
PAL 5:8 but the (same) number of bricks which they have heretofore made ye shall lay upon them, and not diminish from it, because they are idle; therefore they clamour, saying, Let us go to offer the sacrifice of a festival before our God.
 
 
EXODUS 5:9
JPS 5:9 Let heavier work be laid upon the men, that they may labour therein; and let them not regard lying words.'
ONK 5:9 Make labour heavy upon the men: let them be occupied with it, and not with vain words.
PAL 5:9 Make their work strenuous upon the men, that they may be occupied with it, and not be setting their hopes upon lying words.
 
 
EXODUS 5:10
JPS 5:10 And the taskmasters of the people went out, and their officers, and they spoke to the people, saying: 'Thus saith Pharaoh: I will not give you straw.
ONK 5:10 And the masters of the people and the overseers went forth and spake to the people, saying, Thus saith Pharoh, I will not give you straw;
PAL 5:10 And the officers and exactors of the people went forth, and said to the people, Thus saith Pharoh, I will not give you straw;
 
 
EXODUS 5:11
JPS 5:11 Go yourselves, get you straw where ye can find it; for nought of your work shall be diminished.'
ONK 5:11 you shall go and gather up straw for yourselves wheresoever you can find it; though from your work there shall be nothing diminished.
PAL 5:11 you must go and take straw wherever you can find it; for your work will not in anywise be diminished.
 
 
EXODUS 5:12
JPS 5:12 So the people were scattered abroad throughout all the land of Egypt to gather stubble for straw.
ONK 5:12 And the people were scattered abroad over all the country of Mizraim to gather stubble for straw.
PAL 5:12 And the people were scattered abroad in all the land of Mizraim to gather stubble for the straw.
 
 
EXODUS 5:13
JPS 5:13 And the taskmasters were urgent, saying: 'Fulfil your work, your daily task, as when there was straw.'
ONK 5:13 And the masters were urgent, saying, Fulfil your work, the matter of a day in a day, as you did when straw was given you.
PAL 5:13 But the officers were pressing, saying, Fulfil your work day by day, as you did when the straw was given you.
 
 
EXODUS 5:14
JPS 5:14 And the officers of the children of Israel, whom Pharaoh's taskmasters had set over them, were beaten, saying: 'Wherefore have ye not fulfilled your appointed task in making brick both yesterday and today as heretofore?'
ONK 5:14 And the masters whom Pharoh set over the sons of Israel smote them, saying, Why do you not fulfil your requirement to cast the bricks as heretofore, as yesterday, so also to-day?
PAL 5:14 And the exactors whom Pharoh set over them as officers beat the sons of Israel, saying, Why have not you fulfilled your appointment, to cast (the same number of) bricks as heretofore, today as yesterday?
 
 
EXODUS 5:15
JPS 5:15 Then the officers of the children of Israel came and cried unto Pharaoh, saying: 'Wherefore dealest thou thus with thy servants?
ONK 5:15 And the overseers of the sons of Israel came and complained before Pharoh, saying, Why hast thou done thus with thy servants?
PAL 5:15 And the foremen came, and cried before Pharoh, saying, Why hast thou dealt thus with thy servants?
 
 
EXODUS 5:16
JPS 5:16 There is no straw given unto thy servants, and they say to us: Make brick; and, behold, thy servants are beaten, but the fault is in thine own people.'
ONK 5:16 Thou hast not given thy servants straw, yet they say to us, Make bricks; and, behold, thy servants are beaten, and thy people sin against us.
PAL 5:16 Thou hast not given thy servants the straw, and (yet) say they to us, Make the bricks; and, behold, they beat thy servants, and the guilty treatment of thy people is strong:—but it goeth up!
 
 
EXODUS 5:17
JPS 5:17 But he said: 'Ye are idle, ye are idle; therefore ye say: Let us go and sacrifice to the LORD.
ONK 5:17 But he said, You are idle, you are idle: therefore you say, We will go and sacrifice before the Lord.
PAL 5:17 But he said, You are idle, idle: therefore you are saying, Let us go and offer the sacrifice of a festival before our God.
 
 
EXODUS 5:18
JPS 5:18 Go therefore now, and work; for there shall no straw be given you, yet shall ye deliver the tale of bricks.
ONK 5:18 And now go, work: but straw I will not give you; yet the number of bricks you shall render.
PAL 5:18 And now, go, work; but the straw shall not be given you, yet the number of the bricks you shall produce.
 
 
EXODUS 5:19
JPS 5:19 And the officers of the children of Israel did see that they were set on mischief, when they said: 'Ye shall not diminish aught from your bricks, your daily task.'
ONK 5:19 And the overseers of the sons of Israel perceived that they were in evil: for they said to them, You shall not diminish from your bricks the matter of a day, in a day.
PAL 5:19 And the foremen of the sons of Israel saw that they were in evil, (in his) saying, Ye are not to withhold the assignment of your bricks from day to day.
 
 
EXODUS 5:20
JPS 5:20 And they met Moses and Aaron, who stood in the way, as they came forth from Pharaoh;
ONK 5:20 And they met Mosheh and Aharon standing before them in their coming out from being with Pharoh.
PAL 5:20 And they met Mosheh and Aharon, who stood before them when they came out from the presence of Pharoh,
 
 
EXODUS 5:21
JPS 5:21 and they said unto them: 'The LORD look upon you, and judge; because ye have made our savour to be abhorred in the eyes of Pharaoh, and in the eyes of his servants, to put a sword in their hand to slay us.'
ONK 5:21 And they said to them, May the Lord manifest Himself to you and adjudge;(12) because you have made our savour evil in the eyes of Pharoh, and in the eyes of his servants, and have put a sword into their hands to kill us!
PAL 5:21 and they said to them, Our affliction is manifest before the Lord, but our punishment is from you who have made our smell offensive before Pharoh and his servants; for you have occasioned a sword to be put into their hand to kill us.
 
 
EXODUS 5:22
JPS 5:22 And Moses returned unto the LORD, and said: 'Lord, wherefore hast Thou dealt ill with this people? why is it that Thou hast sent me?
ONK 5:22 And Mosheh returned before the Lord and said, Lord, why hast Thou done evil unto this people, and wherefore didst Thou send me?
PAL 5:22 And Mosheh returned before the Lord, and said, Lord, why hast Thou done evil to this people, and wherefore hast Thou sent me?
 
 
EXODUS 5:23
JPS 5:23 For since I came to Pharaoh to speak in Thy name, he hath dealt ill with this people; neither hast Thou delivered Thy people at all.'
ONK 5:23 and from the time that I went in to Pharoh to speak in Thy name he hath done evil to this people, but liberating Thou hast not liberated Thy people.
PAL 5:23 From the hour that I went in unto Pharoh to speak in Thy name, this people hath suffered evil, and delivering Thou hast not delivered them.
 
 
Exodus 4 JPS TOC Comparison TOC Targums TOC Exodus 6

 

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