Comparison of Pentateuch:
Jewish Publication Society 1917
Targums Onkelos,
Jonathan Ben Uzziel/Palestinian,
Jerusalem Fragments

 

Exodus
Chapter 14

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[11] [12] [13] [14] [15] [16] [17] [18] [19] [20]
[21] [22] [23] [24] [25] [26] [27] [28] [29] [30]
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Exodus 13 JPS TOC Comparison TOC Targums TOC Exodus 15
EXODUS 14:1
JPS 14:1 And the LORD spoke unto Moses, saying:
ONK 14:1 And the Lord spake to Mosheh, saying,
PAL 14:1 And the Lord spake to Mosheh, saying,
     
 
EXODUS 14:2
JPS 14:2 'Speak unto the children of Israel, that they turn back and encamp before Pi-hahiroth, between Migdol and the sea, before Baal-zephon, over against it shall ye encamp by the sea.
ONK 14:2 Speak with the sons of Israel that they return and encamp before Pum Hiratha, between Migdol and the sea, before Beel Zephon: you shall encamp before it by the sea
PAL 14:2 Speak to the sons of Israel, that they return back, and encamp before the Mouths of Hiratha,(15) as they lie, created after the manner (likeness) of the children of men, male and female, and their eyes open to them: it is the place of Tanes, which is between Migdol and the sea, before the idol Zephon (Typhon), that is left of all the idols of Mizraim. For the Mizraee will say, More excellent is Baal Zephon than all idols, because it is left, and not smitten; and therefore will they come to worship it, and will find that you are encamped nigh unto it, on the border of the sea.
JER 14:2 And they shall return and encamp before the caravansaries of Hiratha, between Migdol and the sea, before the idol of Zephon, ye shall encamp over against it.
 
EXODUS 14:3
JPS 14:3 And Pharaoh will say of the children of Israel: They are entangled in the land, the wilderness hath shut them in.
ONK 14:3 And Pharoh will say of the children of Israel, They are bewildered in the land, the desert hath got hold of them:(28)
PAL 14:3 And Pharoh said to Dathan and Abiram, sons of Israel, who had remained in Mizraim, The people of the house of Israel are bewildered in the land: the idol Zephon hath shut them in close upon the desert.
JER 14:3 And Pharoh will say concerning the people of the sons of Israel, They are losing themselves in the wilderness: the idol of Peor hath shut them in before the desert.
 
EXODUS 14:4
JPS 14:4 And I will harden Pharaoh's heart, and he shall follow after them; and I will get Me honour upon Pharaoh, and upon all his host; and the Egyptians shall know that I am the LORD.' And they did so.
ONK 14:4 and I will harden Pharoh's heart, and he will pursue them; and I will be glorified in Pharoh and in all his host; and the Mizraee shall know that I am the Lord. And they did so.
PAL 14:4 And I will strengthen the design. of Pharoh's heart to pursue after them, and I will be glorified upon Pharoh and upon his hosts, and the Mizraee shall know that I am the Lord. And they did so.
 
 
EXODUS 14:5
JPS 14:5 And it was told the king of Egypt that the people were fled; and the heart of Pharaoh and of his servants was turned towards the people, and they said: 'What is this we have done, that we have let Israel go from serving us?
ONK 14:5 And it was seen by the king of Mizraim that the people had gone. And the heart of Pharoh and of his servants was turned to the people; and they said, What is this that we have done, that we have sent Israel away from serving us?
PAL 14:5 5 And the officers(16) who went with Israel announced that the people had fled. And the heart of Pharoh and his servants was turned unto evil against the people; and they said, What is this that we have done? for we have released Israel from serving us.
JER 14:5 And it was declared to the king.
 
EXODUS 14:6
JPS 14:6 And he made ready his chariots, and took his people with him.
ONK 14:6 And he set his chariot in order, and took his people with him.
PAL 14:6 And he himself prepared his chariot, and his people led he with him by soft words.
 
 
EXODUS 14:7
JPS 14:7 And he took six hundred chosen chariots, and all the chariots of Egypt, and captains over all of them.
ONK 14:7 He took also six hundred select chariots, and all the chariots of the Mizraee, and appointed strong men over them.
PAL 14:7 And he took six hundred choice chariots, and all the chariots of the Mizraee his servants, who were afraid of the Word of the Lord, lest they should be killed with pestilence, if not with hail: and a third mule, for drawing and following swiftly, he added to each chariot.
 
 
EXODUS 14:8
JPS 14:8 And the LORD hardened the heart of Pharaoh king of Egypt, and he pursued after the children of Israel; for the children of Israel went out with a high hand.
ONK 14:8 And the Lord hardened the heart of Pharoh king of Mizraim, and he pursued after the children of Israel. But the children of Israel went forth with uncovered head.
PAL 14:8 And the Lord hardened the design of the heart of Pharoh, king of Mizraim, and he pursued after the sons of Israel. But the sons of Israel, going out with a high hand, were stronger than the Mizraee.
JER 14:8 But the sons of Israel had gone out free....
 
EXODUS 14:9
JPS 14:9 And the Egyptians pursued after them, all the horses and chariots of Pharaoh, and his horsemen, and his army, and overtook them encamping by the sea, beside Pi-hahiroth, in front of Baal-zephon.
ONK 14:9 And the Mizraee followed after them, and overtook them while encamping by the sea; all the chariot horses of Pharoh, and his horsemen, and his army, by Pum Hiratha which is before Beel Zephon.
PAL 14:9 And the Mizraee followed after them, and came upon them as they were encamped by the sea, gathering of pearls and goodly stones, which the river Pishon had carried from the garden of Eden into the Gihon, and the Gihon had carried into the sea of Suph, and the sea of Suph had cast upon its bank. But all the chariot-horses of Pharoh, and his horsemen, and his hosts (were coming) towards the Mouths of Hiratha, which are before the idol Zephon.
JER 14:9 Before the caravansaries of Hiratha,—before the idol Zephon.
 
EXODUS 14:10
JPS 14:10 And when Pharaoh drew nigh, the children of Israel lifted up their eyes, and, behold, the Egyptians were marching after them; and they were sore afraid; and the children of Israel cried out unto the LORD.
ONK 14:10 And Pharoh drew nigh, and the sons of Israel lifted up their eyes, and, behold, the Mizraee were coming after them: and they were greatly afraid, and the children of Israel cried before the Lord.
PAL 14:10 And Pharoh saw the idol Zephon (still) preserved, and offered oblations before it. And the children of Israel lifted up their eyes, and, behold, the Mizraee were pursuing them; and they were sorely afraid, and the children of Israel prayed before the Lord.
 
 
EXODUS 14:11
JPS 14:11 And they said unto Moses: 'Because there were no graves in Egypt, hast thou taken us away to die in the wilderness? wherefore hast thou dealt thus with us, to bring us forth out of Egypt?
ONK 14:11 But to Mosheh they said, Was it because there were no graves in Mizraim that thou hast taken us to die in the wilderness? What is this that thou hast done to bring us out of Mizraim?
PAL 14:11 But the wicked generation said to Mosheh, Because there were no places of burial for us in Mizraim, hast thou led us forth to die in the wilderness? What hast thou done to us, in bringing us out of Mizraim?
 
 
EXODUS 14:12
JPS 14:12 Is not this the word that we spoke unto thee in Egypt, saying: Let us alone, that we may serve the Egyptians? For it were better for us to serve the Egyptians, than that we should die in the wilderness.'
ONK 14:12 Was not this the word which we spake with thee in Mizraim, saying, Let us alone, and we will serve the Mizraee? for better would it have been for us to serve the Mizraee, than to die in the wilderness
PAL 14:12 Was not this the word that we spake to thee in Mizraim, Let the Lord manifest Himself over us and judge, saying, Desist from us, and we will serve the Mizraee? for it is better for us to serve the Mizraee than to perish in the desert.
 
 
EXODUS 14:13
JPS 14:13 And Moses said unto the people: 'Fear ye not, stand still, and see the salvation of the LORD, which He will work for you to-day; for whereas ye have seen the Egyptians to-day, ye shall see them again no more for ever.
ONK 14:13 And Mosheh said to the people, Fear not, stand still (or, be ready) and see the Lord's deliverance which He will work for you this day; for as you have seen the Mizraee this day, you will see them no more for ever:
PAL 14:13 Four parties were made (among) the sons of Israel on the shore of the Weedy Sea: one said, Let us go down into the sea; another said, Let us return into Mizraim; another said, Let us set against them the line of battle; and another said, Let us raise a cry against them, and confound them. Unto the company which said, Let us go down to the sea, spake Mosheh, Fear not, stand still, and see the salvation of the Lord, which will be wrought for you today. To the company which said, Let us return into Mizraim, Mosheh said, You shall not return; for, though you see the Mizraee today, you will see them no more for ever.
JER 14:13 Four companies made the sons of Israel, standing by the Weedy Sea. One said, Let us fall upon tbe sea; another said, Let us return to Mizraim; another said, Let us array battle against them; and another said, Let us shout against them to confuse them. To that company who said, Let us fall upon the sea, Mosheh said, Fear not; stand still, and see the salvation of the Lord which shall be wrought for you this day. To the company who said, We will return unto Mizraim, Mosheh said, Fear not; for as you have seen the Mizraee today, you will see them no more in bondage for ever.
 
EXODUS 14:14
JPS 14:14 The LORD will fight for you, and ye shall hold your peace.'
ONK 14:14 the Lord will fight for you the fight, and you shall be quiet.
PAL 14:14 To the company who said, Let us set against them the line of battle, said Mosheh, Contend not; for the victory shall be wrought among you from the presence of the Lord. And to the company who said, Let us raise a cry against them, Mosheh said, Be silent; and give the glory, and praise, and exaltation to your God.
JER 14:14 To the company who said. We will array battle against them, Mosheh said, Fear not; the Lord, in the glory of His Shekinah, will work the victory for your hosts. To the company who had said, Let us shout against them to confound them, Mosheh said, Fear not; stand and be silent; and give the glory, and praise, and exaltation unto Eloha.
 
EXODUS 14:15
JPS 14:15 And the LORD said unto Moses: 'Wherefore criest thou unto Me? speak unto the children of Israel, that they go forward.
ONK 14:15 And the Lord said to Mosheh, I have heard thy prayer. Speak to the children of Israel that they go onward:
PAL 14:15 And the Lord said to Mosheh, Why standest thou praying before Me? Behold, the prayers of My people have come before thy own: speak to the sons of Israel, that they go forward;
JER 14:15 And the Word of the Lord said to Mosheh, How long standest thou praying before Me? Heard before Me are thy prayers; but the prayers of My people have preceded thine. Speak to the sons of Israel that they go forward;
 
EXODUS 14:16
JPS 14:16 And lift thou up thy rod, and stretch out thy hand over the sea, and divide it; and the children of Israel shall go into the midst of the sea on dry ground.
ONK 14:16 and thou, take thy rod and stretch forth thy hand over the sea, and divide it, and the children of Israel shall go in the midst of the sea on dry ground.
PAL 14:16 and thou, lift up thy rod, and stretch forth thy hand with it over the sea, and divide it: and the sons of Israel shall go through the midst of the sea upon the ground.
JER 14:16 and thou, lift up thy rod and stretch forth thy hand.
 
EXODUS 14:17
JPS 14:17 And I, behold, I will harden the hearts of the Egyptians, and they shall go in after them; and I will get Me honour upon Pharaoh, and upon all his host, upon his chariots, and upon his horsemen.
ONK 14:17 And I, behold, I will harden the hearts of the Mizraee, and they will go in after them; and I will be glorified by Pharoh and by all his army, by his chariots and his horsemen;(29)
PAL 14:17 For, behold, I will harden the design of the heart of the Mizraee, and they will go in after them; and I will be glorified upon Pharoh and upon all his hosts, upon his chariots and his horsemen;
 
 
EXODUS 14:18
JPS 14:18 And the Egyptians shall know that I am the LORD, when I have gotten Me honour upon Pharaoh, upon his chariots, and upon his horsemen.'
ONK 14:18 and the Mizraee shall know that I am the Lord, when I have been glorified by Pharoh and his chariots and his horsemen.(30)
PAL 14:18 that the Mizraee may know that I am the Lord, when I am glorified upon Pharoh, upon his chariots and horsemen.
 
 
EXODUS 14:19
JPS 14:19 And the angel of God, who went before the camp of Israel, removed and went behind them; and the pillar of cloud removed from before them, and stood behind them;
ONK 14:19 And the angel of the Lord who went before the camp of Israel passed by and came behind them; and the column of the cloud passed from before them and abode behind them.
PAL 14:19 And the Angel of the Lord who led the way before the hosts of Israel went and came behind them; and the column of the Cloud went from before and stood behind them: because the Mizraee threw darts and stones at the Israelites, but the Cloud intercepted them;
 
 
EXODUS 14:20
JPS 14:20 and it came between the camp of Egypt and the camp of Israel; and there was the cloud and the darkness here, yet gave it light by night there; and the one came not near the other all the night.
ONK 14:20 And it entered between the camp of the Mizraee and the camp of Israel; and was a cloud and darkness to the Mizraee, but unto Israel a light all the night: and that came not near to this all the night.
PAL 14:20 and it came between the host of Israel and the host of the Mizraee; a cloud, one half of which was light and one half darkness. On the one side it darkened upon the Mizraee, and on the other side it shined upon Israel all night; and one host did not attack the other all the night.
JER 14:20 And the cloud was half light and half darkness: light, it enlightened upon Israel; and darkness, it darkened upon Mizraim. And those came not against these, to set battle in order, all the night.
 
EXODUS 14:21
JPS 14:21 And Moses stretched out his hand over the sea; and the LORD caused the sea to go back by a strong east wind all the night, and made the sea dry land, and the waters were divided.
ONK 14:21 And Mosheh stretched forth his hand over the sea; and the Lord drave the sea by a mighty east wind all the night, and caused the sea to be dry, and the waters were disparted;
PAL 14:21 And Mosheh stretched out his hand over the sea, with the great and glorious rod which was created at the beginning, and on which were engraven and set forth the Great and Glorious Name, and the ten signs which had smitten the Mizraee, and the three fathers of the world, and the six mothers, and the twelve tribes of Jakob: and straightway the Lord brought a vehement east wind upon the sea all night, and made the sea dry; and divided the waters into twelve divisions, according to the twelve tribes of Jacob.
JER 14:22 And he stretched forth.
 
EXODUS 14:22
JPS 14:22 And the children of Israel went into the midst of the sea upon the dry ground; and the waters were a wall unto them on their right hand, and on their left.
ONK 14:22 and the children of Israel went into the midst of the sea upon dry ground; and the waters were to them a wall(31) on their right hand and on their left.
PAL 14:22 And the children of Israel went through the midst of the sea upon the ground, and the waters were congealed like a wall, three hundred miles on their right hand and on their left.
 
 
EXODUS 14:23
JPS 14:23 And the Egyptians pursued, and went in after them into the midst of the sea, all Pharaoh's horses, his chariots, and his horsemen.
ONK 14:23 And the Mizraee followed and entered in after them, all the horses of Pharoh, and his chariots and horsemen, into the midst of the sea.
PAL 14:23 And the Mizraee followed and went in after them, all the horses of Pharoh, and his chariots and horsemen, into the midst of the sea.
 
 
EXODUS 14:24
JPS 14:24 And it came to pass in the morning watch, that the LORD looked forth upon the host of the Egyptians through the pillar of fire and of cloud, and discomfited the host of the Egyptians.
ONK 14:24 And it was in the morning watch that the Lord looked upon the host of the Mizraee from the column of fire and cloud, and perturbed the host of the Mizraee.
PAL 14:24 And it was that in the morning watch, at the time that the powers on high come to offer praise, the Lord looked forth with anger upon the hosts of the Mizraee from the column of fire, to hurl upon them flakes of fire and hail, and from the column of cloud, and confounded the host of the Mizraee;
JER 14:24 And it was in the time of the morning that the Word of the Lord looked upon the host of the Mizraee, and hurled upon them bitumen (naphtha), and fire, and stones of hail, and conturbed the host of the Mizraee.
 
EXODUS 14:25
JPS 14:25 And He took off their chariot wheels, and made them to drive heavily; so that the Egyptians said: 'Let us flee from the face of Israel; for the LORD fighteth for them against the Egyptians.'
ONK 14:25 And he removed the wheels of the chariots, so that they drave them by strength;(32) and the Mizraee said, Let us flee from before Israel; for this is the power of the Lord which hath done battle for them against Mizraim.
PAL 14:25 and He brake (or, made rough) the wheels of Pharoh's carriages, so that they drave them with hardship, and that they went on and left them behind. And the Mizraee said one to another, Let us flee from the people of the house of Israel; for this is the Word of the Lord who fought for them in Mizraim.
JER 14:25 And he unloosed the wheels of their carriages, so that they went, dragging them after them: the mules, going, after their way, before the wheels, were turned, so as that the wheels went before the mules, and they were cast into the sea. The Mizraee answered and said one to another, Let us flee from before the people of the sons of Israel; for this is the Word of the Lord who worketh victory for them in their battles; so that they set the back against Mizraim.
 
EXODUS 14:26
JPS 14:26 And the LORD said unto Moses: 'Stretch out thy hand over the sea, that the waters may come back upon the Egyptians, upon their chariots, and upon their horsemen.'
ONK 14:26 And the Lord said to Mosheh, Stretch forth thy hand over the sea, and the waters shall return upon the Mizraee, upon their chariots and their horsemen.
PAL 14:26 And the Lord said to Mosheh, Stretch forth thy hand over the sea, that the waters may return upon the Mizraee, upon their chariots and upon their horsemen.
JER 14:26 Stretch forth.
 
EXODUS 14:27
JPS 14:27 And Moses stretched forth his hand over the sea, and the sea returned to its strength when the morning appeared; and the Egyptians fled against it; and the LORD overthrew the Egyptians in the midst of the sea.
ONK 14:27 And Mosheh stretched out his hand over the sea, and the sea returned, at the time of the morning, unto its strength; and the Mizraee fled before it; and the Lord drowned the Mizraee in the midst of the sea.
PAL 14:27 And Mosheh stretched out his hand over the sea, and the sea returned at the time of the morning unto its strength; and the Mizraee fled from before its waves. And the Lord strengthened the Mizraee in the midst of the sea, that they should not (soon) die in the midst of it, that they might receive the punishment which had been sent to them.
JER 14:27 And Mosheh stretched forth his hand over the sea, and the sea returned at the time of the morning to its place.
 
EXODUS 14:28
JPS 14:28 And the waters returned, and covered the chariots, and the horsemen, even all the host of Pharaoh that went in after them into the sea; there remained not so much as one of them.
ONK 14:28 And the waters returned and covered the chariots and horsemen and all the host of Pharoh who had gone after them into the sea, and there remained of them not one.
PAL 14:28 And the waves of the sea returned, and covered the chariots, and the horsemen, and all the host of Pharoh who had gone in after them, into the sea, not one among them was left.
 
 
EXODUS 14:29
JPS 14:29 But the children of Israel walked upon dry land in the midst of the sea; and the waters were a wall unto them on their right hand, and on their left.
ONK 14:29 But the children of Israel walked on dry land in the midst of the sea; and the waters were a wall to them on their right hand and on their left.
PAL 14:29 But the sons of Israel walked on the ground in the midst of the sea, and the waters to them were as walls on their right hand and on their left.
 
 
EXODUS 14:30
JPS 14:30 Thus the LORD saved Israel that day out of the hand of the Egyptians; and Israel saw the Egyptians dead upon the sea-shore.
ONK 14:30 And the Lord delivered Israel that day from the Mizraee, and Israel saw the Mizraee dead upon the shore of the sea.
PAL 14:30 That day the Lord redeemed and saved Israel from the hand of the Mizraee; and Israel saw the Mizraee, dead and not dead, cast upon the shore of the sea.
 
 
EXODUS 14:31
JPS 14:31 And Israel saw the great work which the LORD did upon the Egyptians, and the people feared the LORD; and they believed in the LORD, and in His servant Moses.
ONK 14:31 And Israel saw the Power of the Great Hand which the Lord had made (to appear) in Mizraim; and the people feared before the Lord, and believed in the Word of the Lord, and in the prophetic (work) of Mosheh His servant.
PAL 14:31 And Israel saw the power of the mighty hand by which the Lord had wrought the miracles in Mizraim; and the people feared before the Lord, and believed in the Name of the Word of the Lord, and in the prophecies of Mosheh His servant.
 
 
Exodus 13 JPS TOC Comparison TOC Targums TOC Exodus 15

 

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