Comparison of Pentateuch:
Jewish Publication Society 1917
Targums Onkelos,
Jonathan Ben Uzziel/Palestinian,
Jerusalem Fragments

 

Exodus
Chapter 18

[1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10]
[11] [12] [13] [14] [15] [16] [17] [18] [19] [20]
[21] [22] [23] [24] [25] [26] [27]

 

 

Exodus 17 JPS TOC Comparison TOC Targums TOC Exodus 19
EXODUS 18:1
JPS 18:1 Now Jethro, the priest of Midian, Moses' father-in-law, heard of all that God had done for Moses, and for Israel His people, how that the LORD had brought Israel out of Egypt.
ONK 18:1 And Jethro, the rabba of Midian, the father-in-law of Mosheh, had heard of all that the Lord had done for Mosheh and for Israel His people, and that the Lord had brought Israel out of Mizraim.
PAL 18:1 And Jethro, prince of Midian, the father-in-law of Mosheh, heard all that the Lord had done for Mosheh and for Israel His people, and that the Lord had brought forth Israel from Mizraim.
     
 
EXODUS 18:2
JPS 18:2 And Jethro, Moses' father-in-law, took Zipporah, Moses' wife, after he had sent her away,
ONK 18:2 And Jethro, Mosheh's father-in-law, took Zipporah the wife of Mosheh, after he had let her go,
PAL 18:2 And Jethro the father-in-law of Mosheh took Zipporah his wife, whom Mosheh had sent back from him after going into Mizraim,
 
 
EXODUS 18:3
JPS 18:3 and her two sons; of whom the name of the one was Gershom; for he said: 'I have been a stranger in a strange land';
ONK 18:3 and his two sons, the name of the one Gershom; For, he said, I have been a sojourner in a strange land;
PAL 18:3 and his two sons, the name of the one of whom was Gershom, Because, he had said, I am a dweller in a strange land which is not mine;
 
 
EXODUS 18:4
JPS 18:4 and the name of the other was Eliezer: 'for the God of my father was my help, and delivered me from the sword of Pharaoh.'
ONK 18:4 and the name of the other Eliezer; For (said he) the God of my fathers hath been my helper, and hath delivered me from the sword of Pharoh.
PAL 18:4 and the name of the other Eliezer, For (he had said) the God of my fathers was my helper, and saved me from the sword of Pharoh.
 
 
EXODUS 18:5
JPS 18:5 And Jethro, Moses' father-in-law, came with his sons and his wife unto Moses into the wilderness where he was encamped, at the mount of God;
ONK 18:5 And Jethro the father-in-law of Mosheh came, and his sons, and his wife, to Mosheh in the desert where he had encamped at the mountain upon which was revealed the glory of the Lord.
PAL 18:5 And Jethro the father-in-law of Mosheh, and the sons of Mosheh, and his wife, came to Mosheh at the desert in which he was sojourning hard by the mountain upon which the glory of the Lord was revealed to Mosheh at the beginning.
 
 
EXODUS 18:6
JPS 18:6 and he said unto Moses: 'I thy father-in-law Jethro am coming unto thee, and thy wife, and her two sons with her.'
ONK 18:6 And he had told Mosheh, I, thy father-in-law Jethro, come to thee with thy wife, and her two sons with her.
PAL 18:6 And he said to Mosheh, I, thy father-in-law Jethro, have come to thee to be a proselyte; and if thou wilt not receive me on my own account, receive me for the sake of thy wife and of her two sons who are with her.
 
 
EXODUS 18:7
JPS 18:7 And Moses went out to meet his father-in-law, and bowed down and kissed him; and they asked each other of their welfare; and they came into the tent.
ONK 18:7 And Mosheh went forth to meet his father-in-law, and bowed, and kissed him, and each saluted the other with peace; and they entered the tabernacle.
PAL 18:7 And Mosheh came forth from under the cloud of glory to meet his father-in-law, and did obeisance, and kissed him, and made him a proselyte; and they asked of each other's welfare, and came to the tabernacle, the house of instruction.
 
 
EXODUS 18:8
JPS 18:8 And Moses told his father-in-law all that the LORD had done unto Pharaoh and to the Egyptians for Israel's sake, all the travail that had come upon them by the way, and how the LORD delivered them.
ONK 18:8 And Mosheh recounted to his father-in-law all that the Lord had done to Pharoh and to Mizraim for Israel's sake; and all the tribulation that they had found upon the way, and how the Lord had delivered them.
PAL 18:8 And Mosheh recounted to his father-in-law all that the Lord had done to Pharoh and to the Mizraee on behalf of Israel; all the hardship they had found in the way, at the sea of Suph, and at Marah, and at Rephidim, and how Amalek had fought with them, and the Lord had delivered them.
 
 
EXODUS 18:9
JPS 18:9 And Jethro rejoiced for all the goodness which the LORD had done to Israel, in that He had delivered them out of the hand of the Egyptians.
ONK 18:9 And Jethro was glad over all the good which the Lord, who had saved him from the hand of Mizraim, had wrought for Israel.
PAL 18:9 And Jethro rejoiced over all the good which the Lord had done unto Israel, and that He had given them manna, and the well, and that He had saved them from the hand of the Mizraee.
 
 
EXODUS 18:10
JPS 18:10 And Jethro said: 'Blessed be the LORD, who hath delivered you out of the hand of the Egyptians, and out of the hand of Pharaoh; who hath delivered the people from under the hand of the Egyptians.
ONK 18:10 And Jethro said, Blessed be the Lord, who hath delivered you out of the hand of the Mizraee, and out of the hand of Pharoh, and hath delivered the people from under the domination of the Mizraee.
PAL 18:10 And Jethro said, Blessed be the Name of the Lord who hath saved you from the hand of the Mizraee, and from the hand of Pharoh, and hath saved the people from under the tyranny of the Mizraee.
 
 
EXODUS 18:11
JPS 18:11 Now I know that the LORD is greater than all gods; yea, for that they dealt proudly against them.'
ONK 18:11 Now know I that the Lord is great, and that there is no God but He for by the thing by which the Mizraee had thought to punish (judge) Israel, they themselves are punished.
PAL 18:11 Now have I known that the Lord is stronger than all gods; for by the very thing by which the Mizraee wickedly would have punished Israel by (drowning them in) the sea, upon themselves came the punishment, in being punished in the sea.
 
 
EXODUS 18:12
JPS 18:12 And Jethro, Moses' father-in-law, took a burnt-offering and sacrifices for God; and Aaron came, and all the elders of Israel, to eat bread with Moses' father-in-law before God.
ONK 18:12 And Jethro the father-in-law of Mosheh offered a burnt offering and sacrificed holy things before the Lord. And Aharon came, with all the elders of Israel, to eat bread with the father-in-law of Mosheh before the Lord.
PAL 18:12 And Jethro took burnt offerings and holy sacrifices before the Lord, and Aharon and all the elders of Israel came to eat bread with the father-in-law of Mosheh before the Lord; and Mosheh stood and ministered before them.
 
 
EXODUS 18:13
JPS 18:13 And it came to pass on the morrow, that Moses sat to judge the people; and the people stood about Moses from the morning unto the evening.
ONK 18:13 And on the day after, Mosheh sat to judge the people, and the people stood about Mosheh from morn till evening;
PAL 18:13 And the day after, the day of reconciliation, Mosheh sat to judge the people: and the people stood before Mosheh from morning till evening.
 
 
EXODUS 18:14
JPS 18:14 And when Moses' father-in-law saw all that he did to the people, he said: 'What is this thing that thou doest to the people? why sittest thou thyself alone, and all the people stand about thee from morning unto even?'
ONK 18:14 and the father-in-law of Mosheh observed all that he did to the people. And he said, What thing is this that thou art doing to the people? Why dost thou sit alone, with all the people standing about thee from morn till evening?
PAL 18:14 And the father-in-law of Mosheh saw how much he toiled and laboured for his people; and he said, What thing is this that thou art doing to the people? Why dost thou sit alone to judge, and all the people stand before thee from morning until evening?
 
 
EXODUS 18:15
JPS 18:15 And Moses said unto his father-in-law: 'Because the people come unto me to inquire of God;
ONK 18:15 And Mosheh said to his father-in-law, Because the people come to me to ask instruction from before the Lord.
PAL 18:15 And Mosheh said to his father-in-law, Because the people come to me to inquire for instruction from before the Lord.
 
 
EXODUS 18:16
JPS 18:16 when they have a matter, it cometh unto me; and I judge between a man and his neighbour, and I make them know the statutes of God, and His laws.'
ONK 18:16 When they have (a matter) for judgment they come to me, and I adjudicate between a man and his neighbour, and make them to know the statutes of the Lord, and His laws.
PAL 18:16 When they have a matter for judgment, they come to me, and I judge between a man and his fellow, and make them to know the statutes and the law of the Lord.
 
 
EXODUS 18:17
JPS 18:17 And Moses' father-in-law said unto him: 'The thing that thou doest is not good.
ONK 18:17 But the father-in-law of Mosheh said to him, The thing thou art doing is not right;
PAL 18:17 And the father-in-law of Mosheh said to him, This thing that thou art doing is not well ordered;
 
 
EXODUS 18:18
JPS 18:18 Thou wilt surely wear away, both thou, and this people that is with thee; for the thing is too heavy for thee; thou art not able to perform it thyself alone.
ONK 18:18 with weariness thou wilt be weary, thou and also this people who are with thee; for the thing is too weighty for thee, thou art not able to do it by thyself.
PAL 18:18 thou wilt verily wear thyself away. Aharon also, and his sons, and the elders of thy people, because the thing is heavier than thou art able to do by thyself (should take part in it).
 
 
EXODUS 18:19
JPS 18:19 Hearken now unto my voice, I will give thee counsel, and God be with thee: be thou for the people before God, and bring thou the causes unto God.
ONK 18:19 Now hearken to me, I will give thee counsel, and the Word of the Lord shall be thy helper. Be thou for the people the seeker of instruction from the presence of the Lord, to bring the matters before the Lord:
PAL 18:19 Now hearken to me, and I will advise thee; and may the Word of the Lord be thy helper! When thou art with the people who seek instruction from before the Lord, thou shouldst take their affair before the Lord,
 
 
EXODUS 18:20
JPS 18:20 And thou shalt teach them the statutes and the laws, and shalt show them the way wherein they must walk, and the work that they must do.
ONK 18:20 and thou shalt admonish them in the statutes and the laws, and make them know the way in which to walk, and the work that must be done.
PAL 18:20 and give them counsel about the statutes and laws, make them understand the prayer they are to offer in the house of congregation, the manner of visiting the sick, of burying the dead, of being fruitful in doing good, and in the work and process of justice, and how to conduct themselves among the wicked.
 
 
EXODUS 18:21
JPS 18:21 Moreover thou shalt provide out of all the people able men, such as fear God, men of truth, hating unjust gain; and place such over them, to be rulers of thousands, rulers of hundreds, rulers of fifties, and rulers of tens.
ONK 18:21 And thou, look out from the whole people men of ability who fear the Lord, men of truth who abhor to take mammon; and superappoint them chiefs of thousands, and chiefs of hundreds, and chiefs of fifties, and chiefs of tens.
PAL 18:21 But thou shouldst elect from all the people men of ability who fear the Lord, upright men who hate to receive the mammon of dishonesty, and superappoint them to be heads of thousands, of hundreds, of fifties, and of tens.
 
 
EXODUS 18:22
JPS 18:22 And let them judge the people at all seasons; and it shall be, that every great matter they shall bring unto thee, but every small matter they shall judge themselves; so shall they make it easier for thee and bear the burden with thee.
ONK 18:22 And they shall judge the people at any time, and every great matter they shall bring to thee, but every small thing they shall judge; and they will lighten it from thee, and bear it with thee.
PAL 18:22 And let them judge the people at all times, and every great matter bring to thee, but every little thing let them judge themselves, that they may lighten the burden that is upon thee, and bear it with thee.
 
 
EXODUS 18:23
JPS 18:23 If thou shalt do this thing, and God command thee so, then thou shalt be able to endure, and all this people also shall go to their place in peace.'
ONK 18:23 If thou wilt do this, and the Lord teach thee, thou wilt be able to endure, and (of) all this people (every one) will go to his place in peace.
PAL 18:23 If thou wilt do this, and exempt thyself from judging (every case) as the Lord shall give thee instruction, thou wilt be able to continue to hear them; and Aharon also and his sons, and all the elders of this people, will resort to the place of judgment in peace.
 
 
EXODUS 18:24
JPS 18:24 So Moses hearkened to the voice of his father-in-law, and did all that he had said.
ONK 18:24 And Mosheh hearkened to his father-in-law, and did all that he had said.
PAL 18:24 And Mosheh hearkened to his father-in-law, and did all that he had said.
 
 
EXODUS 18:25
JPS 18:25 And Moses chose able men out of all Israel, and made them heads over the people, rulers of thousands, rulers of hundreds, rulers of fifties, and rulers of tens.
ONK 18:25 And Mosheh chose men of ability from all Israel, and appointed them heads over the people; chiefs(41) of thousands, chiefs of hundreds, chiefs of fifties, and chiefs of tens;
PAL 18:25 And Mosheh selected able men from all Israel, and appointed them chiefs over the people, rabbans of thousands, six hundred; rabbans of hundreds, six thousand; rabbans of fifties, twelve thousand; and rabbans of tens, six myriads.
 
 
EXODUS 18:26
JPS 18:26 And they judged the people at all seasons: the hard causes they brought unto Moses, but every small matter they judged themselves.
ONK 18:26 and they judged the people at all times; a weighty thing they brought to Mosheh, and every minor thing they judged themselves.
PAL 18:26 And they judged the people at all times; a hard case they brought to Mosheh; but every light matter they judged it.
 
 
EXODUS 18:27
JPS 18:27 And Moses let his father-in-law depart; and he went his way into his own land.
ONK 18:27 And Mosheh sent his father-in-law away, and he went unto his land.
PAL 18:27 And Mosheh parted from his father-in-law, and he went, and himself made proselytes of all the children of his land.
 
 
Exodus 17 JPS TOC Comparison TOC Targums TOC Exodus 19

 

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