Comparison of Pentateuch:
Jewish Publication Society 1917
Targums Onkelos,
Jonathan Ben Uzziel/Palestinian,
Jerusalem Fragments

 

Exodus
Chapter 19

[1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10]
[11] [12] [13] [14] [15] [16] [17] [18] [19] [20]
[21] [22] [23] [24] [25]

 

 

Exodus 18 JPS TOC Comparison TOC Targums TOC Exodus 20
EXODUS 19:1
JPS 19:1 In the third month after the children of Israel were gone forth out of the land of Egypt, the same day came they into the wilderness of Sinai.
ONK 19:1 In the third month(42) of the outgoing of the sons of Israel from the land of Mizraim, on that day came they to the desert of Sinai.
PAL 19:1 In the third month of the Exodus of the sons of Israel from the land of Mizraim, on that day, the first of the month, came they to the desert;
     
 
EXODUS 19:2
JPS 19:2 And when they were departed from Rephidim, and were come to the wilderness of Sinai, they encamped in the wilderness; and there Israel encamped before the mount.
ONK 19:2 And they journeyed from Rephidim, and came to the desert of Sinai, and dwelt there by the side of the mountain.
PAL 19:2 for they had journeyed from Rephidim, and had come to the desert of Sinai; and Israel encamped there in the desert, of one heart, nigh to the mountain.
 
 
EXODUS 19:3
JPS 19:3 And Moses went up unto God, and the LORD called unto him out of the mountain, saying: 'Thus shalt thou say to the house of Jacob, and tell the children of Israel:
ONK 19:3 And Mosheh ascended before the Lord. And the Lord called to him from the mount, saying, As thus thou shalt speak to the house of Jakob, and show to the sons of Israel:
PAL 19:3 And Mosheh on the second day went up to the summit of the mount; and the Lord called to him from the mount, saying, This shalt thou speak to the men of the house of Jakob, and instruct the house of Israel.
JER 19:3 And Mosheh went up to seek instruction from before the Lord; and the Word of the Lord anticipated him from the mountain, saying, Thus shalt thou speak to the men of the house of Jakob, and teach the congregation of the sons of Israel.
 
EXODUS 19:4
JPS 19:4 Ye have seen what I did unto the Egyptians, and how I bore you on eagles' wings, and brought you unto Myself.
ONK 19:4 You have seen what I did to the Mizraee, and how I bare you as on eagles' wings, and brought you nigh to serve Me:
PAL 19:4 Ye have seen what I did to the Mizraee; and how I bare you upon the clouds as upon eagles' wings from Pelusin, to take you to the place of the sanctuary, there to solemnize the Pascha; and in the same night brought you back to Pelusin, and from thence have brought you nigh, to (receive) the doctrine of My law.
JER 19:4 You have seen what vengeance I have taken of the Mizraee, and (how) I bare you upon the light clouds as upon eagles' wings, and brought you nigh to the doctrine of My law.
 
EXODUS 19:5
JPS 19:5 Now therefore, if ye will hearken unto My voice indeed, and keep My covenant, then ye shall be Mine own treasure from among all peoples; for all the earth is Mine;
ONK 19:5 and now, if hearkening you will hearken to My Word, and will keep My covenant, you, before Me, shall be more beloved than all peoples; for all the earth is Mine.
PAL 19:5 And now, if you will truly hearken to My Word and keep My covenant, you shall be more beloved before Me than all the peoples on the face of the earth.
JER 19:5 And now, if you will truly hearken to the voice of My Word, and will keep My covenant, you shall be unto My Name a distinct people, and beloved as a precious treasure above all peoples; for all the earth is to the Name of the Lord.
 
EXODUS 19:6
JPS 19:6 and ye shall be unto Me a kingdom of priests, and a holy nation. These are the words which thou shalt speak unto the children of Israel.'
ONK 19:6 And you, before Me, shall be kings (and) priests, a holy people. These are the words which thou shalt speak with the sons of Israel.
PAL 19:6 And before Me you shall be crowned kings, and sanctified priests, and a holy people. These are the words thou shalt speak to the sons of Israel.
JER 19:6 And to My Name shall you be kings and priests and a holy people. These are the words thou shalt speak.
 
EXODUS 19:7
JPS 19:7 And Moses came and called for the elders of the people, and set before them all these words which the LORD commanded him.
ONK 19:7 And Mosheh came, and called the elders(43) of the people, and set all these words in order before them, as the Lord had instructed him.
PAL 19:7 And Mosheh came that day, and called the elders of the people, and set in order before them all these words which the Lord had commanded.
JER 19:7 And Mosheh came and called the sages of Israel, and set in order before them all these words which the Word of the Lord had commanded him.
 
EXODUS 19:8
JPS 19:8 And all the people answered together, and said: 'All that the LORD hath spoken we will do.' And Moses reported the words of the people unto the LORD.
ONK 19:8 And all the people responded together, and said, All that the Lord hath spoken we will do. And Mosheh brought back the words of the people before the Lord.
PAL 19:8 And all the people responded together, and said, All that the Lord hath spoken we will do.

And Mosheh carried back the words of the people before the Lord.

JER 19:8 And all the people answered together in the fulness of their heart, and said, All that the Word of the Lord hath spoken, we will do. And Mosheh returned the words of the people in prayer before the Lord.
 
EXODUS 19:9
JPS 19:9 And the LORD said unto Moses: 'Lo, I come unto thee in a thick cloud, that the people may hear when I speak with thee, and may also believe thee for ever.' And Moses told the words of the people unto the LORD.
ONK 19:9 And the Lord said to Mosheh, Behold, I will be revealed to thee in the darkness of the cloud, that the people may hear, in My speaking with thee, and also that they may confide in thee for ever. And Mosheh showed the words of the people before the Lord.
PAL 19:9 And the Lord said to Mosheh, Behold, on the third day I will reveal Myself to thee in the depth of the cloud of glory, that the people may hear while I speak with thee, and may believe in thee for ever. And Mosheh delivered the words of the people before the Lord
 
 
EXODUS 19:10
JPS 19:10 And the LORD said unto Moses: 'Go unto the people, and sanctify them to-day and to-morrow, and let them wash their garments
ONK 19:10 And the Lord said to Mosheh, Go unto the people and prepare them, today and tomorrow, and let them purify(44) their clothing;
PAL 19:10 And the Lord said to Mosheh on the fourth day, Go unto the people, and prepare them today and tomorrow; let them wash their raiment,
JER 19:10 And the Word of the Lord said to Mosheh, Behold, My Word will be revealed to thee in the thickness of the cloud, that the people may hear while I speak with thee, and may also believe for ever in the words of the prophecy of thee, My servant Mosheh. And Mosheh delivered the words of the people in prayer before the Lord.
 
EXODUS 19:11
JPS 19:11 and be ready against the third day; for the third day the LORD will come down in the sight of all the people upon mount Sinai.
ONK 19:11 and be ready for the third day; for on the third day the Lord will be revealed in the eyes of all the people upon mount Sinai.
PAL 19:11 and be prepared on the third day; for on the third day the Lord will reveal Himself to the eyes of all the people, upon the Mount of Sinai.
 
 
EXODUS 19:12
JPS 19:12 And thou shalt set bounds unto the people round about, saying: Take heed to yourselves, that ye go not up into the mount, or touch the border of it; whosoever toucheth the mount shall be surely put to death;
ONK 19:12 And thou shalt set a limit for the people round about, saying, Beware you of going up on the mountain, or of approaching the border of it. Whoever approaches the mountain, slain he shall be slain.
PAL 19:12 And thou shalt set limits for the people, that they may stand round about the mountain, and shalt say, Beware that you ascend not the mount, nor come near its confines; whoever cometh nigh the mount will be surely put to death.
 
 
EXODUS 19:13
JPS 19:13 no hand shall touch him, but he shall surely be stoned, or shot through; whether it be beast or man, it shall not live; when the ram's horn soundeth long, they shall come up to the mount.'
ONK 19:13 No hand shall touch him; for stoned he shall be stoned, or pierced he shall be pierced; whether beast or man, he shall not live. When the trumpet is prolonged they shall be allowed to go forward to the mount.
PAL 19:13 Touch it not with the hand; for he will be stoned with hailstone, or be pierced with arrows of fire; whether beast or man, he will not live. But when the voice of the trumpet is heard, they may go up (forwards) towards the mount.
JER 19:13 No man shall touch it with the hand; for stoned he will be stoned, or fiery arrows will flee against him; whether beast or man, he will not live. When the trumpet soundeth, they may go up toward the mountain.
 
EXODUS 19:14
JPS 19:14 And Moses went down from the mount unto the people, and sanctified the people; and they washed their garments.
ONK 19:14 And Mosheh came down from the mountain unto the people, and prepared the people, and they made white their clothes.
PAL 19:14 And Mosheh went down that day to the people, and prepared the people, and they blanched their clothes.
 
 
EXODUS 19:15
JPS 19:15 And he said unto the people: 'Be ready against the third day; come not near a woman.'
ONK 19:15 And he said to the people, Be ready on the third day, approach not to a woman.
PAL 19:15 And he said to the people, Be ready for the third day; abstain from the marriage-bed.
JER 19:15 And he said to the people, Be ready for the third day; abstain from the marriage-bed.
 
EXODUS 19:16
JPS 19:16 And it came to pass on the third day, when it was morning, that there were thunders and lightnings and a thick cloud upon the mount, and the voice of a horn exceeding loud; and all the people that were in the camp trembled.
ONK 19:16 And it was the third day(45) at morning; and there were voices, and lightnings, and mighty clouds upon the mountain, and the voice of the trumpet exceedingly strong; and all the people trembled who were in the camp.
PAL 19:16 And it was on the third day, on the sixth of the month, in the time of the morning, that on the mountain there were voices of thunders, and lightnings, and mighty clouds of smoke, and a voice of a trumpet exceeding loud; and all the people in the camp trembled.
 
 
EXODUS 19:17
JPS 19:17 And Moses brought forth the people out of the camp to meet God; and they stood at the nether part of the mount.
ONK 19:17 And Mosheh led forth the people out of the camp to meet the Word of the Lord; and they stood at the lower parts of the mount.
PAL 19:17 And Mosheh brought forth the people from the camp to meet the glorious Presence of the Lord; and suddenly the Lord of the world uprooted the mountain, and lifted it in the air, and it became luminous as a beacon, and they stood beneath the mountain.
 
 
EXODUS 19:18
JPS 19:18 Now mount Sinai was altogether on smoke, because the LORD descended upon it in fire; and the smoke thereof ascended as the smoke of a furnace, and the whole mount quaked greatly.
ONK 19:18 And the mountain of Sinai was altogether fuming from before the revelation of the Lord upon it in fire; and the smoke went up as the smoke of a furnace, and the whole mount trembled greatly.
PAL 19:18 And all the mount of Sinai was in flame; for the heavens had overspread it, and He was revealed over it in flaming fire, and the smoke went up as the smoke of a furnace, and all the mountain quaked greatly.
JER 19:18 And all mount Sinai sent up smoke, because the glory of the Shekinah of the Lord was revealed upon it in flame of fire.
 
EXODUS 19:19
JPS 19:19 And when the voice of the horn waxed louder and louder, Moses spoke, and God answered him by a voice.
ONK 19:19 But when the voice of the trumpet went forth and became exceedingly strong, Mosheh spake, and from the presence of the Lord he was answered by a voice.
PAL 19:19 And the voice of the trumpet went forth, and grew stronger: (then) Mosheh spake, and was answered from before the Lord with a gracious and majestic voice, and with pleasant and gracious words.
 
 
EXODUS 19:20
JPS 19:20 And the LORD came down upon mount Sinai, to the top of the mount; and the LORD called Moses to the top of the mount; and Moses went up.
ONK 19:20 And the Lord was revealed upon mount Sinai, on the head of the mountain; and the Lord called Mosheh unto the head of the mount; and Mosheh went up.
PAL 19:20 And the Lord revealed Himself on mount Sinai upon the summit of the mountain, and the Lord called unto Mosheh from the summit of the mount, and Mosheh went up.
 
 
EXODUS 19:21
JPS 19:21 And the LORD said unto Moses: 'Go down, charge the people, lest they break through unto the LORD to gaze, and many of them perish.
ONK 19:21 And the Lord said to Mosheh, Go down, warn the people lest they break through before the Lord to see, and many of them fall.
PAL 19:21 And the Lord said to Mosheh, Descend, and warn the people, lest they come directly before the Lord to gaze, and many of them fall.
 
 
EXODUS 19:22
JPS 19:22 And let the priests also, that come near to the LORD, sanctify themselves, lest the LORD break forth upon them.'
ONK 19:22 And let the priests also, who are to minister before the Lord, sanctify themselves, lest the Lord slay them.
PAL 19:22 The priests, also, who approach to minister before the Lord, must be sanctified, lest the Lord destroy them.
 
 
EXODUS 19:23
JPS 19:23 And Moses said unto the LORD: 'The people cannot come up to mount Sinai; for thou didst charge us, saying: Set bounds about the mount, and sanctify it.'
ONK 19:23 And Mosheh spake before the Lord, The people are not able to come up to mount Sinai; for Thou hast warned us, saying, Set a boundary to the mountain, and sanctify it.
PAL 19:23 And Mosheh said before the Lord, The people cannot come up to mount Sinai, because Thou didst instruct us, saying, Make limits to the mount, and sanctify it.
 
 
EXODUS 19:24
JPS 19:24 And the LORD said unto him: 'Go, get thee down, and thou shalt come up, thou, and Aaron with thee; but let not the priests and the people break through to come up unto the LORD, lest He break forth upon them.'
ONK 19:24 But the Lord said to him, Go, descend, and come up, thou and Aharon with thee; but let not the priests nor the people break through to come up before the Lord, lest He slay them.
PAL 19:24 And the Lord said to him, Go down, and then ascend, thou and Aharon with thee; but let not the priests or the people directly come up to gaze before the Lord, lest He slay them.
 
 
EXODUS 19:25
JPS 19:25 So Moses went down unto the people, and told them.
ONK 19:25 And Mosheh went down to the people, and spake with them.
PAL 19:25 And Mosheh went down from the mountain to the people, and said to them, Draw nigh, and hear the Law with Ten Words.(24)
JER 19:25 And Mosheh went down from the mountain to the people, and said to them, Draw nigh, and receive the Ten Words.
Exodus 18 JPS TOC Comparison TOC Targums TOC Exodus 20

 

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