Comparison of Pentateuch:
Jewish Publication Society 1917
Targums Onkelos,
Jonathan Ben Uzziel/Palestinian,
Jerusalem Fragments

 

Exodus
Chapter 23

[1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10]
[11] [12] [13] [14] [15] [16] [17] [18] [19] [20]
[21] [22] [23] [24] [25] [26] [27] [28] [29] [30]
[31] [32] [33]

 

 

Exodus 22 JPS TOC Comparison TOC Targums TOC Exodus 24
EXODUS 23:1
JPS 23:1 Thou shalt not utter a false report; put not thy hand with the wicked to be an unrighteous witness.
ONK 23:1 Thou shalt not take up a false report, nor set thine hand with the wicked to be a false witness for him.
PAL 23:1 Sons of Israel My people, take not up lying words from a man who accuseth his neighbour before thee, nor put thine hand with the wicked to become a false witness.
     
 
EXODUS 23:2
JPS 23:2 Thou shalt not follow a multitude to do evil; neither shalt thou bear witness in a cause to turn aside after a multitude to pervert justice;
ONK 23:2 Thou shalt not follow the many to wickedness, neither shalt thou fail to teach that which in thine eyes is judgment;(51) after the many (majority?) thou shalt fulfil judgment.
PAL 23:2 Sons of Israel My people, you shall not go after the many to do evil, but to do good; and no one among you shall restrain himself from affirming justly concerning his neighbour in the judgment, by saying, Behold, the judgment sides with the many.
JER 23:2 Sons of Israel My people, you shall not go after the multitude to do evil, but to do good; and no one of you shall restrain himself from setting forth the just cause of his neighbour in the judgment, nor say in your heart, The judgment sides with the many.
 
EXODUS 23:3
JPS 23:3 neither shalt thou favour a poor man in his cause.
ONK 23:3 And upon the poor thou shalt not be pitiful in judging him.
PAL 23:3 And to the poor man who is guilty in his cause, thou shalt not be partial in having compassion upon him; for there must not be respect of persons in judgment.
 
 
EXODUS 23:4
JPS 23:4 If thou meet thine enemy's ox or his ass going astray, thou shalt surely bring it back to him again.
ONK 23:4 If thou meet the ox of thy enemy, or his ass, wandering away, thou shalt surely bring it back to him.
PAL 23:4 If thou meet the ox of thine enemy whom thou dislikest on account of the wickedness which thou only knowest is in him, or an ass that wandereth from the way, thou shalt surely bring it to him.
 
 
EXODUS 23:5
JPS 23:5 If thou see the ass of him that hateth thee lying under its burden, thou shalt forbear to pass by him; thou shalt surely release it with him.
ONK 23:5 When thou seest thine enemy's ass prostrate beneath his burden, thou shalt forbear from forsaking him;(52) thou shalt surely abandon what is in thy heart against him, and shalt deliver it unto him.
PAL 23:5 If thou seest the ass of thy enemy whom thou dislikest on account of the wickedness which thou only knowest to be in him, lying under his burden, and thou wouldst refrain thyself from going near him, thou shalt relinquish at once the dislike of thy heart against (thy enemy), and release and take care of the ass (or, charge thyself with him).
 
 
EXODUS 23:6
JPS 23:6 Thou shalt not wrest the judgment of thy poor in his cause.
ONK 23:6 Thou shalt not warp the judgment of the poor man in his cause.
PAL 23:6 Sons of Israel My people, ye shall not warp the judgment of the poor in his cause.
 
 
EXODUS 23:7
JPS 23:7 Keep thee far from a false matter; and the innocent and righteous slay thou not; for I will not justify the wicked.
ONK 23:7 From a false matter keep distant; and him who has been acquitted and has come forth from judgment uncondemned thou shalt not kill; for I will not justify the guilty.
PAL 23:7 From a false matter keep distant. And when one hath gone forth from thy house of justice acquitted, and they (afterwards) find out his guilt; or one hath been brought out condemned, and they (afterward) find out his innocence,—thou shalt not put him to death; for I will not hold (the former) innocent, nor the latter guilty.
 
 
EXODUS 23:8
JPS 23:8 And thou shalt take no gift; for a gift blindeth them that have sight, and perverteth the words of the righteous.
ONK 23:8 And thou art not to receive a bribe; for a bribe blinds the eyes of the wise, and perverts the words of the just.
PAL 23:8 And thou mayest not receive a bribe; for a bribe blindeth their eyes who have taken it, and casteth down the wise from their seats, and perverteth the right words which are written in the law, and confoundeth the words that are in the mouth of the innocent in the hour of judgment.
 
 
EXODUS 23:9
JPS 23:9 And a stranger shalt thou not oppress; for ye know the heart of a stranger, seeing ye were strangers in the land of Egypt.
ONK 23:9 And thou shalt not distress the sojourner; for you know the mind of a sojourner; for you were dwellers in the land of Mizraim.
PAL 23:9 Thou shalt not oppress the stranger; for ye know the sigh of a stranger's soul; because ye were sojourners in the land of Mizraim.
 
 
EXODUS 23:10
JPS 23:10 And six years thou shalt sow thy land, and gather in the increase thereof;
ONK 23:10 Six years thou shalt sow the land and gather in its produce,
PAL 23:10 Six years thou shalt sow thy land, and gather the produce;
 
 
EXODUS 23:11
JPS 23:11 but the seventh year thou shalt let it rest and lie fallow, that the poor of thy people may eat; and what they leave the beast of the field shall eat. In like manner thou shalt deal with thy vineyard, and with thy oliveyard.
ONK 23:11 but the seventh year thou shalt let it alone and suffer it to rest, that the poor of thy people may eat, and what they leave the beast of the field may eat. So also shalt thou do with thy vineyard and with thy olive ground.
PAL 23:11 but the seventh year thou shalt exempt it from labour, and give up the fruit of it to be eaten by the poor of My people; and what they leave shall be eaten by the beasts of the field. And in like manner shalt thou do with thy vine and olive grounds.
 
 
EXODUS 23:12
JPS 23:12 Six days thou shalt do thy work, but on the seventh day thou shalt rest; that thine ox and thine ass may have rest, and the son of thy handmaid, and the stranger, may be refreshed.
ONK 23:12 Six days shalt thou do thy work, and in the seventh day have rest, that thy ox and thy ass may rest, and the son of thine handmaid and thy sojourner may be quiet.
PAL 23:12 Six days do thy work, and on the seventh day repose, that thy ox and thy ass may rest, and that the uncircumcised son of thy handmaid, and the stranger, may rest.
 
 
EXODUS 23:13
JPS 23:13 And in all things that I have said unto you take ye heed; and make no mention of the name of other gods, neither let it be heard out of thy mouth.
ONK 23:13 And of all that I have spoken to you be mindful, and the name of the idols of the Gentiles remember not; let it not be heard upon thy lips.
PAL 23:13 And of all the precepts that I have spoken to you, be careful; and the names of the idols of the Gentiles remember not, nor let them be heard upon your lips.
 
 
EXODUS 23:14
JPS 23:14 Three times thou shalt keep a feast unto Me in the year.
ONK 23:14 Three times thou shalt solemnize festival before Me in the year.
PAL 23:14 Three times in the year thou shalt keep festival before Me.
 
 
EXODUS 23:15
JPS 23:15 The feast of unleavened bread shalt thou keep; seven days thou shalt eat unleavened bread, as I commanded thee, at the time appointed in the month Abib—for in it thou camest out from Egypt; and none shall appear before Me empty;
ONK 23:15 Thou shalt keep the festival of unleavened bread. Seven days shalt thou eat unleavened cake, as I have commanded thee, in the time of the moon of Abiba, for therein you went forth from Mizraim; and you shall not appear before Me empty.
PAL 23:15 The feast of unleavened cakes thou shalt keep. Seven days thou art to eat unleavened bread, as I have instructed thee, in the time of the month of Abiba, because in it thou earnest forth from Mizraim; and you shall not appear before Me empty.
 
 
EXODUS 23:16
JPS 23:16 and the feast of harvest, the first-fruits of thy labours, which thou sowest in the field; and the feast of ingathering, at the end of the year, when thou gatherest in thy labours out of the field.
ONK 23:16 And the festival of harvest, the first fruits of thy labours which thou hast sowed in thy fields; and the festival of gathering, at the end of the year when thou gatherest in thy labours from the field.
PAL 23:16 And the feast of the harvest first-fruits of the work thou didst sow in the field; and the feast of gathering, at the end of the year, when thou hast gathered in thy work from the field.
 
 
EXODUS 23:17
JPS 23:17 Three times in the year all thy males shall appear before the Lord GOD.
ONK 23:17 Three times in the year shall all thy males appear before the Lord, the Ruler of the world.
PAL 23:17 Three times in the year shall all thy males appear before the Lord the Ruler of the world.
 
 
EXODUS 23:18
JPS 23:18 Thou shalt not offer the blood of My sacrifice with leavened bread; neither shall the fat of My feast remain all night until the morning.
ONK 23:18 Thou shalt not offer with unleavened bread the blood of My pascha, neither shall the fat of the sacrifice of the feast remain without on the altar until morning.
PAL 23:18 Sons of Israel My people, while there is leaven in your houses you may not immolate the bloody sacrifice of My Pascha; nor shall the fat of the sacrifice of My Pascha remain without the altar until morning, nor of the flesh that you eat in the evening.
 
 
EXODUS 23:19
JPS 23:19 The choicest first-fruits of thy land thou shalt bring into the house of the LORD thy God. Thou shalt not seethe a kid in its mother's milk.
ONK 23:19 The beginning of the first fruits of thy land thou shalt bring into the sanctuary of the Lord thy God. Thou shalt not eat flesh with milk.
PAL 23:19 The first of the choice fruits of thy ground thou shalt bring to the sanctuary of the Lord thy God. My people of the house of Israel, you are not permitted to dress or to eat of flesh and milk mingled together, lest I be greatly displeased; and I prepare you the wheat and the straw together for your food.
 
 
EXODUS 23:20
JPS 23:20 Behold, I send an angel before thee, to keep thee by the way, and to bring thee into the place which I have prepared
ONK 23:20 Behold, I send My Angel(53) before thee, to protect thee in the way, and to bring thee into the place which I have prepared.
PAL 23:20 Behold, I will send an Angel before thee, to keep thee in the way, and to bring thee in to the place of My habitation which I have prepared.
 
 
EXODUS 23:21
JPS 23:21 Take heed of him, and hearken unto his voice; be not rebellious against him; for he will not pardon your transgression; for My name is in him.
ONK 23:21 Take heed before Him, and hearken to His words; rebel not against Him, for He will not forgive your sins; for in My Name are His words.
PAL 23:21 Be circumspect before Him, and obey His word, and be not rebellious against His words; for He will not forgive your sins, because His word is in My Name.
 
 
EXODUS 23:22
JPS 23:22 But if thou shalt indeed hearken unto his voice, and do all that I speak; then I will be an enemy unto thine enemies, and an adversary unto thine adversaries.
ONK 23:22
PAL 23:22 For if thou wilt indeed hearken to His word, and do all that I speak by Him, I will be the enemy of thy enemy, and will trouble them who trouble thee.
 
 
EXODUS 23:23
JPS 23:23 For Mine angel shall go before thee, and bring thee in unto the Amorite, and the Hittite, and the Perizzite, and the Canaanite, the Hivite, and the Jebusite; and I will cut them off.
ONK 23:23 For My Angel shall go before thee, and bring thee in, to the Amoraee and Hittaee, and Perizaee and Kenaanaee, Hivaee and Jebusaee; and I will destroy them.
PAL 23:23 For My Angel shall go before thee, and bring thee to the Amoraee, and Pherizaee, and Kenaanaee, Hivaee, and Jebusaee; and I will destroy them.
 
 
EXODUS 23:24
JPS 23:24 Thou shalt not bow down to their gods, nor serve them, nor do after their doings; but thou shalt utterly overthrow them, and break in pieces their pillars.
ONK 23:24 Thou shalt not worship their idols, nor serve them, nor do according to their doings, but shalt utterly demolish them, and break their images;
PAL 23:24 Thou shalt not worship their idols, nor serve them, nor do after their evil works; but thou shalt utterly demolish the house of their worship, and break the statues of their images
 
 
EXODUS 23:25
JPS 23:25 And ye shall serve the LORD your God, and He will bless thy bread, and thy water; and I will take sickness away from the midst of thee.
ONK 23:25 and you shall serve before the Lord your God, and He will bless thy food and thy drink, and will take away grievous evils from among thee.
PAL 23:25 And you shall do service before the Lord your God, and He will bless the provision of thy food and thy drinks, and remove the bitter plague from among thee.
 
 
EXODUS 23:26
JPS 23:26 None shall miscarry, nor be barren, in thy land; the number of thy days I will fulfil.
ONK 23:26 There shall be none abortive or barren in thy land; the number of thy days will I complete.
PAL 23:26 None shall be abortive or barren in thy land; the number of the days of thy life I will fulfil from day to day
 
 
EXODUS 23:27
JPS 23:27 I will send My terror before thee, and will discomfit all the people to whom thou shalt come, and I will make all thine enemies turn their backs unto thee.
ONK 23:27 I will send My terror before thee, and will perturb all the people among whom thou shalt come to fight against them, and I will make all thy adversaries turn their back before thee.
PAL 23:27 My terror will I send before thee, and will perturb all the peoples to whom thou comest, that thou mayest wage battle against them; and I will make all thy enemies turn back before thee.
 
 
EXODUS 23:28
JPS 23:28 And I will send the hornet before thee, which shall drive out the Hivite, the Canaanite, and the Hittite, from before thee.
ONK 23:28 I will send the hornet before thee, and it shall drive out the Hivaee and Kenaanaee and the Hittaee from before thee.
PAL 23:28 And I will send the hornet before thee to drive out the Hivaee, and Kenaanaee, and Hitaee, from before thee.
 
 
EXODUS 23:29
JPS 23:29 I will not drive them out from before thee in one year, lest the land become desolate, and the beasts of the field multiply against thee.
ONK 23:29 I will not expel them before thee in one year, lest the land be made desolate, and the beasts of the field multiply against thee.
PAL 23:29 I will not expel them before thee in one year, lest the land become a wilderness, and the beasts of the field multiply upon thee, when they come to eat their carcasses, and injure thee.
 
 
EXODUS 23:30
JPS 23:30 By little and little I will drive them out from before thee, until thou be increased, and inherit the land.
ONK 23:30 By little and little I will drive them out before thee, until thou shalt be increased and inherit the land.
PAL 23:30 By little and little I will drive them out before thee, until thou art increased, and inherit the land.
 
 
EXODUS 23:31
JPS 23:31 And I will set thy border from the Red Sea even unto the sea of the Philistines, and from the wilderness unto the River; for I will deliver the inhabitants of the land into your hand; and thou shalt drive them out before thee.
ONK 23:31 And I will appoint thy boundary from the sea of Suph unto the sea of the Philistaee, and from the desert to the river; for I will deliver the inhabitants of the land into your hands, and thou shalt drive them out before thee.
PAL 23:31 And I will set thy boundary from the sea of Suph, to the sea of the Philistaee, and from the desert unto the Pherat; for I will deliver into your hand all the inhabitants of the land, and thou shalt drive them out from before thee.
 
 
EXODUS 23:32
JPS 23:32 Thou shalt make no covenant with them, nor with their gods.
ONK 23:32 Thou shalt strike no covenant with them nor with their idols.
PAL 23:32 Thou shalt make no covenant with them, nor with their idols.
 
 
EXODUS 23:33
JPS 23:33 They shall not dwell in thy land—lest they make thee sin against Me, for thou wilt serve their gods—for they will be a snare unto thee.
ONK 23:33 They shall not dwell in thy land, lest they cause thee to commit sin before Me; for if thou serve their idols, it will be a stumbling-block to thee.
PAL 23:33 Thou shalt not let them dwell in thy land, lest they cause thee to err, and to sin before Me, when thou dost worship their idols; for they will be a stumbling-block to thee.
 
 
Exodus 22 JPS TOC Comparison TOC Targums TOC Exodus 24

 

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