Comparison of Pentateuch:
Jewish Publication Society 1917
Targums Onkelos,
Jonathan Ben Uzziel/Palestinian,
Jerusalem Fragments

 

Exodus
Chapter 22

[1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10]
[11] [12] [13] [14] [15] [16] [17] [18] [19] [20]
[21] [22] [23] [24] [25] [26] [27] [28] [29] [30]

 

 

Exodus 21 JPS TOC Comparison TOC Targums TOC Exodus 23
EXODUS 22:1
JPS 22:1 If a thief be found breaking in, and be smitten so that he dieth, there shall be no bloodguiltiness for him.
ONK 22:1 If a thief be found breaking through, and he be smitten and die, there shall be no blood due to him.
PAL 22:1 If a thief be found in a window of the wall, and be smitten and die, there shall not be on his account the guilt of the shedding of innocent blood.
     
 
EXODUS 22:2
JPS 22:2 If the sun be risen upon him, there shall be bloodguiltiness for him—he shall make restitution; if he have nothing, then he shall be sold for his theft.
ONK 22:2 If the eyes of witnesses fall upon him, blood shall be due to him, paying he shall pay. If he have nothing, he shall be sold for his robbery.
PAL 22:2 If the thing be as clear as the sun that he was not entering to destroy life, and one hath killed him, the guilt of the shedding of innocent blood is upon him; and if spared from his hand, restoring he shall restore. If he have not wherewith to restore, the beth din shall sell him for his theft until the year of release.
 
 
EXODUS 22:3
JPS 22:3 If the theft be found in his hand alive, whether it be ox, or ass, or sheep, he shall pay double.
ONK 22:3 If the thing stolen, from an ox to an ass, be found in his possession, they being alive, he shall restore two for one.
PAL 22:3 If before witnesses the thing stolen was found in his possession, from an ox or an ass, unto a sheep alive, he shall restore two for one.
 
 
EXODUS 22:4
JPS 22:4 If a man cause a field or vineyard to be eaten, and shall let his beast loose, and it feed in another man's field; of the best of his own field, and of the best of his own vineyard, shall he make restitution.
ONK 22:4 If a man make waste a field or vineyard, or send his cattle to consume another's field, the best of his field and the best of his vineyard he shall restore.
PAL 22:4 If a man break in upon a field or a vineyard, and send in his beast to feed in another man's field, the best of his field and the best of his vineyard he shall restore.
 
 
EXODUS 22:5
JPS 22:5 If fire break out, and catch in thorns, so that the shocks of corn, or the standing corn, or the field are consumed; he that kindled the fire shall surely make restitution.
ONK 22:5 If fire break out, and it find thorns, so that sheaves or standing corn or the field be consumed, he who kindled the fire paying shall pay.
PAL 22:5 If fire break out, and catch thorns, and consume the sheaves, or whatever is standing, or the field, whoever kindled the fire shall surely restore.
 
 
EXODUS 22:6
JPS 22:6 If a man deliver unto his neighbour money or stuff to keep, and it be stolen out of the man's house; if the thief be found, he shall pay double.
ONK 22:6 When a man giveth his neighbour silver or vessels to keep, and they be stolen from the man's house; if the thief be found, he shall repay double.
PAL 22:6 When a man confideth to his neighbour silver, or vessels to keep, without recompense for the care, and they be stolen from the man's house, if the thief be found, he shall restore two for one.
 
 
EXODUS 22:7
JPS 22:7 If the thief be not found, then the master of the house shall come near unto God, to see whether he have not put his hand unto his neighbour's goods.
ONK 22:7 If the thief be not found, the master of the house shall be brought before the judges (to make oath) that he hath not put forth his hand upon that which his neighbour had delivered to him.
PAL 22:7 If the thief be not found, the master of the house shall be brought before the judges, and shall swear that he hath not put forth his own hand upon the property of his neighbour.
 
 
EXODUS 22:8
JPS 22:8 For every matter of trespass, whether it be for ox, for ass, for sheep, for raiment, or for any manner of lost thing, whereof one saith: 'This is it,' the cause of both parties shall come before God; he whom God shall condemn shall pay double unto his neighbour.
ONK 22:8 Upon every matter of guiltiness about ox or ass or lamb, or raiment, or anything destroyed of which it may be said, This is it, the cause of both shall be brought before the judges, and he whom the judges shall condemn shall pay double to his neighbour.
PAL 22:8 And about whatever is injured covertly, whether ox, or ass, or sheep, or raiment, of whatever is (so) lost, he shall make oath when he saith that so it is; and when the thing stolen shall be afterward found in the hand of the thief, the cause of both shall be brought before the judges, the cause of the householder and the cause of the thief; and whom the judges shall condemn, the thief shall restore twofold to his neighbour.
 
 
EXODUS 22:9
JPS 22:9 If a man deliver unto his neighbour an ass, or an ox, or a sheep, or any beast, to keep, and it die, or be hurt, or driven away, no man seeing it;
ONK 22:9 If a man deliver to his neighbour an ass or an ox or a lamb or any cattle to keep, and it die, or be injured, or be carried away, no one seeing;
PAL 22:9 If a man deliver to his neighbour an ox, or a sheep, or any animal to keep, (if) he is to keep it without recompense, and it die, or be torn by wild beast, or be carried off, and no witness seeing who can testify it;
 
 
EXODUS 22:10
JPS 22:10 the oath of the LORD shall be between them both, to see whether he have not put his hand unto his neighbour's goods; and the owner thereof shall accept it, and he shall not make restitution.
ONK 22:10 an oath of the Lord shall be between them that he hath not put forth his hand against that which his neighbour had delivered, and the owner shall accept the oath, and he shall not repay.
PAL 22:10 an oath of the Lord shall be between them both, that he hath not put forth his hand upon the property of his neighbour; and the owner of the thing shall accept his oath, and he shall not (be required to) make it good.
 
 
EXODUS 22:11
JPS 22:11 But if it be stolen from him, he shall make restitution unto the owner thereof.
ONK 22:11 But if it be stolen from him, he shall repay its owner;
PAL 22:11 But if it be stolen from him who was to receive recompense for the care, he shall make it good to its owner.
 
 
EXODUS 22:12
JPS 22:12 If it be torn in pieces, let him bring it for witness; he shall not make good that which was torn.
ONK 22:12 and if it be torn, and he bring witnesses that it was torn, he shall not repay.
PAL 22:12 If it hath been torn by a wild beast, let him bring witnesses, or bring him to the carcase: because for that which is (so) torn he shall not make restitution.
JER 22:12 If it hath been really killed, he shall bring of its members, as a testimony, and for that which is killed he shall not make restitution.
 
EXODUS 22:13
JPS 22:13 And if a man borrow aught of his neighbour, and it be hurt, or die, the owner thereof not being with it, he shall surely make restitution.
ONK 22:13 And if a man borrow of his neighbour and it be injured or die, the owner of it not being with it, repaying he shall repay.
PAL 22:13 And if a man borrow anything of his neighbour, and the vessel be broken, or the animal die, and the owner be not with it, he shall certainly make it good.
 
 
EXODUS 22:14
JPS 22:14 If the owner thereof be with it, he shall not make it good; if it be a hireling, he loseth his hire.
ONK 22:14 But if the owner be with it, he shall not repay. If it were hired, let it be (considered) for its hire.
PAL 22:14 If the owner be with it, he shall not make it good: if it had been lent for profit, its loss came on account of its hire.
 
 
EXODUS 22:15
JPS 22:15 And if a man entice a virgin that is not betrothed, and lie with her, he shall surely pay a dowry for her to be his wife.
ONK 22:15 And if a man seduce a virgin who is not betrothed and lie with her, he shall surely establish her to be his wife.
PAL 22:15 If a man seduce a virgin unbetrothed, and have criminal conduct with her, endowing, he shall endow her to be his wife.
JER 22:15 If a man seduce a virgin, unbetrothed, and have criminal conduct with her, endowing, he shall endow her to be a wife.
 
EXODUS 22:16
JPS 22:16 If her father utterly refuse to give her unto him, he shall pay money according to the dowry of virgins.
ONK 22:16 If her father be unwilling to give her to him, he shall weigh down silver according to the dowry of virgins.
PAL 22:16 If this doth not appear to him (to be desirable), or if her father be not willing to give her to him, fifty sileen of silver shall be laid upon him, according to the endowment of a virgin.
 
 
EXODUS 22:17
JPS 22:17 Thou shalt not suffer a sorceress to live.
ONK 22:17 An enchantress(49) shall not live.
PAL 22:17 Sons of My people Israel, whosoever practiseth witchcraft you shall not suffer to live.
 
 
EXODUS 22:18
JPS 22:18 Whosoever lieth with a beast shall surely be put to death.
ONK 22:18 Whosoever lieth with a beast shall be surely put to death.
PAL 22:18 Whosoever lieth with a beast shall be stoned to death.
 
 
EXODUS 22:19
JPS 22:19 He that sacrificeth unto the gods, save unto the LORD only, shall be utterly destroyed.
ONK 22:19 Whosoever sacrificeth to the idols of the Gentiles shall be put to death:—but to the Name of the Lord alone.
PAL 22:19 Whosoever sacrificeth to the idols of the Gentiles shall be slain with the sword, and his goods be destroyed; for ye shall worship only the Name of the Lord.
 
 
EXODUS 22:20
JPS 22:20 And a stranger shalt thou not wrong, neither shalt thou oppress him; for ye were strangers in the land of Egypt.
ONK 22:20 And a stranger thou shalt not trouble nor oppress; for you were sojourners in the land of Mizraim.
PAL 22:20 And the stranger you shall not vex with words, nor distress him by taking his goods: Remember, sons of Israel, My people, that you were strangers in the land of Mizraim.
 
 
EXODUS 22:21
JPS 22:21 Ye shall not afflict any widow, or fatherless child.
ONK 22:21 Afllict not the widow or the orphan:
PAL 22:21 You shall not impoverish the widow or the orphan.
 
 
EXODUS 22:22
JPS 22:22 If thou afflict them in any wise—for if they cry at all unto Me, I will surely hear their cry
ONK 22:22 if you indeed afflict them, and they cry before Me, I will surely hearken to their cry;
PAL 22:22 If thou impoverish her, beware; for if they rise up and cry against you in prayer before Me, I will hear the voice of their prayer, and will avenge them,
 
 
EXODUS 22:23
JPS 22:23 My wrath shall wax hot, and I will kill you with the sword; and your wives shall be widows, and your children fatherless.
ONK 22:23 and My displeasure shall be strong, and will kill you with the sword; and your wives shall be widows and your children fatherless.
PAL 22:23 and My anger will be kindled, and I will slay you with the sword, and your wives shall be widows, and your children be orphans.
 
 
EXODUS 22:24
JPS 22:24 If thou lend money to any of My people, even to the poor with thee, thou shalt not be to him as a creditor; neither shall ye lay upon him interest.
ONK 22:24 If thou lend money to My people, to the poor who is with thee, thou shalt not be to him as an usurer,(50) neither shalt thou inflict an injury upon him.
PAL 22:24 If thou lend money to (one of) My people, to (one of) the humble of My people, thou shalt not be to him as an usurer, neither lay it upon him that there shall be witnesses against him, or that he give pledges, or equivalents, or usury.
JER 22:24 If thou lend money to My people, to the poor of your people, you shall not be to him an oppressive creditor, or lay upon him either equivalents or usury.
 
EXODUS 22:25
JPS 22:25 If thou at all take thy neighbour's garment to pledge, thou shalt restore it unto him by that the sun goeth down;
ONK 22:25 If, (as) a pledge, thou take thy neighbour's garment, at the going away of the sun thou shalt return it unto him.
PAL 22:25 If thou take (at all) for a pledge the garment of thy neighbour, thou shalt restore it to him before sunset;
 
 
EXODUS 22:26
JPS 22:26 for that is his only covering, it is his garment for his skin; wherein shall he sleep? and it shall come to pass, when he crieth unto Me, that I will hear; for I am gracious.
ONK 22:26 For it may be his only covering; for (then) it is the clothing for his skin: wherein shall he sleep? And it shall be that when he crieth before Me I will hearken; for I am merciful.
PAL 22:26 for it may be his taleth which alone covereth him; (or) it is his only garment in which he rests, which falleth upon his skin; and if thou take the coverlet of the bed whereon he lies, and he be heard before Me, I will hearken to his prayer; for I am Eloah the Merciful.
 
 
EXODUS 22:27
JPS 22:27 Thou shalt not revile God, nor curse a ruler of thy people.
ONK 22:27 Thou shalt not revile the judges, nor curse the ruler of My people.
PAL 22:27 Sons of Israel My people, ye shall not revile your judges, nor curse the rabbans who are appointed rulers among thy people.
 
 
EXODUS 22:28
JPS 22:28 Thou shalt not delay to offer of the fulness of thy harvest, and of the outflow of thy presses. The first-born of thy sons shalt thou give unto Me.
ONK 22:28 Thy firstfruits and thy tithes thou shalt not delay (to offer:) the firstborn of thy children thou shalt separate before Me;
PAL 22:28 The firsts(30) of thy fruits, and the firsts of thy wine-press, thou shalt not delay to bring up in their time to the place of My habitation. The firstlings of thy males thou shalt separate before Me.
 
 
EXODUS 22:29
JPS 22:29 Likewise shalt thou do with thine oxen, and with thy sheep; seven days it shall be with its dam; on the eighth day thou shalt give it Me.
ONK 22:29 so shalt thou do with thy oxen and with thy sheep. Seven days shall (the firstling) be with its mother; on the eighth day thou shalt separate it before Me.
PAL 22:29 So shalt thou do with the firstlings of thy oxen and sheep; seven days it shall be suckled by its mother, and on the eighth day thou shalt separate it before Me.
 
 
EXODUS 22:30
JPS 22:30 And ye shall be holy men unto Me; therefore ye shall not eat any flesh that is torn of beasts in the field; ye shall cast it to the dogs.
ONK 22:30 And ye shall be holy men before Me; and the flesh torn from a living animal you may not eat; you shall cast it to the dogs.
PAL 22:30 And holy men, tasting unconsecrated things innocently, shall you be before Me; but flesh torn by wild beasts alive you may not eat, but throw it to the dog as his portion.
 
 
Exodus 21 JPS TOC Comparison TOC Targums TOC Exodus 23

 

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