Comparison of Pentateuch:
Jewish Publication Society 1917
Targums Onkelos,
Jonathan Ben Uzziel/Palestinian,
Jerusalem Fragments

 

Genesis
Chapter 44

[1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10]
[11] [12] [13] [14] [15] [16] [17] [18] [19] [20]
[21] [22] [23] [24] [25] [26] [27] [28] [29] [30]
[31] [32] [33] [34]

 

 

Genesis 43 JPS TOC Comparison TOC Targums TOC Genesis 45
GENESIS 44:1
JPS 44:1 And he commanded the steward of his house, saying: 'Fill the men's sacks with food, as much as they can carry, and put every man's money in his sack's mouth.
ONK 44:1 And Joseph commanded the steward of his house, saying, Fill the men's bags with corn as much as they can carry, and put each man's money in the mouth of his baggage.
PAL 44:1 And he commanded Menasheh, whom he had appointed intendant of his house, saying, Fill the men's sacks with corn, as much as they can carry, and put each man's money in the mouth of his bag.
 
GENESIS 44:2
JPS 44:2 And put my goblet, the silver goblet, in the sack's mouth of the youngest, and his corn money.' And he did according to the word that Joseph had spoken.
ONK 44:2 And put my cup, the silver cup, in the mouth of the youngest one's baggage, and his purchase-money. And he did according to Joseph's word which he spake.
PAL 44:2 And put my cup, the silver cup, in the mouth of the sack of the youngest, and his purchase money. And he did according to the word which Joseph had spoken.
 
GENESIS 44:3
JPS 44:3 As soon as the morning was light, the men were sent away, they and their asses.
ONK 44:3 The morning lightened, and the men were sent away, they and their asses.
PAL 44:3 The morning lightened, and the men were sent away, they and their asses.
 
GENESIS 44:4
JPS 44:4 And when they were gone out of the city, and were not yet far off, Joseph said unto his steward: 'Up, follow after the men; and when thou dost overtake them, say unto them: Wherefore have ye rewarded evil for good?
ONK 44:4 They had not gone far from the city, when Joseph said to him who was set over his house, Arise, follow after the men, and overtake them, and say to them, Why have you rendered evil for good?
PAL 44:4 They had not gone far from the city, when Joseph said to Menasheh whom he had appointed the intendant of his house, Arise, follow after the men, overtake them and say to them, Why have ye returned evil for good?
 
GENESIS 44:5
JPS 44:5 Is not this it in which my lord drinketh, and whereby he indeed divineth? ye have done evil in so doing.'
ONK 44:5 Is it not this from which my lord drinketh, and, behold, by which inquiring he inquireth?(223) You have done the thing that is evil.
PAL 44:5 Is it not that from which my lord drinketh, and by which divining he divineth? That which you have done is evil.
JER 44:5 By which divining he divineth.
 
GENESIS 44:6
JPS 44:6 And he overtook them, and he spoke unto them these words.
ONK 44:6 And he overtook them, and spake with them these words.
PAL 44:6 And he overtook them, and spake with them all these words.
 
GENESIS 44:7
JPS 44:7 And they said unto him: 'Wherefore speaketh my lord such words as these? Far be it from thy servants that they should do such a thing.
ONK 44:7 And they said, Why does my lord speak these words? Be it far from thy servants to do according to this thing!
PAL 44:7 They said to him, Why does my lord speak words like these? Far be it from thy servants to do such a thing.
 
GENESIS 44:8
JPS 44:8 Behold, the money, which we found in our sacks' mouths, we brought back unto thee out of the land of Canaan; how then should we steal out of thy lord's house silver or gold?
ONK 44:8 Behold, the money which we found in the mouth of our baggages we brought to thee again from the land of Kenaan; how then should we steal from the house of thy lord vessels of silver, or vessels of gold?
PAL 44:8 Behold, the money which we found in the mouth of our bags we brought to thee again from the land of Kenaan; how then should we steal from thy lord's house vessels of silver, or vessels of gold?
 
GENESIS 44:9
JPS 44:9 With whomsoever of thy servants it be found, let him die, and we also will be my lord's bondmen.'
ONK 44:9 With whomsoever of thy servants it is found, let him die; and we also will be servants to my lord.
PAL 44:9 With whomsoever of thy servants it shall be found, let him be guilty of death, and we also will be slaves of thy lord.
 
GENESIS 44:10
JPS 44:10 And he said: 'Now also let it be according unto your words: he with whom it is found shall be my bondman; and ye shall be blameless.'
ONK 44:10 And he said, According to your words, so let it be. With whomsoever it is found, he shall be my servant, but you will be acquitted.
PAL 44:10 And he said, According to your words let it be. With whomsoever it is found he shall be my slave, but you shall be innocent.
 
GENESIS 44:11
JPS 44:11 Then they hastened, and took down every man his sack to the ground, and opened every man his sack.
ONK 44:11 And they made haste, and brought down every man his baggage to the ground; and every man opened his baggage.
PAL 44:11 And they made haste, and brought down each man his sack upon the ground, and every man opened his sack.
 
GENESIS 44:12
JPS 44:12 And he searched, beginning at the eldest, and leaving off at the youngest; and the goblet was found in Benjamin's sack.
ONK 44:12 And he searched, beginning with the greatest and finishing with the least; and the chalice was found in the baggage of Benjamin.
PAL 44:12 And he searched, beginning with Reuben, and ending with Benjamin. And the cup was found in Benjamin's sack.
 
GENESIS 44:13
JPS 44:13 And they rent their clothes, and laded every man his ass, and returned to the city.
ONK 44:13 And they rent their clothes, and laded every man his ass, and returned to the city.
PAL 44:13 And they rent their clothes; but the strength of fortitude was given to them; and they laded every man his ass, and returned to the city.
 
GENESIS 44:14
JPS 44:14 And Judah and his brethren came to Joseph's house, and he was yet there; and they fell before him on the ground.
ONK 44:14 And Jehuda entered and his brothers into Joseph's house, for he was still there; and they fell before him on the ground.
PAL 44:14 And Jehuda and his brethren entered into Joseph's house. He was yet there; and they fell before him on the ground.
 
GENESIS 44:15
JPS 44:15 And Joseph said unto them: 'What deed is this that ye have done? know ye not that such a man as I will indeed divine?'
ONK 44:15 And Joseph said to them, What work is this which you have done? Did you not know that a man like me divining can divine?
PAL 44:15 And Joseph said to them, What deed is this that you have done? Could you not know that a man like me divining can divine?
 
GENESIS 44:16
JPS 44:16 And Judah said: 'What shall we say unto my lord? what shall we speak? or how shall we clear ourselves? God hath found out the iniquity of thy servants; behold, we are my lord's bondmen, both we, and he also in whose hand the cup is found.'
ONK 44:16 And Jehuda said to him, What shall we say to my lord? What shall we speak? How shall we be justified? Before the lord there is sin found in thy servants. Behold, we are the servants of my lord; we also and he in whose hand the chalice hath been found.
PAL 44:16 And Jehuda said to him, What shall we say to my lord concerning the former money, and what concerning the latter money? and how shall we be acquitted concerning the cup? From before the Lord there is sin found upon thy servants. Behold, we are my lord's servants, and he in whose hand the chalice hath been found.
 
GENESIS 44:17
JPS 44:17 And he said: 'Far be it from me that I should do so; the man in whose hand the goblet is found, he shall be my bondman; but as for you, get you up in peace unto your father.'
ONK 44:17 But he said, Far be it from me to do so: the man in whose hand the chalice has been found shall be my servant; but go you up in peace to your father.
PAL 44:17 But he said, Far be it from me to do thus; the man in whose hand the chalice hath been found shall be my slave; but you, go you up in peace to your father.
 
GENESIS 44:18
JPS 44:18 Then Judah came near unto him, and said: 'Oh my lord, let thy servant, I pray thee, speak a word in my lord's ears, and let not thine anger burn against thy servant; for thou art even as Pharaoh.
ONK 44:18 And Jehuda came near to him and said, We beseech my lord, let thy servant speak a word before my lord, and let not thine anger be great with thy servant; for as Pharoh so art thou.
PAL 44:18 And Jehuda came near to him and said, In imploring my lord, let thy servant, I implore, speak a word in the hearing of my lord, and let not thy anger grow strong against thy servant; for at the hour that we came to thee thou didst say to us, I fear before the Lord; and now thy judgments are rendered like (the judgments) of a prince of Pharoh.
JER 44:18 And Jehuda came near him, and said, In beseeching thee, my lord, let thy servant now speak a word in the hearing of my lord, and let not thy anger be strong against thy servant; for at the first time we came down to thee into Mizraim didst thou not tell us, I fear before the Lord? And now thy judgments are returned like the judgments of Pharoh thy lord, by whom thou adjurest. Yet I am honourable as thou art, and my father is honourable as Pharoh thy lord is, by whom thou dost adjure. Can I not swear by the life of the head of my father, and not lie? For if I draw my sword from within its sheath, I would not return it till I had filled all the land of Mizraim with the slain; to its sheath I would not return it, till I had made all Mizraim desolate of inhabitants, beginning with thyself, and ending with Pharoh thy lord, were it not against the will of my father. Or, hath it not been heard by thee, or not told thee, what my two brothers Shimeon and Levi did, who went up against the town of Shekem while they were dwelling in security, and killed every male by the edge of the sword, because they had corrupted Dinah our sister, who hath not been numbered in the tribes, nor hath portion or inheritance with us in the dividing of the land? By how much more then (shall it be done) for Benjamin our brother, who is numbered with us among the tribes, and who hath portion and inheritance with us in the dividing of the land? And my force is more unyielding than theirs, because I have become the sponsor for the youth at the hands of my father, saying, If I bring him not to thee, and set him before thee, I will be guilty with thee and be removed from thy salutation all the days. Hast thou not heard, or hath it not been told thee, that in the land of Kenaan we are kings and princes, as thou art?
 
GENESIS 44:19
JPS 44:19 My lord asked his servants, saying: Have ye a father, or a brother?
ONK 44:19 My lord asked his servants, saying, Have you a father or a brother?
PAL 44:19 My lord asked his servants, saying, Have you a father or a brother?
JER 44:19 When Joseph, the beloved and honourable, saw that the strength of Jehuda his brother had risen up, and that the thoughts of his heart came forth, and that they rent their garments, in that hour beckoned Joseph to Menasheh his first-born, and stamped with his shoe; and all Joseph's palace trembled. In that hour Jehuda said, If it had not been on the side of the house of my father, it would not have been done so. Then began Jehuda to be milder in his words, and he said, My lord asked his servants, saying, Have you a father, or a brother?
 
GENESIS 44:20
JPS 44:20 And we said unto my lord: We have a father, an old man, and a child of his old age, a little one; and his brother is dead, and he alone is left of his mother, and his father loveth him.
ONK 44:20 And we told my lord, We have an aged father, and the youngest (son) is the son of his old age; his brother is dead; and he only remains of his mother, and his father loves him.
PAL 44:20 And we told my lord, We have an aged father, and a son of his old age, a little one, whose brother is dead, and be only remains of his mother; and his father on that account loveth him.
 
GENESIS 44:21
JPS 44:21 And thou saidst unto thy servants: Bring him down unto me, that I may set mine eyes upon him.
ONK 44:21 And thou saidst to thy servants, Bring him down to me, and let me set mine eyes upon him.
PAL 44:21 And thou saidst to thy servants, Bring him down to me, and I will set mine eyes on him for good.
JER 44:21 Mine eyes shall be gracious upon him.
 
GENESIS 44:22
JPS 44:22 And we said unto my lord: The lad cannot leave his father; for if he should leave his father, his father would die.
ONK 44:22 And we told my lord, His father cannot part with the youth; for if our father should part with him, he would die.
PAL 44:22 But we told my lord, The youth cannot leave his father: for if he leave his father, he will die.
 
GENESIS 44:23
JPS 44:23 And thou saidst unto thy servants: Except your youngest brother come down with you, ye shall see my face no more.
ONK 44:23 And thou saidst to thy servants, If your youngest brother come not down with you, you shall not see my face again.
PAL 44:23 Yet thou saidst to thy servants, If you bring not your youngest brother down, you shall not again see my face.
 
GENESIS 44:24
JPS 44:24 And it came to pass when we came up unto thy servant my father, we told him the words of my lord.
ONK 44:24 And it was when we had gone up to our father, we told him these words of my lord.
PAL 44:24 And it was when we went up to thy servant our father, we related to him my lord's words.
 
GENESIS 44:25
JPS 44:25 And our father said: Go again, buy us a little food.
ONK 44:25 And our father said to us, Return, and buy us a little corn.
PAL 44:25 And our father said to us, Return, and buy us a little corn.
 
GENESIS 44:26
JPS 44:26 And we said: We cannot go down; if our youngest brother be with us, then will we go down; for we may not see the man's face, except our youngest brother be with us.
ONK 44:26 And we said, We cannot go down: if our youngest brother go down with us, we will go down; for we shall not be able to see the man's face unless our youngest brother go down with us.
PAL 44:26 But we told him, We cannot go down if our youngest brother be not with us when we go down, for we shall not be able to see the man's face, unless our youngest brother be with us.
 
GENESIS 44:27
JPS 44:27 And thy servant my father said unto us: Ye know that my wife bore me two sons;
ONK 44:27 And thy servant our father said to us, You know that my wife bare me two (sons).
PAL 44:27 And thy servant our father said to us, You know that my wife bare me two sons.
 
GENESIS 44:28
JPS 44:28 and the one went out from me, and I said: Surely he is torn in pieces; and I have not seen him since;
ONK 44:28 One went forth from me, and I have said, Dying he is dead; and I have not beheld him since.
PAL 44:28 One went forth from me, and I said, Surely he is dead, and I have not beheld him since;
 
GENESIS 44:29
JPS 44:29 and if ye take this one also from me, and harm befall him, ye will bring down my gray hairs with sorrow to the grave.
ONK 44:29 And if you take this one also from me, and death happen to him, you will bring down my age with evil unto sheol.
PAL 44:29 and you will now take this other from before me; and if death happen to him, you will bring down mine age with mourning to the house of the grave.
 
GENESIS 44:30
JPS 44:30 Now therefore when I come to thy servant my father, and the lad is not with us; seeing that his soul is bound up with the lad's soul;
ONK 44:30 And now, when I come to thy servant my father, and the youth be not with us, and his soul loveth him as his (own) soul;
PAL 44:30
 
GENESIS 44:31
JPS 44:31 it will come to pass, when he seeth that the lad is not with us, that he will die; and thy servants will bring down the gray hairs of thy servant our father with sorrow to the grave.
ONK 44:31 when he seeth that the youth is not with us, he will die; and thy servant will have brought down the age of thy servant our father with mourning unto Sheol.
PAL 44:31
 
GENESIS 44:32
JPS 44:32 For thy servant became surety for the lad unto my father, saying: If I bring him not unto thee, then shall I bear the blame to my father for ever.
ONK 44:32 For thy servant was surety for the youth with our father, saying, If I bring him not to thee, let my father hold me guilty all the days.
PAL 44:32 Therefore thy servant became surety for the youth with my father, saying, If I restore him not to thee, let me be guilty before my father all the days.
 
GENESIS 44:33
JPS 44:33 Now therefore, let thy servant, I pray thee, abide instead of the lad a bondman to my lord; and let the lad go up with his brethren.
ONK 44:33 And now let thy servant remain instead of the youth, as the servant of my lord, and let the youth go up with his brothers.
PAL 44:33 And now let thy servant remain, I beseech thee, as the slave of my lord, instead of the young man; and let the young man go up with his brothers.
 
GENESIS 44:34
JPS 44:34 For how shall I go up to my father, if the lad be not with me? lest I look upon the evil that shall come on my father.'
ONK 44:34 For how can I go up to my father, and the youth be not with me?—lest I should see the evil that will come upon my father!
PAL 44:34 For how can I go up to my father, and the young man be not with us?—lest I behold the evil that will strike my father through!
 
Genesis 43 JPS TOC Comparison TOC Targums TOC Genesis 45

 

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