Comparison of Pentateuch:
Jewish Publication Society 1917
Targums Onkelos,
Jonathan Ben Uzziel/Palestinian,
Jerusalem Fragments

 

Genesis
Chapter 43

[1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10]
[11] [12] [13] [14] [15] [16] [17] [18] [19] [20]
[21] [22] [23] [24] [25] [26] [27] [28] [29] [30]
[31] [32] [33] [34]

 

 

Genesis 42 JPS TOC Comparison TOC Targums TOC Genesis 44
GENESIS 43:1
JPS 43:1 And the famine was sore in the land.
ONK 43:1 But the famine prevailed in the land.
PAL 43:1
 
GENESIS 43:2
JPS 43:2 And it came to pass, when they had eaten up the corn which they had brought out of Egypt, that their father said unto them: 'Go again, buy us a little food.'
ONK 43:2 And it was when they had ended to eat the corn which they had brought from Mizraim, that their father said to them, Return, and buy for us a little corn.
PAL 43:2 And it was when they had finished eating the corn they had brought from Mizraim, their father said to them, Return and buy us a little corn.
 
GENESIS 43:3
JPS 43:3 And Judah spoke unto him, saying: 'The man did earnestly forewarn us, saying: Ye shall not see my face, except your brother be with you.
ONK 43:3 And Jehuda spake to him, saying, The man attesting attested to us, saying, You shall not see my face unless your brother be with you.
PAL 43:3 And Jehuda spake to him, saying, The man attesting attested to us saying, You shall not see the sight of my face unless your youngest brother be with you.
 
GENESIS 43:4
JPS 43:4 If thou wilt send our brother with us, we will go down and buy thee food;
ONK 43:4 If thou wilt send our brother with us, we will go down and buy thee corn;
PAL 43:4 If thou wilt send our brother with us, we will go down and buy corn for thee;
 
GENESIS 43:5
JPS 43:5 but if thou wilt not send him, we will not go down, for the man said unto us: Ye shall not see my face, except your brother be with you.'
ONK 43:5 but if thou wilt not send, we will not go down: for the man told us, You shall not see my face unless your brother be with you.
PAL 43:5 but if thou wilt not send (him), we will not go down; for the man told us, You shall not see the sight of my face unless your brother be with you.
 
GENESIS 43:6
JPS 43:6 And Israel said: 'Wherefore dealt ye so ill with me, as to tell the man whether ye had yet a brother?'
ONK 43:6 And Israel said, Why did you do me this evil, in showing the man that you have a brother?
PAL 43:6 And Israel said, Why did you do me evil in showing the man that you had yet a brother?
 
GENESIS 43:7
JPS 43:7 And they said: 'The man asked straitly concerning ourselves, and concerning our kindred, saying: Is your father yet alive? have ye another brother? and we told him according to the tenor of these words; could we in any wise know that he would say: Bring your brother down?'
ONK 43:7 And they said, The man asking asked us concerning our family,(216) saying, Is your father yet alive? Have you a brother? And we showed him according to the word of these things: knowing could we know that he would say, Bring your brother to me?
PAL 43:7 And they said, The man demanding demanded (to know) about us, and about our family, saying, Is your father yet living? Have you a brother? And we informed him according to the word of these things. Could we know that he would say, Bring your brother down?
 
GENESIS 43:8
JPS 43:8 And Judah said unto Israel his father: 'Send the lad with me, and we will arise and go, that we may live, and not die, both we, and thou, and also our little ones.
ONK 43:8 And Jehuda said to Israel his father, Send the youth with me, and let us arise and go, that we may live and not die, we, and thou, and our little ones.
PAL 43:8 And Jehuda said to Israel his father, Send the youth with me, that we may arise and go; and that we may live and not die, both we, and you, and our little ones.
 
GENESIS 43:9
JPS 43:9 I will be surety for him; of my hand shalt thou require him; if I bring him not unto thee, and set him before thee, then let me bear the blame for ever.
ONK 43:9 I will be the pledge for him; of my hand shalt thou require him; if I do not bring him back to thee, and set him before thee, let mine be the sin with thee all the days.
PAL 43:9 I will be surety for him: of my hand shalt thou require him. If I bring him not to thee again, and set him before thee, the guilt be upon me before thee all days.
JER 43:9 I will be afar off from the salutation of my father all days.
 
GENESIS 43:10
JPS 43:10 For except we had lingered, surely we had now returned a second time.'
ONK 43:10 For except we had delayed in this, we might now have returned twice.
PAL 43:10 For unless we had thus delayed, we should already have returned these two times.
 
GENESIS 43:11
JPS 43:11 And their father Israel said unto them: 'If it be so now, do this: take of the choice fruits of the land in your vessels, and carry down the man a present, a little balm, and a little honey, spicery and ladanum, nuts, and almonds;
ONK 43:11 And Israel their father said to them, If then it is to be, do this: take of what is praiseworthy(217) in the land in your vessels, and carry down to the man an offering; a little gum, and a little honey, storax and ladanum, nuts and almonds;
PAL 43:11 And Israel their father said to them, If it must be so, do this: Take of the praiseworthy things of the land, and put them in your vessels, and carry down the man a present, a little gum(117) and a little honey, wax and ladanum,(118) the oil of nuts, and the oil of almonds,
 
GENESIS 43:12
JPS 43:12 and take double money in your hand; and the money that was returned in the mouth of your sacks carry back in your hand; peradventure it was an oversight;
ONK 43:12 and silver, two for one take in your hands, even the silver which was returned in the mouth of your bags take back in your hands; perhaps it was an oversight.
PAL 43:12 and money two upon one take in your hands, even the money that was returned in the mouth of your baggage, take back in your hands; perhaps it was done in error.
JER 43:12 Double
 
GENESIS 43:13
JPS 43:13 take also your brother, and arise, go again unto the man;
ONK 43:13 And take your brother, and arise, return to the man;
PAL 43:13 And take Benjamin your brother, and arise, return to the man,
 
GENESIS 43:14
JPS 43:14 and God Almighty give you mercy before the man, that he may release unto you your other brother and Benjamin. And as for me, if I be bereaved of my children, I am bereaved.'
ONK 43:14 and God the Almighty give you favour before the man, that he may release to you your other brother and Benjamin. And I, when desolated, shall be desolate!
PAL 43:14 and God the Almighty give you mercies before the man, that he may release to you your other brother, and Benjamin: and I, behold, I am now certified by the Holy Spirit that if I am bereaved of Joseph, I shall also be bereaved of Shimeon and of Benjamin.
JER 43:14 And I, behold, if I be not bereaved of my son Joseph, so shall I not add to be bereaved of Shimeon and of Benjamin.
 
GENESIS 43:15
JPS 43:15 And the men took that present, and they took double money in their hand, and Benjamin; and rose up, and went down to Egypt, and stood before Joseph.
ONK 43:15 And the men took that offering, and the money two for one took they in their hands; and they took Benjamin, and arose, and went down into Mizraim, and stood before Joseph.
PAL 43:15 The men took the present, and the money two for one in their hands, and they took Benjamin, and went down to Mizraim, and stood before Joseph.
 
GENESIS 43:16
JPS 43:16 And when Joseph saw Benjamin with them, he said to the steward of his house: 'Bring the men into the house, and kill the beasts, and prepare the meat; for the men shall dine with me at noon.'
ONK 43:16 And Joseph saw Benjamin with them; and he said to him who was appointed over his house, Bring the men into the house, and kill a killing(218) and prepare; for the men shall eat with me at dinner.
PAL 43:16 And Joseph saw Benjamin with them: and he said to Menasheh whom he had made superintendent over his house, Bring the men into the house, and unloose the house of slaughter, and take out the sinew that shrank, and prepare meat before them; for the man shall eat with me at the time of the noon-day meal.
 
GENESIS 43:17
JPS 43:17 And the man did as Joseph bade; and the man brought the men into Joseph's house.
ONK 43:17 And the man did as Joseph had said; and the man brought the men into Joseph's house.
PAL 43:17 And the man did as Joseph had said, and the man brought the men into Joseph's house.
 
GENESIS 43:18
JPS 43:18 And the men were afraid, because they were brought into Joseph's house; and they said: 'Because of the money that was returned in our sacks at the first time are we brought in; that he may seek occasion against us, and fall upon us, and take us for bondmen, and our asses.'
ONK 43:18 And the men were afraid because they were brought into the house of Joseph; and said, It is on account of the money that was returned in our baggage at first, that we are brought in, that he might domineer over us,(219) and find occasion against us, and take possession of us as slaves, and seize upon our asses.
PAL 43:18 The men feared when they were brought into Joseph's house, and said, For the money that was returned in our sacks at the first are we brought in, that he may find occasion against us and condemn us, and sell us for slaves, and take our asses.
 
GENESIS 43:19
JPS 43:19 And they came near to the steward of Joseph's house, and they spoke unto him at the door of the house,
ONK 43:19 And they drew near the man who was set over Joseph's house, and spake with him at the gate of the house
PAL 43:19 And they drew near the man who had been appointed intendant over Joseph's house, and spake with him at the gate of the house.
 
GENESIS 43:20
JPS 43:20 and said: 'Oh my lord, we came indeed down at the first time to buy food.
ONK 43:20 and said, We entreat my lord (to hear us). Descending we came down at first to buy corn.
PAL 43:20 And they said, We entreat you, my lord: we indeed came down at first to buy corn.
 
GENESIS 43:21
JPS 43:21 And it came to pass, when we came to the lodging-place, that we opened our sacks, and, behold, every man's money was in the mouth of his sack, our money in full weight; and we have brought it back in our hand.
ONK 43:21 And it was while we were at the resting-place, we opened our baggage, and, behold, a man's silver was in the mouth of the bag; the silver in its weight. But we have returned it in our hand.
PAL 43:21 But it was when we had come to our place of lodging, that we opened our sacks, and, behold, the money of a man was in the mouth of his sack: but we have brought it back in our hand.
 
GENESIS 43:22
JPS 43:22 And other money have we brought down in our hand to buy food. We know not who put our money in our sacks.'
ONK 43:22 And other silver have we brought in our hand to buy corn. We knew not who put the silver in our baggage.
PAL 43:22 And other money have we brought down in hand to buy corn. We know not who put the money in our sacks.
 
GENESIS 43:23
JPS 43:23 And he said: 'Peace be to you, fear not; your God, and the God of your father, hath given you treasure in your sacks; I had your money.' And he brought Simeon out unto them.
ONK 43:23 And he said, Peace be to you: fear not; your God, and the God of your father, gave you treasure in your bags; your money came to me. And he brought out Shemeon to them.
PAL 43:23 And he said, Peace to you; be not afraid of my lord. Your God and the God of your fathers gave you treasure in your sacks: your money came to me. And he brought out Shimeon to them.
 
GENESIS 43:24
JPS 43:24 And the man brought the men into Joseph's house, and gave them water, and they washed their feet; and he gave their asses provender.
ONK 43:24 And the man brought the men into Joseph's house, and gave water, and they washed their feet, and he gave provender for their asses.
PAL 43:24 The man brought the men into Joseph's house, and gave them water, and they washed their feet; and he gave them provender for their asses.
 
GENESIS 43:25
JPS 43:25 And they made ready the present against Joseph's coming at noon; for they heard that they should eat bread there.
ONK 43:25 And they made ready the offering against the entrance of Joseph to dinner: for they had heard that there they were to eat bread.
PAL 43:25 And they made ready the present against the entrance of Joseph at the noon-day feast; for they had heard from him that they were to eat bread there.
 
GENESIS 43:26
JPS 43:26 And when Joseph came home, they brought him the present which was in their hand into the house, and bowed down to him to the earth.
ONK 43:26 And Joseph entered the house, and they brought to him the offering which was in their hands into the house; and they bowed to him upon the ground.
PAL 43:26 And Joseph entered the house, and they offered to him the present which was in their hands for the house; and bowed before him upon the ground.
 
GENESIS 43:27
JPS 43:27 And he asked them of their welfare, and said: 'Is your father well, the old man of whom ye spoke? Is he yet alive?'
ONK 43:27 And he saluted them,(220) and said, Is your father well, the old man you spake of? Is he yet alive?
PAL 43:27 And Joseph saluted them, and said, Is it well with your father, the old man of whom you told me? Is he still alive?
 
GENESIS 43:28
JPS 43:28 And they said: 'Thy servant our father is well, he is yet alive.' And they bowed the head, and made obeisance.
ONK 43:28 And they said, It is well with thy servant our father, he is yet alive; and they bowed and worshipped.
PAL 43:28 They answered, It is well with thy servant our father; he is yet alive. And they bowed and made obeisance.
 
GENESIS 43:29
JPS 43:29 And he lifted up his eyes, and saw Benjamin his brother, his mother's son, and said: 'Is this your youngest brother of whom ye spoke unto me?' And he said: 'God be gracious unto thee, my son.'
ONK 43:29 And he lifted up his eyes, and saw Benjamin his brother, the son of his mother; and he said, Is this your youngest brother of whom you spake to me? And he said, Mercy from the Lord be upon thee, my son.(221)
PAL 43:29 And he lifted up his eyes and saw Benjamin his brother, the son of his mother, and said, Is this your youngest brother of whom you told me? And he said, Mercy from the Lord be upon thee, my son!
 
GENESIS 43:30
JPS 43:30 And Joseph made haste; for his heart yearned toward his brother; and he sought where to weep; and he entered into his chamber, and wept there.
ONK 43:30 And Joseph made haste, for his bowels were commoved over his brother, and he sought (where) to weep; and he entered into the chamber, the place of sleeping, and wept there.
PAL 43:30 And Joseph made haste, for his compassions were moved upon his brother, and he sought to weep, and he went into the chamber the house of sleep, and wept there.
JER 43:30 Into the chamber
 
GENESIS 43:31
JPS 43:31 And he washed his face, and came out; and he refrained himself, and said: 'Set on bread.'
ONK 43:31 And he washed his face, and came out, and was comforted, and said, Put on bread;
PAL 43:31 And he washed his face from tears, and came forth, and hastened and said, Set bread.
JER 43:31 And he washed
 
GENESIS 43:32
JPS 43:32 And they set on for him by himself, and for them by themselves, and for the Egyptians, that did eat with him, by themselves; because the Egyptians might not eat bread with the Hebrews; for that is an abomination unto the Egyptians.
ONK 43:32 and they set for him alone, and for them alone, and for the Mizraee who ate with him, alone. For the Mizraee might not eat bread with the Hivraee, because the animals that the Mizraee worshipped the Hivraee did eat.
PAL 43:32 And they set for him by himself, and for them by themselves, and for the Mizraee who ate with him by themselves; for it was not proper for the Mizraee to eat bread with the Yehudaee, because the animals which the Mizraee worshipped the Yehudaee ate.
 
GENESIS 43:33
JPS 43:33 And they sat before him, the firstborn according to his birthright, and the youngest according to his youth; and the men marvelled one with another.
ONK 43:33 And they reclined before him, the chief according to his chiefship, and the less according to his minority; and the men wondered, each man at his companion.
PAL 43:33 And they sat around him, the greatest according to his majority, and the less according to his minority. For he had taken the silver cup in his hand, and, sounding(119) as if divining, he had set in order the sons of Leah on one side, and the sons of Zilpha on the other side, and the sons of Bilhah on another side, and Benjamin the son of Rahel he ordered by the side of himself. And the men wondered each at the other.
 
GENESIS 43:34
JPS 43:34 And portions were taken unto them from before him; but Benjamin's portion was five times so much as any of theirs. And they drank, and were merry with him.
ONK 43:34 And portions were brought from him, and set before them, and greater was Benjamin's portion than the portions of them all, five portions. And they drank and were merry with him.(222)
PAL 43:34 And he sent portions from his table, and they set them forth from him before them. But Benjamin's portion was larger than the portions of any of them; five portions: one was his own portion: one portion from himself, one from his wife, and two portions from his two sons. And they drank and were drunken with him; for from the day when they were separated from him they had not drunk wine, neither he nor they, until that day.
 
Genesis 42 JPS TOC Comparison TOC Targums TOC Genesis 44

 

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