Numbers 20 JPS TOC Comparison TOC Targums TOC Numbers 22
Numbers 21:1 JPS 21:1 And the Canaanite, the king of Arad, who dwelt in the South, heard tell that Israel came by the way of Atharim; and he fought against Israel, and took some of them captive. ONK 21:1 And when the Kenaanah, king Arad, who dwelt in the south, heard that Israel was coming by the way of the explorers, he set battle in array against Israel, and took some of them captives. PAL 21:1 And Amalek, who had dwelt in the south, and changed, and came and reigned in Arad, heard that the soul of Aharon was at rest, that the pillar of the Cloud which for his sake had led the people of the house of Israel had been taken up, and that Israel was coming by the way of the explorers to the place where they had rebelled against the Lord of the world. For, when the explorers had returned, the children of Israel abode in Rekem, but afterward returned from Rekem to Motseroth, in six encampments during forty years, when they journeyed from Motseroth, and returned to Rekem by the way of the explorers, and came unto Mount Umanom, where Aharon died; (and,) behold, he came and arrayed battle against Israel, and captured some of them with a great captivity. JER 21:1 And when the Kenaanite, king Arad, who dwelt in the south, heard that Aharon was dead, that holy man on account of whose merit the Cloud of Glory had protected Israel,that the pillar of the Cloud had been taken up; and that the prophetess Mizraim was dead, on whose account the well had flowed, but had (since) been hidden; he answered and said, Ye servants of war, come and let us set battle in line against Israel; for we shall find the way by which the explorers came up. Therefore they set battle in line against Israel, and carried away some of them with a great captivity. Numbers 21:2 JPS 21:2 And Israel vowed a vow unto the LORD, and said: 'If Thou wilt indeed deliver this people into my hand, then I will utterly destroy their cities.' ONK 21:2 And Israel vowed a vow before the Lord, and said: If Thou wilt surely deliver this people into my hand, then I will destroy their cities. PAL 21:2 And Israel vowed a vow before the Lord, and said: If Thou wilt indeed deliver this people into my hand, I will destroy their cities. Numbers 21:3 JPS 21:3 And the LORD hearkened to the voice of Israel, and delivered up the Canaanites; and they utterly destroyed them and their cities; and the name of the place was called Hormah. ONK 21:3 And the Lord accepted Israel's prayer, and gave up the Kenaanaah; and he destroyed them and their cities, and he called the name of the place Charma.(39) 39. Charma, cherem, "devoted to destruction." PAL 21:3 And the Lord heard Israel's prayer, and delivered up the Kenaanites, and he destroyed them and their cities. And he called the name of the place Hormah.(18) 18. "Destruction." Numbers 21:4 JPS 21:4 And they journeyed from mount Hor by the way to the Red Sea, to compass the land of Edom; and the soul of the people became impatient because of the way. ONK 21:4 And they journeyed from Mount Hor by the way of the Sea of Suph, to go round from the land of Edom; and the soul of the people was wearied in the way. PAL 21:4 And they journeyed from Mount Umanom, by the way of the Sea of Suph, that they might compass the land of Edom; and the soul of the people was wearied in the way. Numbers 21:5 JPS 21:5 And the people spoke against God, and against Moses: 'Wherefore have ye brought us up out of Egypt to die in the wilderness? for there is no bread, and there is no water; and our soul loatheth this light bread.' ONK 21:5 And the people murmured (or, growled) against the Word of the Lord, and contended with Mosheh, (saying:) Why have you brought us up out of Mizraim to die in the desert? for there is neither bread nor water, and our soul is weary of manna, this light food. PAL 21:5 And the people thought (wickedly) in their heart, and talked against the Word of the Lord, and contended with Mosheh, saying: Why didst thou bring us up from Mizraim to die in the wilderness; for there is neither bread nor water, and our soul is weary of manna, this light food?
And the bath-kol fell from the high heaven, and thus spake: Come, all men, and see all the benefits which I have done to the people whom I brought up free out of Mizraim. I made manna come down for them from heaven, yet now turn they and murmur against Me. Yet, behold, the serpent, whom, in the days of the beginning of the world, I doomed to have dust for his food, hath not murmured against me: but My people are murmuring about their food. Now shall the serpents who have not complained of their food come and bite the people who complain.
JER 21:5 The bath-kol came forth from the midst of the earth, and a voice was heard from the heights, See, all men, and listen and hear, all ye children of flesh. The serpent, whom I cursed at the beginning, and said to him, Dust shall be thy food, hath not complained about his food. I led forth My people from Mizraim free, and caused the manna to descend for them from heaven; I made the quails to come over to them, and the well to spring up from the deep; yet now they again complain before Me on account of the manna, saying, Our soul is aggrieved by this light bread: therefore shall the serpent who hath not complained of his food come and bite this people who have murmured about their food. Numbers 21:6 JPS 21:6 And the LORD sent fiery serpents among the people, and they bit the people; and much people of Israel died. ONK 21:6 And the Lord sent forth burning serpents among the people, and much people of Israel died. PAL 21:6 Therefore did the Word of the Lord send the basilisk serpents, and they bit the people, and a great multitude of the people of Israel died. JER 21:6 So the Word of the Lord sent fiery serpents among the people, and they bit the people, and a great multitude of Israel died. Numbers 21:7 JPS 21:7 And the people came to Moses, and said: 'We have sinned, because we have spoken against the LORD, and against thee; pray unto the LORD, that He take away the serpents from us.' And Moses prayed for the people. ONK 21:7 And the people came to Mosheh, and said: We have sinned, for we have murmured before the Lord, and have contended with thee. Intercede before the Lord, that He may remove the serpents from among us. And Mosheh prayed for the people. PAL 21:7 And the people came to Mosheh, and said: We have sinned, in thinking and speaking against the glory of the Lord's Shekinah, and in contending with thee. Pray before the Lord to remove the plague of serpents from us. And Mosheh prayed for the people. Numbers 21:8 JPS 21:8 And the LORD said unto Moses: 'Make thee a fiery serpent, and set it upon a pole; and it shall come to pass, that every one that is bitten, when he seeth it, shall live.' ONK 21:8 And the Lord said to Mosheh: Make thee a burning (serpent), and uplift it on an ensign; and every one who hath been bitten, and beholdeth it, shall live (or, be saved). PAL 21:8 And the Lord said to Mosheh, Make thee a serpent of brass, and set it upon a place aloft;(19) 19. Or, "a place of suspension." and it shall be that when a serpent hath bitten any one, if he behold it, then shall he live, if his heart be directed to the Name of the Word of the Lord. Numbers 21:9 JPS 21:9 And Moses made a serpent of brass, and set it upon the pole; and it came to pass, that if a serpent had bitten any man, when he looked unto the serpent of brass, he lived. ONK 21:9 And Mosheh made a serpent of brass, and set it upon an ensign; and when a serpent had bitten a man, if he looked up to the serpent of brass, he lived (or, was saved). PAL 21:9 And Mosheh made a serpent of brass, and set it upon a place aloft; and it was, when a serpent had bitten a man, and the serpent of brass was gazed at, and his heart was intent upon the Name of the Word of the Lord, he lived. JER 21:9 And Mosheh made a serpent of brass, and set it upon a high place; and it was that when any one had been bitten by a serpent, and his face was uplifted in prayer unto his Father who is in heaven, and he looked upon the brasen serpent, he lived. Numbers 21:10 JPS 21:10 And the children of Israel journeyed, and pitched in Oboth. ONK 21:10 And the children of Israel journeyed and encamped in Oboth. PAL 21:10 And the children of Israel journeyed from thence, and pitched in Oboth; Numbers 21:11 JPS 21:11 And they journeyed from Oboth, and pitched at Ije-abarim, in the wilderness which is in front of Moab, toward the sun-rising. ONK 21:11 And they journeyed from Oboth, and encamped at the Ford(40) 40. Peschito, "Fountain." of the Passengers, which is in the wilderness over against Moab, toward the sunrise. PAL 21:11 and they journeyed from Oboth, and encamped in the plain of Megistha, in a desert place which looketh toward Moab from the rising of the sun. Numbers 21:12 JPS 21:12 From thence they journeyed, and pitched in the valley of Zered. ONK 21:12 And they removed from thence, and encamped by the brook Zared. PAL 21:12 Thence they journeyed and encamped in a valley abounding in reeds, osiers, and mandrakes.(20) 20. Or, "lilies." Numbers 21:13 JPS 21:13 From thence they journeyed, and pitched on the other side of the Arnon, which is in the wilderness, that cometh out of the border of the Amorites.—For Arnon is the border of Moab, between Moab and the Amorites; ONK 21:13 Thence they journeyed, and pitched on the other side of Arnon, that is in the wilderness that stretcheth out from the coasts of the Amoraah; for Arnon is the border of Moab, between Moab and the Amoraah. PAL 21:13 And they journeyed from thence, and encamped beyond the Arnon, in a passage of the desert that stretcheth from the coast of the Amoraah; for Arnon is the border of Moab, situate between Moab and the Amoraah; and therein dwelt a priesthood of the worshippers of idols. Numbers 21:14 JPS 21:14 wherefore it is said in the book of the Wars of the LORD:Vaheb in Suphah,
And the valleys of Arnon,
ONK 21:14 Wherefore it is said in the Book of the Wars, That which the Lord did by the Sea of Suph, and the great deeds which (He wrought) by the torrents of Arnon, PAL 21:14 Therefore it is said in the book of the Law, where are recorded the wars of the Lord: Eth and Heb, who had been smitten with the blast of the leprosy, and had been banished beyond the confine of the camp, made known to Israel that Edom and Moab were concealed among the mountains in ambush, to destroy the people of the house of Israel. But the Lord of the world made a sign to the mountains, which pressed one to another, so that they died: and their blood flowed through a valley on the brink of the Arnon (or, a valley adjoining Arnon). JER 21:14 Therefore it is said in the Book of the Law of the Lord, which is likened to a Book of Wars: The miracles and mighty acts which the Lord-wrought for His people, the sons of Israel, when they stood by the Red Sea, so did He with them when they were at the fords of the vale of Arnona. When the children of Israel were passing through the vale of Arnona, the Moabites were hidden in the caverns of the valley, saying: When the Beni Israel are coming through, we will go forth to prevent them, and will slay them. But the Lord of all the world, the Lord, who knew what was in their hearts,for before Him that which is within the reins is manifest,the Lord signed to the mountains, and their heads here and there were brought together, and the chiefs of their mighty ones were crushed, and the valleys were overflowed with the blood of the slain. But Israel walked above upon the top of the hills, and knew not the miracle and mighty act which the Lord was doing for them in the valley of Arnon. Numbers 21:15 JPS 21:15 And the slope of the valleys
That inclineth toward the seat of Ar,
And leaneth upon the border of Moab.—
ONK 21:15 and at the flowing of the streams which lead towards Lechayath, and are joined at the confine of Moab. PAL 21:15 And the effusion of the streams of their blood flowed to the habitations of Lechaiath, which were, however, delivered from this destruction, because they had not been in their counsels; and, behold, it was unto the confine of Moab. JER 21:15 But Lechaiath, the city which took no part in their counsel, was delivered from them; and, behold, it is by the confines of the Moabites. Numbers 21:16 JPS 21:16 And from thence to Beer; that is the well whereof the LORD said unto Moses: 'Gather the people together, and I will give them water.' ONK 21:16 And from thence was given to them the well, which is the well whereof the Lord spake to Mosheh, Gather the people together, and I will give them water. PAL 21:16 And from thence was given to them (the Israelites) the living well, the well concerning which the Lord said to Mosheh, Assemble the people and give them water. Numbers 21:17 JPS 21:17 Then sang Israel this song:Spring up, O well—sing ye unto it— ONK 21:17 Therefore sang. Israel this song:Spring up, well; sing ye unto it. PAL 21:17 Then, behold, Israel sang the thanksgiving of this song, at the time that the well which had been hidden was restored to them through the merit of Miriam: Spring up, well, spring up, well! sang they to it, and it sprang up: JER 21:17 Behold, then sang Israel this song of praise: Spring up, well! they sang to it, and it sprang up: the well which Abraham, Izhak, and Jakob, the princes of the world, at the beginning did see, the sages of the world, the Sanhedrin, the seventy wise men who were appointed by name beheld it: Mosheh and Aharon, the scribes of Israel, found it with their rods, and from the desert it was given to them as a gift. And from thence the well was given to them at Mattana, Numbers 21:18 JPS 21:18 The well, which the princes digged,And from the wilderness to Mattanah;
Which the nobles of the people delved,
With the sceptre, and with their staves.
ONK 21:18 The well which the princes digged, the chiefs of the people cut it, the scribes with their staves; it was given to them in the wilderness. PAL 21:18 the well which the fathers of the world, Abraham, Izhak, and Jakob, digged: the princes who were of old digged it, the chiefs of the people: Mosheh and Aharon, the scribes of Israel, found it with their rods; and from the desert it was given to them for a gift. And from thence it was given to them in Mattana Numbers 21:19 JPS 21:19 and from Mattanah to Nahaliel; and from Nahaliel to Bamoth; ONK 21:19 And from (the time) that it was given to them it descended with them to the rivers, and from the rivers it went up with them to the height,(41) 41. Or, "to Ramatha." Hebrew text, "Bamoth." PAL 21:19 turning, it went up with them to the high mountains, and from the high mountains it went down with them to the hills surrounding all the camp of Israel, and giving them drink, every one at the door of his tent. JER 21:19 turning it became strong overflowing streams, Numbers 21:20 JPS 21:20 and from Bamoth to the valley that is in the field of Moab, by the top of Pisgah, which looketh down upon the desert. ONK 21:20 and from the height to the vale which is in the fields of Moab, at the head of Ramatha, which looketh towards Bethjeshimon. PAL 21:20 And from the high mountains it descended with them to the lower hills, but was hidden from them on the borders of Moab, at the summit of the hill looking toward Bethjeshimon, because there they neglected the words of the Law. JER 21:20 and again it ascended to the top of the mountains, and went down with them to the ancient valleys; but the well was hidden from them when on the borders of Moab, on the head of the height which overlooketh toward Abeth Jeshimon. Numbers 21:21 JPS 21:21 And Israel sent messengers unto Sihon king of the Amorites, saying: ONK 21:21 And Israel sent messengers to Sihon, king of the Amoraah, saying: PAL 21:21 Then sent Israel messengers to Sihon, king of the Amorites, saying: Numbers 21:22 JPS 21:22 'Let me pass through thy land; we will not turn aside into field, or into vineyard; we will not drink of the water of the wells; we will go by the king's highway, until we have passed thy border.' ONK 21:22 I would pass through thy country: I will not turn aside into field or vineyard; we will not drink of the waters of the cistern; by the king's highway will we go until we have crossed thy border. PAL 21:22 I would pass through thy country. We will not carry off the betrothed, nor seduce virgins, nor have to do with the wives of men; by the highway of the King who is in the heavens we will go, until we have passed through thy border. Numbers 21:23 JPS 21:23 And Sihon would not suffer Israel to pass through his border; but Sihon gathered all his people together, and went out against Israel into the wilderness, and came to Jahaz; and he fought against Israel. ONK 21:23 But Sihon would not permit Israel to pass through his coast; and Sihon gathered all his people, and came out to prevent Israel in the wilderness, and came to Jahaz, and arrayed battle against Israel. PAL 21:23 But Sihon would not permit Israel to pass through his limit, but constrained all his people, and came out to Jahaz, and made war against Israel. Numbers 21:24 JPS 21:24 And Israel smote him with the edge of the sword, and possessed his land from the Arnon unto the Jabbok, even unto the children of Ammon; for the border of the children of Ammon was strong. ONK 21:24 And Israel smote him with the edge of the sword, and took possession of his land from Arnon unto Jabbok, unto the Beni Ammon; for the border of the Beni Ammon was strong. PAL 21:24 And Israel smote him with the anathema of the Lord, that he would destroy (him) with the edge of the sword; and he took possession of his country, from Arnon unto the Jabbok, unto the border of the children of Ammon; because Rabbath, which is the limit of the children of Ammon, was strong; and so far was their boundary. Numbers 21:25 JPS 21:25 And Israel took all these cities; and Israel dwelt in all the cities of the Amorites, in Heshbon, and in all the towns thereof. ONK 21:25 And Israel subdued all those cities, and Israel dwelt in all the cities of the Amoraah, in Heshbon, and in all the villages thereof. PAL 21:25 And Israel took all those cities, and dwelt in all the cities of the Amorites, in Heshbon, and in all her villages. Numbers 21:26 JPS 21:26 For Heshbon was the city of Sihon the king of the Amorites, who had fought against the former king of Moab, and taken all his land out of his hand, even unto the Arnon. ONK 21:26 For Heshbon was the city of Sihon, king of the Amoraah; he had made war with the former king of Moab, and had taken all his territory from his hand unto Arnon. PAL 21:26 For Heshbon was the city of Sihon, king of the Amorites; for he had beforetime made war with the King of Moab, and had taken all his country from his hand unto the Arnon. Numbers 21:27 JPS 21:27 Wherefore they that speak in parables say:Come ye to Heshbon!
Let the city of Sihon be built and established!
ONK 21:27 Therefore, say the proverbs:Come to Heshbon; let the city of Sihon be builded and finished: PAL 21:27 Therefore, say the young men, (or the chosen ones,) using proverbs: The righteous who rule their passions say, Come let us reckon (Heshbon) the strength(21) 21. Or, "the weapon, instrument." of a good work by the recompense, and the recompense of an evil work by the strength; for whoso is watchful and diligent(22) 22. Or, "devoted"; literally, "anointed." in the law is builded up and perfected; JER 21:27 Therefore say they who speak in proverbs, Ascend. Numbers 21:28 JPS 21:28 For a fire is gone out of Heshbon,
A flame from the city of Sihon;
It hath devoured Ar of Moab,
The lords of the high places of Arnon.
ONK 21:28 for an east wind strong as fire hath gone out from Heshbon, and the servants of war (as) with a flame from the city of Sihon: they have slain the people who inhabited Lechayath of Moab, the priests who ministered in the idol-temple in the height of Arnona. PAL 21:28 for mighty words like fire go forth from the lips of the righteous, the masters of such thought (calculation, heshbona), and powerful merit like flames from those who are read and devoted in the law: their fire devoureth the foe and the adversary, who are reckoned before them as the worshippers of the idol altars in the valley of Arnona. JER 21:28 Because the men of their people like fire come out of Heshbon, making war as flames of fire from the city of Sihon: the kings of the Amoraee are slain, the villages of the Moabite cities are destroyed, and the priests are slaughtered who sacrificed before the idols of Arnona. Numbers 21:29 JPS 21:29 Woe to thee, Moab!
Thou art undone, O people of Chemosh;
He hath given his sons as fugitives,
And his daughters into captivity,
Unto Sihon king of the Amorites.
ONK 21:29 Woe to you, Moabaee, you are undone, ye people who have worshipped Kemosh; he hath delivered up his besieged sons and his daughters into captivity, unto Sihon, king of the Amoraah. PAL 21:29 Woe to you, ye haters of the just! ye have perished, ye people of Kemosh, haters of the words of the law, in whom there is no righteousness, unless he waste you to bring you captive unto the place where they teach the law, and their sons and daughters be removed by captivity of the sword to be near them who consult in its counsels the instructors and those anointed with the law. The wicked have said, In all this there is nothing lofty to the sight; but your numbers shall perish until the falsehood of your souls be ended, JER 21:29 Woe to you of Moab! ye are consumed, destroyed, worshippers of the idol of Kemosh; your sons and daughters bound by the collar are carried into the captivity of Sihon, king of the Amorites. Numbers 21:30 JPS 21:30 We have shot at them—Heshbon is perished—even unto Dibon,
And we have laid waste even unto Nophah,
Which reacheth unto Medeba.
ONK 21:30 And the kingdom hath ceased from Heshbon, the dominion hath passed away from Dibon, they have laid waste unto Nophak which joineth Medeba. PAL 21:30 and the Lord of the world destroy them till their lives have expired, and they have come to nothing, as the cities of the Amorites have perished, and the palaces of their princes from the great gate of the house of the kingdom to the street of the smiths which is nigh to Medeba. JER 21:30 And the kingdom hath ceased from Heshbon, and the ruler from Dibon, and his ways are made desolate unto the smithies which are nigh to Medaba. Numbers 21:31 JPS 21:31 Thus Israel dwelt in the land of the Amorites. ONK 21:31 And Israel dwelt in the land of the Amoraah. PAL 21:31 And Israel, after they had destroyed Sihon, dwelt in the land of the Amorites. JER 21:31 And Israel dwelt in the land of the Amorites. Numbers 21:32 JPS 21:32 And Moses sent to spy out Jazer, and they took the towns thereof, and drove out the Amorites that were there. ONK 21:32 And Mosheh sent to explore Jaazer; and they subdued the towns, and drave out the Amoraah who were therein. PAL 21:32 And Mosheh sent Kaleb and Phineas to examine Makbar, and they subdued the villages, and destroyed the Amorites who were there. JER 21:32 And Mosheh sent to explore Makvar, and they took the villages, and destroyed the Amorites who were there. Numbers 21:33 JPS 21:33 And they turned and went up by the way of Bashan; and Og the king of Bashan went out against them, he and all his people, to battle at Edrei. ONK 21:33 And they turned and went up by the way of Mathnan;(42) 42. Samaritan Version, Batanin. and Og, king of Mathnan, came out to meet them, he and all his people, to give battle at Edrei. PAL 21:33 Then they turned, and went up by the way of Mathnan; and Og, the king of Mathnan, came out to meet us, he and all his people, to give battle at Edrei. And it was, when Mosheh saw Og, he trembled before him, stricken with fear: but he (soon) answered and said, This is Og the Wicked, who taunted Abraham our father and Sarah, saying: You are like trees planted by the water channels, but bring forth no fruit: therefore hath the Holy One, blessed be He, spared him to live through generations, that he might see the great multitude of their children, and be delivered into our hands. Numbers 21:34 JPS 21:34 And the LORD said unto Moses: 'Fear him not; for I have delivered him into thy hand, and all his people, and his land; and thou shalt do to him as thou didst unto Sihon king of the Amorites, who dwelt at Heshbon.' ONK 21:34 But the Lord said to Mosheh, Fear him not: for I have delivered him into thy hand with all his people and his country; and thou shalt do to him as thou hast done to Sihon, the king of the Amoraah who dwelt in Heshbon. PAL 21:34 Then spake the Lord unto Mosheh: Fear him not, for I have delivered him into thy hand, and all his people and country; and thou shalt do to him as thou hast done to Sihon, king of the Amorites, who dwelt in Heshbon.
Now it was, after Og the Wicked had seen the camp of Israel spreading over six miles, he said with himself, I will make war against this people, that they may not do to me as they have done to Sihon: so went he and tare up a mountain six miles in size, and brought it upon his head to hurl it upon them. But the Word of the Lord forthwith prepared a reptile,(23) 23. "Grasshopper," zechila. The Targumist here draws the long bow of the Hagadistic method of paraphrase. which ate into the mountain and perforated it, and his head was swallowed up within it; and he sought to withdraw it, but could not, because his back teeth and his front ones were drawn hither and thither. And Mosheh went and took an axe of ten cubits, and sprang ten cubits, and struck him on the ankle of his foot, and he fell, and died beyond the camp of Israel. Thus it is written.
JER 21:34 And when Mosheh saw Og, he said, Is not this Og the Wicked, who taunted Abraham and Sarah, and said, They are like fair trees by fountains of water, but give no fruit? Therefore the Holy One, blessed be He, hath kept him alive for many years, till the time that he should see their children and children's children, and fall by their hands. Therefore the Lord said to Mosheh, Fear him not, for I have delivered him into thy hand, and all his people, and all his land; and thou shalt do to him as thou hast done to Sichon, king of the Amorites, who dwelt in Heshbon. Numbers 21:35 JPS 21:35 So they smote him, and his sons, and all his people, until there was none left him remaining; and they possessed his land. ONK 21:35 And they smote him, and his sons, and all his people, until none remained of him who were spared; aud they took possession of his land. PAL 21:35 And they smote him and his sons and daughters, and all his people, till none of them remained to escape; and they took possession of his land.
Numbers 20 JPS TOC Comparison TOC Targums TOC Numbers 22