Comparison of Pentateuch:
Jewish Publication Society 1917
Targums Onkelos,
Jonathan Ben Uzziel/Palestinian,
Jerusalem Fragments

 

Numbers
Chapter 31

[1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10]
[11] [12] [13] [14] [15] [16] [17] [18] [19] [20]
[21] [22] [23] [24] [25] [26] [27] [28] [29] [30]
[31] [32] [33] [34] [35] [36] [37] [38] [39] [40]
[41] [42] [43] [44] [45] [46] [47] [48] [49] [50]
[51] [52] [53] [54]

 

 

Numbers 30 JPS TOC Comparison TOC Targums TOC Numbers 32
Numbers 31:1
JPS 31:1 And the LORD spoke unto Moses, saying:
ONK 31:1 And the Lord spake with Mosheh, saying:
PAL 31:1 And the Lord spake with Mosheh, saying:
     
 
Numbers 31:2
JPS 31:2 'Avenge the children of Israel of the Midianites; afterward shalt thou be gathered unto thy people.'
ONK 31:2 Avenge the children of Israel of the Midianites; afterward thou shalt be gathered to thy people.
PAL 31:2 Take retribution for the children of Israel from the Midianites; and afterward thou shalt be gathered to thy people.
 
 
Numbers 31:3
JPS 31:3 And Moses spoke unto the people, saying: 'Arm ye men from among you for the war, that they may go against Midian, to execute the LORD'S vengeance on Midian.
ONK 31:3 And Mosheh spake with the people, saying: Arm, of you, men for the host against Midian, to avenge this people of the Lord upon Midian:
PAL 31:3 And Moses spake with the people, saying: Arm of you men, for the host to make war against Midian, to give the people of the Lord avengement upon Midian;
JER 31:3 Arm of you
 
Numbers 31:4
JPS 31:4 Of every tribe a thousand, throughout all the tribes of Israel, shall ye send to the war.'
ONK 31:4 a thousand of a tribe, a thousand of a tribe, of all the tribes of Israel shall you send to the host.
PAL 31:4 a thousand of each tribe of all the tribes of Israel send ye to the war.
 
 
Numbers 31:5
JPS 31:5 So there were delivered, out of the thousands of Israel, a thousand of every tribe, twelve thousand armed for war.
ONK 31:5 And from the thousands of Israel there were chosen a thousand of a tribe, twelve thousand armed for the host.
PAL 31:5 And of the thousands of Israel fit men were chosen who gave up themselves, a thousand of a tribe, twelve thousand, armed for the war.
 
 
Numbers 31:6
JPS 31:6 And Moses sent them, a thousand of every tribe, to the war, them and Phinehas the son of Eleazar the priest, to the war, with the holy vessels and the trumpets for the alarm in his hand.
ONK 31:6 And Mosheh sent them one thousand of a tribe to array them, and Phinehas bar Elazar the priest, with the host, and the holy vessels, and the Jubela trumpets in his hand.
PAL 31:6 And Mosheh sent them, a thousand of each tribe to the war, them and Phinehas bar Elazar the priest unto the war, with the Uraia and Thummaia consecrated to inquire for them, and the Jubilee trumpets in his hand for assembling, encamping, and ordering forward the host of Israel.
 
 
Numbers 31:7
JPS 31:7 And they warred against Midian, as the LORD commanded Moses; and they slew every male.
ONK 31:7 And the host gathered against Midian, as the Lord had commanded Mosheh; and they slaughtered every male.
PAL 31:7 And they warred against Midian, circumventing them from three corners, as the Lord had instructed Mosheh, and they killed every male;
 
 
Numbers 31:8
JPS 31:8 And they slew the kings of Midian with the rest of their slain: Evi, and Rekem, and Zur, and Hur, and Reba, the five kings of Midian; Balaam also the son of Beor they slew with the sword.
ONK 31:8 But the kings of Midian they killed with their slain, Evi, and Rekem, and Zur, and Chur, and Reba, five kings of Midian, and Bileam bar Beor, they killed with the sword.
PAL 31:8 and they slew the kings of the Midianites with the slain of their armies, Evi, Rekem, Zur, who is Balak, and Hur and Reba, five kings of Midian; and Bileam bar Beor they killed with the sword. And it was when Bileam the guilty saw Phinehas the priest pursuing him, he made use of his magical arts (lit., made words of enchantment), and flew in the air of the heavens; but Phinehas forthwith pronounced the Great and Holy Name, and flew after him, and seized him by his head, and bringing him down drew the sword, and sought to kill him; but he opened his mouth with words of deprecation, and said to Phinehas: If thou wilt spare my life, I swear to thee that all the days I live I will not curse thy people. He answered him, and said: Art thou not Laban the Aramite, who didst seek to destroy Jakob our father, who wentest down into Mizraim, to destroy his children, and, after they had come out of Mizraim, didst send the wicked Amalek against them; and hast thou not now been sent to curse them? But after thou hadst seen that thy works did not prosper, and that the Word of the Lord would not hear thee, thou didst give the evil counsel to Balak to set his daughters in the way to make them go wrong, when there fell of them twenty-four thousand. Therefore, it cannot be that thy life may be spared; and at once he drew the sword and slew him.
 
 
Numbers 31:9
JPS 31:9 And the children of Israel took captive the women of Midian and their little ones; and all their cattle, and all their flocks, and all their goods, they took for a prey.
ONK 31:9 And the sons of Israel took the women of Midian captives, with their children and all their cattle, and all their flocks and all their goods they despoiled.
PAL 31:9 And the sons of Israel led captive the wives of the Midianites, their children, their cattle, and all their flocks, and destroyed all their goods;
 
 
Numbers 31:10
JPS 31:10 And all their cities in the places wherein they dwelt, and all their encampments, they burnt with fire.
ONK 31:10 And all their cities where they dwelt, and their houses of worship, they burned with fire.
PAL 31:10 and all their towns, the houses of their rulers, and the high places of their houses of worship, they burned with fire;
 
 
Numbers 31:11
JPS 31:11 And they took all the spoil, and all the prey, both of man and of beast.
ONK 31:11 And they took all the spoil, and all the prey of man and of cattle,
PAL 31:11 but they took all the spoil and the prey both of men and beasts,
 
 
Numbers 31:12
JPS 31:12 And they brought the captives, and the prey, and the spoil, unto Moses, and unto Eleazar the priest, and unto the congregation of the children of Israel, unto the camp, unto the plains of Moab, which are by the Jordan at Jericho.
ONK 31:12 and brought the captives, and the prey, and the spoil, to Mosheh, and to Elazar the priest, and to all the congregation of the Beni Israel, to the camp in the fields of Moab, by the Jordan, over against Jericho.
PAL 31:12 and brought to Mosheh, Elazar the priest, and all the congregation of Israel, the captives, the prey, and the spoils, at the camp in the fields of Moab, by the Jordan, near Jericho.
 
 
Numbers 31:13
JPS 31:13 And Moses, and Eleazar the priest, and all the princes of the congregation, went forth to meet them without the camp.
ONK 31:13 And Mosheh and Elazar the priest and all the princes of the congregation went out to meet them, without the camp.
PAL 31:13 And Mosheh and Elazar the priest, with all the heads of the congregation, went forth to meet them without the camp.
 
 
Numbers 31:14
JPS 31:14 And Moses was wroth with the officers of the host, the captains of thousands and the captains of hundreds, who came from the service of the war.
ONK 31:14 But Mosheh was angry with those who had been appointed over the host, the captains of thousands and the captains of hundreds, who came from the battle.
PAL 31:14 But Mosheh was angry with the leaders appointed over the host, the chiefs of thousands and of hundreds who came from the war with the host;
 
 
Numbers 31:15
JPS 31:15 And Moses said unto them: 'Have ye saved all the women alive?
ONK 31:15 And Mosheh said to them, Have you spared every woman?
PAL 31:15 and Mosheh said to them, Why have you spared all the women?
 
 
Numbers 31:16
JPS 31:16 Behold, these caused the children of Israel, through the counsel of Balaam, to revolt so as to break faith with the LORD in the matter of Peor, and so the plague was among the congregation of the LORD.
ONK 31:16 Behold, these it was (who caused) the sons of Israel, through the counsel of Bileam, to do wickedly before the Lord in the matter of Peor, and the plague came upon the congregation of the Lord.
PAL 31:16 These are they who caused the offence of the sons of Israel, by the counsel of Bileam, to do wrongly before the Lord in the matter of Peor, so that pestilence came upon the congregation of the Lord.
 
 
Numbers 31:17
JPS 31:17 Now therefore kill every male among the little ones, and kill every woman that hath known man by lying with him.
ONK 31:17 But now, slay every male among the children, and every woman who hath known a man you shall slay.
PAL 31:17 Now, therefore, slay every male among the children, and every woman who hath known a man;
 
 
Numbers 31:18
JPS 31:18 But all the women children, that have not known man by lying with him, keep alive for yourselves.
ONK 31:18 But all the females who have not known a man ye may preserve alive unto you.
PAL 31:18 but every female child you shall stand before the Crown of Holiness (the priest's tiara), and look upon her: she who is not a virgin will be pallid in the face, but she who is a virgin child will blush in the face, like fire; them you shall spare.
 
 
Numbers 31:19
JPS 31:19 And encamp ye without the camp seven days; whosoever hath killed any person, and whosoever hath touched any slain, purify yourselves on the third day and on the seventh day, ye and your captives.
ONK 31:19 And you, abide without the camp seven days; whoever have destroyed life or touched the dead, sprinkle yourselves on the third day, and on the seventh day yourselves and your captives.
PAL 31:19 But as for you, abide without the camp seven days; whoever hath slain a man, or touched the dead, you shall sprinkle on the third; and on the seventh day, both you and your captives,
 
 
Numbers 31:20
JPS 31:20 And as to every garment, and all that is made of skin, and all work of goats' hair, and all things made of wood, ye shall purify.'
ONK 31:20 And every garment, and whatever is made of skin, and every work of goat's hair, and every vessel of wood you shall sprinkle.
PAL 31:20 and every garment, and whatever is made of skin, goats' hair, horn, or bone, and every vessel of wood, you shall sprinkle.
 
 
Numbers 31:21
JPS 31:21 And Eleazar the priest said unto the men of war that went to the battle: 'This is the statute of the law which the LORD hath commanded Moses:
ONK 31:21 And Elazar the priest said to the men of war who came from the battle, This is the decree of the law which the Lord hath commanded Mosheh:
PAL 31:21 And Elazar the priest said to the men of the host who had returned from the war: This is the manifestation of the decree of the law which the Lord hath commanded to Mosheh.
 
 
Numbers 31:22
JPS 31:22 Howbeit the gold, and the silver, the brass, the iron, the tin, and the lead,
ONK 31:22 Only the gold, and the silver, the brass, iron, tin, and lead,
PAL 31:22 Nevertheless, these (articles) without their rust, the gold, silver, brass, iron, tin, and lead, their vessels, but not the unformed and simple (metals),
JER 31:22 Tin and lead
 
Numbers 31:23
JPS 31:23 every thing that may abide the fire, ye shall make to go through the fire, and it shall be clean; nevertheless it shall be purified with the water of sprinkling; and all that abideth not the fire ye shall make to go through the water.
ONK 31:23 everything that can abide in the fire, you shall make to go through fire, and it shall be clean; nevertheless it shall be sprinkled with the water of sprinkling; and whatever may not abide the fire you shall make to pass through water.
PAL 31:23 every thing whose nature it is to abide the fire, of the pans, pots, spits, and gridirons, you shall make to pass through fire to purify them, and afterward (sprinkle them) with water such as is used to purify the unclean; but whatever will not abide the fire, coverlids, cups, flagons, and utensils, you shall make to pass through forty sata of water;
 
 
Numbers 31:24
JPS 31:24 And ye shall wash your clothes on the seventh day, and ye shall be clean, and afterward ye may come into the camp.'
ONK 31:24 And cleanse your garments on the seventh day; purify yourselves, and afterwards come into the camp.
PAL 31:24 and you shall wash your raiment on the seventh day to be clean, and afterwards come into the camp.
 
 
Numbers 31:25
JPS 31:25 And the LORD spoke unto Moses, saying:
ONK 31:25 And the Lord spake with Mosheh, saying:
PAL 31:25 And the Lord spake with Mosheh, saying:
 
 
Numbers 31:26
JPS 31:26 'Take the sum of the prey that was taken, both of man and of beast, thou, and Eleazar the priest, and the heads of the fathers' houses of the congregation;
ONK 31:26 Take the account of the spoil of the captives, man and beast; thou, Elazar the priest, and the chief fathers of the congregation.
PAL 31:26 Take the sum of the prey of the captives, both of man and beast, and take their amount, thou and Elazar the priest, and the chiefs of the fathers of the congregation;
 
 
Numbers 31:27
JPS 31:27 and divide the prey into two parts: between the men skilled in war, that went out to battle, and all the congregation;
ONK 31:27 And divide the spoil among the men who fought the battle, who went forth in the host, and among all the congregation:
PAL 31:27 and divide the spoil between the men of war who took the spoil in the conflict of battle, having gone forth with the host, and between all the congregation;
 
 
Numbers 31:28
JPS 31:28 and levy a tribute unto the LORD of the men of war that went out to battle: one soul of five hundred, both of the persons, and of the beeves, and of the asses, and of the flocks;
ONK 31:28 and separate a portion before the Lord from (that of) the men who fought the battle, who went forth, in the host, one living thing in five hundred, of man and beast, oxen, asses, and sheep.
PAL 31:28 and separate that which is to be given up to the Name of the Lord by the men of war who went forth with the host: one woman out of five hundred; so, likewise, of oxen, asses, and sheep.
 
 
Numbers 31:29
JPS 31:29 take it of their half, and give it unto Eleazar the priest, as a portion set apart for the LORD.
ONK 31:29 Take it of their half, and give it to Elazar the priest, for a separation before the Lord.
PAL 31:29 From their half, the portion of the men of war, shalt thou take them, and give to Elazar the priest, as a separation unto the Name of the Lord;
 
 
Numbers 31:30
JPS 31:30 And of the children of Israel's half, thou shalt take one drawn out of every fifty, of the persons, of the beeves, of the asses, and of the flocks, even of all the cattle, and give them unto the Levites, that keep the charge of the tabernacle of the LORD.'
ONK 31:30 And of the half (belonging) to the children of Israel, take out of every fifty, of man, of oxen, sheep, and all cattle, and give them to the Levites who keep charge of the tabernacle of the Lord.
PAL 31:30 but of the half (falling to) the children of Israel thou shalt take one out of fifty of the women, and of the oxen, the asses, and of all the cattle, and give them to the Levites who keep charge of the Lord's tabernacle;
 
 
Numbers 31:31
JPS 31:31 And Moses and Eleazar the priest did as the LORD commanded Moses.
ONK 31:31 And Mosheh and Elazar the priest did as the Lord commanded Mosheh;
PAL 31:31 and Mosheh and Elazar the priest did as the Lord commanded Mosheh.
 
 
Numbers 31:32
JPS 31:32 Now the prey, over and above the booty which the men of war took, was six hundred thousand and seventy thousand and five thousand sheep,
ONK 31:32 and the booty, the rest of the prey which the people who went forth to the war had taken, was, sheep six hundred and seventy-five thousand,
PAL 31:32 And the amount of the prey, the rest of the spoil which had been taken by the people who went forth in the host,—the number of the sheep was six hundred and seventy-five thousand;
 
 
Numbers 31:33
JPS 31:33 and threescore and twelve thousand beeves,
ONK 31:33 oxen seventy-two thousand,
PAL 31:33 oxen, seventy-two thousand;
 
 
Numbers 31:34
JPS 31:34 and threescore and one thousand asses,
ONK 31:34 asses sixty-one thousand,
PAL 31:34 asses, sixty-one thousand;
 
 
Numbers 31:35
JPS 31:35 and thirty and two thousand persons in all, of the women that had not known man by lying with him.
ONK 31:35 persons, women who had not known man, every soul thirty-two thousand.
PAL 31:35 persons, the women who had not known man, all the persons thirty-two thousand.
 
 
Numbers 31:36
JPS 31:36 And the half, which was the portion of them that went out to war, was in number three hundred thousand and thirty thousand and seven thousand and five hundred sheep.
ONK 31:36 And the half portion of the men who had gone out to the war, the number was, sheep three hundred and thirty-seven thousand five hundred;
PAL 31:36 And the half of the portion for the men who had gone to the war, the number of the sheep was three hundred and thirty-seven thousand five hundred;
 
 
Numbers 31:37
JPS 31:37 And the LORD'S tribute of the sheep was six hundred and threescore and fifteen.
ONK 31:37 and that which was brought up before the Lord, of the sheep six hundred and seventy-five;
PAL 31:37 and the amount of that brought up for the Name of the Lord was of sheep six hundred and seventy-five;
 
 
Numbers 31:38
JPS 31:38 And the beeves were thirty and six thousand, of which the LORD'S tribute was threescore and twelve.
ONK 31:38 and of the thirty-six thousand oxen, the portion brought before the Lord seventy-two.
PAL 31:38 oxen thirty-six thousand, those for the Name of the Lord seventy-two;
 
 
Numbers 31:39
JPS 31:39 And the asses were thirty thousand and five hundred, of which the LORD'S tribute was threescore and one.
ONK 31:39 And the asses, thirty thousand five hundred, of which the portion brought before the Lord sixty-one.
PAL 31:39 asses thirty thousand five hundred, for the Name of the Lord sixty-one;
 
 
Numbers 31:40
JPS 31:40 And the persons were sixteen thousand, of whom the LORD'S tribute was thirty and two persons.
ONK 31:40 And the persons sixteen thousand, those of them brought before the Lord thirty-two persons.
PAL 31:40 persons sixteen thousand, for the Name of the Lord thirty-two.
 
 
Numbers 31:41
JPS 31:41 And Moses gave the tribute, which was set apart for the LORD, unto Eleazar the priest, as the LORD commanded Moses.
ONK 31:41 And Mosheh gave the separation brought up before the Lord to Elazar the priest, as the Lord had commanded Mosheh.
PAL 31:41 And Mosheh gave the number separated to the Name of the Lord unto Elazar the priest, as the Lord commanded Mosheh.
 
 
Numbers 31:42
JPS 31:42 And of the children of Israel's half, which Moses divided off from the men that warred—
ONK 31:42 And of the children of Israel's half, which Mosheh divided from (that) of the men who had gone out in the host,—
PAL 31:42 And the half part for the children of Israel which Mosheh divided from the men's who went forth to the war,
 
 
Numbers 31:43
JPS 31:43 now the congregation's half was three hundred thousand and thirty thousand and seven thousand and five hundred sheep,
ONK 31:43 and the half part for the congregation was, sheep three hundred and thirty-seven thousand five hundred,
PAL 31:43 the amount was three hundred and thirty-seven thousand five hundred sheep,
 
 
Numbers 31:44
JPS 31:44 and thirty and six thousand beeves,
ONK 31:44 oxen thirty-six thousand,
PAL 31:44 thirty-six thousand oxen,
 
 
Numbers 31:45
JPS 31:45 and thirty thousand and five hundred asses,
ONK 31:45 and asses thirty thousand five hundred,
PAL 31:45 thirty thousand five hundred asses,
 
 
Numbers 31:46
JPS 31:46 and sixteen thousand persons—
ONK 31:46 and persons sixteen thousand:
PAL 31:46 and sixteen thousand women.
 
 
Numbers 31:47
JPS 31:47 even of the children of Israel's half, Moses took one drawn out of every fifty, both of man and of beast, and gave them unto the Levites, that kept the charge of the tabernacle of the LORD; as the LORD commanded Moses.
ONK 31:47 and Mosheh took from the children of Israel's half one portion of fifty of man and beast, and gave them to the Levites who kept charge of the Lord's tabernacle, as the Lord had commanded Mosheh.
PAL 31:47 And Mosheh took from the half part for the children of Israel of that which had been captured, one out of fifty, whether of man or beast, and gave it to the Levites who kept charge of the tabernacle of the Lord, as the Lord commanded Mosheh.
 
 
Numbers 31:48
JPS 31:48 And the officers that were over the thousands of the host, the captains of thousands, and the captains of hundreds, came near unto Moses;
ONK 31:48 And they who had been appointed over the thousands of the host, the captains of thousands, and the captains of hundreds, came to Mosheh,
PAL 31:48 And the officers who had been appointed over the thousands of the host, the captains of thousands and of hundreds, drew near to Mosheh,
 
 
Numbers 31:49
JPS 31:49 and they said unto Moses: 'Thy servants have taken the sum of the men of war that are under our charge, and there lacketh not one man of us.
ONK 31:49 and said to Mosheh, Thy servants have taken the account of the men who went forth to the war with us, and there is not wanting one man of us.
PAL 31:49 and they said to Mosheh, Thy servants have taken the account of the men of war who have been with us, and not any of them are wanting.
 
 
Numbers 31:50
JPS 31:50 And we have brought the LORD'S offering, what every man hath gotten, of jewels of gold, armlets, and bracelets, signet-rings, ear-rings, and girdles, to make atonement for our souls before the LORD.'
ONK 31:50 And we bring an oblation before the Lord of what each man hath found, vessels of gold, chains, bracelets, rings, amulets, and brooches, to make atonement for our souls before the Lord.
PAL 31:50 And we have brought a gift unto the Name of the Lord, forasmuch as the Lord hath delivered the Midianites into our hands, and we have been able to subdue their land and their cities. And we entered into their chambers, and there saw their daughters, fair, tender, and delicate; and every man who found on them jewels of gold, loosened the coronets from their heads, the earrings from their ears, the necklaces from their necks, the bracelets from their arms, the rings from their fingers, and the brooches from their bosoms;—but in all this we abstained from lifting our eyes upon themselves, or gazing on one of them, lest we should sin with any one of them, and die the death which the wicked die in the world to come. And may this be had in memorial for us in the day of the great judgment, to make propitiation for our souls before the Lord.
JER 31:50 And we have brought the oblation of the Lord. When we entered into the houses of the Midianite kings, and into their sleeping-chambers, and saw there the fair and delicate daughters of the Midianite kings, we took from their heads their golden coronets, the earrings from their ears, the rings from their fingers, the bracelets from their arms, and the jewels from their bosoms; yet, Mosheh our master! far was it from us,—not one of us was united with any one of them, neither will he be companion with her in Gehinnom. In the world to come may it stand to us, in the day of the great judgment, to propitiate for our souls before the Lord.
 
Numbers 31:51
JPS 31:51 And Moses and Eleazar the priest took the gold of them, even all wrought jewels.
ONK 31:51 And Mosheh and Elazar the priest took the gold of them, every fabricated vessel.
PAL 31:51 And Mosheh and Elazar the priest took the gold from them, every article fabricated;
 
 
Numbers 31:52
JPS 31:52 And all the gold of the gift that they set apart for the LORD, of the captains of thousands, and of the captains of hundreds, was sixteen thousand seven hundred and fifty shekels.—
ONK 31:52 And all the gold of the separation which the captains of thousands and of hundreds separated before the Lord was sixteen thousand seven hundred and fifty shekels;
PAL 31:52 and the sum of all the gold of the separation which they had separated unto the Name of the Lord was sixteen thousand seven hundred and fifty shekels, from the captains of thousands and of hundreds.
 
 
Numbers 31:53
JPS 31:53 For the men of war had taken booty, every man for himself.—
ONK 31:53 for the men of the host had taken spoil, every man for himself.
PAL 31:53 For the men of the host had taken spoil, every man for himself.
 
 
Numbers 31:54
JPS 31:54 And Moses and Eleazar the priest took the gold of the captains of thousands and of hundreds, and brought it into the tent of meeting, for a memorial for the children of Israel before the LORD.
ONK 31:54 And Mosheh and Elazar the priest took the gold from the captains of thousands and of hundreds, and brought it into the tabernacle of ordinance, a memorial of the sons of Israel before the Lord.
PAL 31:54 And Mosheh and Elazar the priest took the gold from the captains of thousands and of hundreds, and brought it into the tabernacle of ordinance, a good memorial of the sons of Israel before, the Lord.
 
 
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