Comparison of Pentateuch:
Jewish Publication Society 1917
Targums Onkelos,
Jonathan Ben Uzziel/Palestinian,
Jerusalem Fragments

 

Deuteronomy
Chapter 21

[1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10]
[11] [12] [13] [14] [15] [16] [17] [18] [19] [20]
[21] [22] [23]

 

 

Deuteronomy 20 JPS TOC Comparison TOC Targums TOC Deuteronomy 22
Deuteronomy 21:1
JPS 21:1 If one be found slain in the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee to possess it, lying in the field, and it be not known who hath smitten him;
ONK 21:1 When in the land which the Lord thy God giveth thee to inherit there may be found one who is slain, lying in the field, and it is not known who hath killed him,
PAL 21:1 If a man be found slain upon the ground, unburied, in the land which the Lord your God giveth you to inherit, lying down, and not hanged on a tree in the field, nor floating on the face of the water; and it be not known who did kill him:
     
 
Deuteronomy 21:2
JPS 21:2 then thy elders and thy judges shall come forth, and they shall measure unto the cities which are round about him that is slain.
ONK 21:2 then thy elders and judges shall come forth and admeasure unto the cities that surround the dead man;
PAL 21:2 then two of the sages shall proceed from the chief court of judgment, and three of thy judges, and shall measure to the surrounding cities which lie on the four quarters from the (spot where) the dead man (is found);
 
 
Deuteronomy 21:3
JPS 21:3 And it shall be, that the city which is nearest unto the slain man, even the elders of that city shall take a heifer of the herd, which hath not been wrought with, and which hath not drawn in the yoke.
ONK 21:3 and the elders of the city that is nearest to the dead man shall take an heifer of the herd which hath not been worked with, nor hath drawn on the yoke.
PAL 21:3 and the city which is nearest to the dead man, being the suspected one, let the chief court of justice take means for absolution (or dissipation). Let the sages, the elders of that city, take an heifer from the herd, not commixed, an heifer of the year, which hath not been wrought with, nor hath drawn in the yoke:
 
 
Deuteronomy 21:4
JPS 21:4 And the elders of that city shall bring down the heifer unto a rough valley, which may neither be plowed nor sown, and shall break the heifer's neck there in the valley.
ONK 21:4 And the elders of that city shall bring the heifer down to an uncultivated valley (or field) which is not tilled nor sown, and there cut off the heifer in the field.
PAL 21:4 and the sages of that city shall bring the heifer down into an uncultivated field, where the ground hath not been tilled by work, nor sowed; and let them there behead the heifer from behind her with an axe (or knife, dolch) in the midst of the field.
 
 
Deuteronomy 21:5
JPS 21:5 And the priests the sons of Levi shall come near—for them the LORD thy God hath chosen to minister unto Him, and to bless in the name of the LORD; and according to their word shall every controversy and every stroke be.
ONK 21:5 And the priests the sons of Levi shall go near,—for them the Lord thy God hath chosen to minister to Him, and to bless in the Name of the Lord, and on their word shall every controversy or stroke of leprosy (be adjudged);—
PAL 21:5 And the priests the sons of Levi shall draw near; for the Lord your God hath chosen them to minister to Him, and to bless Israel in His Name, and according to their words to resolve every judgment, and in any plague of leprosy to shut up, and pronounce concerning it;
 
 
Deuteronomy 21:6
JPS 21:6 And all the elders of that city, who are nearest unto the slain man, shall wash their hands over the heifer whose neck was broken in the valley.
ONK 21:6 and all the elders of that city which is nearest to the dead man shall wash their hands over the heifer which hath been cut off in the field;
PAL 21:6 and all the elders of the city lying nearest to the dead man shall wash their hands over the heifer which hath been cut off in the field,
 
 
Deuteronomy 21:7
JPS 21:7 And they shall speak and say: 'Our hands have not shed this blood, neither have our eyes seen it.
ONK 21:7 and shall answer and say, Our hands have not shed this blood, and our eyes have not seen.
PAL 21:7 and shall answer and say: It is manifest before the Lord that this hath not come by our hands, nor have we absolved him who shed this blood, nor have our eyes beheld. And the priests shall say:
JER 21:7 Nor have our eyes seen who it is who hath shed it.
 
Deuteronomy 21:8
JPS 21:8 Forgive, O LORD, Thy people Israel, whom Thou hast redeemed, and suffer not innocent blood to remain in the midst of Thy people Israel.' And the blood shall be forgiven them.
ONK 21:8 And the priests shall say, Forgive Thy people Israel whom Thou, Lord, hast redeemed, and let not the guilt of innocent blood be among Thy people Israel. And it shall be forgiven them concerning the blood:
PAL 21:8 Let there be expiation for thy people Israel, whom Thou, Lord, hast redeemed, and lay not the guilt of innocent blood upon Thy people Israel; but let him who hath done the murder be revealed. And they shall be expiated concerning the blood; but straightway there will come forth a swarm of worms from the excrement of the heifer, and spread abroad, and move to the place where the murderer is, and crawl over him: and the magistrates shall take him, and judge him.
 
 
Deuteronomy 21:9
JPS 21:9 So shalt thou put away the innocent blood from the midst of thee, when thou shalt do that which is right in the eyes of the LORD.
ONK 21:9 so shalt thou put away the guilt of innocent blood from among you, when thou shalt do that which is right before the Lord.
PAL 21:9 So shall you, house of Israel, put away from among you whosoever sheddeth innocent blood, that you may do what is right before the Lord.
 
 
Deuteronomy 21:10
JPS 21:10 When thou goest forth to battle against thine enemies, and the LORD thy God delivereth them into thy hands, and thou carriest them away captive,
ONK 21:10 When thou goest out to war against thy enemies, and the Lord thy God doth deliver them into thy hand, and thou takest them captive;
PAL 21:10 When you go out to war against your enemies, and the Lord your God shall deliver them into your hands, and you take some of them captive:
 
 
Deuteronomy 21:11
JPS 21:11 and seest among the captives a woman of goodly form, and thou hast a desire unto her, and wouldest take her to thee to wife;
ONK 21:11 and thou seest among the captives a woman of fair countenance, and hast a desire for her, and wouldst take her unto thee to wife;
PAL 21:11 if you see in the captivity a woman of fair countenance, and you approve of her, and would take her to you to wife;
 
 
Deuteronomy 21:12
JPS 21:12 then thou shalt bring her home to thy house; and she shall shave her head, and pare her nails;
ONK 21:12 then thou shalt bring her into thy house, and she shall shave her head, and pare her nails,
PAL 21:12 then thou shalt take her into thy house, and let her cut off the hair of her head, pare her nails,
 
 
Deuteronomy 21:13
JPS 21:13 and she shall put the raiment of her captivity from off her, and shall remain in thy house, and bewail her father and her mother a full month; and after that thou mayest go in unto her, and be her husband, and she shall be thy wife.
ONK 21:13 and take off from her the dress of her captivity, and dwell in thy house, and mourn for her father and mother a month of days; and afterward thou mayest go to her and marry her, and she shall be thy wife.
PAL 21:13 and put off the dress of her captivity, and, dipping herself, become a proselyte in thy house, and weep on account of the idols of the house of her father and mother. And thou shalt wait three months to know whether she be with child; and afterwards thou mayest go to her, endow her, and make her thy wife.
 
 
Deuteronomy 21:14
JPS 21:14 And it shall be, if thou have no delight in her, then thou shalt let her go whither she will; but thou shalt not sell her at all for money, thou shalt not deal with her as a slave, because thou hast humbled her.
ONK 21:14 But if it be that thou hast no pleasure in her, then thou mayest send her away by herself: thou shalt in no wise sell her for money, nor make merchandise of her, for thou hast afflicted her.
PAL 21:14 But if thou hast no pleasure in her, then thou mayest send her away, only with a writing of divorce: but thou shalt in no wise sell her for money, nor make merchandise of her, after thou hast had intercourse with her.
JER 21:14 If thou hast no pleasure in her, thou mayest send her away with power over herself; but thou shalt in no wise sell her for money, nor make merchandise of her; because thy power over her is given up.
 
Deuteronomy 21:15
JPS 21:15 If a man have two wives, the one beloved, and the other hated, and they have borne him children, both the beloved and the hated; and if the first-born son be hers that was hated;
ONK 21:15 If a man have two wives, the one beloved and the other hated, and they have borne sons, the beloved one and the hated one, and the firstborn son belong to the hated;
PAL 21:15 If a man have two wives, and one is beloved and the other hated, and they bear him sons, both the beloved and the hated (wife), and the first-born son be of the hated,
 
 
Deuteronomy 21:16
JPS 21:16 then it shall be, in the day that he causeth his sons to inherit that which he hath, that he may not make the son of the beloved the first-born before the son of the hated, who is the first-born;
ONK 21:16 then in the day that he maketh his sons to inherit what he hath, he shall not make the son of the beloved to be (as) the firstborn over the head (face) of the son of the hated, the (actual) firstborn.
PAL 21:16 it shall be in the day that he deviseth to his sons the inheritance of the wealth that may be his, he shall not be allowed to give the birthright portion to the son of the beloved, over the head of the son of the hated wife, to whom the birthright belongs;
 
 
Deuteronomy 21:17
JPS 21:17 but he shall acknowledge the first-born, the son of the hated, by giving him a double portion of all that he hath; for he is the first-fruits of his strength, the right of the first-born is his.
ONK 21:17 For he shall distribute to the firstborn the son of the hated by giving him two parts of all his possession; for he is the beginning of his strength, and to him pertaineth the birthright.
PAL 21:17 but (let him acknowledge) the birthright of the son of her who is disliked, and all that belongeth to it, to give him the double portion of all that may be found with him, because he is the beginning of his strength, and to him pertaineth the birthright.
 
 
Deuteronomy 21:18
JPS 21:18 If a man have a stubborn and rebellious son, that will not hearken to the voice of his father, or the voice of his mother, and though they chasten him, will not hearken unto them;
ONK 21:18 If a man hath a son perverse and rebellious, who will not obey the word of his father or his mother, and, though they instruct him, will not hearken to them;
PAL 21:18 If a man hath a son depraved and rebellious, who will not obey the word of his father or of his mother, and who, when they reprove him, will not receive admonition from them;
 
 
Deuteronomy 21:19
JPS 21:19 then shall his father and his mother lay hold on him, and bring him out unto the elders of his city, and unto the gate of his place;
ONK 21:19 then his father and mother shall lay hold of him, and bring him forth before the elders of his city at the gate of the judgment house of his place,
PAL 21:19 his father and mother shall take him, and bring him before the Sages of the city at the door of the court of justice in that place,
 
 
Deuteronomy 21:20
JPS 21:20 and they shall say unto the elders of his city: 'This our son is stubborn and rebellious, he doth not hearken to our voice; he is a glutton, and a drunkard.'
ONK 21:20 and shall say to the elders of the city, This our son is perverse and rebellious; he will not obey our words, he is a devourer of flesh and a taker of wine:
PAL 21:20 and say to the sages of the city, We had transgressed the decree of the Word of the Lord; therefore was born to us this son, who is presumptuous and disorderly; he will not hear our word, but is a glutton and a drunkard. And it shall be that if he brought to fear and receive instruction, and beg that his life may be spared, you shall let him live;
 
 
Deuteronomy 21:21
JPS 21:21 And all the men of his city shall stone him with stones, that he die; so shalt thou put away the evil from the midst of thee; and all Israel shall hear, and fear.
ONK 21:21 then all the men of the city shall stone him with stones, that he die; and thou shalt put away the evil doer from among you, and all Israel will hear, and be afraid.
PAL 21:21 but if he refuse and continue rebellious, then all the men of his city shall stone him with stones that he die; and so shall you put away the evil doer from among you, and all Israel will hear, and be afraid.
 
 
Deuteronomy 21:22
JPS 21:22 And if a man have committed a sin worthy of death, and he be put to death, and thou hang him on a tree;
ONK 21:22 When a man guilty of the judgment of death is put to death, and thou hast hanged him on a gibbet;
PAL 21:22 When a man hath become guilty of the judgment of death, and is condemned to be stoned, and they afterwards hang him on a beam
JER 21:22 And you hang him on a beam,
 
Deuteronomy 21:23
JPS 21:23 his body shall not remain all night upon the tree, but thou shalt surely bury him the same day; for he that is hanged is a reproach unto God; that thou defile not thy land which the LORD thy God giveth thee for an inheritance.
ONK 21:23 his body shall not remain upon the gibbet, but thou shalt surely bury him on that day: for he was hanged because he had sinned before the Lord;(31) and thy land which the Lord thy God hath given thee to inherit shall not be defiled.
PAL 21:23 his dead body shall not remain upon the beam, but he shall be certainly buried on the same day; for it is execrable before God to hang a man, but that his guilt gave occasion for it; and because he was made in the image of God, you shall bury him at the going down of the sun, lest wild beasts abuse him, and lest you overspread your land, which the Lord your God giveth you to possess, with the dead bodies of criminals.
 
 
Deuteronomy 20 JPS TOC Comparison TOC Targums TOC Deuteronomy 22

 

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