Comparison of Pentateuch:
Jewish Publication Society 1917
Targums Onkelos,
Jonathan Ben Uzziel/Palestinian,
Jerusalem Fragments

 

Exodus
Chapter 20

[1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10]
[11] [12] [13] [14] [15] [16] [17] [18] [19] [20]
[21] [22] [23]

 

 

Exodus 19 JPS TOC Comparison TOC Targums TOC Exodus 21
EXODUS 20:1
JPS 20:1 And God spoke all these words, saying:
ONK 20:1 And the Lord spake all these words, saying,
PAL 20:1 And the Lord spake all these words, saying:

The first word, as it came forth from the mouth of the Holy One, whose Name be blessed, was like storms, and lightnings, and flames of fire, with a burning light on His right hand and on His left. It winged its way through the air of the heavens, and was made manifest unto the camp of Israel, and returned, and was engraven on the tables of the covenant that were given by the hand of Mosheh, and were turned in them(26) from side to side: and then called He, and said:

JER 20:1 And the Word of the Lord spake all the excellency(25) of these words, saying:
 
EXODUS 20:2
JPS 20:2 I am the LORD thy God, who brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage.
ONK 20:2 I am the Lord thy God, who have brought thee out of the land of Mizraim, out of the house of servitude.
PAL 20:2 Sons of Israel My people, I am the Lord your God, who brought you out free from the land of Mizraim, from the house of the bondage of slaves. The second word which came forth from the mouth of the Holy One, whose name be blessed, was like storms, and lightnings, and flames of fire. A burning light was on His right hand and on His left, and was borne through the air of the heavens, returned, and was made manifest unto the camp of Israel; it returned, and was engraven on the tables of the covenant, and was turned in them from side to side.
 
 
EXODUS 20:3
JPS 20:3 Thou shalt have no other gods before Me.
ONK 20:3 Thou shalt have no other God beside Me.
PAL 20:3 Then called He, and said, House of Israel, My people, Thou shalt have no other God beside Me.
 
 
EXODUS 20:4
JPS 20:4 Thou shalt not make unto thee a graven image, nor any manner of likeness, of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth;
ONK 20:4 Thou shalt not make to thee image nor likeness of any thing that is in the heavens above, nor in the earth beneath, nor in the waters under the earth:
PAL 20:4 You shall not make to yourselves image or figure, or any similitude of what is in the heavens above, or on the earth beneath, or in the waters under the earth.
 
 
EXODUS 20:5
JPS 20:5 thou shalt not bow down unto them, nor serve them; for I the LORD thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate Me;
ONK 20:5 thou shalt not worship them nor serve them; for I the Lord thy God am a jealous God; visiting the sins of the fathers upon the rebellious children, unto the third generation and to the fourth generation of those who hate Me; while the children continue (or complete) to sin after their fathers;
PAL 20:5 You shall not bow down to them, or worship before them; for I the Lord your God am a jealous God and an avenger, punishing with vengeance, recording the guilt of wicked fathers upon rebellious children unto the third and unto the fourth generation of them who hate Me;
 
 
EXODUS 20:6
JPS 20:6 and showing mercy unto the thousandth generation of them that love Me and keep My commandments.
ONK 20:6 but doing good to thousands of generations of those who love Me and keep My commandments.
PAL 20:6 but keeping mercy and goodness for thousands of generations of the righteous who love Me, and who keep My commandments and My laws.
 
 
EXODUS 20:7
JPS 20:7 Thou shalt not take the name of the LORD thy God in vain; for the LORD will not hold him guiltless that taketh His name in vain.
ONK 20:7 Thou shalt not swear in the name of the Lord thy God vainly; for the Lord will not acquit him who sweareth in His Name with falsity.
PAL 20:7 My people of the house of Israel, Let no one of you swear by the name of the Word of the Lord your God in vain; for in the day of the great judgment the Lord will not hold guiltless any one who sweareth by His name in vain.
 
 
EXODUS 20:8
JPS 20:8 Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy.
ONK 20:8 Remember the day of Shabbatha to sanctify it.
PAL 20:8 My people of the house of Israel, Remember the day of Shabbatha, to sanctify it.
 
 
EXODUS 20:9
JPS 20:9 Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work;
ONK 20:9 Six days shalt thou do service and do all thy work;
PAL 20:9 Six days you shall labour, and do all your service:
 
 
EXODUS 20:10
JPS 20:10 but the seventh day is a sabbath unto the LORD thy God, in it thou shalt not do any manner of work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, nor thy man-servant, nor thy maid-servant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates;
ONK 20:10 but the seventh day is Shabbath before the Lord thy God. Thou shalt not do every work; thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy servant nor thy handmaid, nor thy cattle, nor thy sojourner who is in thy city.(46)
PAL 20:10 but the seventh day is (for) rest and quietude before the Lord your God: you shall not perform any work, you, and your sons, and your daughters, and your servants, and your handmaids, and your sojourners who are in your cities.
 
 
EXODUS 20:11
JPS 20:11 for in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested on the seventh day; wherefore the LORD blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it.
ONK 20:11 For in six days the Lord made the heavens and the earth, the seas and all that is in them, and rested on the seventh day; wherefore the Lord blessed the day of Shabbatha, and sanctified it.
PAL 20:11 For in six days the Lord created the heavens, and the earth, and the sea, and whatever is therein, and rested on the seventh day: therefore the Lord hath blessed the day of Shabbatha, and sanctified it.
 
 
EXODUS 20:12
JPS 20:12 Honour thy father and thy mother, that thy days may be long upon the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee.
ONK 20:12 Honour thy father and thy mother, that thy days may be prolonged upon the land which the Lord thy God giveth to thee.
PAL 20:12 My people, the house of Israel, Let every man be instructed in the honour of his father and in the honour of his mother: that your days may be multiplied upon the land which the Lord your God giveth you.
 
 
EXODUS 20:13
JPS 20:13 Thou shalt not murder. Thou shalt not commit adultery. Thou shalt not steal. Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbour.
ONK 20:13 Thou shalt not kill life. Thou shalt not commit adultery. Thou shalt not steal. Thou shalt not testify against thy neighbour a testimony of falsehood.
PAL 20:13 My people, the sons of Israel, You shall not be murderers; you shall not be companions of or partakers with murderers: in the congregations of Israel there shall not be seen a murderous people; neither shall your sons rise up after you and teach one another to take part with murderers: for on account of the guilt of murder the sword cometh forth upon the world.

My people of the house of Israel, Be ye not adulterers, nor companions nor partakers with adulterers: nor in the congregations of Israel shall there be seen an adulterous people, that your sons may not arise after you to teach one another to have part with adulterers: for through the guilt of adultery death cometh forth upon the world.

Sons of Israel My people, Ye shall not be thieves, nor companions nor partakers with thieves: there shall not be seen in the congregations of Israel a thievish people; that your sons may not arise after you to teach one another to have part with thieves: for on account of the guilt of theft famine cometh forth upon the world.

Sons of Israel My people, Ye shall not testify against your neighbours a testimony of falsehood, nor be companions or partakers with those who bear false witness: nor shall there be seen in the congregations of Israel a people who testify a testimony of falsehood; neither shall your sons arise after you to teach one another to have part with those who testify falsehood: for because of the guilt of false testimony the clouds go up and the rain cometh not down, and dryness cometh upon the world.

 
 
EXODUS 20:14
JPS 20:14 Thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's house; thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's wife, nor his man-servant, nor his maid-servant, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor any thing that is thy neighbour's.
ONK 20:14 Thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's house; thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's wife, nor his servant, nor his handmaid, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor anything that is thy neighbour's.
PAL 20:14 Sons of Israel My people, Ye shall not be covetous, nor companions or partakers with the covetous: nor shall there be seen in the congregations of Israel a covetous people; that your sons may not arise after you to teach one another to have part with the covetous: neither shall any among you covet the wife of his neighbour, nor his servant, nor his handmaid, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor anything that belongeth to his neighbour: because through the guilt of covetousness the government breaketh in upon the possessions of men to take them, and the wealthy are made poor, and slavery cometh upon the world.
 
 
EXODUS 20:15
JPS 20:15 And all the people perceived the thunderings, and the lightnings, and the voice of the horn, and the mountain smoking; and when the people saw it, they trembled, and stood afar off.
ONK 20:15 And all the people saw the thunders, and the flames, and the voice of the trumpet, and the mountain smoking; and the people saw, and trembled, and stood afar off.
PAL 20:15 And all the people saw the thunders, and were turned back, every one as he heard them coming forth from the midst of the lights, and the voice of the trumpet as it will raise the dead, and the mountain smoking; and all the people saw and drew back, and stood twelve miles off.
JER 20:15 And all the people saw the thunders and the lights, and the sound of the trumpet, and the mountain smoking; and the people saw and trembled, and stood afar off.
 
EXODUS 20:16
JPS 20:16 And they said unto Moses: 'Speak thou with us, and we will hear; but let not God speak with us, lest we die.'
ONK 20:16 And they said to Mosheh, Speak thou with us, and we will hearken; but let it not be spoken to us from before the Lord, lest we die.
PAL 20:16 And they said to Mosheh, Speak thou with us, and we can hear; but let it not be spoken with us any more from before the Lord, lest we die.
 
 
EXODUS 20:17
JPS 20:17 And Moses said unto the people: 'Fear not; for God is come to prove you, and that His fear may be before you, that ye sin not.'
ONK 20:17 And Mosheh said to the people, Fear not; for that He may prove you He hath revealed to you the glory of the Lord, and that His fear may be before your face, that you may not sin.
PAL 20:17 And Mosheh said to the people, Fear not; for the glory of the Lord is revealed to try you, whether His fear is before your faces, that ye may not sin.
 
 
EXODUS 20:18
JPS 20:18 And the people stood afar off; but Moses drew near unto the thick darkness where God was.
ONK 20:18 And the people stood afar off, but Mosheh drew nigh to the darkness where was the glory of the Lord.
PAL 20:18 And the people stood twelve miles off; but Mosheh drew near to the height of the darkness where was the glory of the Lord.
 
 
EXODUS 20:19
JPS 20:19 And the LORD said unto Moses: Thus thou shalt say unto the children of Israel: Ye yourselves have seen that I have talked with you from heaven.
ONK 20:19 And the Lord said to Mosheh, Thus shalt thou speak to the children of Israel; You have seen that I have spoken to you from the heavens.
PAL 20:19 And the Lord said to Mosheh, Speak thus to the sons of Israel: You have seen that from the heavens I have spoken with you;
 
 
EXODUS 20:20
JPS 20:20 Ye shall not make with Meógods of silver, or gods of gold, ye shall not make unto you.
ONK 20:20 You shall not make before Me idols of silver, neither idols of gold shall you make to you.
PAL 20:20 sons of Israel, My people, you shall not make, that you may worship, the likeness of the sun, or the moon, or the stars, or the planets, or the angels who minister before Me; idols of silver, nor idols of gold, ye shall not make to you.
 
 
EXODUS 20:21
JPS 20:21 An altar of earth thou shalt make unto Me, and shalt sacrifice thereon thy burnt-offerings, and thy peace-offerings, thy sheep, and thine oxen; in every place where I cause My name to be mentioned I will come unto thee and bless thee.
ONK 20:21 An altar of earth shalt thou make before Me, and shalt sacrifice upon it thy burnt offerings and thy sanctified victims, thy sheep and thy oxen. In every place where I may cause My Shekinah to dwell, thither will I send My blessing, and will bless thee.
PAL 20:21 An altar of earth ye shall make to My Name, and sacrifice upon it thy burnt offerings and thy sanctified oblations from thy sheep and from thy oxen. And in every place where My Shekinah shall dwell, and thou worship before Me, there will I send My blessing upon thee, and will bless thee.
JER 20:21 An altar grounded in the earth shalt thou make unto My name, and shalt offer upon it your burnt offerings and sacred oblations, your sheep and your oxen. In every place in which ye shall memorialize My holy Name, My Word shall be revealed to you, and bless you.
 
EXODUS 20:22
JPS 20:22 And if thou make Me an altar of stone, thou shalt not build it of hewn stones; for if thou lift up thy tool upon it, thou hast profaned it.
ONK 20:22 And if thou wilt make Me an altar of stone before Me, thou shalt not build it with hewn stones, lest thou lift up thy cutting-tool(47) upon it and profane it.
PAL 20:22 But if thou wilt make an altar of stones unto My Name, thou shalt not build them sculptured; for if thou lift up iron, from which the sword is made, upon the stone, thou wilt profane it.
JER 20:22 But if you make an altar of stones unto My Name, you shall not build it with sculptured ones, because the sword is made of iron. If thou workest with iron upon it, thou wilt profane it.
 
EXODUS 20:23
JPS 20:23 Neither shalt thou go up by steps unto Mine altar, that thy nakedness be not uncovered thereon.
ONK 20:23 And thou shalt not ascend by steps to My altar, that thy nakedness may not be discerned upon it.
PAL 20:23 And you, the priests, who stand to minister before Me, shall not ascend to My altar by steps, but by (sloping) bridges; that thy shame may not be seen thereupon.
JER 20:23 You also, the priests, the sons of Aharon, who stand and minister beside Mine altar, shall not ascend by steps unto Mine altar, lest your shame be disclosed upon it.
 
Exodus 19 JPS TOC Comparison TOC Targums TOC Exodus 21

 

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