Comparison of Pentateuch:
Jewish Publication Society 1917
Targums Onkelos,
Jonathan Ben Uzziel/Palestinian,
Jerusalem Fragments

 

Exodus
Chapter 28

[1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10]
[11] [12] [13] [14] [15] [16] [17] [18] [19] [20]
[21] [22] [23] [24] [25] [26] [27] [28] [29] [30]
[31] [32] [33] [34] [35] [36] [37] [38] [39] [40]
[41] [42] [43]

 

 

Exodus 27 JPS TOC Comparison TOC Targums TOC Exodus 29
EXODUS 28:1
JPS 28:1 And bring thou near unto thee Aaron thy brother, and his sons with him, from among the children of Israel, that they may minister unto Me in the priest's office, even Aaron, Nadab and Abihu, Eleazar and Ithamar, Aaron's sons.
ONK 28:1 And thou, bring to thee Aharon thy brother and his sons with him from among the sons of Israel, that they may minister before Me; Aharon, Nadab and Abihu, Elazar and Ithamar, sons of Aharon.
PAL 28:1 And thou, bring near to thee Aharon thy brother, and his sons with him, from among the sons of Israel, to minister before Me: Aharon, Nadab, and Abihu, Elazar and Ithamar, the sons of Aharon.
     
 
EXODUS 28:2
JPS 28:2 And thou shalt make holy garments for Aaron thy brother, for splendour and for beauty.
ONK 28:2 And thou shalt make the holy vestments for Aharon thy brother for glory and for praise.
PAL 28:2 And thou shalt make garments of holiness for Aharon thy brother, for glory and for praise.
 
 
EXODUS 28:3
JPS 28:3 And thou shalt speak unto all that are wise-hearted, whom I have filled with the spirit of wisdom, that they make Aaron's garments to sanctify him, that he may minister unto Me in the priest's office.
ONK 28:3 And speak thou with all the wise of heart whom I have filled with the Spirit of wisdom, that they make the vestments of Aharon to consecrate him to minister before Me.
PAL 28:3 And thou shalt speak with all who are wise of heart, and whom I have filled with the spirit of wisdom, that they make the vestments of Aharon to consecrate him to minister before Me.
 
 
EXODUS 28:4
JPS 28:4 And these are the garments which they shall make: a breastplate, and an ephod, and a robe, and a tunic of chequer work, a mitre, and a girdle; and they shall make holy garments for Aaron thy brother, and his sons, that he may minister unto Me in the priest's office.
ONK 28:4 And these are the vestments which they shall make; the breastplate, and the ephoda, and the robe, and the inwrought tunic, and the mitre, and the girdle; and they shall make holy vestments for Aharon thy brother and for his sons to minister before Me.
PAL 28:4 And these are the vestments they shall make: the breastplate and ephoda, and the robe, and the embroidered tunics, the mitres and girdles; and they shall make the holy garments for Aharon thy brother, and for his sons, to minister before Me.
 
 
EXODUS 28:5
JPS 28:5 And they shall take the gold, and the blue, and the purple, and the scarlet, and the fine linen.
ONK 28:5 And they shall take the gold, and the hyacinth, and the vermilion, and the fine linen.
PAL 28:5 And they shall take from their treasures gold, and hyacinth, and purple, and crimson, and fine linen.
 
 
EXODUS 28:6
JPS 28:6 And they shall make the ephod of gold, of blue, and purple, scarlet, and fine twined linen, the work of the skilful workman.
ONK 28:6 And shall make the Ephoda of gold, hyacinth, and vermilion, and fine linen twined, the work of the artificer.
PAL 28:6 And they shall make the ephod of hyacinth, and purple, and crimson, and fine linen, twined, the work of the artificer.
 
 
EXODUS 28:7
JPS 28:7 It shall have two shoulder-pieces joined to the two ends thereof, that it may be joined together.
ONK 28:7 Two shoulder-pieces doubled (or, conjoined) shall it have at the two sides conjoined.
PAL 28:7 Two shoulder (pieces) shall it have, conjoined to its two sides, and (so) it shall be united.
 
 
EXODUS 28:8
JPS 28:8 And the skilfully woven band, which is upon it, wherewith to gird it on, shall be like the work thereof and of the same piece: of gold, of blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen.
ONK 28:8 And the adorned girdle thereof which is upon it shall be of the same work, and be of gold, hyacinth, vermilion, and fine linen twined.
PAL 28:8 And the ornamented girdle which is to be upon it shall be of the same work; of gold, hyacinth, purple, and crimson, and fine twined linen, shall it be.
 
 
EXODUS 28:9
JPS 28:9 And thou shalt take two onyx stones, and grave on them the names of the children of Israel:
ONK 28:9 And thou shalt take two stones of onyx (burilla); and engrave upon them the names of the sons of Israel.
PAL 28:9 And thou shalt take two gems of onyx, and engrave upon them the names of the sons of Israel.
 
 
EXODUS 28:10
JPS 28:10 six of their names on the one stone, and the names of the six that remain on the other stone, according to their birth.
ONK 28:10 Six of their names upon the one stone, and the six names which remain upon the second stone, according to their nativity.
PAL 28:10 Six of their names shall be engraven upon one gem, and the six remaining names upon the second gem; they shall be set in the order of their nativity.
 
 
EXODUS 28:11
JPS 28:11 With the work of an engraver in stone, like the engravings of a signet, shalt thou engrave the two stones, according to the names of the children of Israel; thou shalt make them to be inclosed in settings of gold.
ONK 28:11 By the work of the artificer in precious stone the writing shall be distinct; as the engraving of a ring, so shalt thou engrave the two stones with the names of the sons of Israel; inwrought in sockets of gold shalt thou make them.
PAL 28:11 The engraved gems shall be the work of the artificer, engraven, and the engraving be distinct as the engraving of a ring; thou shalt engrave the two gems according to the names of the sons of Israel in their work round about; inset in gold shalt thou make them.
 
 
EXODUS 28:12
JPS 28:12 And thou shalt put the two stones upon the shoulder-pieces of the ephod, to be stones of memorial for the children of Israel; and Aaron shall bear their names before the LORD upon his two shoulders for a memorial.
ONK 28:12 And thou shalt put the two stones upon the shoulders of the ephod, stones of the memorial of the sons of Israel; and Aharon shall bear their names before the Lord upon his two shoulders for a memorial.
PAL 28:12 And thou shalt fix the two gems upon the shoulders of the ephod, to be set for a memorial of righteousness for the sons of Israel; and Aharon shall bear the names of the sons of Israel upon his two shoulders for a memorial.
 
 
EXODUS 28:13
JPS 28:13 And thou shalt make settings of gold;
ONK 28:13 And thou shalt make sockets of gold;
PAL 28:13 And thou shalt make the sockets of gold.
 
 
EXODUS 28:14
JPS 28:14 and two chains of pure gold; of plaited thread shalt thou make them, of wreathen work; and thou shalt put the wreathen chains on the settings.
ONK 28:14 and two chains of pure gold enwreathed shalt thou make of twisted work, and shalt set the twisted chains in the sockets.
PAL 28:14 And two chains of pure gold, measured shalt thou make them, of twisted work, and insert the twisted chains in the sockets.
JER 28:14 Chains.
 
EXODUS 28:15
JPS 28:15 And thou shalt make a breastplate of judgment, the work of the skilful workman; like the work of the ephod thou shalt make it: of gold, of blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen, shalt thou make it.
ONK 28:15 And thou shalt make the Breastplate of Judgment with the work of the artificer, like the work of the ephod shalt thou make it, of gold, hyacinth, vermilion, and fine linen twined shalt thou make it.
PAL 28:15 And thou shalt make the Breastplate of Judgment, by which are made known the judgments that are hidden from the judges; and the order of the victories of their battles, and amends that are made for the judges; the work of the artificer; as the work of the ephod, thou shalt make it; of gold, hyacinth, and purple, and crimson, and fine linen twined, thou shalt make it.
 
 
EXODUS 28:16
JPS 28:16 Four-square it shall be and double: a span shall be the length thereof, and a span the breadth thereof.
ONK 28:16 Square shall it be; doubled; a span its length and a span its breadth;
PAL 28:16 Square shall it be, doubled; a span its length, and a span its breadth.
JER 28:16 A handsbreadth.
 
EXODUS 28:17
JPS 28:17 And thou shalt set in it settings of stones, four rows of stones: a row of carnelian, topaz, and smaragd shall be the first row;
ONK 28:17 and thou shalt fulfil in it the complement of stones: four rows of precious stones; the first row, the carnelian, topaz and smaragd, the first row;
PAL 28:17 And thou shalt fill it with a fulness of precious stones: four rows of precious gems, answering to the four regions of the world. The first row, carnelian, topaz, carbuncle; and on them shall be engraven and expressed the names of the tribes Reuben, Shemeon, and Levi.
JER 28:17 And thou shalt fill it with a filling of stones, four rows of precious stone; the first row, carnelian, and topaz, and carbuncle; written with expression upon it (shall be) the name of the three tribes, Reuben, Shemeon, Levi.
 
EXODUS 28:18
JPS 28:18 and the second row a carbuncle, a sapphire, and an emerald;
ONK 28:18 the second row, the carbuncle, sapphire, and onyx;(54)
PAL 28:18 And the name of the second row, smaragd, and sapphire, and chalcedony; and upon them shall be engraven and expressed the names of the three tribes, Jehudah, Dan, and Naphtali.
JER 28:18 And the second row, carbuncle, and sapphire, and amethyst; in writing expressed upon them, the name of the three tribes, Jehudah, Issakar, and Zebulon.
 
EXODUS 28:19
JPS 28:19 and the third row a jacinth, an agate, and an amethyst;
ONK 28:19 and the third row, the jacinth, agate, and amethyst;
PAL 28:19 And the name of the third row, ligure, and agate, and amethyst; and upon them shall be written and expressed the names of three tribes, Gad, and Asher, and Issakar.
JER 28:19 And the third row, ligure, and beryl, and smaragd; written expressly upon them (shall be) the name of the three tribes, Dan, Naphtali, and Gad.
 
EXODUS 28:20
JPS 28:20 and the fourth row a beryl, and an onyx, and a jasper; they shall be inclosed in gold in their settings.
ONK 28:20 and the fourth row, the chrysolite, and beryl, and jasper: they shall be inset in gold in their completeness.
PAL 28:20 And the name of the fourth row, chrysolite, onyx, and jasper; and upon them shall be written and expressed the names of three tribes, Zebulon, Joseph, and Benjamin. Set in gold shall they be, in their completeness.
JER 28:20 And the fourth row, chrysolite, bdellium, and margelite.* Written expressly upon them shall be the name of the three tribes, Asher, Joseph, and Benjamin: socketed in gold shall they be in their completeness.
* The three Chaldee Targums vary in the translation of the names of these gems. For the convenience of the student I will set them down in one view.

Hebrew Text. 1. Odem, pitedah, bareketh. 2. Nophek, sapphir, yahalon. 3. Leshem, shebo, achlamah. 4. Tarshish, shoham, yashepheh.

Onkelos. 1. Samkan, jarkan, or jarktha, barkan. 2. Izmargadin, schabziz, sibhalom. 3. Kankire, tarkaja, ain-igla. 4. Kerum-yama, burella, pantire.

Jonathan (Palestinian). 1. Simuktha, yarketha, barketha. 2. Izmorad, saphirinon, kadekodin. 3. Kankerinun, arekin, ain-egel. 4. Kerum-yamarabba, birlevath-chala, margenith-apantirin.

Jerusalem. 1. Samketha, yarketha, barketha. 2. Kadkedana, simphuryana, ein-igla. 3. Zozin, berulin, zemargedin. 4. Kerum yama, bedolcha, margalitha. We cannot render some of these by the names of stones with which we are familiar with absolute certainty. Much curious matter on this chapter may be found in, "Die Urim und Thummim, die altesten Gemmen. Von J. J. Bellermann." Berlin. 1824.

 
EXODUS 28:21
JPS 28:21 And the stones shall be according to the names of the children of Israel, twelve, according to their names; like the engravings of a signet, every one according to his name, they shall be for the twelve tribes.
ONK 28:21 And the stones shall be according to the names of the sons of Israel, twelve according to their names; the writing distinct as the engraving of a ring; a man according to his name shall they be, after the twelve tribes.
PAL 28:21 And the jewels shall be taken according to the names of the sons of Israel, twelve are they according to their names, engraven and set forth as the engraving of a ring; the gem of each man according to his name; (so) shall they be for the twelve tribes.
 
 
EXODUS 28:22
JPS 28:22 And thou shalt make upon the breastplate plaited chains of wreathen work of pure gold.
ONK 28:22 And thou shalt make on the breastplate wreathed chains of twisted work of pure gold,
PAL 28:22 And thou shalt make upon the breastplate measured chains of twisted work of pure gold,
 
 
EXODUS 28:23
JPS 28:23 And thou shalt make upon the breastplate two rings of gold, and shalt put the two rings on the two ends of the breastplate.
ONK 28:23 and upon the breastplate two golden rings, and shalt set the two rings upon the two sides of the breastplate.
PAL 28:23 and shalt make upon the breastplate two rings of pure gold, and put the two rings upon the two sides of the breastplate.
 
 
EXODUS 28:24
JPS 28:24 And thou shalt put the two wreathen chains of gold on the two rings at the ends of the breastplate.
ONK 28:24 And thou shalt put the two wreaths of gold into the two rings on the sides of the breastplate;
PAL 28:24 And thou shalt put the two golden chains upon the two rings in the sides of the breastplate,
 
 
EXODUS 28:25
JPS 28:25 And the other two ends of the two wreathen chains thou shalt put on the two settings, and put them on the shoulder-pieces of the ephod, in the forepart thereof.
ONK 28:25 and the two wreaths which are upon its two sides thou shalt set in the two sockets, and put them upon the shoulders of the ephod over against its front.
PAL 28:25 and the two chains which are upon the two sides thou shalt put upon the two sockets, and set on the shoulders of the ephod against its front.
 
 
EXODUS 28:26
JPS 28:26 And thou shalt make two rings of gold, and thou shalt put them upon the two ends of the breastplate, upon the edge thereof, which is toward the side of the ephod inward.
ONK 28:26 And thou shalt make two rings of gold, and set them on the two sides of the breastplate at its edges on the side of the ephod within.
PAL 28:26 And thou shalt make two golden rings, and fix them upon the two sides of the breastplate, in the border of it which is on the edge of the ephod inwardly.
 
 
EXODUS 28:27
JPS 28:27 And thou shalt make two rings of gold, and shalt put them on the two shoulder-pieces of the ephod underneath, in the forepart thereof, close by the coupling thereof, above the skilfully woven band of the ephod.
ONK 28:27 And thou shalt make two (other) rings of gold, and put them upon the two shoulders of the ephod beneath, over against its conjoinment above the girdle of the ephod.
PAL 28:27 And thou shalt make (likewise) two golden chains, and fix them upon the two shoulders of the ephod beneath, towards its front, towards the place of its conjoinment above the girdle of the ephod;
 
 
EXODUS 28:28
JPS 28:28 And they shall bind the breastplate by the rings thereof unto the rings of the ephod with a thread of blue, that it may be upon the skilfully woven band of the ephod, and that the breastplate be not loosed from the ephod.
ONK 28:28 And they shall unite the breastplate with its rings to the rings of the ephod with ribbon of hyacinth to be above the girdle of the ephod, that the breastplate be not separated from (being) upon the ephod.
PAL 28:28 and they shall unite the breastplate with its rings to the rings of the ephod, with twined ribbon, of hyacinth, to be joined upon the girdle of the ephod, that the breastplate may not be removed from the ephod.
 
 
EXODUS 28:29
JPS 28:29 And Aaron shall bear the names of the children of Israel in the breastplate of judgment upon his heart, when he goeth in unto the holy place, for a memorial before the LORD continually.
ONK 28:29 And Aharon shall bear the names of the sons of Israel on the breastplate of judgment upon his heart in his going into the sanctuary, for a perpetual memorial before the Lord.
PAL 28:29 And Aharon shall bear the names of the sons of Israel upon his heart what time he entereth into the sanctuary for a good memorial before the Lord continually.
 
 
EXODUS 28:30
JPS 28:30 And thou shalt put in the breastplate of judgment the Urim and the Thummim; and they shall be upon Aaron's heart, when he goeth in before the LORD; and Aaron shall bear the judgment of the children of Israel upon his heart before the LORD continually.
ONK 28:30 And thou shalt put in (or upon) the breastplate of judgment the Uraia and the Thummaia;(55) and they shall be upon Aharon's heart when he entereth before the Lord; and Aharon shall carry the judgment of the sons of Israel upon his heart before the Lord continually.
PAL 28:30 And thou shalt put upon the breastplate of judgment the Uraia, which illuminate their words, and manifest the hidden things of the house of Israel, and the Tumaia, which fulfil (or perfect) their work to the high priest, who seeketh instruction by them before the Lord; because in them is engraven and expressed the Great and Holy Name by which were created the three hundred and ten worlds, and which was engraven and expressed in the foundation stone wherewith the Lord of the world sealed up the mouth of the great deep at the beginning. Whosoever remembereth that holy name in the hour of necessity shall be delivered. And they shall be upon Aharon's heart in the time that he entereth before the Lord; and Aharon shall bear the judgment of the sons of Israel before the Lord continually.
 
 
EXODUS 28:31
JPS 28:31 And thou shalt make the robe of the ephod all of blue.
ONK 28:31 And thou shalt make the Robe of the ephod of hyacinth altogether.
PAL 28:31 And thou shalt make the mantle-robe (mintar meila) of the ephod, of twined thread of hyacinth;
 
 
EXODUS 28:32
JPS 28:32 And it shall have a hole for the head in the midst thereof; it shall have a binding of woven work round about the hole of it, as it were the hole of a coat of mail that it be not rent.
ONK 28:32 And the orifice thereof for the head shall be doubled inwardly; its opening shall be binded round about with the work of the sewer, as the opening of a coat of mail it shall be, that it be not torn.
PAL 28:32 and an orifice shall be in the middle of its upper part; a border shall be upon its opening round about its orifice, the work of the sewer; as the orifice of a coat of mail it shall be, that it may not be rent.
JER 28:32 And an orifice shall be in the middle of its head; a border shall surround the orifice, the work of the sewer; like the opening of a coat of mail shall it be, that it be not torn.
 
EXODUS 28:33
JPS 28:33 And upon the skirts of it thou shalt make pomegranates of blue, and of purple, and of scarlet, round about the skirts thereof; and bells of gold between them round about:
ONK 28:33 And thou shalt make on the lower part of it pomegranates of hyacinth, and purple, and vermilion upon its lower part round about, with bells of gold between them round about.
PAL 28:33 And thou shalt make upon the hem of it pomegranates of hyacinth, and purple, and crimson, upon its hem, round about, and bells of gold among them round about.
 
 
EXODUS 28:34
JPS 28:34 a golden bell and a pomegranate, a golden bell and a pomegranate, upon the skirts of the robe round about.
ONK 28:34 A golden bell and a pomegranate; a golden bell and a pomegranate upon the lower part of the robe round about.
PAL 28:34 A golden bell, and a pomegranate of hyacinth and crimson; a golden bell, and a pomegranate of hyacinth and crimson upon the border of the robe round about; their number, seventy and one.
 
 
EXODUS 28:35
JPS 28:35 And it shall be upon Aaron to minister; and the sound thereof shall be heard when he goeth in unto the holy place before the LORD, and when he cometh out, that he die not.
ONK 28:35 And it shall be upon Aharon to minister, and its voice shall be heard in his entering into this sanctuary before the Lord, and in his coming out, that he shall not have died.
PAL 28:35 And it shall be a vestment upon Aharon to minister, and its voice shall be heard at the time that he hath entered the holy place before the Lord, and at the time that he cometh out, that he die not by the flaming fire.
 
 
EXODUS 28:36
JPS 28:36 And thou shalt make a plate of pure gold, and engrave upon it, like the engravings of a signet: HOLY TO THE LORD.
ONK 28:36 And thou shalt make a Diadem (or plate) of pure gold, and engrave upon it (in) distinct writing HOLINESS UNTO THE LORD;
PAL 28:36 And thou shalt make a plate (or crown) of pure gold, and engrave upon it with distinct engraving, HOLINESS TO THE LORD.
 
 
EXODUS 28:37
JPS 28:37 And thou shalt put it on a thread of blue, and it shall be upon the mitre; upon the forefront of the mitre it shall be.
ONK 28:37 and thou shalt set it upon a ribbon of hyacinth, that it may be upon the tiara; over the front of the tiara shall it be.
PAL 28:37 And thou shalt put it on a twined ribbon of hyacinth, to make amends for boldness of face; and it shall be on the mitre above the tephillin of the head, in front of the mitre shall it be.
 
 
EXODUS 28:38
JPS 28:38 And it shall be upon Aaron's forehead, and Aaron shall bear the iniquity committed in the holy things, which the children of Israel shall hallow, even in all their holy gifts; and it shall be always upon his forehead, that they may be accepted before the LORD.
ONK 28:38 And it shall be upon Aharon's forehead, that Aharon may bear the iniquity of the things which the sons of Israel may consecrate of all their consecrated gifts; and it shall be upon his forehead continually for their acceptableness before the Lord.
PAL 28:38 And it shall be in the front of Aharon's forehead, from time to time as it comes; and Aharon shall bear the iniquity of the consecrated things which the sons of Israel may consecrate; even of all their sacred gifts in which they have been insincere. And it shall be upon the front continually, for their reconciliation before the Lord.
 
 
EXODUS 28:39
JPS 28:39 And thou shalt weave the tunic in chequer work of fine linen, and thou shalt make a mitre of fine linen, and thou shalt make a girdle, the work of the weaver in colours.
ONK 28:39 And thou shalt weave the vesture of fine linen, and make the tiara of fine linen, and a girdle shalt thou make, the work of the embroiderer.
PAL 28:39 And thou shalt weave the tunic of fine linen to expiate for the shedding of innocent blood; and shalt make the tiara of fine linen to expiate for the pride of their thoughts; and the girdle shalt thou make of the work of the embroiderer.
 
 
EXODUS 28:40
JPS 28:40 And for Aaron's sons thou shalt make tunics, and thou shalt make for them girdles, and head-tires shalt thou make for them, for splendour and for beauty.
ONK 28:40 And for the sons of Aharon thou shalt make vestures, and make for them girdles, and mitres shalt thou make for them for honour and for praise.
PAL 28:40 And for the sons of Aharon thou shalt make tunics, and girdles, and mitres, for glory and for praise.
 
 
EXODUS 28:41
JPS 28:41 And thou shalt put them upon Aaron thy brother, and upon his sons with him; and shalt anoint them, and consecrate them, and sanctify them, that they may minister unto Me in the priest's office.
ONK 28:41 And thou shalt dress them, Aharon thy brother and his sons with him, and shalt anoint them and offer oblations and consecrate them, that they may minister before Me.
PAL 28:41 And with them thou shalt invest Aharon thy brother, and his sons with him, and anoint them, that they may offer their oblations; and sanctify them to minister before Me.
 
 
EXODUS 28:42
JPS 28:42 And thou shalt make them linen breeches to cover the flesh of their nakedness; from the loins even unto the thighs they shall reach.
ONK 28:42 And thou shalt make them coverings of fine linen to cover the flesh of their shame; from the loins to the thighs shall they be.
PAL 28:42 And thou shalt make for them under-garments of fine linen to cover the flesh of their shame; from the girt of the girdle of their loins unto their thighs they shall be.
JER 28:42 Drawers of fine linen.
 
EXODUS 28:43
JPS 28:43 And they shall be upon Aaron, and upon his sons, when they go in unto the tent of meeting, or when they come near unto the altar to minister in the holy place; that they bear not iniquity, and die; it shall be a statute for ever unto him and unto his seed after him.
ONK 28:43 And they shall be upon Aharon and upon his sons in their entering into the tabernacle of ordinance, or in approaching to the altar to minister in the sanctuary, that they contract not guilt and die. (This shall be) an everlasting statute for him and for his sons after him.
PAL 28:43 And they shall be upon Aharon and upon his sons at the time when they enter the tabernacle of testimony, or when they approach the altar to minister in the sanctuary, that they may not receive the punishment of flaming fire. This is an everlasting statute for him and for his sons after him.
 
 
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