Comparison of Pentateuch:
Jewish Publication Society 1917
Targums Onkelos,
Jonathan Ben Uzziel/Palestinian,
Jerusalem Fragments

 

Leviticus
Chapter 11

[1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10]
[11] [12] [13] [14] [15] [16] [17] [18] [19] [20]
[21] [22] [23] [24] [25] [26] [27] [28] [29] [30]
[31] [32] [33] [34] [35] [36] [37] [38] [39] [40]
[41] [42] [43] [44] [45] [46] [47]

 

 

Leviticus 10 JPS TOC Comparison TOC Targums TOC Leviticus 12
Leviticus 11:1
JPS 11:1 And the LORD spoke unto Moses and to Aaron, saying unto them:
ONK 11:1 And the Lord spake with Mosheh and to Aharon, saying to them:
PAL 11:1 And the Lord spake with Mosheh and with Aharon, bidding them and the sons of Aharon admonish the children of Israel to taste their food in purity, and to separate on account of uncleanness eighteen kinds of food to be rejected.
     
 
Leviticus 11:2
JPS 11:2 Speak unto the children of Israel, saying: These are the living things which ye may eat among all the beasts that are on the earth.
ONK 11:2 Speak with the children of Israel, saying: These are the animals which you may eat of all the beasts which are upon the earth.
PAL 11:2 Speak with the children of Israel, saying: These are the animals which are fit to you for food, of every beast which is upon the earth.
 
 
Leviticus 11:3
JPS 11:3 Whatsoever parteth the hoof, and is wholly cloven-footed, and cheweth the cud, among the beasts, that may ye eat.
ONK 11:3 Every one that parteth the sole and divideth the paw (or hoof) and that bringeth up the cud among cattle, that you may eat
PAL 11:3 Whatsoever divideth the hoof and is cloven-footed, and that which hath horns bringing up the cud among the beasts, that you may eat.
 
 
Leviticus 11:4
JPS 11:4 Nevertheless these shall ye not eat of them that only chew the cud, or of them that only part the hoof: the camel, because he cheweth the cud but parteth not the hoof, he is unclean unto you.
ONK 11:4 But these you shall not eat,—of them that bring up the cud or of them that divide the hoof—the camel, because he bringeth up the cud, but divideth not his hoof, he is unclean to you.
PAL 11:4 But you may not eat of the kinds that (only) bring up the cud, nor (of them which only) divide the hoof, because (they are) born of the unclean. The camel, because he bringeth up the cud, but divideth not the hoof; he is unclean, to you.
 
 
Leviticus 11:5
JPS 11:5 And the rock-badger, because he cheweth the cud but parteth not the hoof, he is unclean unto you.
ONK 11:5 And the coney, because he bringeth up the cud, but doth not divide the hoof, is unclean to you.
PAL 11:5 And the coney, because he bringeth up the cud, but divideth not the hoof, is unclean to you.
 
 
Leviticus 11:6
JPS 11:6 And the hare, because she cheweth the cud but parteth not the hoof, she is unclean unto you
ONK 11:6 And the hare, because he bringeth up the cud, but the hoof divideth not, shall be unclean to you.
PAL 11:6 And the hare, because be bringeth up the cud, but divideth not the hoof, is unclean to you.
 
 
Leviticus 11:7
JPS 11:7 And the swine, because he parteth the hoof, and is cloven-footed, but cheweth not the cud, he is unclean unto you.
ONK 11:7 And the swine, because he parteth the sole, and divideth the hoof, but cheweth not the cud, he shall be unclean to you.
PAL 11:7 And the swine, because be divideth the hoof, and is cloven-footed, but cheweth not the cud, is unclean to you.
 
 
Leviticus 11:8
JPS 11:8 Of their flesh ye shall not eat, and their carcasses ye shall not touch; they are unclean unto you.
ONK 11:8 You shall neither eat their flesh nor touch their carcases; they are unclean to you.
PAL 11:8 Of their flesh you shall not eat, nor touch their carcase; they are abominable to you.
 
 
Leviticus 11:9
JPS 11:9 These may ye eat of all that are in the waters: whatsoever hath fins and scales in the waters, in the seas, and in the rivers, them may ye eat.
ONK 11:9 And these you may eat of all that are in the waters; every one that hath fins and scales in the waters, in the seas, and in the rivers, of them you may eat.
PAL 11:9 And these you may eat, of all that are in the waters: every one that hath fins and scales in the seas and in the rivers, these you may eat. But any one that hath not fins and scales in the seas and in the rivers,
 
 
Leviticus 11:10
JPS 11:10 And all that have not fins and scales in the seas, and in the rivers, of all that swarm in the waters, and of all the living creatures that are in the waters, they are a detestable thing unto you,
ONK 11:10 But any one that hath not (both) fins and scales in the seas and in the rivers; every (such) reptile of the waters, and every living animal in the waters, shall be unto you an abomination.
PAL 11:10 and of anything that is in the sea that crawleth, shall be an abomination to you,
 
 
Leviticus 11:11
JPS 11:11 and they shall be a detestable thing unto you; ye shall not eat of their flesh, and their carcasses ye shall have in detestation.
ONK 11:11 An abomination shall they be to you; of their flesh you shall not eat, and their carcases you shall abhor;
PAL 11:11 and an abomination shall their jelly and their sauce be to you; of their flesh you shall not eat, and their carcase you shall have in abhorrence, and from the use of them you must keep aloof.
 
 
Leviticus 11:12
JPS 11:12 Whatsoever hath no fins nor scales in the waters, that is a detestable thing unto you.
ONK 11:12 whatsoever hath not (both) fins and scales in the waters is to be an abomination to you.
PAL 11:12 Every one that hath neither fins nor scales in the waters shall be an abomination to you.
 
 
Leviticus 11:13
JPS 11:13 And these ye shall have in detestation among the fowls; they shall not be eaten, they are a detestable thing: the great vulture, and the bearded vulture, and the ospray;
ONK 11:13 And these shall you hold in abomination among the birds; you shall not eat them, they are an abomination: the eagle, and the sea eagle, and the osprey,
PAL 11:13 And these kinds of birds must be abominated: those not a finger long, or that have no vesicle (zephaq), or whose crop (kurkeban, ingluvies) peeleth not away,(7) are not to be eaten, they are abomination; the eagle, the black eagle, and the osprey,
 
 
Leviticus 11:14
JPS 11:14 and the kite, and the falcon after its kinds;
ONK 11:14 and the kite, and the vulture, after his kind;
PAL 11:14 and the kite, and the vulture after his kind,
 
 
Leviticus 11:15
JPS 11:15 every raven after its kinds;
ONK 11:15 and every raven after his kind;
PAL 11:15 and every raven after his kind,
 
 
Leviticus 11:16
JPS 11:16 and the ostrich, and the night-hawk, and the sea-mew, and the hawk after its kinds;
ONK 11:16 and the ostrich, and the night bird, and the gull, and the hawk, after his kind;
PAL 11:16 and the ostrich, and the night raven, and the gull, and the hawk after his kind,
 
 
Leviticus 11:17
JPS 11:17 and the little owl, and the cormorant, and the great owl;
ONK 11:17 and the owl, and the diver for fish, and the ibis,
PAL 11:17 and the snatcher of fish from the sea, and the ibis, and the bustard,
 
 
Leviticus 11:18
JPS 11:18 and the horned owl, and the pelican, and the carrion-vulture;
ONK 11:18 and the swan, and the green bird, and the stork,
PAL 11:18 and the cuckoo, and the woodpecker,
 
 
Leviticus 11:19
JPS 11:19 and the stork, and the heron after its kinds, and the hoopoe, and the bat.
ONK 11:19 and the pica, after his kind, and the moorcock, and the bat.
PAL 11:19 and the white stork, and the black, after his kind, and the woodcock, and the bat.
 
 
Leviticus 11:20
JPS 11:20 All winged swarming things that go upon all fours are a detestable thing unto you.
ONK 11:20 Every winged thing that creepeth, (or) walketh upon four,(20) is an abomination to you.
PAL 11:20 And every flying reptile that goeth upon four, the fly species, the wasp (or hornet) species, and the bee species shall be an abomination to you: nevertheless of the honey of the bee you may eat.
 
 
Leviticus 11:21
JPS 11:21 Yet these may ye eat of all winged swarming things that go upon all fours, which have jointed legs above their feet, wherewith to leap upon the earth;
ONK 11:21 Yet these you may eat, of every creeping thing that flieth, that walketh upon four which hath joints above its feet wherewith to leap upon the ground.
PAL 11:21 So also of these you may eat, of every flying reptile that goeth upon four; every one that hath joints above his feet to leap therewith upon the ground.
 
 
Leviticus 11:22
JPS 11:22 even these of them ye may eat: the locust after its kinds, and the bald locust after its kinds, and the cricket after its kinds, and the grasshopper after its kinds.
ONK 11:22 Of such as these you may eat, the locust after his kind, and the bald locust, and the serpent-killer after his kind, and the grasshopper after his kind;(21)
PAL 11:22 Of these kinds of them you may eat: the wingless locust after his kind, and the bald locust after his kind, the serpent-killer after his kind, and the karzeba, which is the palmerworm, after his kind.
 
 
Leviticus 11:23
JPS 11:23 But all winged swarming things, which have four feet, are a detestable thing unto you.
ONK 11:23 but every other creeping thing that flieth having four feet is to be an abomination to you.
PAL 11:23 But all flying reptiles which have four feet are to be an abomination to you;
 
 
Leviticus 11:24
JPS 11:24 And by these ye shall become unclean; whosoever toucheth the carcass of them shall be unclean until even.
ONK 11:24 And by these you will be unclean; every one who toucheth their carcases shall be unclean until the evening.
PAL 11:24 and by them you would be defiled: whosoever toucheth. their carcase shall be unclean until evening.
 
 
Leviticus 11:25
JPS 11:25 And whosoever beareth aught of the carcass of them shall wash his clothes, and be unclean until the even.
ONK 11:25 And whosoever carrieth a carcase of them, shall wash his clothes and be unclean until the evening;
PAL 11:25 Whoever carrieth any of their carcase must wash his clothes and be unclean until evening.
 
 
Leviticus 11:26
JPS 11:26 Every beast which parteth the hoof, but is not cloven footed, nor cheweth the cud, is unclean unto you; every one that to toucheth them shall be unclean.
ONK 11:26 every beast that divideth the hoof, but is not cloven-footed, and that bringeth not up the cud, is to be unclean to you; whosoever toucheth them shall be unclean.
PAL 11:26 All cattle which divide the hoof, but are not cloven-footed nor throw up the cud, are to be unclean to you, any one who toucheth them shall be unclean.
 
 
Leviticus 11:27
JPS 11:27 And whatsoever goeth upon its paws, among all beasts that go on all fours, they are unclean unto you; whoso toucheth their carcass shall be unclean until the even.
ONK 11:27 And every (animal) that goeth upon its paws, of all beasts that go upon four, shall be unclean to you; whoever toucheth their carcases shall be unclean until the evening.
PAL 11:27 Every one that goeth upon his paws of all animals that walk upon four shall be unclean to you. Whoever toucheth their carcase shall be unclean until evening.
 
 
Leviticus 11:28
JPS 11:28 And he that beareth the carcass of them shall wash his clothes, and be unclean until the even; they are unclean unto you.
ONK 11:28 And whoever carrieth their carcase shall wash his clothes and be unclean until the evening; to you they are unclean.
PAL 11:28 Whoever beareth their carcase shall wash his clothes and be unclean until evening; unclean are they to you.
 
 
Leviticus 11:29
JPS 11:29 And these are they which are unclean unto you among the swarming things that swarm upon the earth: the weasel, and the mouse, and the great lizard after its kinds,
ONK 11:29 And these shall be to you unclean among the reptiles which creep upon the ground;—the weasel, and the mouse, and the crocodile after his kind,
PAL 11:29 And these also to you are such as defile; the blood, the skin, and the flesh of every reptile that creepeth upon the ground: the weasel, the mouse, black, red, and white, and the toad, after his kind;
 
 
Leviticus 11:30
JPS 11:30 and the gecko, and the land-crocodile, and the lizard, and the sand-lizard, and the chameleon.
ONK 11:30 and the field mouse (or ferret), and the chameleon, and the newt, and the lizard, and the mole.
PAL 11:30 and the sucking serpent, and the chameleon, and the lizard, and the snail, and the salamander.
 
 
Leviticus 11:31
JPS 11:31 These are they which are unclean to you among all that swarm; whosoever doth touch them, when they are dead, shall be unclean until the even.
ONK 11:31 These are unclean to you of all that creep; every one who toucheth them in their dead state shall be unclean until evening.
PAL 11:31 These eight kinds are unclean to you among all reptiles: whoever toucheth them, their skin or their blood, shall be unclean until the evening.
 
 
Leviticus 11:32
JPS 11:32 And upon whatsoever any of them, when they are dead, doth fall, it shall be unclean; whether it be any vessel of wood, or raiment, or skin, or sack, whatsoever vessel it be, wherewith any work is done, it must be put into water, and it shall be unclean until the even; then shall it be clean.
ONK 11:32 And upon whatever any of them may fall in their dead state it shall be unclean; whether a vessel of wood, or raiment, or skin, or sack, everything whatever in which work is done, must be put into water, and it shall be unclean until the evening, and must be purified.
PAL 11:32 And whatever upon which any part of their dead body may fall, as their members when separated from them, shall be unclean; every vessel of wood, or garment, or leather, or sack, anything in which work is done, in four measures of water it shall be dipped, and be unclean for use until evening, when it shall be purified.
 
 
Leviticus 11:33
JPS 11:33 And every earthen vessel whereinto any of them falleth, whatsoever is in it shall be unclean, and it ye shall break.
ONK 11:33 And whatever earthen vessel into which any of them may fall, all that is within (it) is polluted, and you shall break it.
PAL 11:33 And any earthen vessel into which any of them may fall, any vessel in which they may be, shall be unclean and be broken;
 
 
Leviticus 11:34
JPS 11:34 All food therein which may be eaten, that on which water cometh, shall be unclean; and all drink in every such vessel that may be drunk shall be unclean
ONK 11:34 Any food for eating, upon which water (from such vessel) is poured, shall be unclean, and all liquor which was for drinking in any (such) vessel shall be unclean.
PAL 11:34 all food for eating upon which (such) water cometh shall be unclean, and any fluid which is used for drinking in any such vessel shall be unclean.
 
 
Leviticus 11:35
JPS 11:35 And every thing whereupon any part of their carcass falleth shall be unclean; whether oven, or range for pots, it shall be broken in pieces; they are unclean, and shall be unclean unto you.
ONK 11:35 And anything upon which a part of their dead bodies may have fallen shall be unclean; oven or cooking pan, they shall be broken, they are unclean and shall be unclean to you.
PAL 11:35 And any thing upon which a part of their carcase may fall shall be unclean, whether ovens or pans they shall be broken, they are defiled and shall be unclean to you.
JER 11:35 The ovens and pans shall be broken.
 
Leviticus 11:36
JPS 11:36 Nevertheless a fountain or a cistern wherein is a gathering of water shall be clean; but he who toucheth their carcass shall be unclean.
ONK 11:36 Nevertheless, a fountain or a pit, the place of a collection of waters (into which they may have fallen), shall be clean; but he who toucheth their dead bodies shall be unclean.
PAL 11:36 But fountains and cisterns, the place of the collection of running waters, shall be clean: but he who toucheth the carcase of any of those things (that may have fallen) into the water shall be unclean.
 
 
Leviticus 11:37
JPS 11:37 And if aught of their carcass fall upon any sowing seed which is to be sown, it is clean.
ONK 11:37 And if a part of their carcase fall upon any seeding seed which is to be sown, it is clean;
PAL 11:37 And if any part of their carcase fall in the way upon seed that is to be sown, that which is sown dry shall be clean;
 
 
Leviticus 11:38
JPS 11:38 But if water be put upon the seed, and aught of their carcass fall thereon, it is unclean unto you.
ONK 11:38 but if water be put upon the seed, and a part of their carcase fall thereupon, it is unclean to you.
PAL 11:38 but if the carcase of any of them fall upon water that is put upon the seed when so wetted, the seed is unclean to you.
 
 
Leviticus 11:39
JPS 11:39 And if any beast, of which ye may eat, die, he that toucheth the carcass thereof shall be unclean until the even.
ONK 11:39 And if any one of the cattle of which you eat die, whosoever toucheth its carcase shall be unclean until the evening.
PAL 11:39 And if the limb of any clean beast that you may eat be torn and it die, whosoever toucheth its carcase shall be unclean until the evening.
 
 
Leviticus 11:40
JPS 11:40 And he that eateth of the carcass of it shall wash his clothes, and be unclean until the even; he also that beareth the carcass of it shall wash his clothes, and be unclean until the even.
ONK 11:40 And he who eateth of its carcase shall wash his clothes, and be unclean until the evening. And he who may carry its carcase shall wash his clothes, and be unclean until the evening.
PAL 11:40 He who eateth of its carcase shall wash his clothes, and be unclean until the evening; and he who carrieth its carcase shall wash his clothes, and be unclean till evening.
 
 
Leviticus 11:41
JPS 11:41 And every swarming thing that swarmeth upon the earth is a detestable thing; it shall not be eaten.
ONK 11:41 And every reptile that creepeth upon the ground is abominable, it shall not be eaten.
PAL 11:41 And every reptile that creepeth on the ground is an abomination, it shall not be eaten.
 
 
Leviticus 11:42
JPS 11:42 Whatsoever goeth upon the belly, and whatsoever goeth upon all fours, or whatsoever hath many feet, even all swarming things that swarm upon the earth, them ye shall not eat; for they are a detestable thing.
ONK 11:42 Whatsoever goeth upon its belly, and whatever goeth upon four, anything that hath many feet, and every reptile that creepeth upon the ground, you shall not eat, for they are an abomination.(22)
PAL 11:42 And whatever goeth upon its belly, and whatever animal crawleth upon four, from the serpent unto the caterpillar which hath many feet, of any reptile that creepeth upon the ground you may not eat, for they are an abomination.
JER 11:42 Whatsoever writhes upon its belly among all animals.
 
Leviticus 11:43
JPS 11:43 Ye shall not make yourselves detestable with any swarming thing that swarmeth, neither shall ye make yourselves unclean with them, that ye should be defiled thereby.
ONK 11:43 Ye shall not make yourselves abominable with your animals by any reptile that creepeth, nor make yourselves unclean, nor be polluted by them, lest by them you be made unclean.
PAL 11:43 You shall not contaminate your souls by any reptile that creepeth, nor defile yourselves with them, lest by them you make yourselves unclean.
 
 
Leviticus 11:44
JPS 11:44 For I am the LORD your God; sanctify yourselves therefore, and be ye holy; for I am holy; neither shall ye defile yourselves with any manner of swarming thing that moveth upon the earth.
ONK 11:44 For I am the Lord your God; sanctify yourselves and be holy, for I am Holy; that you may not contaminate your souls with any reptile which creepeth upon the ground;
PAL 11:44 For I am the Lord your God; therefore sanctify yourselves, and be holy, for I am Holy, and defile not your souls by any reptile that creepeth upon the ground:
 
 
Leviticus 11:45
JPS 11:45 For I am the LORD that brought you up out of the land of Egypt, to be your God; ye shall therefore be holy, for I am holy.
ONK 11:45 for I am the Lord who brought you up from the land of Mizraim to be unto you a God; and you shall be holy, for I am Holy.
PAL 11:45 for I am the Lord who have brought you up free from the land of Mizraim, that I may be a God to you; and you may be holy, for I am Holy.
 
 
Leviticus 11:46
JPS 11:46 This is the law of the beast, and of the fowl, and of every living creature that moveth in the waters, and of every creature that swarmeth upon the earth;
ONK 11:46 This is the law of the cattle, and of the fowl, and of every living animal that moveth in the waters, and of every living thing that moveth on the ground,
PAL 11:46 This is the decree of the law concerning beasts, and birds, and every living animal that creepeth upon the ground;
 
 
Leviticus 11:47
JPS 11:47 to make a difference between the unclean and the clean, and between the living thing that may be eaten and the living thing that may not be eaten.
ONK 11:47 for making a distinction between the unclean and the clean, between the animal that may be eaten, and the animal that may not be eaten.
PAL 11:47 for making distinction between the unclean and the clean; between the animal whose flesh may be eaten, and the animal whose flesh may not be eaten.
 
 
Leviticus 10 JPS TOC Comparison TOC Targums TOC Leviticus 12

 

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